Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!
The loss of at least 14 lives in the fire in a Mumbai rooftop restaurant on Thursday night must compel a relentless campaign for safety in buildings. Earlier this week, in another tragedy in the city, at least 12 migrant labourers were killed in a fire in an industrial area. This is a catastrophe that can befall anyone, which is why the fires in the upmarket building in the Kamala Mills compound and the snacks shop in Saki Naka in India’s financial capital need to become examples: of fixing of accountability of owners, managers and official agencies; punishment for those guilty of breaking rules; exemplary compensation for families of the dead and for the injured; and zero-tolerance enforcement of safety requirements. It should sting the conscience of governments that they learnt nothing from the Uphaar cinema hall fire in New Delhi in 1997 that killed 59 people. In that episode, the exits had been blocked by unauthorised seating. An impartial inquiry is needed to determine what building and other rules were violated in Mumbai, and to identify the officials who allowed them. It would be wrong to categorise deliberate acts as instances of mere negligence. Those responsible must be prosecuted without leniency.
Assessing a fire professionally involves an inquiry that focusses on established construction codes: whether the possibility of igniting it was actively reduced, whether provision was made for controlling the spread of fire and smoke, whether the design enabled occupant escape and firefighter access, and whether the structure was built to avoid collapse. The inquiry ordered by the Maharashtra government must produce a public report on all these parameters. It must be followed up with meticulous prosecution. Given how the Uphaar case played out, it is important to see that the guilty do not use every device available to prolong the judicial process.
1.Compel(verb) : मजबूर
Meaning : force or oblige (someone) to do something.
Synonyms : force, coerce into, pressurize into, pressure, impel, drive, press, push, urge, prevail on; dragoon into, browbeat into, bully into, bludgeon into, intimidate into, terrorize into; oblige, require, put under an obligation, leave someone no option but to; make; informalbulldoze, railroad, steamroller, twist someone’s arm, strong-arm, lean on, put the screws on; archaicconstrain.
Antonyms : block, check, delay, deter, hinder, impede, obstruct, stop.
Usage : a sense of duty compelled Harry to answer her questions.
2.Relentless(adjective) : दयाहीन
Meaning : unceasingly intense.
Synonyms : persistent, continuing, constant, continual, continuous, non-stop, lasting, never-ending, steady, uninterrupted, unabated, unabating, unbroken, interminable, incessant, unstoppable, unceasing, endless, unending, perpetual, unremitting, unrelenting, unrelieved, sustained; unfaltering, unflagging, untiring, unwavering, unswerving, undeviating, persevering, determined, resolute, purposeful, dogged, single-minded, tireless, indefatigable, patient, diligent, assiduous.
Antonyms : kind, merciful, sympathetic, understanding.
Usage : their relentless pursuit of quality.
3.Migrant(noun) : प्रवासी
Meaning : a person who moves from one place to another in order to find work or better living conditions.
Synonyms : immigrant, emigrant, incomer, newcomer, asylum seeker, settler, expatriate, expat, exile; nomad, itinerant, gypsy, traveller, vagrant, transient, rover, wayfarer, wanderer, drifter, displaced person, DP, homeless person; street.
Antonyms : staying.
Usage : economic migrants.
4.Snacks(noun) : नाश्ता
Meaning : eat a snack.
Synonyms : eat between meals, nibble, munch; informalgraze.
Antonyms : repast, snack; something to eat; informalspread, blowout, bite, bite to eat, nosh, feed; informalnosh-up, tuck-in; informalsquare; khana; formalcollation, refection.
Usage : the evening meal.
5.Exemplary(adjective) : अनुकरणीय
Meaning : serving as a desirable model; very good.
Synonyms : perfect, ideal, model, faultless, without fault, copybook, flawless, impeccable, consummate; excellent, outstanding, exceptional, admirable, fine, very good, commendable, laudable, praiseworthy, meritorious, honourable, estimable, above/beyond reproach, blameless, irreproachable, unimpeachable; rareapplaudable.
Antonyms : erring,incorrect, unideal,wrong.
Usage : her exemplary behavior.
6.Conscience(noun) : विवेक
Meaning : a person’s moral sense of right and wrong, viewed as acting as a guide to one’s behaviour.
Synonyms – sense of right and wrong, sense of right, moral sense, still small voice, inner voice, voice within; morals, standards, values, principles, ethics, creed, beliefs; compunction.
Antonyms : abomination, antisocial behavior, atrocity, breach, break, caper, case, corruption, criminality, delict, delictum, delinquency, depravity, dereliction, deviltry, diablerie, enormity, evil, evil behavior, evildoing, fast one, fault, felony, hit, illegality.
Usage : her conscience wouldn’t allow her to keep silent any longer.
7.Violated(verb) : उल्लंघन
Meaning : break or fail to comply with (a rule or formal agreement).
Synonyms – contravene, breach, commit a breach of, infringe, infract, break, transgress, overstep, not comply with, disobey, defy, flout, fly in the face of, rebel against; disregard, ignore.
Antonyms : obey, observe.
Usage : they violated the terms of a ceasefire.
8.Leniency(noun) : उल्लंघन
Meaning : the fact or quality of being more merciful or tolerant than expected; clemency.
Synonyms : mercifulness, mercy, clemency, lenity, forgiveness; tolerance, forbearance, moderateness, lack of severity, moderation, humanity, charity, indulgence, gentleness, mildness, sufferance, acceptance; pity, sympathy, compassion, understanding, concern, consideration, kindness, kind-heartedness, benevolence; soft-heartedness, permissiveness, liberality.
Antonyms : no mercy.
Usage : the judge rejected pleas for greater leniency.
9.Igniting(verb) : catch fire or cause to catch fire.
Meaning : catch fire, catch, burst into flames, be set off, erupt, explode; burn up, burn, flame up; rarekindle.
Synonyms : catch fire, catch, burst into flames, be set off, erupt, explode; burn up, burn, flame up; rarekindle.
Antonyms : extinguish, put out.
Usage : he got to safety moments before the petrol ignited.
10.Meticulous(adjective) : सूक्ष्म
Meaning : showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise.
Synonyms – accurate, cautious, conscientious, conscionable, crossing the t’s, dotting the i’s, exact, fastidious, fussy, heedful, microscopic, nitpicking, painstaking, particular, persnickety, picky, precise, punctilious, punctual, scrupulous, stickling, strict, thorough.
Antonyms : careless, messy, sloppy, undetailed.
Usage : the designs are hand-glazed with meticulous care.