In accordance with the Research and Development (R&D) Statistics At a Glance 2019-20 and S&T Indicators Tables 2019-20 based on the national Science & Technology (S&T) survey 2018 brought out by the National Science and Technology Management Information Sysytem (NSTMIS), Department of Science and Technology (DST), India’s gross expenditure in R&D has tripled between 2008 & 2018 and also there is rise in scientific publications.
- The survey included more than 6800 S&T Institutions spread across varied sectors like central government, state governments, higher education, public sector industry, and private sector industry in the country.
Key Ranks of India, as per report:
Scientific publication:In 2018, India ranks 3rd globally in the scientific publication as National Science Foundation (NSF) database. The first two ranks were occupied by the USA and China, respectively. India ranked 5th and 9th in scientific publication output as per the SCOPUS and Science Citation Index (SCI) database respectively.
Ph. D.’s awarded in S&E: India occupies 3rd rank in terms of number of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.)’s awarded in Science and Engineering (S&E) after USA (39,710 in 2016) and China (34,440 in 2015).
India is placed 3rd among countries in scientific publication as per NSF database
Resident Patent Filing activity: In 2017-18, India is ranked at 9th position in terms of Resident Patent Filing activity in the world and was topped by China, USA, Japan.
Patent Office of India: According to WIPO, India’s Patent Office stands at the 7th position among the top 10 Patent Filing Offices in the world.
India’s gross expenditure in R&D has tripled between 2008 & 2018
-The Gross expenditure on R&D (GERD) in the country has nearly tripled from Rs. 39,437.77 crore in 2007- 08 to Rs. 1,13,825.03 crore in 2017-18.
-India’s per capita R&D expenditure has increased to PPP $ 47.2 in 2017-18 from PPP $ 29.2 in 2007-08.
-India spent 0.7% of its GDP on R&D in 2017-18, while the same among other developing BRICS countries was Brazil 1.3%, Russian Federation 1.1%, China 2.1% and South Africa 0.8%.
-India’s R&D expenditure per researcher was 185 (‘000 PPP$) during 2017-18 and was ahead of Russian Federation, Israel, Hungary, Spain and UK.
Increase in scientific publications
-Number of researchers per million populations in India has increased to 255 in 2017 from 218 in 2015 and 110 in 2000.
-During 2017-18 a total of 47,854 patents were filed in India. Out of which, 15,550 (32%) patents were filed by Indian residents.
-Patent applications filed in India are dominated by disciplines like Mechanical, Chemical, Computer/Electronics, and Communication.
Extramural R&D support by central S&T agencies has increased significantly
–Department Of Science & Technology (DST) & Department of Biotechnology (DBT) were the two major players contributing 63% and 14%, respectively of the total extramural R&D support in the country during 2016-17.
-Women participation in extramural R&D projects has increased significantly to 24% in 2016-17 from 13% in 2000-01 due to various initiatives undertaken by the Government in S&T sector.
-As on 1st April 2018, nearly 5.52 lakh personnel were employed in the R&D establishments in the country.
Advisor and Head– Dr. Parveen Arora
Location– New Delhi