The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has completed its ten years of achievement. The total government part to the herald of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA is about three-quarters of US$15 billion.
- MGNREGA is an Indian labor law and social security measure.
- It was launched in June 2006 by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh with aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’ as per the Article 41 of the Indian Constitution.
- MGNREGA is mainly implemented bygram panchayats (GPs).
- It objective is to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment.
- NREGA also help inprotecting the environment, empowering rural women, reducing rural-urban migration and nurturing social equity, among others.
- This Scheme was introduced by the UPA union government.
- The jobs will be offered within a distance of 5 km, if it is above 5 km additional salary will be compensated.
- The Gram Panchayat offer Job Cards after due
- Job-card holders are provided with a150 days of work under MGNREGA
- The expenditure on the programme has estimated to Rs. 3, 13,844.55 crore in the beginning of the program.
- 71% of the fund has been spent on wage payments to workers.
- The percentage of Scheduled Caste workers is about 20 per cent and that of Scheduled Tribe workers are about 17 per cent
The achievements of MGNREGA to complete 10 years is a motivation of national pride and celebration .