On September 28, 2022, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister (PM) of India Narendra Modi has approved the following proposals which were briefed by Union Minister Anurag Singh Thakur, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting:
i.Release of additional instalment of DA to Central Government employees and DR to Pensioners, w.e.f July 1, 2022
ii.Extension of PMGKAY for another three months (October 2022-December 2022)
iii.MoU between India and Bangladesh on withdrawal of upto 153 cusecs of water each from river Kushiyara
iv.Information about progress under National Health Mission for 2020-21
v.Redevelopment of New Delhi, Ahmedabad and CSMT, Mumbai Railway Stations
Cabinet approves release of additional instalment of DA to Central Government employees and DR to Pensioners w.e.f. July 2022
The Union Cabinet has approved the release of additional instalment of Dearness Allowance (DA) and Dearness Relief (DR) under 7th Pay Commission @4% to Central Government employees and pensioners respectively w.e.f. July 1, 2022. It is based on the percentage increase in 12 monthly average of All India Consumer Price Index for the period ending June, 2022.
- The 4% increase in DA and DR is over the existing rate of 34% of basic pay/pension. Thus, the effective new rate of DA and DR will be 38%.
- Dearness allowance percentage is reviewed and re-fixed/ increased by the government twice every year on January 1 and July 1. The next DA/DR hike is due on January 1, 2023.
i.The increase in DA to Central Government employees will cost the Central Government an estimated Rs 6,591.36 crore per annum , and Rs.4,394.24 crore for FY23 (i.e. for a period of 8 months from July, 2022 to February, 2023).
ii.For DR to pensioners, it will cost around Rs 6,261.20 crore per annum and Rs.4,174.12 crore in FY23 (From July, 2022 to February, 2023).
iii.The combined cost for DA and DR will be Rs 12,852.56 crore per annum; and Rs.8,568.36 crore in FY23 (from July, 2022 to February, 2023).
Centre extends PMGKAY for another 3 months (October 2022-December 2022)
The Union Cabinet has approved the extension for the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY-Phase VII) for a further period of 3 months i.e. October to December 2022.
- This decision has been taken to support the poor and vulnerable sections of society for the forthcoming major festivals like Navratri, Dussehra, Milad-un-nabi, Deepawali, Chhath pooja, Gurunanak dev Jayanti, Christmas, etc.
- PMGKAY-Phase VII will cost additional Rs 44,762 crore to the Central Government.
This is a food security welfare scheme initiated duringCOVID-19 crisis under which 5 kg of food grain per person per month is provided free of cost for all the beneficiaries covered under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) including those covered under Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT).
- The overall expenditure of PMGKAY will be about Rs. 3.91 lakh crore for all the phases.
- The total outgo in terms of food grains for PMGKAY Phase VII is likely to be about 122 LMT (Lakh Metric Tonnes).
- The aggregate allocation of food grain for phases I- VII is about 1121 LMT.
- The Scheme comes under the Department of Food and Public Distribution of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Its nodal Ministry is the Ministry of Finance.
Cabinet approves MoU between India and Bangladesh on withdrawal of upto 153 cusecs of water each from river Kushiyara
The Union Cabinet has also given its ex-post facto approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Bangladesh on withdrawal of upto 153 cusecs of water each by India and Bangladesh from common border river Kushiyara during dry season (1st November to 31st May) for their consumptive water requirement.
- The MoU was signed on September 6, 2022 between the Ministry of Jal Shakti (MoJS), Government of India; and Ministry of Water Resources, Government of Bangladesh.
i.This MoU will enable Government of Assam to withdraw upto 153 cusecs of water during dry season.
ii.A Joint Monitoring Team will be set up by both the countries to monitor the withdrawal of water by each side during dry season.
Prime Minister – Sheikh Hasina Wazed
Currency– Bangladeshi Taka
Union Cabinet informed about progress under National Health Mission for 2020-21
The Union Cabinet informed about the progress under National Health Mission (NHM) during FY2020-21 including accelerated decline in Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) Under Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) and Total Fertility Rate (TFR).
- There is also progress in respect of various diseases programs like Malaria, Kala-Azar, Dengue, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Viral Hepatitis etc.
- The expenditure involved is around Rs 28,000 crore of Central Government share.
i.U5MR in India has declined from 49 in 2013 to 36 in 2018 and the percentage annual rate of decline in U5MR during 2013-2018 has accelerated to 6% from 3.9 % observed during 1990-2012.
- As per Sample Registration System (SRS), in 2020, U5MR has further reduced to 32.
ii.MMR of India has declined by 443 points from 556 per one lakh live births in 1990 to 113 in 2016-18. A decline of 80% has been achieved in MMR since 1990, which is higher than the global decline of 45%.
- As per SRS 2017-19, MMR has further reduced to 103.
iii.IMR has declined from 80 in 1990 to 32 in the year 2018.
- As per SRS 2020, IMR has further reduced to 28.
iv.TFR in India declined from 2.3 in 2013 to 2.2 in the year 2018.
- As per SRS 2020, SRS has further reduced to 2.
v.The incidence of TB per 1,00,000 population has been reduced from 234 in 2012 to 193 in 2019. The mortality due to TB per 1,00,000 populations for India also reduced from 42 in 2012 to 33 in 2019.
vi.The percentage of Kala Azar (KA) endemic blocks, achieving the elimination target of < 1 KA case per 10000 population, increased from 74.2% in 2014 to 97.5% in 2020-21.
i.NHM is the implementing agency for the Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Package (ECRP) Phase-I to boost health system preparedness for immediate responsiveness for early prevention, detection and management of COVID-19.
ii.ECRP-I is a 100% centrally supported intervention and an amount of over Rs 8,147 crore were allocated to States and UTs (Union Territories) for the period upto March 31, 2021.
Targets under NHM by 2025
i. To reduce MMR to 90 from 113, reduce IMR to 23 from 32, reduce U5MR to 23 from 36 and sustain TFR to 2.1,
ii. Reduce prevalence of Leprosy to less than one in 10 thousand population and incidence to zero in all districts.
iii. Annual Malaria incidence to be less than one in 1000 population
iv. Prevent and reduce mortality and morbidity from communicable, non- communicable, injuries and emerging diseases
v. Reduce household out-of-pocket expenditure on total health care expenditure
vi. Ending the TB epidemic by 2025 from India
Cabinet approves redevelopment of New Delhi, Ahmedabad and CSMT, Mumbai Railway Stations
The Union Cabinet also approved Indian Railways’ proposal for redevelopment of 3 major railway stations with an approximate total investment of nearly Rs 10,000 Cr.
The stations are:
- New Delhi Railway Station (Delhi)
- Ahmedabad Railway Station (Gujarat)
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) Mumbai (Maharashtra)
The bids will be awarded to developers that quote the lowest amount for redeveloping the stations as per the design parameters.
i.Work on redevelopment of 199 Stations is going on. Out of these, tenders have been issued for 47 stations. Work is progressing fast for 32 stations.
ii.In March 2022, the Railways decided to redevelop the New Delhi Railway Station (NDLS) and Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) under a Hybrid Built Operate Transfer (BOT) model instead of a Design, Built, Finance, Operate and Transfer (DBFOT) model that was earlier planned.