According to the ‘Global Report on Internal Displacement 2023 (GRID 2023): Internal Displacement and Food Security’ released jointly by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) around the globe reached 71.1 million in 2022, an increase of 20% from 2021.
- Meanwhile, 60.9 million new internal displacements were reported in 2022, with some people forced to flee multiple times during 2022.
- India recorded the 4th largest disaster displacement, with 2,507,000 displacements.
Key Analysis of the Report:
Internal displacements by disasters– 32.6 million.
Internal displacements by conflict and violence– 28.3 million.
- 47% Share of internal displacements triggered by conflict and violence.
- 53% Share of internal displacements triggered by disasters.
i. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine led to 5.9 million people being forced to move inside Ukraine by the end of 2022,
ii. The overall number of people internally displaced by conflict and violence to more than 62.5 million, a rise of 17% since 2021.
iii. 8.7 million people were internally displaced by the end of 2022 as a result of disasters including floods and starvation, an increase of 45% from 2021.
i. A total of 32.6 million people were internally displaced by disasters.
- 25% of global disaster displacements were triggered by monsoon flooding in Pakistan.
- 1.1 million movements were recorded in Somalia as it experienced its worst drought in 40 years.
- 2% of the population in Tonga was forced to relocate after an extremely rare volcanic eruption.
- 6 out of 10 disaster displacements were triggered by floods, surpassing storms for the first time since 2016.
ii. Pakistan had the highest number of disaster displacements in the world in 2022, at 8.16 million, followed by the Philippines (5.44 million) and China (3.63 million). India ranked 4th, with 2.5 million displacements and Nigeria ranked 5th with 2.43 million displacements.
Conflict & Violence:
i. A total of 28.3 million people were internally displaced by conflict & violence.
- 60% of global conflict displacements were recorded in Ukraine as people repeatedly fled from rapidly shifting frontlines.
- 4 million conflict displacements took place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1.5 times more than in 2021.
- 1,06,000 internal displacements in Haiti, a five-fold increase compared to 2021 and the highest figure ever recorded for the country.
ii. Beyond Ukraine, nine million or 32 per cent of the global total were recorded in sub-Saharan Africa.
- The highest number of IDPs in sub-Saharan Africa as of the end of 2022- the Democratic Republic of the Congo (28.3 million).
IDP in India: Around 6,31,000 people in India were still living in displacement as a result of conflict and violence as of the end of 2022.
Internal Displacement broke New Records in 2022:
i. Reaching 71.1 million in 2022, an increase of 20% from 2021, and 60.9 million internal displacements, an increase of 60% from 2021, is the highest number ever recorded.
ii. The war in Ukraine triggered 16.9 million internal displacements in 2022, the highest figure ever recorded for any country.
iii. For the 3rd consecutive year, the La Nina weather phenomena occurred, causing unprecedented numbers of people to flee their homes because of floods in nations including Pakistan, Nigeria, and Brazil.
iv. It also fuelled the worst drought on record in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya, triggering 2.1 million movements.
Recent Related News:
According to the V-Dem (Varieties of Democracy) Institute’s report titled, “Democracy Report 2023: Defiance in the Face of Autocratization,” India has been ranked 97th in the Liberal Democracy Index (LDI) (2022) and 108th in the Electoral Democracy Index (EDI) (2022).
About the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC):
Director- Alexandra Bilak
Headquarters- Geneva, Switzerland