Current Affairs September 25 2019

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

5th Indian International Science Festival 2019 to be held in Kolkata   
The Union Minister for Science and Technology, Earth Sciences and Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Harsh Vardhan announced to organise the 5th edition of the Indian International Science Festival (IISF) in Kolkata, West Bengal from November 5 to 8. The theme for 2019 is “RISEN India – Research, Innovation, and Science Empowering the Nation”. The event will be held at Biswa Bangla Convention Centre, Science City, Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute (SRFTI), Bose Institute and Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB) in Kolkata.5th Indian International Science FestivalKey points
i. Aim: The aim of this festival is to celebrate India’s scientific and technological advancements with the participation of students, innovators, scientists, craftsmen, and farmers.
ii. Organisers: The IISF is jointly organized by science & technology-related Ministries and departments of the Government of India(GoI) and Vijnana Bharati. Vigyan Prasar an autonomous organisation of the Department of Science and Technology(DST), will be the event coordinator.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Overview of United Nations Climate Action Summit 2019 held at UN Headquarters in New York, United States
The United Nations (UN) Climate Action Summit 2019 was held in the General Assembly Hall of the UN Headquarters in New York, United States on September 23, 2019.

  • Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was conferred with the prestigious ‘Vaccine Hero’ award 2019 in recognition of the country’s outstanding success in vaccination
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi, along with UN chief Antonio Guterres and other world leaders, inaugurated the 50-kilowatt Gandhi Solar Park and Gandhi Peace Garden at the UN Headquarters, New York. It is funded by India at a cost of 1 million dollars.
  • Prime Minister Modi addressed the first-ever United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) high-level meeting on universal health coverage which was held under the theme “Universal Health Coverage: Moving Together to Build a Healthier World” which is aimed to accelerate progress toward universal health coverage (UHC)………………………………Click here to Read more

23rd edition of “Malabar 2019” naval joint exercise of India, US and Japan commenced at Sasebo, Japan
On September 25, 2019 the 23rd edition of the trilateral maritime exercise of India, Japan and the United States(US) named “Malabar 2019” exercise begun at Sasebo, Japan.Malabar 2019 naval joint exerciseKey points:
i. Indian participation: India fields 6,100-tonne stealth frigate Indian Navy Ship(INS) Sahyadri, anti-submarine warfare corvette INS Kiltan along with first time deployment of Poseidon-8I long-range maritime patrol aircraft.
ii. US & Japan participation: The United States fields Arleigh Burke-class destroyer United States Ship (USS) McCampbell, amphibious warship USS Green Bay and a Los Angeles class nuclear fast attack submarine, while Japan fields 27,000-tonne Izumo-class helicopter carrier JS Kaga, destroyer Samidare and cruiser Chokai.
iii. Maritime patrol Aircraft deployment: The three nations are deploying their maritime patrol aircraft equipped with radars, missiles and torpedoes as anti-submarine warfare is the important element in Malabar exercise.
About Malabar exercise:
It originally began as a bilateral exercise in 1992 between India and US, until Japan joined as a permanent member in 2015.
♦ Previous nonmember participants- Australia and Singapore.
♦ Previous edition- Malabar 2018 took place in coast of Guam in the Philippine Sea.

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

ADB cuts India’s GDP growth forecast to 6.5% from 7% for FY 2019-20
On September 25, 2019, The Manila-headquartered Asian Development Bank (ADB) in its Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2019 update cut India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth to 6.5% from 7% for FY 2019-20 after the growth slowed down to 5% in the Q1 April–June FY 2019-20 which is a six-year low in the first quarter.ADBKey Points:
i. The reasons for the decline are an unexpected decline in manufacturing and investment, subdued lending by banks and other financial institutions, stress in the rural economy, and a weakening external outlook.
ii. It predicted that India is expected to rebound to 7.2% growth in the FY 2020-21.
iii. South Asia’s growth forecasts are lowered to 6.2% for 2019 and 6.7% for 2020.

