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INDIAN AFFAIRS

An inter-ministerial panel sanctioned 5,645 electric buses in 65 cities
On July 29, 2019, National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Amitabh Kant announced that an inter-ministerial panel for Electric Vehicles (EVs) sanctioned 5645 electric buses for operations in 65 cities and for inter-city operations to 8 state transport undertakings.
Key Points:
i. The Centre has approved Rs 10,000 crore under the FAME II (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles) scheme.
ii. Niti Aayog has proposed that after March 31, 2025 only electric two-wheelers below the capacity of 150cc should be sold in India and after March 31, 2023 three-wheelers sold in the country should be electric.
About NITI Aayog:
Headquarters: New Delhi
Formation: January 1, 2015
Vice-Chairman: Rajiv Kumar

Centre aims to achieve 100% digitization of waqf properties in 100 days
On July 29,2019, Union Minister of Minority Affairs, Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi stated that the Centre government has set a target to achieve “100% Digitization of Waqf properties across country in its 1st  100 days” at the National Conference of State and Union Territories Waqf Boards organized by the Central Waqf Council, held in New Delhi. He also awarded 8 ”mutawalis” under the “Qaumi Waqf Board Taraqqiati Scheme” for better management of waqf properties.
Key points:
i. GIS/GPS:  Geographic Information System (GIS)/ Global Positioning System(GPS) mapping are being used on a war footing with the help of IIT Roorkee and the Aligarh Muslim University to achieve the target.
ii. Aim: To improve the infrastructural and financial conditions of waqf boards so that waqf properties can be used for the welfare of the Muslim community, and encroachment of such properties be prevented.
iii. Present status: There are over 6 lakh registered waqf properties across the country.
iv. PMJVK: This is the 1st time the Government providing 100 % funding to develop various educational and developmental programs on waqf land under Pradhanmantri Jan Vikas Karykram (PMJVK).
Waqf properties:
Literally, waqf means endowment of moveable or immovable property by Muslims for the welfare of the poor and the needy and for maintaining properties dedicated to mosques, tombs, orphanages, shrines and the like. The waqif (settler), in his deed, appoints a mutawalli (custodian of waqf properties) for the administration of the waqf.
Central Waqf Council
♦ Formation
: 1964
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi

DOM led by MoES to commence by October 31, 2019
Union government has approved the Deep Ocean Mission (DOM) of the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) which will begin by October 31, 2019. It is a 5 year mission with the estimated cost of Rs 8000 crore which will explore the deepest recesses of the ocean.
Key Points:
i. The blueprint of the mission was unveiled by the MoES.
ii. The mission will explore for the metals and minerals and for this project, India has been allotted a site of 75,000 sq. km. in the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) by the United Nations International Sea Bed Authority for exploitation of polymetallic nodules (PMN).
iii. As per the estimates, 380 million metric tonnes of polymetallic nodules are available at the bottom of the seas in the Central Indian Ocean.
iv. The project proposes offshore desalination plant which will work with tidal energy and develop a submersible vehicle that can go to a depth of at least 6,000 metres with three people on board.
About MoES:
Formed: 2006
Minister In-charge: Dr. Harsh Vardhan

India signs MoU with Myanmar on defense co-operation in New Delhi
On July 29,2019, India signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Myanmar on defence co-operation in New Delhi after the 2 sides(Minister of State for Defence, Shripad Yesso Naik and Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services of Myanmar, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing) held talks on issues including reviewing joint exercises and training provided to Myanmar Defence Services in India, strengthening maritime security through joint surveillance and developing new infrastructure.India signs MoU with Myanmar Key points:
i. Myanmar is a key support of India’s Act East Policy towards prioritizing relations with its East Asian neighbors.
ii. The two countries in the past co-operated more closely on matters of security. Myanmar’s army has joined forces with the Indian army on several occasions to eliminate anti-India insurgent groups targeting India’s northeast from bases inside Myanmar.
iii. The troops of India & Myanmar jointly launched an assault on Arakan Army, (an insurgent group) which threatened an important connectivity project between the two sides.
About Myanmar:
♦ Capital: Naypyitaw
♦ Currency: Burmese kyat
♦ President: Win Myint

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Defence minister Rajnath Singh’s visit to Mozambique
Hon’ble Defence Minister of India Rajnath Singh visited Mozambique from july 28-30 2019.This is the first official visit of Rajnath Singh as a Defence Minister to the African country as well as it is the first time ever a defence minister of India has visited Mozambique.
i. A Ceremony was held at the Mozambican  naval headquarters to hand over Two India made Fast Interceptor Boats (FIBs) to the Mozambican navy where four members from Indian Coast Guard System (ICGS) team will be assisting with training and  maintenance and operating the two boats.
ii. In order to strengthen the Indo-Mozambican Defence cooperation, the Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh signed Two Memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Mozambique………………………Click here to Read more

