As per a report released by Child Rights and You (CRY), Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of children (250672) engaged in labour.
Highlights of Report by CRY:
Over 8 lakh children in India between the age group 5 and 6 years are engaged in child labour.
- Over 60% of these children do not attend school. Majority of these kids are engaged in family based employments.
- Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of children engaged in labour, followed by Bihar (128087 children) and Maharashtra (82847 children).
- The report has outlined that reach of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), which was introduced with the intent of providing a strong base to these children, is quite limited as it covers only 50% per cent of this population.
- Owing to this, many children in 5 and 6 years age group are seen accompanying their parents to their workplace or end up living with minimal care.
- In many instances, children are compelled to migrate with their parents and help them in their occupations.
- Owing to high level of poverty, unemployment and lack of adequate social security, parents allow their children to work and thereby compromise with their learning.
- Recent amendment in the Child Labour Act which bans engagement of children under 14 in any kind of labour is ineffective as it allows children to work in family occupations.
Data on Child Labour:
There was a 30% (about 3.2 million) reduction in working children in age-group of 10-14 years from 2001-2011. However, number of working children within 5-9 years increased by 0.68 million (37%), from 2001.
About Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS):
- Launched on: October 2, 1975 by Government of India
- Objective: To provide food,preschool education, and primary healthcare to children under 6 years of age and their mothers.
- Implemented Through: Anganwadi centres established mainly in rural areas and staffed with frontline workers.
About Child Right & You:
CRY is a non-profit organisation working to restore child rights in India.
- It was founded in year 1979 by Rippan Kapur.
- CRY partners with several non-governmental organisations across India to secure basic rights of underprivileged children.
- It even funds regional and local projects that are engaged in activities for ensuring rights of children.