Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. – Trenchant – effective, प्रभावी
Meaning – vigorous or incisive in expression or style.
Usage – “the White Paper makes trenchant criticisms of health authorities”
Synonyms – incisive, cutting, pointed, piercing, penetrating, sharp, keen, acute, razor-sharp, razor-edged, rapier-like; vigorous, forceful, strong, telling, emphatic, etc.
2. – Diminutive – small, छोटा
Meaning – extremely or unusually small.
Usage – “a diminutive figure dressed in black”
Synonyms – tiny, small, little, petite, minute, miniature, mini, minuscule, microscopic, nanoscopic, small-scale, compact, pocket, toy, midget, undersized, short, stubby, elfin, dwarfish, etc.
3. – Augment – increase, बढ़ाना
Meaning – make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.
Usage – “her secretarial work helped to augment her husband’s income”
Synonyms – increase, make larger, make bigger, make greater, add to, supplement, top up, build up, enlarge, expand, extend, raise, multiply, elevate, swell, inflate; magnify, intensify, amplify, heighten, escalate, worsen etc.
4. – Encumbrance – burden, भार
Meaning – an impediment or burden.
Usage – “the horse raised its hind leg as if to rid itself of an encumbrance”
Synonyms – hindrance, obstruction, obstacle, impediment, restraint, constraint, handicap, inconvenience, nuisance, disadvantage, drawback; archaiccumber etc.
5. – Staggeringly – hugely, अत्यधिकता
Meaning – walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall.
Usage – “he staggered to his feet, swaying a little”
Synonyms – lurch, walk unsteadily, reel, sway, teeter, totter, stumble, wobble, move clumsily, weave, flounder, falter, pitch, roll etc.
6. – hazardous – perilous, खतरनाक
Meaning – risky, dangerous.
Usage – “we work in hazardous conditions”
Synonyms – dangerous, risky, unsafe, perilous, precarious, insecure, tricky, unpredictable, uncertain, high-risk, touch-and-go, fraught with danger; informaldicey, hairy, sticky etc.
7. – Inclination – tendency, इरादा
Meaning – a person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition.
Usage – “John was a scientist by training and inclination”
Synonyms – tendency, propensity, proclivity, leaning; predisposition, disposition, predilection, weakness, proneness; desire, wish, readiness, impulse; bent; archaiclist, humour; rarevelleity etc.
8. – Propel – motivate, प्रोत्साहित
Meaning – drive or push something forwards.
Usage – “the boat is propelled by using a very long paddle”
Synonyms – push/move forwards, move, set in motion, get moving, drive, throw, thrust, toss, fling, hurl, lob, let fly, launch, pitch, project, send, shoot etc.
9. – sag – loose, ढीला
Meaning – sink, subside, or bulge downwards under weight or pressure or through lack of strength.
Usage – “she let her head sag lower and lower”
Synonyms – sink, subside, slump, crumple, loll, flop etc.
10. – Adhere – follow, पालन
Meaning – stick fast to (a surface or substance).
Usage – “paint won’t adhere well to a greasy surface”
Synonyms – stick, stick fast, cling, hold fast, cohere, bond, attach; be stuck, be fixed, be pasted, be glued etc.