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Mukesh Ambani is the richest person in India with wealth of Rs 3.8 lakh crore: IIFL Wealth Hurun India Rich List 2019
According to the IIFL (India Infoline Finance Limited) Wealth Hurun India Rich List 2019, Mukesh Ambani, chairman of Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) emerged as the richest person in India with a wealth of Rs 3.8 lakh crore for the eighth straight year.IIFL Wealth Hurun India Rich List 2019Key Points:
i. London based SP Hinduja and family (Rs 1.86 lakh crore), Wipro founder Azim Premji (Rs 1.17 lakh crore), LN Mittal, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of ArcelorMittal (Rs 1.07 lakh crore) secured the second, third and fourth positions respectively.
ii. Ritesh Agarwal, aged 25, of Oyo Rooms with the net worth of Rs 7,500 crore is the youngest self made entrepreneur.
iii. The wealthiest person under 40 years (age) is Divyank Turakhia (37) of Media.net.
iv. Roshni Nadar (37) of HCL (Hindustan Computers Limited) technologies emerged as the richest woman followed by Smita V Crishna (68) of Godrej Group with a net worth of Rs 31,400 crore.
v. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw of Biocon emerged as the richest self-made woman in India with a net worth of Rs 18,500 crore.
vi. The list evaluated the wealth status of 953 individuals.
vii. The list had entrants from 63 cities and Mumbai had the largest number of entrants with 246, followed by New Delhi (175) and Bengaluru (77).

A 16-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg wins 2019 Right Livelihood Award
On September 23, 2019, Swedish teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg (16), has been awarded with Sweden’s Alternative Nobel Prize called “Right Livelihood Award 2019” for prompting and amplifying political demands, scientific facts for immediate climate action in Stockholm, Sweden.Greta Thunberg wins 2019 Right Livelihood AwardKey points:
i. She has shared the award with Brazilian Indigenous leader Davi Kopenawa of the Yanomami people, and the Hutukara Yanomami Association (Brazil), women’s rights lawyer Guo Jianmei (China) and human rights defender Aminatou Haidar (Western Sahara) .
ii. Each awardee has received 1 million SEK- Swedish krona (94,000 EUR).
iii. Thunberg lashed out at all the leaders of the world during her speech at the United Nations Summit at the United Nations (UN) in New York, United States (US) on september 23, 2019.
Right Livelihood Award
It is an international award to “honour and support those offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges facing us at present. The prize was established in 1980 by German-Swedish philanthropist Jakob von Uexkull and is presented annually.
The Right Livelihood Foundation has presented this award.
Greta Thunberg
She is best known for initiating a movement, “Fridays for Future”, a climate movement that formed in November 2018.
She began protesting outside the Swedish parliament about the need for immediate action to combat climate change in August 2018.
In March 2019, three members of the Norwegian parliament nominated Thunberg for the Nobel Peace Prize.

UK mathematician Adam Harper wins the 2019 SASTRA Ramanujan prize 
On September 25, 2019 mathematician and assistant professor of the University of Warwick, England, Adam Harper, from the United Kingdom(UK) won the SASTRA Ramanujan prize for 2019. He will be awarded with a citation and an award of $10,000. The award is given to people under the age of 32 working in the area influenced by mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.
Key points
i. The Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy (SASTRA)-Ramanujan award was first instituted in 2005 by SASTRA University. The previous awardees were Manjul Bhargava and Akshay Venkatesh where they later went on to win the Fields Medal awarded to mathematicians.
ii. The award will be given every year on the birth anniversary of Ramanujam i.e. December 22, by SASTRA University.

India’s former athlete PT Usha honoured with Veteran Pin by IAAF in 52nd IAAF Congress in Doha, Qatar
On September 25, 2019, Indian track and field former athlete PT Usha was presented with Veteran Pin by the world athletics governing body, the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF), in recognition of her contribution to the growth of sport. The award was given by IAAF chief Sebastian Coe at the 52nd IAAF Congress held in Doha, Qatar.PT Usha honoured with Vetran Pin by IAAF in 52nd IAAF CongressKey points
i. Familiarly known as ‘Payyoli Express’ and ‘queen of track and field’, PT Usha was one among the three persons from Asia to receive the Veteran Pin.

Amitabh Bachchan unanimously selected for Dadasaheb Phalke award 2019 
On September 24, 2019 the Union minister of information and broadcasting Shri Prakash Javadekar announced that Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan was selected for the 2019 Dadasaheb Phalke award which is the highest award in Indian cinema. It is conferred to a person for his/her lifetime achievement in cinema. He will be presented with a Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus) medallion, a shawl and a cash prize of Rs 10 lakh during the award presentation.Amitabh Bachchan unanimously selected for DadasahebPhalke award 2019Key points
Previous achievements: Amitabh previously was awarded the Padma Shri in 1984, Padma Bhushan in 2001, and Padma Vibhushan in 2015. He was also conferred the France’s highest civilian honour, ‘the Knight of the Legion of Honour’ by the French govt. in 2007.
About DadasahebPhalke Award:
The award is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals under the aegis of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
♦ First awarded year-  1969.
♦ First winner-  Devika Rani.

