Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. tumultuous – unquiet, अशान्त
Meaning – making an uproar or loud, confused noise.
Usage – a tumultuous crowd.
synonyms – loud, deafening, thunderous, thundering, ear-shattering, ear-splitting, ear-piercing, uproarious, noisy, clamorous, vociferous etc.
2. grapple – deal, सामना
Meaning – engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons; wrestle.
Usage – an instrument for seizing hold of something; a grappling hook.
synonyms – wrestle, struggle, tussle etc.
3. intransigently – stubbornly, अटलता
Meaning – unwilling or refusing to change one’s views or to agree about something.
Usage – her father had tried persuasion, but she was intransigent”.
synonyms – uncompromising, inflexible, unbending, unyielding, unshakeable, unwavering, resolute, unpersuadable, unmalleable, unaccommodating, uncooperative, stubborn.
4. Discernment – recognize, जानना
Meaning – the ability to judge well.
Usage – “an astonishing lack of discernment”
Synonyms – judgement, taste, discrimination, refinement, cultivation, sophistication, enlightenment, sensitivity, subtlety; insight, perceptiveness, perception, perspicacity etc.
5. Thwart – unsuccessful, व्यर्थ
Meaning – prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.
Usage – “he never did anything to thwart his father”
6. Impunity – free from punishment, दण्डमुक्ति
Meaning – exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Usage – “the impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings”
synonyms – immunity, indemnity, exemption from punishment, freedom from punishment, exemption, non-liability, licence; amnesty, dispensation, pardon, reprieve, stay of execution, exoneration; privilege, special treatment, favouritism etc.
7. Sceptical – distrustful, संशयवाद
Meaning – not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations.
Usage – “the public were deeply sceptical about some of the proposals”
Synonyms – dubious, doubtful, having reservations, taking something with a pinch of salt, doubting, questioning; cynical, distrustful, mistrustful, suspicious, disbelieving, misbelieving, unconvinced, incredulous, hesitant, scoffing; pessimistic, defeatist; informaliffy; rarePyrrhonist, minimifidian etc.
8. Crescendo – increasing, बढ़ता हुआ
Meaning – a progressive increase in intensity.
Usage – “a crescendo of misery”
9. Vehement – strong, मजबूत
Meaning – showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense.
Usage – “her voice was low but vehement”
Synonyms – passionate, forceful, ardent, impassioned, heated, spirited, urgent, fervent, fervid, strong, forcible, powerful, emphatic, vigorous, animated, intense, violent, fierce, earnest, eager, keen, enthusiastic, zealous, fanatical etc.
10. Exorbitant – exceeding, बहुत ज्यादा
Meaning – (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high.
Usage – “some hotels charge exorbitant rates for phone calls”
Synonyms – extortionate, excessively high, extremely high, excessive, sky-high, prohibitive, outrageous, unreasonable, preposterous, inordinate, immoderate, inflated, monstrous, unwarranted, unconscionable, huge, enormous, disproportionate etc.