Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Myriad – असंख्य
Meaning – a countless or extremely great number of people or things.
Usage – “myriads of insects danced around the light above my head”
Synonyms – multitude, a large/great number/quantity, a lot, scores, quantities, mass, crowd, throng, host, droves, horde
Antonyms –calculable, limited, measurable
2. Malaise – अस्वस्थता
Meaning – a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
Usage – “a general air of malaise”
Synonyms – unhappiness, restlessness, uneasiness, unease, melancholy, depression, despondency, dejection, disquiet, trouble, anxiety, anguish
Antonyms –good health, healthiness, well being
3. Capitulate – शर्त पर हथियार डाल देना
Meaning – cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand; yield.
Usage – “the patriots had to capitulate to the enemy forces”
Synonyms – surrender, give in, yield, admit defeat, concede defeat, give up the struggle, submit, back down, climb down, give way, cave in, succumb, crumble
Antonyms – defend, fight
4. Stringent -कड़ी से कड़ी
Meaning – of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
Usage – “stringent guidelines on air pollution”
Synonyms – strict, firm, rigid, rigorous, severe, harsh, tough, tight, exacting, demanding, inflexible, stiff, hard and fast, uncompromising, draconian, extreme
Antonyms –flexible, inexact, tolerant
5. – Repercussions – अप्रत्यक्ष परिणाम
Meaning – an unintended consequence of an event or action, especially an unwelcome one.
Usage – “the move would have grave repercussions for the entire region”
Synonyms – consequence, result, effect, outcome, by-product; reverberation, backlash, ripple, shock wave; aftermath, footprint, fallout.
Antonyms – cause
6. – Crackdown – कड़ी कर्रवाई
Meaning – a series of severe measures to restrict undesirable or illegal people or behaviour.
Usage – “a crackdown on car crime”
Synonyms – clampdown, getting tough, severe/stern measures, repression, suppression, abolition, elimination, eradication, end, stop.
7. fatalities – भाग्यवशता
Meaning – an occurrence of death by accident, in war, or from disease.
Usage – “80 per cent of pedestrian fatalities occur in built-up areas”
Synonyms – death, casualty, mortality, victim, loss, dead person; dead etc.
8. convention – समझौता, सम्मेलन
Meaning – an agreement between states covering particular matters, especially one less formal than a treaty.
Usage – “the convention, signed by the six states bordering on the Black Sea, aims to prevent further pollution”
Synonyms – agreement, accord, protocol, compact, pact; treaty, concordat, entente; understanding, arrangement; contract, bargain, deal etc.
Antonyms – crankiness, creepiness, deviation, eccentricity etc.
9. fray – कलह
Meaning – (of a fabric, rope, or cord) unravel or become worn at the edge, typically through constant rubbing.
Usage – “cheap fabric soon frays”
synonyms – unravelling, unravelled, worn, well worn, threadbare, tattered, ragged, holey, moth-eaten, shabby; torn, ripped, split etc.
10. concrete – ठोस
Meaning – existing in a material or physical form; not abstract.
Usage – “concrete objects like stones”
synonyms – solid, material, real, physical, tangible, touchable, tactile, palpable, visible, existing etc.