Pooja Desai from Gujarat crowned as Mrs India 2019
On September 8, 2019, Pooja Desai from Vadodara, Gujarat has been crowned as Mrs India – Pride of the Nation 2019 (a beauty pageant for married women that celebrates and admires the accomplishments and achievements of a wife, daughter and a mother) in grand finale at The Leela Ambience Gurgaon, Haryana. she is the first from Gujarat to win this title.Pooja Desai from Guajarat crowned as Mrs India 2019Key points:
i.
The housewife, Desai, appeared victorious after competing with over 4,500 contestants across the country.
ii. Saloni Bhakri from Maharashtra also crowned Mrs. India – Pride of Nation 2019 in a different category.
iii. Presented by Glamour Gurgaon, the third edition aimed towards creating breast cancer awareness.
iv.Cini star Padmini Kolhapure and Nayani Dixit, known for her role as Kangana Ranaut’s friend in the movie Queen were the part of the jury panel.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

PV Sindhu named as brand ambassador of Visa for 2 years
On September 24, 2019, An Indian professional badminton player, Pusarla Venkata Sindhu (PV Sindhu) has been named as the brand ambassador of Visa, Inc, an American multinational financial services corporation for two years.PV Sindhu named as brand ambassador of Visa Key points:
i.
Sindhu will promote the brand through advertising campaigns & also become an athlete member of Team Visa for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games.
ii. Team visa: It is a global athlete support program of Visa aimed at assisting the athletes who aspire to the Olympic and Paralympic podiums. The athletes of this program are selected on the basis of their string of good competitive performance at the Olympic and Paralympic Games, irrespective of their nationality and background. Till now it has supported more than 400 Olympic, Paralympic athletes, and hopefuls from around the globe.
iii. Assistance:  The payment company will offer financial assistance & financial literacy training to these athletes.It supports the Olympic Games as a worldwide sponsor since 1986 & has signed a contract through 2032 as a partner.
PV Sindhu
Sindhu (Hyderabad,Telangana) became the first Indian to win gold in the 2019 Badminton World Federation (BWF) World Championships, an annual tournament was held from August 19-25, 2019 at St. Jakobshalle in Basel, Switzerland.She is also the recipient of Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award (highest sporting honour, named after Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India), and Padma Shri,India’s 4th highest civilian award.
About Visa Inc:
♦ Founded
: 1958
♦ Headquarters: California, United States
♦ CEO: Alfred F. Kelly Jr.
Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games:
♦ Host city: Tokyo, Japan
♦ Schedule:  24 July, 2020 –  9 August, 2020
♦ Stadium: New National Stadium

Sebastian Coe re-appointed as IAAF chief and Adille Sumariwalla re-elected as member of its council
On September 25, 2019, Britain’s Sebastian Coe was re-elected as the chief of the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) for a second term. A former Olympic and world champion, Coe was previously elected as the head of IAAF in 2015. On the other hand, President of Athletics Federation of India, Adille Sumariwalla also re-elected as member of the Council of IAAF for a second four-year term.
Sebastian Coe re-appointed as IAAF chiefKey points
i. During his first term as the IAAF chief, Coe had set up Athletics Integrity Unit that serves as watchdog in cleaning sport corruptions. The appointment has been made during the 52nd IAAF Congress at Doha, Qatar.
About IAAF:
♦ headquarters- Monaco.
♦ Formation- 17 July 1912.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Defence Minister Mr Rajnath Singh commissions ICGS Varaha at the Chennai Port Trust
On September 25, 2019, Defence Minister of India, Mr Rajnath Singh commissioned Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Varaha at the Chennai Port Trust, Tamil Nadu in the presence of ICG Director General (DG) Krishnaswamy Natarajan and others. It is the fourth in the series of seven 98-m Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV) of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG). Mr Singh had also participated in the Investiture Ceremony of Coast Guard in Chennai.
i. ICGS Varaha, designed and built indigenously by Larsen & Toubro (L&T) at its Kattupalli ship building yard in North Chennai, will be based at New Mangalore Port, Karnataka under the administrative and operational control of Commander Coast Guard region (west)……………………Click here to Read more

