Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. Astounding – incredible, अविश्वसनीय
Meaning – surprisingly impressive or notable.
Usage – “the summit offers astounding views”
Synonyms – amazing, astonishing, staggering, shocking, surprising, breathtaking, striking, impressive, bewildering, stunning, stupefying; unnerving, unsettling, disturbing, disquieting; awe-inspiring, remarkable, notable, noteworthy, extraordinary, outstanding, incredible, unbelievable, phenomenal etc.
2. prevaricate – lying, मिथ्या
Meaning – speak or act in an evasive way.
Usage – “he seemed to prevaricate when journalists asked pointed questions”
3. Obstinacy – stubborn, ज़िद
Meaning – the quality or condition of being obstinate; stubbornness.
Usage – “his reputation for obstinacy”
Synonyms – stubbornness, inflexibility, intransigence, intractability, intractableness, obduracy, mulishness, pig-headedness, bull-headedness, wilfulness, self-will, strong-mindedness, contrariness, perversity, perverseness, uncooperativeness, recalcitrance, refractoriness, unmanageableness, stiffness etc.
4. Unenviable – unwanted, अवांछनीय
Meaning – difficult, undesirable, or unpleasant.
Usage – “an unenviable reputation for drunkenness”
Synonyms – disagreeable, unpleasant, undesirable, difficult, nasty, horrible, painful, thankless; unwanted, uncoveted etc.
5. Palpable – clear, स्पष्ठ रूप से
Meaning – able to be touched or felt.
Usage – “the palpable bump at the bridge of the nose”
Synonyms – tangible, touchable, noticeable, detectable, solid, concrete, material, substantial, real etc.
6. Relinquish – quit, छोड़ना
Meaning – voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up.
Usage – “he relinquished his managerial role to become chief executive”
Synonyms – renounce, give up, part with, give away; hand over, turn over, lay down, let go of, waive, resign, abdicate, yield, cede, surrender etc.
7. Subdued – soft, हल्का
Meaning – (of a person or their manner) quiet and rather reflective or depressed.
Usage – “I felt strangely subdued as I drove home”
Synonyms – sombre, low-spirited, downcast, sad, dejected, depressed, low, gloomy, despondent, dispirited, disheartened, forlorn, woebegone; restrained, repressed, inactive, spiritless, lifeless, dull, unresponsive, withdrawn etc.
8. Deteriorating – worsen, बिगड़ना
Meaning – become progressively worse.
Usage – “relations between the countries had deteriorated sharply”
Synonyms – worsen, get worse, decline, be in decline, degenerate, decay; collapse, fail, fall, drop, sink, slump, slip, slide, go downhill, go backwards, go to rack and ruin etc.
9. Exigencies – emergency, संकटकाल
Meaning – an urgent need or demand.
Usage – “women worked long hours when the exigencies of the family economy demanded it”
Synonyms – need, demand, requirement, want; necessity, essential, requisite etc.
10. Opaque – unclear, अस्पष्ठ
Meaning – not able to be seen through; not transparent.
Usage – “bottles filled with a pale opaque liquid”
Synonyms – non-transparent, cloudy, filmy, blurred, smeared, hazy, misty, dirty, dingy, muddy, muddied, grimy, smeary etc.