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The Union Cabinet’s decision to scrap the no-detention policy in schools till Class VIII – a key provision of the Right to Education (RTE) Act – is a backward step. The no- (1) policy was instituted to arrest school dropouts, especially among economically marginalised communities. However, last year the Central Advisory Board of Education – the highest body advising the Centre and states on education – passed a (2) to scrap the no-detention policy on the ground that it was leading to lower learning outcomes. But it’s the poor quality of teaching that must be (3) rather than students.
Bringing back year-end examinations for Classes V and VIII and detaining students who fail them won’t improve learning outcomes. It will simply palm off the responsibility of learning to students, letting teachers off the hook. Students from economically well off (4) can overcome the pass-fail system through out-of-school tuitions. But this option simply isn’t available to economically disadvantaged students who are (5) to the school system (6) . Hence, a reversal of the no-detention policy in the foundational years of schooling is bound to increase dropouts, casting a shadow on the future of millions of disadvantaged students.
It needs to be recalled that an important aspect of RTE was continuous comprehensive (7) where teachers were to (8) assess students’ progress without a pass-fail exam. However, this was never implemented properly. In fact, an analysis of RTE over the last two years shows that more (9) was laid on implementing 25% free seats for economically weaker children in private schools than on upgrading infrastructure or teacher training. This clearly shows that improvement of quality of education continues to get short shrift. Politicians still see education as a tool to disburse (10) rather than a means to uplift the next generation.
- 1) meanness
4) liberationAnswer – 2)
Explanation: detention – the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.
- 1) worthlessness
4) complianceAnswer – 3)
Explanation: resolution – a firm decision to do or not to do something.
- 1) blamed
4) applauseAnswer – 1)
Explanation: blamed – feel or declare that (someone or something) is responsible for a fault or wrong.
- 1) backgrounds
4) trivialityAnswer – 1)
Explanation: backgrounds – the part of a picture, scene, or design that forms a setting for the main figures or objects, or appears furthest from the viewer.
- 1) nothingness
4) clingingAnswer – 4)
Explanation: clinging – (of a garment) fitting closely to the body and showing its shape.
- 1) immateriality
4) counterpoiseAnswer – 3)
Explanation: precariously – in a way that is not securely in position and is likely to fall or collapse.
- 1) evaluation
4) counterbalanceAnswer – 1)
Explanation: evaluation – the making of a judgement about the amount, number, or value of something; assessment.
- 1) periodically
4) clearlyAnswer – 1)
Explanation: periodically – from time to time; occasionally.
- 1) detraction2) ossify
4) emphasisAnswer – 4)
Explanation: emphasis – special importance, value, or prominence given to something.
- 1) patronage
4) antagonismAnswer – 1)
Explanation: patronage – the support given by a patron.