NASA successfully launches RamanSat 2, a miniature satellite made by Indian student Aabhaas Sikka
On September 23, 2019, An independent space agency of the United States(US) , NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) has successfully launched a miniature satellite called “RamanSat 2” made by a 17-year old New Delhi-based Indian student Aabhaas Sikka ,from NASA’s Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility in New Mexico, US and achieved an altitude of 38 km.NASA successfully launches RamanSat 2Key points:
i.
The minisatellite (measures 4 cm x 4 cm x 4 cm) designed by Sikka during his internship with SPACE-India (an organisation working in the field of astronomy, space education and technology) with help from Sachin Bahmba, Founder and CMD (Chief Managing Director) of SPACE Group, as well as the SPACE-India’s research team.
ii. With the help of its state-of-the-art equipment, the satellite measure the radiation from the sun and space to make space exploration safer for humans and satellites.
iii. RamanSat 2 came after the success of Kalam Sat, named after former Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam, and made by an Indian high school team (Chennai, Tamil Nadu) that attended in 2017 in this same programme.
About NASA:
♦ Headquarters
: Washington, D.C., United States
♦ Founder: Dwight D. Eisenhower
♦ Founded: 29 July 1958
♦ Administered by: Jim Bridenstine

Agri minister Narendra Singh Tomar launches CHC Farm Machinery and Krishi Kisan App in New Delhi 
On September 24, 2019, the Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar launched 2 mobile apps named CHC Farm Machinery and Krishi Kisan App for geotagging purposes in New Delhi for easy access of technical agricultural equipments at farmers’ doorstep.KrishiKisan AppKey points
i. CHC Farm Machinery App: Narendra Singh Tomar launched the CHC Farm Machinery App for the farmers to connect with the Custom Hiring Centers(CHC) located within 50 km radius. So far, more than 40,000 custom hiring service centers have been registered on this mobile app with over 1,20,000 agricultural machineries & equipment rented. This app is already available to the custom service provides for registration and uploading purposes.
ii. Krishi Kisan App: Through this app, farmer will be provided with information about high-yielding crops and seeds in their nearby area. It helps in geo-tagging and geo-fencing of crop and also gives weather forecast messages to farmers. Both the apps are available in the Google Play Store for android devices.
iii. CHC/ Farm Machinery banks: Hi tech hubs, CHC and farm machinery banks are established under various schemes like Sub –Mission on Agricultural Mechanization, RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojana and Crop Residue Management Schemes of the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare(DAC&FW) under Agriculture and Farmers welfare ministry. These hubs provide farm equipment on a rental basis.
About agriculture ministry:
♦ Founded- 1947.
♦ Headquarters- New Delhi.
♦ Narendra Singh Tomar constituency- Morena, Madhya Pradesh.
♦ His other ministries- Ministry of rural development, Ministry of Panchayati Raj.

Home minister Amit Shah launches private security agency licensing portal in New Delhi
On September 25, 2019, the Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah launched ‘Private Security Agency Licensing Portal’ in New Delhi in order to help in reducing formalities in getting a license to the private security agencies. Information such as no. of licensed agencies will also be available in the portal in order to prevent fraudulent activities. This portal will be regulated under the Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act, 2005.
Key points
i. This portal will also help people in cross-checking police verification of all security guard and will be made available in languages like Hindi, Gujarati, Telugu and Tamil within 3 months. Currently, Gujarat has highest number of agencies (2249), followed by Maharashtra 1309.

SPORTS

Overview of 36th edition of Toray Pan Pacific Open 2019 held in Osaka, Japan  
The 36th edition of Toray Pan Pacific Open 2019 professional women’s tennis tournament was held at Utsubo Tennis Center in Osaka, Japan from September 16 – 22, 2019. The event which was a part of the Premier Series of the 2019 Women’s Tennis Association(WTA) Tour had a total prize money of $823,000.
Winners:
i. Women’s singles: Japanese tennis player Naomi Osaka won the women’s singles title by defeating Netherlands tennis player Kiki Bertens. Naomi became the first Japanese to win the Pan Pacific Open since Kimiko Date in 1995.
ii. Women’s doubles: Taiwanese tennis players Latisha Chan and Chan Hao-ching won the women’s doubles title by defeating Taiwanese players Hsieh Su-wei and Hsieh Yu-chieh.

