Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. Sceptical – distrustful, संशयवाद
Meaning – not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations.
Usage – “the public were deeply sceptical about some of the proposals”
Synonyms – dubious, doubtful, having reservations, taking something with a pinch of salt, doubting, questioning; cynical, distrustful, mistrustful, suspicious, disbelieving, misbelieving, unconvinced, incredulous, hesitant, scoffing; pessimistic, defeatist; informaliffy; rarePyrrhonist, minimifidian etc.
2. Crescendo – increasing, बढ़ता हुआ
Meaning – a progressive increase in intensity.
Usage – “a crescendo of misery”
3. Vehement – strong, मजबूत
Meaning – showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense.
Usage – “her voice was low but vehement”
Synonyms – passionate, forceful, ardent, impassioned, heated, spirited, urgent, fervent, fervid, strong, forcible, powerful, emphatic, vigorous, animated, intense, violent, fierce, earnest, eager, keen, enthusiastic, zealous, fanatical etc.
4. Torpid – lazy, आलसी
Meaning – mentally or physically inactive; lethargic.
Usage – “we sat around in a torpid state”
Synonyms – lethargic, sluggish, inert, inactive, slow, slow-moving, lifeless, dull, listless, languid, lazy, idle, indolent, shiftless, slothful, heavy, stagnant, somnolent, sleepy, tired, fatigued, languorous, apathetic, passive, supine, comatose, narcotic etc.
5. Consolidating – strengthen, सुदृढ़
Meaning – make (something) physically stronger or more solid.
Usage – “the first phase of the project is to consolidate the outside walls”
Synonyms – combine, unite, merge, integrate, amalgamate, fuse, blend, mingle, marry, synthesize, bring together; join, affiliate, federate, unify etc.
6. Disarray – disorder, अव्यवस्था
Meaning – a state of disorganization or untidiness.
Usage – “her grey hair was in disarray”
Synonyms – disorder, confusion, chaos; untidiness, dishevelment; mess, muddle, clutter, jumble, mix-up, tangle, hotchpotch, shambles etc.
7. Prudence – intelligence, समझदारी
Meaning – the quality of being prudent; cautiousness.
Usage – “we need to exercise prudence in such important matters”
Synonyms – wisdom, judgement, good judgement, judiciousness, sagacity, shrewdness, advisability, common sense, sense etc.
8. Dismal – depressing, निराशाजनक
Meaning – causing a mood of gloom or depression.
Usage – “the dismal weather made the late afternoon seem like evening”
Synonyms – dingy, dim, dark, gloomy, sombre, dreary, drab, dull, desolate, bleak, cheerless, comfortless, depressing, grim, funereal, inhospitable, uninviting, unwelcoming etc.
9. Augment – increase, बढ़ाना
Meaning – make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.
Usage – “her secretarial work helped to augment her husband’s income”
Synonyms – increase, make larger, make bigger, make greater, add to, supplement, top up, build up, enlarge, expand, extend, raise, multiply, elevate, swell, inflate; magnify, intensify, amplify, heighten, escalate; worsen, make worse, exacerbate, aggravate, inflame, compound, reinforce; improve etc.
10. Exorbitant – exceeding, बहुत ज्यादा
Meaning – (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high.
Usage – “some hotels charge exorbitant rates for phone calls”
Synonyms – extortionate, excessively high, extremely high, excessive, sky-high, prohibitive, outrageous, unreasonable, preposterous, inordinate, immoderate, inflated, monstrous, unwarranted, unconscionable, huge, enormous, disproportionate etc.