International Coffee Day (ICD) is annually observed across the globe on 1 October to celebrate and promote the global love and appreciation for coffee. This day provides an opportunity to recognize the significant cultural, economic, and social impact of coffee around the world.
- ICD aims to recognise the millions of people across the globe, from farmers to roasters, baristas, coffee shop owners, and more, who work hard to create and serve the beverage.
The 2023 theme of International Coffee Day is, “promoting the right to a safe and healthy working environment in the coffee supply chain”.
- The celebration of ICD is led by International Coffee Organisation (ICO), with its 77 Member States and dozens of coffee associations from around the world.
i.In March 2014, the Member States of the ICO agreed to observe International Coffee Day on 1 October of every year to create a single day of celebration for coffee lovers around the world.
ii.The first ever ICD was observed on 1 October 2015 by 74 member states of the ICO and 26 coffee associations from around the world.
iii.The first ICD coincided with the 115th session of the International Coffee Council (ICC) and the first Global Coffee Forum (GCF) which took place during Expo Milan 2015 in Milan, Italy.
i.The coffee plants originated in East Africa, particularly Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia), where wild coffee plants grew naturally.
ii.Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of “berries” from the Coffea plant.
- Coffee comes from a genus of plants known as Coffea of the family Rubiaceae.
iii.It is one of the 3 most popular beverages in the world (alongside water and tea).
Types: 2 economically important species of coffee are Coffea Arabica and C. canephora.
Areas: Coffee plants are cultivated in over 70 countries and the primary coffee growing and exporting areas are in the equatorial region.
i.The top 5 coffee producing countries are: Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia.
- These 5 countries account for nearly 75% of the world’s coffee production.
ii.Coffee is the second-most-exported commodity in the world after oil.
iii.Finland, Norway, Iceland, Denmark, and the Netherlands are the top 5 Coffee consuming countries.
iv.World coffee exports amounted to 10.21 million bags in July 2023, compared with 10.37 million in July 2022.
v.Top 3 Coffee producing states in India: Karnataka (72.5 %), Kerala (18.9%), Tamil Nadu (5.1%).
To commemorate the ICD 2023 on 1 October 2023, the ICO and the International Labor Organization (ILO), a United Nations (UN) agency jointly launched the #CoffeePeople Campaign and a social media challenge around the ICD 2023 theme.
About International Coffee Organisation (ICO):
Chair of the International Coffee Council (ICC 2022-2023)– Massimiliano Fabian
Executive Director– Vanúsia Nogueira
Headquarters– London, United Kingdom
ICO is the main intergovernmental organization for coffee. Its Member governments represent 98% of world coffee production and 67% of world consumption.
ICO was set up in 1963 under the auspices of the UN.