Manipur wins 25th Senior Women’s National Football Championship 2019 in Arunachal Pradesh
On September 24, 2019, defending champion Manipur won the 25th Senior Women’s National Football Championship held at CHF Ground in Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh by defeating Railways. This marks Manipur’s 20th championship title in the game.25th Senior Women's National Football Championship 2019 in Arunachal Pradesh Key points
i. Bala Devi of Manipur was the highest scorer in the tournament with 20 goals while Railways’ Sanju emerged as the Player of the tournament. Manipur goalkeeper Panthoi Chanu was honoured with best goalkeeper award.
ii. Organised by the All India Football Federation(AIFF), this is the first time Arunachal Pradesh hosted National Football Championship.

Virat Kohli, Shikhar Dhawan and Rohit Sharma move up in the latest ICC T20I player rankings
On September 25, 2019 the latest International Cricket Council- Twenty twenty International(ICC-T20I) rankings were released. The ranking details are as follows.
Indian cricketers position: 
i. Batting rankings: Indian skipper ViratKohli moved up by one position to reach the 11th spot in the batting list and is currently in the 19th position in all-rounder rankings, while ShikarDhawan moved three places up to 13th position in the batting list. Rohit Sharma is ranked at the 8th position tied with England’s Alex Hales.
Rankings:

Rank T20I Batting rankings T20I Bowling rankings T20I all Rounder rankings
1Babar Azam (Pakistan)Rashid Khan (Afghanistan)Glenn Maxwell (Australia)
2Glenn Maxwell (Australia)ImadWasim (Pakistan)Shakib Al Hasan (Bangladesh)
3Colin Munroe (NewZealand)Shadab Khan (Pakistan)Mohammad Nabi (Afghanistan)
8Rohit Sharma (India)
11ViratKohli (India)
13ShikarDhawan (India)
Overview of 20th Asian Senior Men’s Volleyball Championship for 2019 held in Tehran, Iran
The 20th Asian Senior Men’s Volleyball Championship for 2019 was held in Tehran, Iran from September 13–21, 2019. The biennial tournament was organised by the Asian Volleyball Confederation (AVC) with Islamic Republic of Iran Volleyball Federation (IRIVF). It was held in 2 venues namely Azadi Indoor Stadium and Azadi Volleyball Hall, both located within the Azadi Sport Complex, Tehran, Iran.Asian Senior Men’s Volleyball Championship 2019Key Points:
i. The host nation, Iran emerged as champions by defeating Australia in straight sets (25-14, 25-17, 25-21). It was their third title.
ii. Japan & South Korea bagged third and fourth place respectively. Indian team was ranked 8th.
iii. The top 8 teams, which earlier did not qualify for the 2020 Olympic Games, were qualified for the 2020 Asian Olympic Qualification Tournament.
iv. Indian team qualified for the 2020 Asian Men’s Olympic Qualification Tournament (debut qualification) scheduled to be held in Jiangmen, China and for the 2021 Asian Men’s Championships.
Other awardees:
AwardAwardeeCountry
Most Valuable PlayerThomas EdgarAustralia
Best SetterSaeid MaroufIran
Best Outside Hitters (OH)Yūki IshikawaJapan
Samuel WalkerAustralia
Best Middle Blockers (MB)Shin Yung-sukSouth Korea
Mohammad MousaviIran
Best Opposite HittersAmir GhafourIran
Best LiberoTomohiro YamamotoJapan
Overview of Maldives International Future Series 2019  held in Male
The LI-NING Maldives International Future Series 2019, an open international badminton tournament in Maldives was organized by the Badminton Association of Maldives (BAM) and was sanctioned by the Badminton Asia Confederation (BAC) and Badminton World Federation (BWF). The event was held from September 17-22, 2019 at the Malé sports complex, Male, Maldives. The total prize money of the event was US$15,000.Maldives International Future Series 2019Indian winners
i. Women’s singles: Indian shuttler Malvika Bansod from Nagpur, Maharashtra won her maiden women’s singles Maldives International Future Series 2019 title by defeating Myanmar’s Thet Htar Thuzar.
ii. Men’s doubles: In doubles event, Vaibhaav and Prakash Raj claimed the men’s doubles title by defeating Thailand’s PakkaponTeeraratsakul and PanitchaphonTeeraratsakul.
Winners:
Event Winner Runner 
Women’s singlesMalvika Bansod (India)ThetHtar Thuzar (Myanmar)
Men’s doublesVaibhaav (India) & Prakash Raj (India)PakkaponTeeraratsakul (Thailand) & PanitchaphonTeeraratsakul (Thailand)
Men’s singlesKantawat Leelavaechabutr (Thailand)Kevin Arokia Walter (India)
Women’s doublesKuoYu Wen (Chinese Taipei) & Lin Wan Ching (Chinese Taipei)Thilini Pramodika Hendahwewa (Sri Lanka) & Kavidi Sirimannage (Sri Lanka)
Mixed doublesLu Chia Pin (Chinese Taipei) & Lin Wan Ching (Chinese Taipei)Velayudham Roobenraj (Malaysia) & Venosha RadhaKrishnan (Malaysia)
About Maldives:
♦ Capital- Malé.
♦ Currency- Maldivian rufiyaa.
♦ President- Ibrahim Mohamed Solih.

