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English Questions: Vocabulary set- 13

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Hello Aspirants.
Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.

1. Sceptical – distrustful, संशयवाद

Meaning – not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations.

Usage – “the public were deeply sceptical about some of the proposals”

Synonyms – dubious, doubtful, having reservations, taking something with a pinch of salt, doubting, questioning; cynical, distrustful, mistrustful, suspicious, disbelieving, misbelieving, unconvinced, incredulous, hesitant, scoffing; pessimistic, defeatist; informaliffy; rarePyrrhonist, minimifidian etc.

2. Crescendo – increasing, बढ़ता हुआ

Meaning – a progressive increase in intensity.

Usage – “a crescendo of misery”

3. Vehement – strong, मजबूत

Meaning – showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense.

Usage – “her voice was low but vehement”

Synonyms – passionate, forceful, ardent, impassioned, heated, spirited, urgent, fervent, fervid, strong, forcible, powerful, emphatic, vigorous, animated, intense, violent, fierce, earnest, eager, keen, enthusiastic, zealous, fanatical etc.

4. Torpid – lazy, आलसी

Meaning – mentally or physically inactive; lethargic.

Usage – “we sat around in a torpid state”

Synonyms – lethargic, sluggish, inert, inactive, slow, slow-moving, lifeless, dull, listless, languid, lazy, idle, indolent, shiftless, slothful, heavy, stagnant, somnolent, sleepy, tired, fatigued, languorous, apathetic, passive, supine, comatose, narcotic etc.

5. Consolidating – strengthen, सुदृढ़

Meaning – make (something) physically stronger or more solid.

Usage – “the first phase of the project is to consolidate the outside walls”

Synonyms – combine, unite, merge, integrate, amalgamate, fuse, blend, mingle, marry, synthesize, bring together; join, affiliate, federate, unify etc.

6. Disarray – disorder, अव्यवस्था

Meaning – a state of disorganization or untidiness.

Usage – “her grey hair was in disarray”

Synonyms – disorder, confusion, chaos; untidiness, dishevelment; mess, muddle, clutter, jumble, mix-up, tangle, hotchpotch, shambles etc.

7. Prudence – intelligence, समझदारी

Meaning – the quality of being prudent; cautiousness.

Usage – “we need to exercise prudence in such important matters”

Synonyms – wisdom, judgement, good judgement, judiciousness, sagacity, shrewdness, advisability, common sense, sense etc.

8. Dismal – depressing, निराशाजनक

Meaning – causing a mood of gloom or depression.

Usage – “the dismal weather made the late afternoon seem like evening”

Synonyms – dingy, dim, dark, gloomy, sombre, dreary, drab, dull, desolate, bleak, cheerless, comfortless, depressing, grim, funereal, inhospitable, uninviting, unwelcoming etc.

9. Augment – increase, बढ़ाना

Meaning – make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.

Usage – “her secretarial work helped to augment her husband’s income”

Synonyms – increase, make larger, make bigger, make greater, add to, supplement, top up, build up, enlarge, expand, extend, raise, multiply, elevate, swell, inflate; magnify, intensify, amplify, heighten, escalate; worsen, make worse, exacerbate, aggravate, inflame, compound, reinforce; improve etc.

10. Exorbitant – exceeding, बहुत ज्यादा

Meaning – (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high.

Usage – “some hotels charge exorbitant rates for phone calls”

Synonyms – extortionate, excessively high, extremely high, excessive, sky-high, prohibitive, outrageous, unreasonable, preposterous, inordinate, immoderate, inflated, monstrous, unwarranted, unconscionable, huge, enormous, disproportionate etc.