World Nature Conservation Day is annually observed on July 28 to raise awareness about the significance of natural resources around the world.
- The day serves as a reminder that a well-functioning and healthy society depends on a healthy environment.
- Preservation and conservation of these resources are required to guarantee their sustainability for future generations.
i.It aims to protect species of plants and animals that are close to extinction in the Earth’s natural habitat.
ii.The day also acknowledges the fact that a stable and productive society depends on a healthy environment. Therefore we need to protect, conserve, and sustainably manage our natural resources.
Major Environment Convention & Protocols:
Ramsar Convention-It is called the Convention on Wetlands.It was adopted in the city of Iran, Ramsar in 1971.
Stockholm Convention- It was adopted in 2001 in Geneva, Switzerland.
The convention is based on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)-It was adopted in 1992.
It is a convention for the conservation of biological diversity.
Bonn Convention-It was adopted in 1979. It is a convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.
Vienna Convention-It was adopted in 1985. It was adopted for the Protection of Ozone Layer. India is a signatory to the convention.
Environment Conservation Efforts at National level:
International Solar Alliance (ISA)- it was launched at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015 by India and France. It aims to boost sustainable use of renewable energy.
National Clean Energy Fund- The fund was created in 2010 for financing and promoting clean energy initiatives and funding research in the area of clean energy in India.