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English Questions: Vocabulary Set 246

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some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: Water equity: On Cauvery verdict

By upholding the approach of the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, while slightly modifying its award, the Supreme Court has boosted the prospects of a viable water-sharing arrangement among the riparian States. That it has reduced the Tribunal’s allocation for Tamil Nadu and raised Karnataka’s share does detract from the fairness of the decision. It has underscored that no single State has primacy in accessing water resources and that rivers are national assets. This is a significant recognition of the principle of equitable distribution of inter-State rivers. The Supreme Court’s message is that the Centre should get down to creating a legal and technical framework to implement the Tribunal’s award, as modified by the judgment. This is the strongest affirmation so far of a basin State’s right to its share of water on a regular basis without having to rush to the court for ad hoc orders to open the sluices of reservoirs during monsoon-deficit years. It may be possible for either side to cavil at the judgment, questioning the reduction in quantum or the obligation to adhere to specified monthly release targets, but these would be exercises in political partisanship rather than legitimate grievances warranting legal redress. Tamil Nadu, as a State that has seen agrarian distress in its delta districts, ought to be satisfied with any prescribed allocation being met as per a schedule. Karnataka can take heart from the reduction in its mandatory release target and the additional share for Bengaluru. Neither State, in any case, should be aggrieved by the stipulation that equity is at the heart of a water-sharing arrangement.
Resolving an inter-State water dispute is mainly about balancing the competing genuine demands and interests of each State and coming up with a pragmatic sharing arrangement. Rather than looking at the court’s decision from the narrow prism of the quantum of allocation, the parties would do well to see this as the culmination of a fair and scientific adjudicative process. They should pose no further impediment to the smooth implementation of the order and be prepared, for the next 15 years, to share both the bounty and distress caused by nature. By dithering, the Centre has not covered itself in glory throughout this protracted dispute. It took six years to notify the award, and even in the final hearing argued it was not obliged to frame a scheme for implementation. The argument was deservedly rejected. It should comply with the court’s direction and set up the Cauvery Management Board and Water Regulation Committee as part of the scheme. It will be unfortunate if the States and the Centre are reluctant to accept this verdict and refuse to acknowledge its finality. There is ample judicial wisdom in the country to adjudicate complex and emotive inter-State disputes, but the question is whether there are enough conscientious and cooperative parties to make judgments work.

1.Viable(verb) : व्यवहार्य

Meaning : wash or rinse freely with a stream or shower of water.

Synonyms : wash, wash down, rinse, swill down, clean, cleanse, flush.

Antonyms : trickle.

Usage : crews sluiced down the decks of their ship.

2.Detract(verb) : कम करना

Meaning : diminish the worth or value of (a quality or achievement).

Synonyms : belittle, take away from, diminish, reduce, lessen, minimize, lower, make light of, play down, discount, soft-pedal, brush aside, gloss over, trivialize, decry, depreciate, denigrate, devalue, devaluate, deprecate; informalpooh-pooh; archaichold cheap; rarederogate, misprize, minify.

Antonyms : add to,increase, optimize.

Usage : the few reservations I have expressed are not intended to detract from the book’s excellence.

3.Sluices(noun) : पानी निकालने का फाटक

Meaning : a sliding gate or other device for controlling the flow of water, especially one in a lock gate.

Synonyms : channel, douse, flume, flush, gate, gush, pour, soak, trough, valve, wash.

Antonyms : trickle.

Usage – the water gushed through the sluices.

4.Cavil(verb) : झूठा इलज़ाम

Meaning : make petty or unnecessary objections.

Synonyms : complain, carp, grumble, moan, grouse, grouch, whine, bleat, find fault with, quibble about, niggle about; criticize, censure, denounce, condemn, decry; informalgripe, beef, bellyache, bitch, whinge, nitpick, pick holes in, split hairs, sound off, kick up a fuss, knock; informalchunter, create; informalmither.

Antonyms : agree, concede, discuss.

Usage : they cavilled at the cost.

5.Grievances(noun) : शिकायतों

Meaning : a real or imagined cause for complaint, especially unfair treatment.

Synonyms : injustice, unjust act, wrong, injury, ill, offence, disservice, unfairness, evil, outrage, atrocity, damage; affront, insult, indignity.

Antonyms : compliment,flattery,praise.

Usage : civil disorder could be the result of a real or imagined grievance.

6.Stipulation(noun) : शर्त

Meaning – a condition or requirement that is specified or demanded as part of an agreement.

– condition, precondition, proviso, provision, prerequisite, requisite, specification; demand, requirement, non-negotiable point; rider, caveat, qualification; clause; terms.

Antonyms – implication, request, wish.

Usage – they donated their collection of prints with the stipulation that they never be publicly exhibited.

7.Pragmatic(adjective) : व्यावहारिक

Meaning : dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.

Synonyms : businesslike, commonsensical, down-to-earth, efficient, hard, hard-boiled, hardheaded, logical, matter-of-fact, practical, realistic, sober, unidealistic, utilitarian.

Antonyms : idealistic, unreasonable.

Usage : a pragmatic approach to politics.

8.Culmination(noun) : परिणति

Meaning : the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.

Synonyms : climax, pinnacle, peak, high point, highest point, height, high water mark, top, summit, crest, zenith, crowning moment, apotheosis; apex, apogee, vertex; finale, denouement; consummation, completion, finish, conclusion, close, termination; informalhigh noon.

Antonyms : beginning, commencement, opening, start.

Usage : the deal marked the culmination of years of negotiation.

9.Obliged(verb) : बाध्य

Meaning : make (someone) legally or morally bound to do something.

Synonyms : require, compel, bind, make, constrain, obligate, force, put under an obligation, leave someone no option, impel, coerce, pressure, pressurize.

Antonyms : let off.

Usage : keep patients alive while there is a chance of recovery.

10.Emotive(adjective) : भावपूर्ण

Meaning : arousing or able to arouse intense feeling.

Synonyms : inflammatory, controversial, contentious, emotional; sensitive, delicate, difficult, problematic, touchy, awkward.

Antonyms : disease, problem.

Usage : animal experimentation is an emotive subject.