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Iran President’s India Visit

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President of Iran, Hassan Rouhani was on a three-day visit to India from 15th – 17th February, 2018.

  •  On February 15, 2018, Mr. Rouhani arrived in Hyderabad. He chose to begin his India tour from Hyderabad as the city has a long history of cultural and religious ties with Iran. It is to be noted that, currently, around 40000 Iranians live in Hyderabad.
  •  On February 15, 2018, Mr. Rouhani addressed Muslim intellectuals, religious scholars and students at a hotel in Hyderabad.
  •  On February 17, 2018, Mr. Rouhani held a bilateral meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi. During this meeting, both the leaders reviewed the progress of India-Iran bilateral relations and discussed issues of mutual interest.
  • Mr. Rouhani also gifted an animated version of Kalila Wa Demna (Farsi translation of the Panchatantra) and a copy of the Mahabharat in Farsi to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Iran President's India VisitIndia-Iran ink 9 pacts, special focus on Chabahar port
After delegation-level talks on February 17, 2018, India and Iran signed following 9 pacts:

  • Maritime Agreement on Chabahar Port and Document on Shahid Behesti port
  • Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Exemption of Visa requirements for diplomatic passport holders
  • MoU on Establishment on Trade
  • Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
  • Ratification of Extradition Treaty
  • Agreement for Co-operation in Medicine
  • MoU on Cooperation in Health
  • Co-operation on Cooperation on Agriculture
  • MoU on Postal cooperation

Maritime Agreement on Chabahar Port and Document on Shahid Behesti port
On February 17, 2018, India and Iran signed a leasing agreement for giving operational control of Shahid Beheshti port to India for a period of 18 months. Shahid Beheshti port is the phase one of the Chabahar port, located on Iran’s east coast.

  • From Indian perspective, Chabahar port (easily accessible from India’s western coast) will serve as an alternative trade route to Afghanistan and other Central Asian countries, bypassing Pakistan.
  • Pakistan has been denying transit permission for trade between India and Afghanistan by citing the reason that India is using Afghanistan as a base to destabilise Pakistan.

Quick Facts about Iran:
♦ Capital – Tehran
♦ Currency – Rial
♦ Current President – Hassan Rouhani
♦ Important River – Zayanderud, Karun