OBITUARY

An active mountain skier, Davo Karnica of Slovenia passes away
Davo Karnicar of Slovenia , the 1st person who ski down Mount Everest on October 7, 2000, has passed away in the tree cutting accident in his mountainous home region of Zgornje Jezersko, in northern Slovenia. He was 56.Davo Karnica of Slovenia passes awayi. Born on 26 October 1962, Zgornje Jezersko, Slovenia, he had skied down the highest mountains in each of the other six continents. The other Summits descents were

  • Kilimanjaro (5895 m) in Africa in November 2001
  • Mount Elbrus (5642 m) in Europe in May 2002
  • Aconcagua (6960 m) in South America in January 2003
  • Mount Kosciuszko (2228 m) in Australia in August 2003
  • Denali (6194 m) in North America in June 2004
  • Vinson Massif (4897 m) in Antarctica on November 11, 2006

ii. He also climbed the Matterhorn (Switzerland) & Mont Blanc, the highest peak in the Alps in the border between France and Italy .

BOOKS & AUTHORS

‘Professor Ayushman’ comic book released by Ayush Ministry in New Delhi
On September 24, 2019, a new comic book series ‘Professor Ayushman’ conceived by the National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) was unveiled by the Ayush ministry in New Delhi.  This book will raise awareness in children about the importance of medicinal plants and their usage.‘Professor Ayushman’ comic book released by Ayush MinistryKey points
i. This book is available for free and could be bought by schools approaching NMPB.
ii. During the event, the Ayush minister Shripad Yesso Naik announced the target set to operationalise 4,200 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) under Ayushman Bharat(AB) scheme during 2019-20.

IMPORTANT DAYS

Antyodaya Diwas Day 2019 observed on September 25
Antyodaya Diwas Day was observed on September 25, 2019, to commemorate the birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya, a noted philosopher, historian, and political activist. Antyodaya means uplifting of the weakest section of the society.
Key Points:
i. He was the coordinator and famous leader of the Jan Sangh, which is considered a precursor to Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
ii. He was the founder of Rashtra Dharma Prakashan publishing house in Lucknow and launched Rashtra Dharma, a monthly magazine. He also launched weekly Panchjanya and daily Swadesh. He has written a drama on Chandragupta Maurya in Hindi and a biography of Shankaracharya.
iii. He was found dead in mysterious circumstances, and his body was found on 11 February 1968 on a railway track near Mughalsarai Junction railway station, Uttar Pradesh. In 2018, the railway station was renamed in his honour.
iv. Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister for Skill development Dr Mahendranath Pandey paid homage to the leader and various functions were organised in different parts of India.
v. In Uttar Pradesh, senior BJP leaders and party workers held different public welfare initiatives including Swachhta campaign, plastic free India campaign and environmental protection initiatives.

