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English Questions: Cloze Test Set – 116

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Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairs Here we are creating question sample inCloze test, which is BASED ON IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams !!!

The Maratha caste can be broadly compared with Jats in Rajasthan and Haryana or Patidar-Patels in Gujarat, primarily farmers. They are one-third of the State’s population and Marathi is their mother tongue, though not (1) to them. Within the community, there is a (2) observed very diligently, particularly when it comes to matrimony. However, irrespective of social hierarchy, they are all directly connected with agriculture, sons of soil, as it were. But there is another hierarchy, that of class. There are four class divisions.The elite Marathas are directly (3) to power or power centres — ministers, chairmen of commissions, various boards, directors in cooperative banks, board members of sugar cooperatives, zilla parishad or gram panchayat chiefs, and so on. These Marathas are seen to not (4) between the private and public.The class just below them is the rich farmer, “bagayati” or cash crop farmer. They are powerful because they command respect on account of their wealth, which also gives them status and authority in the villages. They are not in political power directly, but they have political (5) across parties as they finance candidates.
Next in the hierarchy comes the small or (6) peasant, who survives on a season-to-season basis, is dependent on the vagaries of nature, is anxious about the monsoon, takes small loans to run the farm or for wedding expenses, and commits suicide if (7) by the bank or moneylender. The middle peasant aspires to be a rich farmer, and hence imitates the lifestyle of the well-off farmer. When he fails to live up to his projected image, (8) , he hangs himself.
The lowest and the last layer is that of the landless peasants and agricultural labourers who depend on government employment guarantee schemes and other benefits.The only bond among this four-layered class structure is of caste. Being Maratha gives them a feeling of difference from the ‘other’ and an (9) of being important.
The power elite have everything going for them. The rich farmer’s main worry is that he is not getting cheap labour because of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. His economic interest pits him against his Maratha brethren because of the class (10) . The real frustration is among the small/middle farmers, the vast section of landless farmers and/or agricultural labourers.

  1. 1) ruthless
    2) morose
    3) exclusive
    4) shared
    5) unlimited
    Answer – 3)
    Explanation : exclusive

  2. 1) hierarchy
    2) prefix
    3) string ht
    4) string
    5) bearings
    Answer – 1)
    Explanation : hierarchy

  3. 1) belongs
    2) similar
    3) conjoin
    4) connected
    5) related
    Answer – 5)
    Explanation : related

  4. 1) viscid
    2) different
    3) dedicated
    4) distinguish
    5) differ
    Answer – 4)
    Explanation : distinguish

  5. 1) illustrate
    2) heft
    3) powerless
    4) purgative
    5) fugitive
    Answer – 2)
    Explanation : heft

  6. 1) genuine
    2) younger
    3) giant
    4) middle
    5) bigger
    Answer – 4)
    Explanation : middle

  7. 1) relentless
    2) precarious
    3) privilege
    4) diminish
    5) harassed
    Answer – 5)
    Explanation : harassed

  8. 1) distraught
    2) hushed
    3) pastoral
    4) trigger
    5) gladdened
    Answer – 1)
    Explanation : distraught

  9. 1) maxim
    2) illusion
    3) certainty
    4) verity
    5) legitimacy
    Answer – 2)
    Explanation : illusion

  10. 1) prodigality
    2) insignificance
    3) distinctions
    4) lowliness
    5) mediocrity
    Answer – 3)
    Explanation : distinctions