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ICMR Study: India has 101 million diabetics & 136 million pre-diabetics & Goa has highest prevalence

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India has over 100 mn diabetics (1)According to the new study conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research–India Diabetes(ICMR-INDIAB), India has around 101 million people living with diabetes and 136 million people with pre-diabetes.

  • The study showed that Goa has the highest population of diabetic patients. Around 26.4% of the Goan population has diabetes.


The ICMR-INDIAB study is published in the medical journal “The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology”, a monthly journal focused on diabetes, endocrinology, and metabolism.

Gist of the report: 

i.According to the study, the number of diabetic cases in India has increased by 44% from 70 million in 2019.

ii.The report stated that around 15.3% of the Indian population (around 136 million) is pre-diabetic.

  • Pre-diabetic is a person who has higher-than-normal blood sugar levels but is not high enough to be considered a diabetic.

State-wise break up:

As a part of this study, the researchers of ICMR-INDIAB studied the prevalence of major metabolic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) like diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity and pre-diabetes from 31 states and Union Territories (UTs) of India.

i.Goa recorded the highest prevalence, around 26.4% of type 1 and type 2 diabetes cases.

ii.The UT of Puducherry stands 2nd with 26.3% followed by Kerala at 3rd place with 25.5% of cases.

iii.Uttar Pradesh recorded the lowest prevalence, around 4.8%, of diabetes cases.

Status of other diseases: 

The study also showed that besides diabetics, the cases of lifestyle diseases like hypertension and obesity have also increased in India.

  • More than 35.5% of the people in India had hypertension or high blood pressure.
  • About 39.5% suffer from abdominal obesity and 28.6% suffer from overall obesity.
  • Around 24% of the surveyed population suffer from hypercholesterolemia or high bad cholesterol levels (LDL).

About the Survey:

i.The survey conducted between 18th October 2008 and 17th December 2020), is the largest survey on diabetes and other metabolic non-communicable diseases undertaken in India.

ii.Under this survey, the researchers analysed the data of more than 1.13 lakh individuals. 75000 of these people were from rural areas.

iii.Dr Ranjit Mohan Anjana, the President of Madras Diabetes Research Foundation was the first author of the study.