Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping, Nitin Gadkari on 5 June 2015 inaugurated the India’s first of its kind Tier-I Oil Spill Response Centre (OSRC) for Mumbai & JNPT Harbour (Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust). This will enable India in tackling pollution and oil spills in and around Mumbai easily.
An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. The term is usually applied to marine oil spills, where oil is released into the ocean or coastal waters, but spills may also occur on land. Oil spills may be due to releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs and wells, as well as spills of refined petroleum products (such as gasoline, diesel) and their by-products
Tier 1 Oil Spill – Tier 1 spills, One of the three categorized levels of oil spills, are the most mild, causing localized damage usually near the company’s own facilities
- The objective behind setting up Tier-I OSR facilities is to develop appropriate and effective systems for the detection and reporting of spillage of oil
- The OSRC will also ensure prompt response and appropriate response technique to prevent, control and combat oil pollution and dispose off recovered material in an environmentally acceptable manner.
- The facility also includes various plans like Contingency Plan, Health Safety and Environment Plan.