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English Questions: Vocabulary set- 44

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Hello Aspirants.
Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in Here we are providing some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!

1. litigation

Meaning – the process of taking legal action.

Usage – “the company wishes to avoid litigation”

Synonyms – legal proceeding(s), legal action, lawsuit, legal dispute, legal case, case, legal contest, action, cause, judicial proceeding(s), suit, suit at law, legal process, prosecution, bringing of charges, indictment, trial

Antonyms – illegality, injustice, lawlessness, partiality, unethicalness, unfairness

2. deportation

Meaning – the action of deporting a foreigner from a country.

Usage – “asylum seekers facing deportation”

synonyms – expulsion, expelling, banishment, banishing, exile, exiling, transportation, transporting, extradition, extraditing, expatriation, expatriating, repatriation, repatriating, refoulement; eviction, evicting, ejection, ejecting, ousting, throwing out, casting out, turning out, driving out, drumming out; informalkicking out, booting out; informalturfing out; datedouting; ostracism

Antonyms – approval,permission

3. rebellion

Meaning – an act of armed resistance to an established government or leader.

Usage – “the authorities put down a rebellion by landless colonials”

Synonyms – uprising, revolt, insurrection, mutiny, revolution, insurgence, insurgency, rising, rioting, riot; civil disobedience, civil disorder, unrest, anarchy, fighting in the streets; coup, regime change; coup d’état, jacquerie; putsch

Antonyms – calm, harmony, peace

4. disingenuous

Meaning – not candid or sincere, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than one really does.

Usage – “this journalist was being somewhat disingenuous as well as cynical”

Synonyms – dishonest, deceitful, underhand, underhanded, duplicitous, double-dealing, two-faced, dissembling, insincere, false, lying, untruthful, mendacious; not candid, not frank, not entirely truthful; artful, cunning, crafty, wily, sly, sneaky, tricky, scheming, calculating,

Antonyms – ingenuous

5. assertion

Meaning – a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.

Usage – “his assertion that his father had deserted the family”

Synonyms – declaration, contention, statement, claim, submission, postulation, averment, opinion, proclamation, announcement, pronouncement, assurance, attestation, affirmation, protestation, profession, swearing, insistence,

Antonyms – denial, rejection

6. ramification

Meaning – a complex or unwelcome consequence of an action or event.

Usage – “any change is bound to have legal ramifications”

Synonyms – consequence, result, aftermath, outcome, effect, upshot, issue, sequel; complication, development, implication; product, by-product, outgrowth, spin-off

7. emboldening

Meaning – give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.

Usage – “emboldened by the claret, he pressed his knee against hers”

Synonyms – give courage, make brave/braver, encourage, hearten, strengthen, fortify, stiffen the resolve of, lift the morale of; rouse, stir, stimulate, cheer, rally, give confidence, brace; fire, inflame, animate, motivate, invigorate, vitalize; informalbuck up; rareinspirit

8. inclinations

Meaning – a person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition.

Usage – “John was a scientist by training and inclination”

Synonyms – tendency, propensity, proclivity, leaning; predisposition, disposition, predilection, weakness, proneness; desire, wish, readiness, impulse; bent; archaiclist, humour; rarevelleity

Antonyms – animosity, antipathy, dislike, enmity, hate, hatred, ill will

9. perennial

Meaning – lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring.

Usage – “his perennial distrust of the media”

Synonyms – everlasting, perpetual, eternal, continuing, unending, never-ending, endless, undying, ceaseless, abiding, enduring, lasting, persisting, permanent, constant, continual, unfailing, unchanging, never-changing

Antonyms – changing, intermittent, interrupted

10. mundane

Meaning – lacking interest or excitement; dull.

Usage – “his mundane, humdrum existence”

Synonyms – humdrum, dull, boring, tedious, monotonous, tiresome, wearisome, prosaic, unexciting, uninteresting, uneventful, unvarying, unvaried, unremarkable, repetitive, repetitious, routine, ordinary, everyday, day-to-day, quotidian, run-of-the-mill, commonplace, common, workaday

Antonyms – exciting, extraordinary, heavenly, supernatural, wonderful