Singapore tops Asia in Dell Global Women Entrepreneur Cities Index 2019, Bengaluru top Indian city
According to the latest “Women Entrepreneur Cities Index 2019”, sponsored by Dell and conducted by London-based global information provider, IHS Markit, Singapore tops in Asian city ranked at 21st position, while Indian cities Bengaluru(Karnataka) and Delhi were ranked 43rd (7th in Asia) and 50th (10th in Asia) respectively.
i. San Francisco Bay Area has topped the list with 63.7 points followed by New York(62.9  points) and London(3rd ).
ii. The ranking measures a city’s ability to attract and support high potential women entrepreneurs. And it is constructed using five “pillars” include market, talent, capital (all 3 under operating Environment), culture and technology(under Enabling Environment)………………………..Click here  to Read more

PM of Nepal KP Oli inaugurates India-Nepal Logistics Summit in Kathmandu
India-Nepal Logistics Summit was inaugurated by Prime Minister of Nepal KP Sharma Oli in Kathmandu, Nepal. The theme of the summit was “Transforming Logistics Landscape”. It was attended by Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri, Special Secretary (Logistics), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India N. Sivasailam, Container Corporation of India (CONCOR) Chairman & Managing Director (CMD) V. Kalyana Rama and Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FNCCI) President Bhawani Rana.India-Nepal Logistics SummitKey Points:
i. Nepal and India have a significant volume of trade, investment, tourism and people-to-people movement for which smooth and quality logistics is essential.
ii. Connectivity was the main agenda in bilateral cooperation and many initiatives were taken on crucial components of road, rail, inland waterways and air connectivity.
About Nepal:
Capital: Kathmandu
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari

WHEF launches its Nepal Chapter in Kathmandu
On July 27, 2019, World Hindu Economic Forum (WHEF) unveiled its Nepal Chapter in Kathmandu, Nepal. It was inaugurated by the Minister of State for Health and Population of Nepal Dr. Surendra Kumar Yadav in the presence of Member of Parliament (MP) from Rajya Sabha and Former Union Minister of India Dr. CP Thakur, WHEF founder Swami Vigyananand and Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri.
Key Points:
i. The aim of Nepal chapter is to increase economic cooperation between India and Nepal and to connect the Himalayan nation with a global network for its economic prosperity.
ii. The event was attended by a large number of industrialists, business people, traders, thinkers and other eminent personalities from Nepali society.
About WHEF:
It brings together financially successful elements within hindu society like bankers, technocrats, investors etc so that each group share their knowledge, expertise and resources to strengthen the creation of surplus wealth and society prosperous.

India & China review situation in the  borders areas ahead of Xi Jinping’s visit
On July 29,2019, India & China reviewed the situation in the border areas and progress made in productive implementation of confidence-building measures to improve the relations between their troops on the ground ahead of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to India to hold 2nd informal summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Key points:
i. The 2 sides hold 14th meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on India-China Border Affairs in Beijing, China on July 29,2019.
ii. They took note of regular exchanges at the troops level and at the diplomatic level, including under the WMCC framework, for maintaining peace in the border areas, which is important for the smooth development of bilateral relations was acknowledged by both sides.
iii. WMCC: It was established as an institutional mechanism in 2012 for consultation and coordination for the management of India-China border areas and also to exchange views on strengthening communication and cooperation.
iv. The two countries have 3,488-km-long Line of Actual Control (LAC) between them & so far they held 21 rounds of Special Representatives talks to resolve the border dispute.
About China:
♦ Capital: Beijing
♦ Currency: Renminbi

Pakistan opens historic 1,000-year-old Hindu temple in Punjab for worship after 72 years
On the demand of the local Hindu community, Pakistan opened Shawala Teja Singh Temple in eastern city Sialkot for worship for the first time since partition. According to the book ‘History of Sialkot’ by the late Rashid Niaz, the temple is 1,000-years-old.
Key Points:
i. The Evacuee Trust Property Board looks after the holy places of minorities in Pakistan.
ii. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan.
About Pakistan:
Currency: Pakistani rupee
Capital: Islamabad
Prime Minister: Imran Khan
President: Arif Alvi

India’s renewable energy cost is lowest in Asia Pacific region -Wood Mackenzie
UK consultancy firm Wood Mackenzie stated that renewable energy cost of India is the lowest in the Asia Pacific region, due to the fact that Levelized Cost Of Electricity (LCOE) using solar photovoltaic of India has Fallen to $38 per Megawatt hour in 2019. This fall in LCOE is cheaper than the coal-fired power generation of 14% which is traditionally the cheapest source of power generation.
i. Woodmax’s director Alex whitworth said that India is the second-largest country in terms of power market in the Asia Pacific having a Power capacity of 421 Gigawatts(GW) and also the Solar capacity its expected to reach 38 GW in 2019
ii. India aims to have 175 GW capacity of renewable power installed in the country by 2022.
iii. The firm also announced that the second major lowest renewable cost generator, Australia will see cost-competitive solar power against coal production in 2020.
LCOE
It represents the average revenue per unit of electricity generated that would be required to recover the costs of building and operating a generating plant during a particular financial cycle
WoodMac further added that, in the past three years, solar LCOE has fallen 42% and is expected to reach $48/MWh in 2020 and would thus would beat all it fossil fuel competitors.

