Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from The Hindu editorials , which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Stipulated – निर्धारित
Meaning – demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of an agreement.
Usage – “he stipulated certain conditions before their marriage”
Synonyms – specify, set down, set out, lay down, set forth, state clearly; demand, require, insist on, make a condition of, make a precondition/proviso of, prescribe, impose; provide.
2. Skew – विषम
Meaning – suddenly change direction or position.
Usage – “the car had skewed across the track”
3. Firmament – आकाश
Meaning – the heavens or sky.
Usage – “thunder shakes the firmament”
Synonyms – the sky, heaven, the blue, the wide blue yonder, the azure, the heavens, the skies.
4. counterfeit – नक़ली
Meaning – made in exact imitation of something valuable with the intention to deceive or defraud.
Usage – they were charged with supplying counterfeit cassettes
Synonyms – fake, faked, copied, forged, feigned, simulated, sham, spurious, bogus, imitation, substitute, dummy, ersatz; informalknock-off, pirate, pirated, phoney, pseud, pseudo; informalcod.
5. Ammunition – गोलाबारूद
Meaning – a supply or quantity of bullets and shells.
Usage – police seized arms and ammunition
Synonyms – bullets, shells, projectiles, missiles, rounds, shot, slugs, cartridges, rockets, bombs, stores; munitions, materiel; informalammo.
6. Hortatory – उपदेश देनेवाला
Meaning – tending or aiming to exhort.
Usage – “a series of hortatory epistles”
Synonyms – exhortatory, exhortative, exhorting, moralistic, homiletic, didactic, pedagogic; informalpreachy.
7. Strained – तनावपूर्ण
Meaning – showing signs of nervous tension or tiredness.
Usage – Jean’s pale, strained face
Synonyms – drawn, careworn, worn, pinched, tired, exhausted, weary, fatigued, drained; haggard, hollow-cheeked.
8. Revamp – पुर्नोत्थान
Meaning – give new and improved form, structure, or appearance to.
Usage – “an attempt to revamp the museum’s image”
Synonyms – renovate, redecorate, refurbish, recondition, rehabilitate, rebuild, reconstruct, overhaul, make over; modernize, update, bring up to date, renew; improve, upgrade; refit, re-equip, refurnish; brighten up, freshen up, spruce up; remodel, refashion, redesign, restyle, rejig, rework, redo, remould, reorganize.
9. Plethora – बहुतायत
Meaning – a large or excessive amount of something.
Usage – “a plethora of committees and subcommittees”
10. Hysterical – उन्माद
Meaning – affected by or deriving from wildly uncontrolled emotion.
Usage – “Janet became hysterical and began screaming”
Synonyms – overwrought, emotional, uncontrolled, uncontrollable, out of control, unrestrained, unrestrainable, frenzied, in a frenzy, frantic, wild, feverish; beside oneself, driven to distraction, in a panic, agitated, neurotic; mad, crazed, berserk, maniac, maniacal, manic, delirious.