Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words , which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Refrain – बचना
Meaning – stop oneself from doing something.
Usage – “she refrained from comment”
Synonyms – abstain, desist, hold back, stop oneself, withhold; forbear, forgo, do without, dispense with, resist the temptation to, avoid, steer clear of, give a wide berth to, have nothing to do with, fight shy of, eschew, shun, renounce, forswear, abjure, leave alone, not touch, reject; stop, cease, finish, discontinue, give up, break off, drop; informalquit, leave off, kick, swear off; informaljack in; archaicforsake.
2. Encroachment – अतिक्रमण
Meaning – intrusion on a person’s territory, rights, etc
Usage – “minor encroachments on our individual liberties”
Synonyms – intrusion into, trespass on, invasion of, infiltration of, incursion into, obtrusion into, overrunning of, usurping of, appropriation of; infringement of, impingement on, impinging on
3. Expedite – शीघ्र
Meaning – make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
Usage – “he promised to expedite economic reforms”
Synonyms – speed up, accelerate, hurry, hasten, step up, quicken, precipitate, rush; advance, facilitate, ease, make easier, further, promote, aid, push through, push, give a push to, press, urge on, forward, boost, give a boost to, stimulate, spur on, help along, oil the wheels for, smooth the way for, clear a path for; finish/accomplish/achieve quickly, dispatch; informaldash off, make short work of.
4. Ominous – अमंगल
Meaning – giving the worrying impression that something bad is going to happen; threateningly inauspicious.
Usage – “there were ominous dark clouds gathering overhead”
Synonyms – threatening, menacing, baleful, forbidding, sinister, doomy, inauspicious, unpropitious, portentous, unfavourable, dire, unpromising; black, dark, wintry, gloomy, ugly; archaicdireful; rareminatory, minacious, sinistrous.
5. Plethora – बहुतायत
Meaning – a large or excessive amount of something.
Usage – “a plethora of committees and subcommittees”
6. Sagacity – बुद्धिमत्ता
Meaning – the quality of being sagacious
Usage – “a man of great political sagacity”
Synonyms – wisdom, (deep) insight, intelligence, understanding, judgement, acuity, astuteness, insight, sense, canniness, sharpness, depth, profundity, profoundness, perceptiveness, penetration, perception, percipience, perspicuity, discernment, erudition, learning.
7. Temerity – उतावलापन
Meaning – excessive confidence or boldness; audacity.
Usage – “no one had the temerity to question his conclusions”
Synonyms – audacity, boldness, audaciousness, nerve, effrontery, impudence, impertinence, cheek, barefaced cheek, gall, presumption, presumptuousness, brazenness, forwardness, front, rashness; daring; informalface, neck, brass neck, brass; informalchutzpah; informalhide; informalcrust; rareprocacity, assumption.
8. Parsimony – बचत
Meaning – extreme unwillingness to spend money or use resources.
Usage – “a great tradition of public design has been shattered by government parsimony”
Synonyms – meanness, miserliness, parsimoniousness, niggardliness, close-fistedness, closeness, penuriousness, penny-pinching, cheese-paring, illiberality, frugality; informalstinginess, minginess, tightness, tight-fistedness; cheapness; archaicnearness
9. Cursory – सतही
Meaning – hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
Usage – “a cursory glance at the figures”
Synonyms – perfunctory, desultory, casual, superficial, token, uninterested, half-hearted, inattentive, unthinking, offhand, mechanical, automatic, routine; hasty, quick, hurried, rapid, brief, passing, fleeting, summary, sketchy, careless, slapdash.
10. Surveillance – निगरानी
Meaning – close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
Usage – “he found himself put under surveillance by British military intelligence”
Synonyms – observation, scrutiny, watch, view, inspection, monitoring, supervision, superintendence; spying, espionage, intelligence, undercover work, infiltration, reconnaissance; informalbugging, wiretapping, phone tapping, recon.