Researchers have counted how many plant species are known to science and estimated that 390,900 plants are known.
Director of Science: Prof Kathy Willis
- First Global assessment of the world’s flora and carried out by the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew.
- Botanists from China, Australia and Brazil were involved.
Important Statements of the Report:
- 2,034 new species of plant were discovered in the year 2015
- 21% of plants are at risk of extinction due to climate change, habitat loss, disease and invasive species
- Lot of overlap within the records, with some plants being given different names by botanists
- Excluding Algae, Mosses, liverworts and hornworts, about 390900 plants and 369,400 plants are flowering
- Gilbertiodendron Maximum is a tree which grows upto 45 cm high found in the forests of Gabon in West Africa
- 90 new species of Begonia were discovered, 5 new species of Onion and a sprawling, insect eating plant – Drosera Magnifica in Brazil
Threats for Plant Species
- Habitat Changes – Loss of Mangroves and forests
- Pests and Diseases
The Conservationists have logged 4979 persistent species around the world
- The director expressed his views that it was important to estimate the plant species and plants are absolutely fundamental to our well-being.
- And he added that plants provide us with food, fuel, medicines and controlling the climate.
Royal Botanic Garden
A non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Headquarter: Kew, London
- Marcus Agius (Chairman)
- Richard Deverell (Director)
- Kathy Willis (Director of Science)