As you all know that IBPS PO MAINS EXAM is near.One of the most important part of this Exam is Descriptive Wrtiting Exam which is recently added by IBPS that test Your writing skills, so we are providing Expected essay.
Sanitation and Cleanliness in India
Every year some of 3.4 million people, mostly children, die from disease associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene. Over half of the hospitals in the world are filled with people suffering from water and sanitation – related disease. India alone forms a major chunk of data.
In our country, access to sanitation facilities and safe drinking water is still distant dream. While India is progressing in other aspects, lack of sanitation and drinking water facilities acted as a hindrance to the development process. These basic rights are not only important to health and sustainable development, but are also very essential for removal of poverty and overall growth of country.
According to the latest estimates by the UN, 48% of total population in India defecates in open, which is more than in any other country in the world.
The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, was well aware of the bad and unclean situation here. He emphasized on cleanliness and sanitation, as well as its implementation in the daily lives of everyone. However, it was not so effective due to insufficient participation of the masses. Today, even after 67 years of independence, we have only about 30% of the rural households which have access to toilets.
When human waste (faces urine) is not taken care of, it leads to increased pollution in the environment and causes serious health problems, such as diarrhea, worms, and cholera and bladder infection.
Improper sanitation and inaccessibility to safe and clean water is the reason why millions of Indian suffer every year from such diseases. Providing sanitation to all is the need of time.
So, bearing all the sanitation and cleanliness related problems in mind, our government has taken a bold step. For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation, a ‘ swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ or ‘clean India mission’ was launched in October 2014. Furthermore, emphasizing on ‘clean India’ associated with the economic activity of the country.
The prime objective of the mission is to create sanitation facility for all. It aims to provide every rural with a toilet by 2019. The completion of the mission would indirectly draw the attention of business investors in India and enhance the GDP growth. Clean India would bring more tourists and enhance its economic condition. The Prime Minister of India has requested every Indian to devote their 100 hours per year for the cleanliness in India which is estimated to be more than sufficient to turn this country into a clean country in 2019.