Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!
The prospect of a thaw in relations between North and South Korea, which resume talks after two years, holds out the hope of denuclearisation on the Peninsula. Lending the move diplomatic heft is the U.S.’s consent to South Korean President Moon Jae-in’s proposal to delay the controversial joint military exercises between the two allies. These annual operations have traditionally caused consternation in Pyongyang. The significance of the U.S. decision can also be seen in the context of Beijing’s suggestion for a freeze on joint military exercises between Washington and Seoul in exchange for a halt to Pyongyang’s nuclear programme. The demand acquired added impetus ever since Seoul launched the U.S.-backed Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) system, raising fears that its radars could snoop on Chinese security infrastructure. But the idea never received serious consideration from the U.S., as forcing Kim Jong-un, the North Korean autocrat, to completely give up the programme was the singular focus of President Donald Trump’s approach. As for Mr. Kim, he sees recognition of his country as a nuclear power as a vantage point from where he could negotiate a roll-back of crippling international sanctions and a possible reconciliation with Washington.
The immediate trigger to the revival of dialogue is the Winter Olympics in PyeongChang in South Korea next month. North Korea’s latest ballistic missile launches and nuclear explosions have raised global alarm over the region’s safety for travel and tourism, not to mention security during the Games. Memories of the downing by North Korea of a civilian aircraft ahead of the 1988 Seoul Olympics have prompted understandable caution by the host nation. Seoul has apparently determined that the most effective means of allaying those apprehensions is to confirm the participation of North Korean athletes. The deferment of the joint military exercises with the U.S. lends further credibility to Mr. Moon’s overtures to the North, as much as it assuages Chinese concerns. Beijing had imposed an unofficial blockade on South Korean trade, tourism and entertainment following the THAAD missile installation last year. But it was quick to appreciate the needless economic and diplomatic cost of that approach, even if it did not alter its stance on the missile programme. Cumulatively, these developments should boost public patronage in the entire region for the Winter Olympics. Mr. Moon, a former human rights lawyer, has been a staunch advocate of a negotiated resolution of the North Korean nuclear stand-off. A votary of reunification on the Peninsula, he may be expected to seize the momentum generated by these events to foster cooperation with the North. There will no doubt be many obstacles on that ambitious path. But a détente between neighbours is a possibility few leaders can ignore.
1.Consternation(Noun) : आतंक
Meaning : a feeling of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected.
Synonyms : dismay, perturbation, anxiety, distress, disquiet, disquietude, discomposure, angst, trepidation; surprise, amazement, astonishment, stupefaction; alarm, panic, hysteria, fear, fearfulness, fright, shock.
Antonyms : calm, composure, happiness, peacefulness, tranquility.
Usage : much to the consternation of his detractors, he emerged as a management guru.
2.Imputes(Verb) : आरोपित
Meaning : represent (something, especially something undesirable) as being done or possessed by someone; attribute.
Synonyms : accredit, accuse, adduce, ascribe, assign, blame, brand, censure, charge, credit, hang something on, hint, indict, insinuate, intimate, lay, pin on, refer, reference, stigmatize.
Antonyms – defend, guard, help, protect.
Usage : he imputes selfish views to me.
3.Vantage(Noun) : सहूलियत
Meaning : a place or position affording a good view of something.
Synonyms : aid, ascendancy, asset, assistance, authority, avail, blessing, boon, break, choice, comfort, convenience, dominance, drop, edge, eminence, expediency, favor, gain, good, gratification, handicap, head start, help, hold, improvement, influence, interest, lead, leeway, leg-up, leverage, luck, mastery, odds, position, power, pre-eminence.
Antonyms : block, disadvantage.
Usage : from my vantage point I could see into the front garden.
4.Reconciliation(Noun) : सुलह
Meaning : the restoration of friendly relations.
Synonyms : accord, agreement, compromise, harmony, rapprochement, settlement.
Antonyms : antagonism, denial, disagreement, dissension, opposition, refusal.
Usage : his reconciliation with your uncle.
5.Trigger(Verb) : झट प्रतिक्रिया
Meaning : cause (a device) to function.
Synonyms : activate, bring about, cause, elicit, generate, give rise to, produce, prompt, provoke, set in motion, set off, spark, start.
Antonyms : block, check, halt, stop.
Usage : burglars fled empty-handed after triggering the alarm.
6.Prompted(Noun) : के लिए प्रेरित किया
Meaning : (of an event or fact) cause or bring about (an action or feeling)..
Synonyms : advised, cautioned, forewarned, made aware, notified, prodded, prompted.
Antonyms : cautious, considering, heedful, premeditative, thoughtful, wise.
Usage : the move could prompt a rise in UK base lending rates.
7.Apprehensions(Noun) : आशंकाओं
Meaning : anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
Synonyms : anxiety, angst, alarm, worry, uneasiness, unease, nervousness, misgiving, disquiet, concern, agitation, restlessness, edginess, fidgetiness, nerves, tension, trepidation, perturbation, consternation, panic, fearfulness, dread, fear, shock, horror, terror; foreboding, presentiment.
Antonyms : calmness, ease.
Usage : he had been filled with apprehension at having to report his failure.
8.Overtures(Noun) : पहल
Meaning : an orchestral piece at the beginning of an opera, play, etc.
Synonyms : prelude, introduction, opening, introductory movement, voluntary; rareverset.
Antonyms : conclusion, finish.
Usage : the overture to Don Giovanni.
9.Patronage(Noun) : संरक्षण
Meaning : the support given by a patron.
Synonyms : sponsorship, backing, funding, financing, philanthropy, promotion, furtherance, help, aid, assistance, support, guaranty, encouragement, championship, advocacy, defence, protection, guardianship, aegis, auspices.
Antonyms : antagonism, detraction, opposition.
Usage : the arts could no longer depend on private patronage.
10.Reunification(noun) : एकीकरण
Meaning : restoration of political unity to a place or group, especially a divided territory.
Usage : he we will strive for the peaceful reunification of the motherland.