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English Questions: Vocabulary set- 47

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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in Here we are providing some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!

1. egregious

Meaning – outstandingly bad; shocking.

Usage – “egregious abuses of copyright”

Synonyms –arrant,atrocious,capital,deplorable,extreme,flagrant,glaring,grievous,gross,heinous,infamous, insufferable,intolerable,monstrous,nefarious,notorious, outright,preposterous,rank,scandalous,shocking,stark

Antonyms – little,minor,secondary,slight

2. rendered

Meaning – provide or give (a service, help, etc.).

Usage – “money serves as a reward for services rendered”

Synonyms – give, provide, supply, furnish, make available, contribute; offer, extend, proffer
“Burcham was quickly surrounded by people anxious to render assistance”
show, display, exhibit, evince, manifest

Antonyms – “incomplete, undone, unfinished, unperfected”

3. arbitrary

Meaning – based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.

Usage – “an arbitrary decision”

Synonyms – capricious, whimsical, random, chance, erratic, unpredictable, inconsistent, wild, hit-or-miss, haphazard, casual; unmotivated, motiveless, unreasoned, unreasonable, unsupported, irrational, illogical, groundless

Antonyms – “circumspect, rational, reasonable, reasoned, supported”

4. patriarchal

Meaning – relating to a patriarch.

Usage – “a patriarchal society”

Synonyms – affectionate, benevolent, benign, caring, comforting, devoted, fatherly, fond, forbearing, gentle, indulgent, kind, loving, maternal, matriarchal, motherly, paternal, patriarchal, protective, sheltering, supportive, tender, warm, watchful

Antonyms – unrespected

5. Surveillance

Meaning – close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.

Usage – “he found himself put under surveillance by British military intelligence”

Synonyms – observation, scrutiny, watch, view, inspection, monitoring, supervision, superintendence; spying, espionage, intelligence, undercover work, infiltration, reconnaissance; informalbugging, wiretapping, phone tapping, recon.

6. Nauseous

Meaning – affected with nausea; feeling inclined to vomit.

Usage – “a rancid odour that made him nauseous”

Synonyms – sick, nauseated, queasy, bilious, sick to one’s stomach, green, green about/at the gills, ill, unwell, bad; seasick, carsick, airsick.

7. prevail

Meaning – prove more powerful or superior.

Usage – “it is hard for logic to prevail over emotion”

Synonyms – win, win out, win through, triumph, be victorious, be the victor, gain the victory, carry the day

8. derecognize

Meaning – withdraw recognition of (an organization or country).

Usage – “none of the agencies will be allowed to derecognize any of the trade unions”

Synonyms – decertify

Antonyms – certified

9. acreages

Meaning – an area of land, typically when used for agricultural purposes, but not necessarily measured in acres.

Usage – “a 35 per cent increase in net acreage”

Synonyms – back forty, expanse, holding, parcel, plot, property, real estate

Antonyms – acreages

10. ratifying

Meaning – sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.

Usage – “both countries were due to ratify the treaty by the end of the year”

Synonyms – satisfy, gratify

Antonyms – disagreeable, discordant, distasteful, harsh, hateful, mean, nasty, offensive, unpleasant.