Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Incarnate – अवतार लेना
Meaning – (especially of a deity or spirit) embodied in human form.
Synonyms – corporeal, physical, fleshly, embodied.
Usage – she looked at me as though I were the devil incarnate.
2. Innate – जन्मजात
Meaning – inborn; natural.
Synonyms – inborn, natural, inbred, congenital, inherent, intrinsic, instinctive, intuitive, spontaneous, unlearned, untaught; hereditary, inherited, in the blood, in the family; quintessential, organic, essential, basic, fundamental, constitutional.
Usage – people differ in terms of their innate abilities.
3. Fetid – बदबूदार
Meaning – smelling extremely unpleasant.
Synonyms – stinking, smelly, foul-smelling, evil-smelling, malodorous, stinking to high heaven, reeking, pungent, acrid, high, rank, foul, unpleasant, nasty, noxious; fresh; informalstinky, reeky; informalniffing, niffy, pongy, whiffy, humming; informalfunky; literarynoisome, mephitic; raremiasmic, miasmal, olid.
Usage – the fetid water of the marsh.
4. Aspersion – कलंक
Meaning – an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something.
Synonyms – vilification, disparagement, denigration, defamation, defamation of character, abuse, vituperation, condemnation, criticism, censure, castigation, denunciation, flak, deprecation, opprobrium, obloquy, derogation, slander, revilement, reviling, calumny, calumniation, slurs, smears, execration, excoriation, lambasting, upbraiding, bad press, character assassination.
Usage – I don’t think anyone is casting aspersions on you.
5. Perspicacious – भेदक
Meaning – having a ready insight into and understanding of things.
Usage – “it offers quite a few facts to the perspicacious reporter”
6. Friction – टकराव
Meaning – the resistance that one surface or object encounters when moving over another.
Synonyms – abrasion, abrading, rubbing, chafing, grating, rasping, scraping, excoriation, grinding, gnawing, eating away, wearing away/down; resistance, drag, adhesion, traction, grip, purchase; rareattrition, fretting, detrition.
Usage – a lubrication system which reduces friction.
7. Dumbfound – हक्का – बक्का रह जाना
Meaning – greatly astonish or amaze.
Synonyms – astonish, astound, amaze, stagger, surprise, startle, stun, confound, stupefy, daze, nonplus; throw, shake, unnerve, disconcert, discompose, bewilder; take someone’s breath away.
Usage – she was dumbfounded at the sight that met her eyes.
8. Tirade – निंदा
Meaning – a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation.
Synonyms – diatribe, invective, polemic, denunciation, rant, broadside, attack, harangue, verbal onslaught; reviling, railing, decrying, condemnation, brickbats, flak, criticism, censure, lecture, berating, admonishment, admonition, reprimand, rebuke, reproof, reproval, upbraiding, abuse, stream of abuse, battering, stricture, tongue-lashing, vilification, castigation, denouncement, vituperation, obloquy, fulmination; informalknocking.
Usage – she rounded on Nathan with a devastating tirade.
9. Humbug – पाखण्ड
Meaning – deceptive or false talk or behaviour.
Synonyms – hypocrisy, hypocritical talk/behaviour, sanctimoniousness, posturing, cant, empty talk; insincerity, dishonesty, falseness, falsity, sham, deceit, deception, deceptiveness, imposture, pretence; fraud, trickery, cheating; informalphoneyness, con, kidology; informalcodology.
Usage – his comments are sheer humbug.
10. Beguile – मोहना
Meaning – charm or enchant (someone), often in a deceptive way.
Synonyms – charm, attract, enchant, entrance, win over, woo, captivate, bewitch, spellbind, dazzle, blind, hypnotize, mesmerize, seduce, tempt, lead on, lure, entice, ensnare, entrap; deceive, mislead, take in, trick, inveigle, dupe, fool, double-cross, hoodwink, take advantage of; informaltickle someone’s fancy, float someone’s boat, butter up, sweet-talk, soft-soap.
Usage – he beguiled the voters with his good looks.