World Pharmacists day observed on September 25, 2019
On September 25, 2019, World Pharmacists Day was observed all over the world.The aim of this day is to promote and spread awareness about the pharmacist’s (health professionals who practice in pharmacy) key role in improving health in every part of the world.The theme for the year 2019 is “Safe and effective medicines for all”.World Pharmacists dayKey points:
i.
In 2009, the day was created by the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) Council at the World Congress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences in Istanbul, Turkey.
ii. On this day (September 25) FIP came into existence in the year 1912.
iii. On this occasion, Several programmes & activities were organised all over the globe to underscore the importance of Pharmacists and to make people understand about the crucial role they played in the medical world.
About FIP:
♦ Founded
: 25 September 1912
♦ Headquarters: The Hague, Netherlands
♦ Motto: Advancing pharmacy worldwide

STATE NEWS

Senior bureaucrat Nirmal chandra mishra appointed as the chairman of the Odisha Staff Selection Commission (OSSC)
On September 23, 2019, Senior bureaucrat & present director of the tourism department, Nirmal Chandra Mishra, has been appointed as the chairman of the Odisha Staff Selection Commission (OSSC). He will succeed Major General Bhabani Shankar Das, as he completes his term a few days back.Nirmal chandra mishra appointed as the chairman of the Odisha Staff Selection Commission (OSSC)i. Mishra also holds the additional charge of managing director (MD), Odisha Tourism Development Corporation (OTDC).
About OSSC:
It was set up by Govt. of Odisha as a statutory body in 1994 for the purpose of carrying out direct recruitment against Group-C posts in the State cadre (as against District cadre) as may be scheduled in the OSSC Rules, 1993. The Commission’s office located at Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
About Odisha:
♦ Capital
: Bhubaneswar
♦ Governor: Ganeshi Lal
♦ Chief minister: Naveen Patnaik
♦ National Parks: Bhitarkanika National Park, Simlipal National Park
♦ Dams: Hirakud Dam, Mandira Dam, Rengali Dam

Actress Madhuri Dixit appointed as a goodwill ambassador for Maharashtra Assembly polls
Maharashtra’s Chief Electoral Office appointed Indian actress Madhuri Dixit as a goodwill ambassador for Maharashtra Assembly polls to create awareness among people about the importance of voting which are scheduled to be held on October 21, 2019. She will be seen in a video titled ‘Let’s Vote’.Madhuri Dixit appointed as a goodwill ambassador for Maharashtra

Assam launches of 3 public welfare schemes called ‘Aponar Apon Ghar’, ‘Abhinandan’ & ‘Free Drugs Scheme for 651 Tea Garden Hospitals’
On September 24, 2019, The Assam state Government has launched twin schemes for the public welfare called ‘Aponar Apon Ghar Scheme’(a home loan subsidy scheme), ‘Abhinandan’ (an Education Loan Subsidy scheme), and Free Drugs Scheme for 651 Tea Garden Hospitals.Aponar Apon Ghar’ & ‘Abhinandan’Key points:
i. Aponar Apon Ghar: It is an upgraded version of the previous Apun Ghar home loan subsidy scheme, which will provide a subsidy of up to Rs 2.5 lakh on home loans up to Rs 40 lakh to all citizens of the state.

S.NoLoan amountSubsidy
1Rs 5.00 lakh – 10.00 lakhRs 1.00 lakh
2Rs 10.00 lakh – 20.00 lakhRs 1.50 lakh
3Rs 20.00 lakh – 30.00 lakhRs 2.00 lakh
4Rs 30.00 lakh – 40.00 lakhRs 2.50 lakh
Benefits:
Every permanent resident of Assam will be eligible to avail this scheme. Government, as well as private employees and even journalists, can avail the scheme.
ii. Abhinandan:  It is an Education Loan Subsidy scheme, under this every student in the state of assam having active education loan account regardless of the amount for pursuing higher education can get benefitted. The Assam government will provide a one-time subsidy of up to Rs 50,000 to all educational loans.

iii. Free Drugs Scheme for 651 Tea Garden Hospitals – Under this scheme, 142 essential drugs, 47 surgical items, 45 consumables/linens and 6 numbers of disinfectants would be provided free of cost to the 651 tea garden hospitals of the state. An amount of Rs 20 crore would be spent every year on the scheme. The scheme is for the patients of the tea tribe community.
About Assam:
♦ Capital
: Dispur
♦ Chief minister: Sarbananda Sonowal
♦ Governor: Jagdish Mukhi
♦ National Parks: Dibru-Saikhowa National Park , Kaziranga National Park , Manas National Park , Nameri National Park , Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park

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