Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words , which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Officious – थकनेवाला
Meaning – intrusively enthusiastic in offering help or advice; interfering.
Usage – “an officious bystander”
Synonyms – self-important, bumptious, self-assertive, overbearing, overzealous, dictatorial, bossy, domineering, interfering, intrusive, meddlesome, meddling, importunate, forward, opinionated; informalpushy; archaicpragmatic, intermeddling; rareobtrusive, busy.
2. Perjury – झूठा साक्ष्य
Meaning – the offence of wilfully telling an untruth or making a misrepresentation under oath.
Usage – “he claimed two witnesses at his trial had committed perjury”
Synonyms – lying under oath, violation of an oath, giving false evidence/testimony, bearing false witness/testimony, forswearing oneself, making false statements, wilful falsehood; mendacity, mendaciousness.
3. Purview – परिधि
Meaning – the scope of the influence or concerns of something.
Usage – “such a case might be within the purview of the legislation”
4. Venal – ज़रख़ीद
Meaning – showing or motivated by susceptibility to bribery; corrupt.
Usage – “local customs officers are notoriously venal”.
Synonyms – corrupt, corruptible, bribable, open to bribery, purchasable, buyable, grafting; dishonest, fraudulent, dishonourable, untrustworthy, unscrupulous, unprincipled; mercenary, avaricious, grasping, rapacious; informalbent, crooked, warped, shady.
5. Quirk – मोड़
Meaning – a peculiar aspect of a person’s character or behaviour.
Usage – “they accepted her attitude as one of her little quirks”
Synonyms – idiosyncrasy, peculiarity, oddity, eccentricity, foible, whim, whimsy, notion, conceit, vagary, caprice, fancy, kink, crotchet, mannerism, habit, characteristic, trait, feature, obsession, fad; idée fixe; informalhang-up, thing; raresingularity.
6. Quash – मिटा देना
Meaning – reject as invalid, especially by legal procedure.
Usage – “his conviction was quashed on appeal”
Synonyms – cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke, retract, countermand, withdraw, take back, rule against, disallow, overturn, override, overrule, veto, set aside, overthrow, repudiate, annul, nullify, declare null and void, invalidate, render invalid, negate, void, abrogate; vacate; archaicrecall.
7. Recant – अपने को वंचित करना
Meaning – say that one no longer holds an opinion or belief, especially one considered heretical.
Usage – “heretics were burned if they would not recant”
Synonyms – renounce, forswear, disavow, deny, repudiate, renege on, abjure, relinquish, abandon; archaicforsake.
8. Tirade – आक्षेप
Meaning – a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation.
Usage – “a tirade of abuse”
Synonyms – diatribe, invective, polemic, denunciation, rant, broadside, attack, harangue, verbal onslaught; reviling, railing, decrying, condemnation, brickbats, flak, criticism, censure, lecture, berating, admonishment, admonition, reprimand, rebuke, reproof, reproval, upbraiding, abuse, stream of abuse, battering, stricture.
9. Scruple – संदेह
Meaning – a feeling of doubt or hesitation with regard to the morality or propriety of a course of action.
Usage – “I had no scruples about eavesdropping”
Synonyms – qualms, twinge of conscience, compunction, hesitation, reservations, second thoughts, doubt(s), misgivings, pangs of conscience, uneasiness, reluctance.
10. Wanton – अनियंत्रित
Meaning – (of a cruel or violent action) deliberate and unprovoked.
Usage – “sheer wanton vandalism”
Synonyms – deliberate, wilful, malicious, malevolent, spiteful, vicious, wicked, evil, cruel; unprovoked, unmotivated, motiveless, arbitrary, groundless, unjustifiable, unjustified, needless, unnecessary, uncalled for, gratuitous, senseless, pointless, purposeless, aimless, useless, meaningless, empty, vacuous.