Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. tumultuous – unquiet, अशान्त
Meaning – making an uproar or loud, confused noise.
Usage – a tumultuous crowd.
synonyms – loud, deafening, thunderous, thundering, ear-shattering, ear-splitting, ear-piercing, uproarious, noisy, clamorous, vociferous etc.
2. grapple – deal, सामना
Meaning – engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons; wrestle.
Usage – an instrument for seizing hold of something; a grappling hook.
synonyms – wrestle, struggle, tussle etc.
3. unenviable – difficult, कठिन
Meaning – difficult, undesirable, or unpleasant
Usage – an unenviable reputation for drunkenness.
synonyms – disagreeable, unpleasant, undesirable, difficult, nasty, horrible, painful, thankless.
4. debilitated – weak, कमज़ोर
Meaning – make (someone) very weak and infirm.
Usage – he was severely debilitated by a stomach upset.
synonyms – weakening, enfeebling, enervating, enervative, devitalizing, draining, sapping, wearing, exhausting, tiring; impairing, crippling etc.
5. dilemma – uncertainty, दुविधा
Meaning – a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially ones that are equally undesirable.
Usage – he wants to make money, but he also disapproves of it: Den’s dilemma in a nutshell”
synonyms – quandary, predicament, difficulty, problem, puzzle, conundrum, awkward situation, tricky situation, difficult situation, difficult choice etc.
6. tantrum – bad tamper, चिड़चिड़ापन
Meaning – an uncontrolled outburst of anger and frustration, typically in a young child.
Usage – he has temper tantrums if he can’t get his own way”.
synonyms – fit, outburst, flare-up, blow-up, pet, paroxysm, frenzy, bad mood, mood, huff, scene.
7. intransigently – stubbornly, अटलता
Meaning – unwilling or refusing to change one’s views or to agree about something.
Usage – her father had tried persuasion, but she was intransigent”.
synonyms – uncompromising, inflexible, unbending, unyielding, unshakeable, unwavering, resolute, unpersuadable, unmalleable, unaccommodating, uncooperative, stubborn.
8. yields – return , पैदावार
Meaning – produce or provide (a natural, agricultural, or industrial product).
Usage – “the land yields grapes and tobacco”.
synonyms – surrender, capitulate, submit, relent, admit defeat, accept defeat, concede defeat, back down, climb down, quit, give in, give up the struggle.
9. fragile – breakable, भंगुर
Meaning – (of an object) easily broken or damaged.
Usage – “fragile items such as glass and china”
synonyms – breakable, easily broken, brittle, frangible, smashable, splintery, flimsy, weak, frail, insubstantial, delicate, dainty etc.
10. unpalatable – unpleasant, अरुचिकर
Meaning – not pleasant to taste.
Usage – “scraps of unpalatable food”.
synonyms – disagreeable, unpleasant, displeasing, unattractive, regrettable, unwelcome, upsetting, distressing, lamentable, repugnant, nasty, horrible, dreadful etc.