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English Questions: Vocabulary Set 223

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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: German tangle — on SPD’s coalition talks

The decision of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) to start talks for another coalition with Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU) will calm nerves across Europe. Since September’s inconclusive parliamentary election, efforts to form a coalition government for the continent’s largest economy have reached nowhere. The SPD, whose vote share came down by 5 percentage points since 2013, initially decided to sit in the opposition and focus on reviving the party. But after months of talks between the CDU and the Green Party to form a government collapsed, sections within the SPD pushed for another coalition bid, which was finally okayed by 56.4% of the delegates in an extraordinary party conference in Bonn last week. Defending the coalition proposal, SPD leader Martin Schulz said working with Ms. Merkel allowed the party to resist right-wing populism in Europe while championing workers’ rights at home through government policies. He said a preliminary blueprint for talks between the parties had already been agreed upon, which includes SPD demands such as a guaranteed pension level and child benefits. However, Mr. Schulz may find it still difficult this time to sell the benefits of the coalition with the pro-business, liberal CDU, to his party and the voters. The challenge before the SPD and the CDU is to formulate a politically appealing yet pragmatic common minimum programme for the new government. It’s not going to be easy given the ideological differences and internal challenges both parties face.
Though the CDU-Christian Social Union combine remained the single largest bloc after the September polls, the parties suffered massive erosion in their combined vote base, a fall of 8.6 percentage points. Some within the CDU have already started questioning the leadership of Ms. Merkel, who has been Chancellor for 12 years. Ms. Merkel’s liberalism has been under attack by the far-right Alternative for Germany, which won a stunning 13% of the vote in the September election. For their part, the Social Democrats are in steep decline. From 40% in 1998, their vote share is now 20%. A coalition government will certainly spare Germany the agony of going to the polls again so soon. A stable government is the need of the hour both for Germany and Europe, at a time when far-right parties are resurgent elsewhere (in Austria, they are part of the government) and the Brexit talks are in a crucial phase. For the SPD, which is in favour of reforming the European Union, joining the German government could also strengthen reform efforts, mainly championed by French President Emmanuel Macron. But these issues can be addressed only if the SPD-CDU/CSU combine is able to arrest the erosion of individual support bases, overcome the internal challenges and provide a stable leadership.

1.Inconclusive (Adjective) – दुविधा में पड़ा हुआ

Meaning : not leading to a firm conclusion or result; not ending doubt or dispute.

Synonyms : indecisive, proving nothing, resolving nothing, leaving matters open; indefinite, indeterminate, undetermined, unresolved, unproved, unsettled, still open to question, still open to doubt, debatable, unconfirmed, not yet established; moot; vague, ambiguous.

Antonyms : certain, conclusive, decisive, definite, sure.

Usage :three years of inconclusive negotiations.

2.Coalition (Noun): गठबंधन

Meaning : a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

Synonyms : alliance, union, partnership, affiliation, bloc, caucus; federation, league, association, confederacy, confederation, consortium, syndicate, combine, entente, alignment; amalgamation, merger; conjunction, combination, fusion.

Antonyms : disassociation.

Usage : a coalition between Liberals and Conservatives.

3.Reviving(verb) : पुनर्जीवित

Meaning : restore to life or consciousness.

Synonyms : resuscitate, bring round, bring to life, bring back, bring someone (back) to their senses, bring back to consciousness, bring back from the edge of death; rescue, save; give artificial respiration to.

Antonyms : destroy, kill, suppress.

Usage : both men collapsed, but were revived.

4.Bid (verb) : बोली

Meaning : offer (a certain price) for something, especially at an auction.

Synonyms : offer, make an offer of, put in a bid of, put up, tender, proffer, propose, submit, put forward, advance.

Antonyms : go, hurry, move.

Usage : a consortium of dealers bid a world record price for a snuff box.

5.Extraordinary(adjective) : असाधारण

Meaning : very unusual or remarkable.

Synonyms : remarkable, exceptional, amazing, astonishing, astounding, marvellous, wonderful, sensational, stunning, incredible, unbelievable, miraculous, phenomenal, prodigious, spectacular; striking, outstanding, momentous, impressive, singular, signal, pre-eminent, memorable, unforgettable, never to be forgotten, unique, arresting, eye-catching, conspicuous, noteworthy, notable, great; out of the ordinary, unusual, uncommon, rare.

Antonyms : common,commonplace,customary,familiar,normal,ordinary, unextraordinary, unsurprising,usual.

Usage : the extraordinary plumage of the male.

6.Blueprint(noun) : खाका

Meaning : a design plan or other technical drawing.

Synonyms : plan, design, draft, diagram, drawing, scale drawing, outline, sketch, pattern, map, layout, representation; technical drawing.

Antonyms :disorganize, not plan.
Usage : the blueprints of the aircraft and its components.

7.Pragmatic(adjective) : व्यावहारिक

Meaning : dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.

Synonyms : businesslike, commonsensical, down-to-earth, efficient, hard, hard-boiled, hardheaded, logical, matter-of-fact, practical, realistic, sober, unidealistic, utilitarian.

Antonyms : idealistic, unreasonable.

Usage : a pragmatic approach to politics.

8.Erosion(noun) : कटाव

Meaning : the gradual destruction or diminution of something.

Synonyms : wearing away, abrasion, scraping away, grinding down, crumbling, wear and tear, weathering, dissolving, dissolution; eating away, gnawing away, chipping away, corrosion, corroding, attrition; wasting away, rotting, decay; undermining, weakening, sapping, deterioration, disintegration, destruction, spoiling; raredetrition.

Antonyms: building,construction, rebuilding, strengthening.

Usage : the erosion of support for the party.

9.Agony(noun) : व्यथा

Meaning : extreme physical or mental suffering.

Synonyms : pain, hurt, suffering, torture, torment, anguish, affliction, trauma.

Antonyms : comfort, happiness, health, peace, success.

Usage : he crashed to the ground in agony.

10.Resurgent(Adjective) : पुनस्र्त्थानशील

Meaning : increasing or reviving after a period of little activity, popularity, or occurrence.

Synonyms : revived .

Antonyms : unrevived, unrenewed.

Usage : resurgent nationalism.