Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Harangue – वर्णन
Meaning – a lengthy and aggressive speech.
Synonyms – tirade, lecture, diatribe, homily, polemic, rant, fulmination, broadside, verbal attack, verbal onslaught, invective; criticism, berating, censure, admonition, reproval, admonishment; exhortation, declamation, oration, peroration, speech, talk, address; informalsermon, tongue-lashing, spiel, pep talk; rarephilippic, obloquy.
Usage – they were subjected to a ten-minute harangue by two border guards.
2. Upright – सीधा
Meaning – (of a person) sitting or standing with the back straight.
Usage – an upright posture.
3. Beguile – जी बहला
Meaning – charm or enchant (someone), often in a deceptive way.
Synonyms – charm, attract, enchant, entrance, win over, woo, captivate, bewitch, spellbind, dazzle, blind, hypnotize, mesmerize, seduce, tempt, lead on, lure, entice, ensnare, entrap; deceive, mislead, take in, trick, inveigle, dupe, fool, double-cross, hoodwink, take advantage of; informaltickle someone’s fancy, float someone’s boat, butter up, sweet-talk, soft-soap, bamboozle, con, diddle, shaft, pull a fast one on, put one over on, take for a ride, string along, lead up the garden path.
Usage – he beguiled the voters with his good looks.
4. Humbug – कपट
Meaning – deceptive or false talk or behaviour.
Synonyms – hypocrisy, hypocritical talk/behaviour, sanctimoniousness, posturing, cant, empty talk; insincerity, dishonesty, falseness, falsity, sham, deceit, deception, deceptiveness, imposture, pretence; fraud, trickery, cheating; informalphoneyness, con, kidology; informalcodology.
Usage – to dress it all up as a ‘green’ tax is sheer humbug.
5. Smattering – गिरोह
Meaning – a small amount of something.
Synonyms – bit, small amount, little, modicum, touch, soupçon; superficial knowledge, nodding acquaintance, passing acquaintance, rudiments, elements, basics; informalsmidgen, smidge, tad.
Usage – an audience with a smattering of classical education.
6. Desolate – उजड़ा हुआ
Meaning – (of a place) uninhabited and giving an impression of bleak emptiness.
Synonyms – barren, bleak, stark, bare, dismal, grim; desert, waste, arid, sterile; wild, windswept, inhospitable, exposed.
Usage – the loch was bounded by desolate moorlands.
7. Sparse – अपर्याप्त
Meaning – thinly dispersed or scattered.
Synonyms – scanty, scant, scattered, thinly distributed, scarce, infrequent, sporadic, few and far between; meagre, paltry, skimpy, limited, in short supply, at a premium, hard to come by; slight, thin.
Usage – areas of sparse population.
8. Cozen – मूंड़ना
Meaning – trick or deceive.
Usage –do not think to cozen your contemporaries.
9. Innocuous – अहानिकर
Meaning – not harmful or offensive.
Synonyms – harmless, safe, non-dangerous, non-poisonous, non-toxic, non-irritant, non-injurious, innocent; edible, eatable, wholesome; rareinnoxious.
Usage – it was an innocuous question.
10. Rampage – हिसात्मक आचरण
Meaning – (especially of a large group of people) move through a place in a violent and uncontrollable manner.
Synonyms – rush wildly/madly, riot, run riot, go on the rampage, run amok, go berserk, storm, charge, tear; rave; informalsteam.
Usage – several thousand demonstrators rampaged through the city.