Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words , which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Melee – हाथापाई
Meaning – a confused fight or scuffle.
Usage – “several people were hurt in the melee”
Synonyms – tumult, disturbance, rumpus, commotion, disorder; brawl, fracas, fight, affray, fray, scuffle, breach of the peace, struggle, skirmish, free-for-all, tussle, quarrel; donnybrook; bangarang; informalscrap, set-to, ruction, shindy, shindig, punch-up, dust-up; informalrammy; informalrough house; archaicbroil, bagarre.
2. Pithy – अर्थपूर्ण
Meaning – (of language or style) terse and vigorously expressive.
Usage – “his characteristically pithy comments”
3. Quip – ताना
Meaning – a witty remark.
Usage – “Peter ate heartily with a quip about being a condemned man”
Synonyms – joke, witty remark, witticism, jest, pun, sally, pleasantry, epigram, aphorism; repartee, banter; bon mot; informalone-liner, gag, crack, wisecrack, funny.
4. Querulous – विलापी
Meaning – complaining in a rather petulant or whining manner.
Usage – “she became querulous and demanding”
Synonyms – petulant, complaining, pettish, touchy, testy, tetchy, waspish, prickly, crusty, peppery, fractious, fretful, irritable, cross, crabbed, crabby, crotchety, cantankerous, curmudgeonly, disagreeable, miserable, morose, on edge, edgy, impatient, bitter, moody, in a bad mood, grumpy, huffy, scratchy, out of sorts, out of temper, ill-tempered, bad-tempered, ill-natured, ill-humoured, sullen, surly, sulky, sour, churlish, bilious.
5. Parochial – संकीर्ण
Meaning – having a limited or narrow outlook or scope.
Usage – “parochial attitudes”
Synonyms – narrow-minded, small-minded, provincial, insular, narrow, small-town, inward-looking, limited, restricted, localist, conservative, conventional, short-sighted, petty, close-minded, blinkered, myopic, introverted, illiberal, hidebound, intolerant; parish-pump; informaljerkwater, hick.
6. Reprisal – प्रतिहिंसा
Meaning – an act of retaliation.
Usage – “three youths died in the reprisals which followed”
Synonyms – retaliation, counterattack, counterstroke, comeback; revenge, vengeance, retribution, requital, recrimination, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, tit for tat, getting even, redress, repayment, payback; lex talionis; informala taste of one’s own medicine; rareultion, a Roland for an Oliver.
7. Reprieve – दण्डविराम
Meaning – cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death).
Usage – “under the new regime, prisoners under sentence of death were reprieved”
Synonyms – grant a stay of execution to, cancel/postpone/commute/remit someone’s punishment; pardon, spare, acquit, grant an amnesty to, amnesty; informallet off, let off the hook; archaicrespite.
8. Retaliate – प्रतिकार करना
Meaning – make an attack in return for a similar attack.
Usage – “the blow stung and she retaliated immediately”
Synonyms – fight back, strike back, hit back, respond, react, reply, reciprocate, counterattack, return fire, return the compliment, put up a fight, take the bait, rise to the bait, return like for like, get back at someone, get, give tit for tat, give as good as one gets, let someone see how it feels, give someone a dose/taste of their own medicine; have/get/take one’s revenge, take/exact/wreak revenge.
9. Raze – ढाना
Meaning – completely destroy (a building, town, or other settlement).
Usage – “villages were razed to the ground”
Synonyms – destroy, demolish, raze to the ground, tear down, pull down, knock down, knock to pieces, level, flatten, bulldoze, fell, wipe out, lay waste, ruin, wreck.
10. Realm – क्षेत्र
Meaning – a kingdom.
Usage – “the defence of the realm”
Synonyms – kingdom, sovereign state, monarchy; empire, principality, palatinate, duchy; country, land, domain, dominion, nation, province.