- TheGlobal Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations and regions peacefulness. It is the product of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) and developed in consultation with an international panel of peace experts from peace institutes and think tanks with data collected and collated by the Economist Intelligence Unit.
- GPI is based on 22 factors.
- The list was launched in May 2007 and updates have been made on an annual basis since then. It is claimed to be the first study to rank countries around the world according to their peacefulness. It ranks 162 countries, up from 121 in 2007.
- Out of 162 countries, India has been ranked a lowly 143 in terms of peace index. The research: “Vision of Humanity”was done by Institute of Economics & Peace which tried to measure national peacefulness based on several quantitative and qualitative parameters. India is ranked number 4 out of 159 countries in the Global Terrorism Index.”
- The Middle East is spiralling into deepening violence India ranks 5 out of 7 countries in South Asia Violence impacted India’s economy by US$341.7 billion in 2015, 4.7% of India’s GDP or US$273 per person.
- The impact of violence on the global economy reached US$14.3 trillion or 13.4% of global GDP in the last year, equivalent to the combined economies of Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Spain and the UK.
- Middle East & North Africa’s (MENA) peace now the lowest since 2008, as the region falls to the bottom of the Index for the first time.
- Top 10 peaceful countries: Iceland (1st), Denmark (2nd), Austria (3rd), New Zealand (4th), Switzerland (5th), Finland (6th), Canada (7th), Japan (8th), Australia (9th) and Czech Republic (10th).
- Top 10 least peaceful countries: North Korea (153rd), Pakistan (154th), Congo (155), Sudan (156), Somalia (157), Central Africa (158th), South Sudan (159th), Afghanistan (160th), Iraq (161st) and Syria (162nd).