Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in Affairs Cloud.com. Here we are creating question sample in Cloze test, which is BASED ON IBPS & SBI PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB, RBI, IPPB,SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams !!!
The annus horribilis of 2016 is behind us now. But its low points – the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union, the election of Donald Trump as US president, the ongoing atrocities in Syria – were merely symptoms of a process of (1) of the liberal rules-based global system that began long before. Unfortunately, those (2) are now (3) the system’s decline.
For years, the liberal order has been under strain. Perhaps most obvious, there has been a lack of progress in the development of institutions and legal instruments. In short, we have been trying to fit the round pegs of twenty-first-century global power into the square holes of post-World War II institutions.
Skewed representation reflecting a (4) era, whether on the United Nations Security Council or the International Monetary Fund’s Board, undermines global institutions’ legitimacy and ability to respond to new challenges. This has (5) a shift toward informal mechanisms like the G-20 and new, untested institutions like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
A better approach would aim to boost the representation of emerging economies in existing institutions. It would also seek to incorporate more non-state actors, both civil-society organizations and business representatives, into international decision-making processes.
But the challenge (6) beyond the institutional mechanics that have (7) most commentators, including me. The liberal international order’s philosophical core has been hollowed out, with fundamental ideas that were once considered (8) of the modern world – free trade, democracy, human rights – either in retreat or under threat. Unless and until we recognize and address this reality, the liberal world order that has brought unprecedented peace and prosperity to the world over the past seven decades will continue to (9) .
Liberalism and the international order that it has sustained are a product of the Enlightenment. They are rooted in a belief in inexorable human progress, in the notion of a universally shared vision and direction – focused on mastering nature – which rational self-interest dictates should be pursued. In this view, the rule of law, human-rights protections, and trade are mechanisms for (10) humanity forward, even when the road gets bumpy.
- 1) dissolution
5) unificationAnswer – 1)
Explanation : dissolution – the action of formally ending or dismissing an assembly, partnership, or official body.
- 1) anomalism
5) aberrationAnswer – 3)
Explanation : symptoms – a physical or mental feature which is regarded as indicating a condition of disease, particularly such a feature that is apparent to the patient.
- 1) provoking
5) contractingAnswer – 4)
Explanation : accelerating – (especially of a vehicle) begin to move more quickly.
- 1) bygone
5) rewindAnswer – 1)
Explanation : bygone – a thing dating from an earlier time. (
- 1) assumed
5) spurredAnswer – 5)
Explanation : spurred – (of a rider or their boots) having a spiked device on the heels for urging a horse forward.
- 1) extends
5) curtailAnswer – 1)
Explanation : extends
- 1) preoccupied
5) debarredAnswer – 1)
Explanation : preoccupied – (of a matter or subject) dominate or engross the mind of (someone) to the exclusion of other thoughts.
- 1) encumber
5) hamstringAnswer – 3)
Explanation : staples
- 1) upgraded
5) persistAnswer – 3)
Explanation : erode – (of wind, water, or other natural agents) gradually wear away (soil, rock, or land).
- 1) impeding
5) hinderingAnswer – 4)
Explanation : propelling – drive or push something forwards.