Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words From The Hindu Newspaper, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Bode – भविष्यव्दाणी
Meaning – be a portent of a particular outcome.
Synonyms – augur, presage, portend, foretell, prophesy, predict; forebode, foreshadow, herald, be an omen of, warn of; indicate, signify, be a sign of, purport, point to, threaten, promise, spell, mean; rarebetoken, foretoken, adumbrate.
Usage – the look on her face boded ill for anyone who crossed her path.
2. Carnage – नरसंहार
Meaning – the killing of a large number of people.
Synonyms – slaughter, massacre, mass murder, mass destruction, butchery, bloodbath, indiscriminate bloodshed, bloodletting, annihilation, destruction, decimation, havoc; holocaust, pogrom, ethnic cleansing; informalshambles.
Usage – “the bombing was timed to cause as much carnage as possible”
3. Decry – दोष देना
Meaning – publicly denounce.
Synonyms – denounce, condemn, criticize, censure, damn, attack, fulminate against, rail against, inveigh against, blame, carp at, cavil at, run down, pillory, rap, lambaste, deplore, disapprove of, vilify, execrate, revile; disparage, deprecate, discredit, derogate, cast aspersions on; informalslam, slate, blast, knock.
Usage – “they decried human rights abuses”
4. Chagrin – चिढ़
Meaning – annoyance or distress at having failed or been humiliated.
Synonyms – annoyance, irritation, vexation, exasperation, displeasure, pique, spleen, crossness, anger, rage, fury, wrath; dissatisfaction, discontent, indignation, resentment, umbrage, disgruntlement, rankling, smarting, distress, discomposure, discomfiture, disquiet, fretfulness, frustration; embarrassment, mortification, humiliation, shame.
Usage – “to my chagrin, he was nowhere to be seen”
5. Besmirch – गंदा करना
Meaning – damage (someone’s reputation).
Synonyms – sully, tarnish, blacken, drag through the mud/mire, stain, taint, smear, befoul, soil, contaminate, pollute, disgrace, dishonour, bring discredit to, stigmatize, injure, damage, debase, spoil, ruin; slander, defame; literarysmirch, besmear; archaicbreathe on, spot.
Usage – “he had besmirched the good name of his family”
6. Brochure – ब्रोशर
Meaning – a small book or magazine containing pictures and information about a product or service.
Synonyms – pamphlet, booklet, prospectus, catalogue, leaflet, handbill, handout, bill, circular, flyer, notice, advertisement; mailer, folder
Usage – “a holiday brochure”
7. Caliber – बुद्धि का विस्तार
Meaning – the quality of someone’s character or the level of their ability.
Synonyms – quality, merit, distinction, character, worth, stature, excellence, superiority, eminence, pre-eminence; ability, expertise, talent, capability, capacity, proficiency, competence; gifts, endowments, strengths, qualifications.
Usage – “they could ill afford to lose a man of his calibre”
8. Flagrant – ज्वलंत
Meaning – (of an action considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive.
Synonyms – blatant, glaring, obvious, overt, evident, conspicuous; naked, barefaced, shameless, brazen, audacious, brass-necked; undisguised, unconcealed, patent, transparent, manifest, palpable; out and out, utter, complete; outrageous, scandalous, shocking, disgraceful, reprehensible, dreadful, terrible; gross, enormous, heinous, atrocious, monstrous, wicked, iniquitous, villainous.
Usage – “a flagrant violation of the law”
9. Evasive – कपटपूर्ण
Meaning – tending to avoid commitment or self-revelation, especially by responding only indirectly.
Synonyms – prevaricating, elusive, ambiguous, equivocal, equivocating, indefinite, non-committal, vague, indeterminate, imprecise, inexact, indistinct, inexplicit; cryptic, enigmatic, obscure, unclear, puzzling, perplexing, gnomic, Delphic; roundabout, indirect, oblique, circumlocutory, circuitous, periphrastic.
Usage – “she was evasive about her phone number”
10. Condign – उचित
Meaning – (of punishment or retribution) appropriate to the crime or wrongdoing; fitting and deserved.
Usage – “condign punishment was rare when the criminal was a man of high social standing”