Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words , which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Affray – कलह
Meaning – an instance of group fighting in a public place that disturbs the peace.
Usage – “Lowe was charged with causing an affray”
Synonyms – fight, brawl, battle, engagement, encounter, confrontation, melee, clash, skirmish, scuffle, tussle, fracas, altercation; disturbance, commotion, breach of the peace, riot; informalscrap, dust-up, punch-up, set-to, shindy, shindig, free-for-all.
2. Amplify – बढ़ा-चढ़ा कर कहना
Meaning – increase the volume of (sound), especially using an amplifier.
Usage – “amplified pop music”
Synonyms – louden, make louder, turn up, increase, boost, step up, raise, magnify, intensify, escalate, swell, heighten; add to, augment, supplement.
3. Biennial – द्वैवार्षिक
Meaning – taking place every other year.
Usage – “the first of a series of biennial exhibitions”
4. Asinine – बुद्धू
Meaning – extremely stupid or foolish.
Usage – “Lydia ignored his asinine remark”
Synonyms – stupid, foolish, pointless, brainless, mindless, senseless, doltish, idiotic, imbecilic, imbecile, insane, lunatic, ridiculous, ludicrous, absurd, preposterous, nonsensical, fatuous, silly, childish, infantile, puerile, immature, juvenile, inane, witless, half-baked, empty-headed, unintelligent, half-witted, slow-witted.
5. Berate – डाँटना
Meaning – scold or criticize (someone) angrily.
Usage – “she berated herself for being fickle”
Synonyms – rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, admonish, remonstrate with, chastise, chide, upbraid, take to task, pull up, castigate, lambaste, read someone the Riot Act, give someone a piece of one’s mind, go on at, haul over the coals, criticize, censure.
6. Beguile – छलना
Meaning – charm or enchant (someone), often in a deceptive way.
Usage – “he beguiled the voters with his good looks”
Synonyms – charm, attract, enchant, entrance, win over, woo, captivate, bewitch, spellbind, dazzle, blind, hypnotize, mesmerize, seduce, tempt, lead on, lure, entice, ensnare, entrap; deceive, mislead.
7. Callow – अनाड़ी
Meaning – (of a young person) inexperienced and immature.
Usage – “earnest and callow undergraduates”
Synonyms – immature, inexperienced, naive, green, as green as grass, born yesterday, raw, unseasoned, untrained, untried; juvenile, adolescent, jejune; innocent, guileless, artless, unworldly, unsophisticated.
8. Chide – डाँटना
Meaning – scold or rebuke.
Usage – “she chided him for not replying to her letters”
Synonyms – scold, chastise, upbraid, berate, castigate, lambaste, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, admonish, remonstrate with, lecture, criticize, censure etc.
9. Devoid – रहित
Meaning – entirely lacking or free from.
Usage – “Lisa kept her voice devoid of emotion”
Synonyms – lacking, without, free from/of, empty of, vacant of, void of, bare of, barren of, bereft of, drained of, denuded of, deprived of, depleted of, destitute of etc.
10. Effigy – पुतला
Meaning – a sculpture or model of a person.
Usage – “a tomb effigy of Eleanor of Aquitaine”
Synonyms – statue, statuette, carving, sculpture, graven image, model, dummy, figure, figurine, guy; likeness, representation, image; bust, head