Current Affairs PDF

English Questions – Vocabulary set 144

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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!

1. Lacuna – कमी

Meaning – an unfilled space; a gap.

Usage – the journal has filled a lacuna in Middle Eastern studies.

2. Pittance – देन

Meaning – a very small or inadequate amount of money.

Synonyms – a very small amount, a tiny amount, an insufficient amount, next to nothing, very little; informalpeanuts, chicken feed, slave wages, a shoestring; informalchump change.

Usage – the musicians were paid a pittance.

3. Astound – हक्का बक्का

Meaning – shock or greatly surprise.

Synonyms – amaze, astonish, stagger, surprise, startle, stun, confound, dumbfound, stupefy, daze, nonplus; throw, shake, unnerve, disconcert, discompose, bewilder; take someone’s breath away, take by surprise, take aback, shake up, stop someone in their tracks, strike dumb, leave open-mouthed, leave aghast, catch off balance; informalflabbergast, floor, knock for six, knock someone sideways, knock out, knock the stuffing out of, bowl over, blow someone’s mind, blow away.

Usage – her bluntness astounded him.

4. Vaticinate – भविष्यवाणी करना

Meaning – foretell the future.

Usage – he vaticinated a period of peace for the continent.

5. Immure – क़ैद करना

Meaning – enclose or confine (someone) against their will.

Synonyms – confine, intern, shut up, lock up, incarcerate, imprison, jail, put away, put behind bars, put under lock and key, hold captive, hold prisoner; coop up, mew up, fence in, wall in, close in; detain, keep, hold, trap.

Usage – her brother was immured in a lunatic asylum.

6. Motley – पंचमेल

Meaning – incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate.

Synonyms – miscellaneous, disparate, diverse, assorted, sundry, varied, mixed, diversified, heterogeneous.

Usage – a motley crew of discontents and zealots.

7. Torment – यातना

Meaning – severe physical or mental suffering.

Synonyms – agony, suffering, torture, pain, anguish, misery, distress, affliction, trauma, wretchedness, woe; hell, purgatory.

Usage – their deaths have left both families in torment.

8. Spurious – जाली

Meaning – not being what it purports to be; false or fake.

Synonyms – bogus, fake, not genuine, specious, false, factitious, counterfeit, fraudulent, trumped-up, sham, mock, feigned, pretended, contrived, fabricated, manufactured, fictitious, make-believe, invalid, fallacious, meretricious; artificial, imitation, simulated.

Usage – separating authentic and spurious claims.

9. Suffrage – मताधिकार

Meaning – the right to vote in political elections.

Synonyms – franchise, right to vote, voting rights, the vote, enfranchisement, ballot; voice, say, option, choice.

Usage – the congress is elected for five years by universal adult suffrage.

10. Perplex – विकल

Meaning – make (someone) feel completely baffled.

Synonyms – puzzle, baffle, mystify, bemuse, bewilder, confound, confuse, nonplus, disconcert, dumbfound, throw, throw/catch someone off balance, get, exercise, worry, befuddle, fuddle, addle, fog; informalflummox, be all Greek to, discombobulate, stump, bamboozle, floor, beat, faze, make someone scratch their head, fox; archaicwilder, distract, gravel, maze, pose.

Usage – she was perplexed by her husband’s moodiness.