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The government’s push towards moving to a cashless economy calls for (1) focus on digital infrastructure. Growth of the digital economy depends on building network capacity. The current push towards digital transactions (2) the high (3) of mobile phones: over a billion subscribers — netting out multiple subscriptions, the number of phone users would be smaller — of whom about 35% use smartphones.
In India, the mobile phone will be the (4) mode of transitioning to the digital economy. Inability to meet the rising demand for network capacity will place severe (5) on the move to and growth of the digital economy. One of the (6) factors is the lack of sufficient spectrum available to mobile use.
According to the Cellular Operators Association of India reports that compared to international standards, operators in India (7) significantly smaller amounts of spectrum, approximately 13 MHz on average. It is low compared to other Asian countries such as Bangladesh (37.4 MHz) and Malaysia (75 MHz). Not only is spectrum scarce, it is also fragmented, overpriced and (8). The current push to digital transactions on account of demonetisation has meant increased (9) on a limited spectrum capacity.
To deploy more spectrum for actual use by telecom subscribers, more must be allocated and at a price that is affordable. So, if the government is serious about a digital economy, it must design policy that will make use of (10) and valuable spectrum in a more efficient manner.
- 1) rigid
5) miniatureAnswer – 3)
Explanation : greater
- 1) leverages
5) restrictionAnswer – 1)
Explanation : leverages – use (something) to maximum advantage.
- 1) inconsequential
5) egressAnswer – 3)
Explanation : penetration
- 1) minor
5) predominantAnswer – 5)
Explanation : predominant – present as the strongest or main element.
- 1) unimportant
5) onslaughtAnswer – 4)
Explanation :constraints – compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action.
- 1) annoyed2) constraining
5) onsetAnswer – 2)
Explanation : constraining – compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action.
- 1) raid
4) assailant5) blitzAnswer – 2)
Explanation : possess
- 1) inflexible
5) assaultAnswer – 1)
Explanation : inflexible
- 1) willing
5) performanceAnswer – 3)
Explanation : congestion – the state of being congested.
- 1) premiere
5) scarceAnswer – 5)
Explanation : scarce – (especially of food, money, or some other resource) insufficient for the demand.