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

Reliance Jio is India’s largest telecom company 
Reliance Jio becomes the largest telecom company of India with 331.3 million subscribers overtaking Vodafone Idea whose customer base stood at 320 million in the quarter ended June 30, 2019.Reliance JioKey Points:
i. Airtel moved to the third position and the state-owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) stood at the fourth position.
ii. Vodafone Idea’s mobile phone users stood at 334.1 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

Rs.1500 crore deal signed by India and Russia to acquire Russia’s R-27
India signed a Rs 1500 crore contract with Russia for the acquisition of R-27air-to-air missile which gives the additional capability to target enemy aircraft at long Ranges.
These missiles are to be equipped on the Su-30MKI combat aircraft of the Indian Air Force (IAF)
R-27 missile
It is a medium-to-long-range air-to-air missile developed by Russia for its MIG and Sukhoi fighter jets.
The army has acquired these missiles under 10-I projects to maintain critical weapon systems and spares for a special minimum period. This special period is known as the War Wastage Reserve (WWR).
Emergency procurement
So far the Indian Air Force has spent around ₹7600 crore for procurement of missiles like Spice 2000, Ataka ATGMs etc under emergency procurement.
The emergency procurement has increased after the Pulwama attack in order to safeguard the borders with Pakistan.
Under the emergency procurement route, the security forces can buy equipment of their choice within 3 months at a cost of up to Rs. 300crore per case.
Indian Air Force
Founded- 8 October 1932
Headquarters- New Delhi
Air force day- 8th of October.

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

After West Bengal, Odisha gets GI tag for its sweet version of Rasagola
On July 29,2019, The Registrar of Geographical Indications(GI), Chennai has awarded a GI certificate registering the sweetmeat as ”Odisha Rasagola” to the state of Odisha which will be valid till Feb 22, 2028. In 2017, West Bengal had secured the GI tag for ”Banglar Rosogolla” after a tug of war with Odisha since 2015 over the origin of the sweet.Odisha gets GI tag for its sweet version of Rasagola Key points:
i. Records:  The eastern state of Odisha claimed its GI tag by submitting history old documents stated that Rasagola” has been a part of the state’s centuries-old rituals performed for Lord Jagannath and found its mention in a 15th century Odia epic ”Dandi Ramayana”.
ii. Registration:  The GI registration was conferred to ‘Odisha Rasagola’ under Section 16(I) or of authorized Section 17(3)(c) of Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999. The GI number 612 has been registered in favor of the Odisha Small Industries Corporation Limited (OSIC Ltd), a government of Odisha undertaking and Utkal Mistanna Byabasayee Samiti, a traders’ organization.
iii. Specialty: Odisha Rasagola made of chhena (cottage cheese) cooked in sugar syrup, which is very soft to feel, is juicy and non- chewy in consistency and without teeth pressure it can be swallowed.
iv. Color Theory: Odisha Rasagolas’, white in color with a round shape (non‐ spherical) are very specific, where without the addition of external color, various intensely-colored rasagolas are prepared using the principle of caramelization of sugar with specific methods of preparation.
About Geographical Indication
It is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
About Odisha:
♦ Capital: Bhubaneswar
♦ Governor: Ganeshi Lal
♦ Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik

DD News received  “Champions of Empathy Award” for spreading awareness about hepatitis
DD News (Doordarshan), a 24*7 terrestrial cum satellite News Channel of India has awarded “Champions of Empathy Award” for spreading awareness about hepatitis. Mayank Agrawal, Director General of DD News has received the Award from Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla.DD Newsi. Agrawal stated that it is the responsibility of DD News to aware people about various diseases and preventives by showing health-related programs, reports, and policies that help to spread awareness towards health in society.
About Hepatitis:
Hepatitis name has derived from the Greek word ‘Hepar’ meaning liver and ‘itis’ meaning inflammation. Thus, it is a medical condition in which inflammation occurs in liver cells and its complications vary with the type of infection. It is mostly caused by a group of viruses called hepatitis viruses. There are 5 types of hepatitis viz. A, B, C, D, and E. Each type is caused by a different hepatitis virus.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Lalji Tandon sworn in as the Governor of Madhya Pradesh
On July 29, 2019, Senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Lalji Tandon was sworn in as the 22nd Governor of Madhya Pradesh. He was administered oath by the Madhya Pradesh High Court Chief Justice Ravi Shankar Jha at a function in Raj Bhawan, Bhopal in the presence of Chief Minister Kamal Nath, state ministers and bureaucrats.Lalji TandonKey Points:
i. He succeeds Anandiben Patel who is appointed as governor of Uttar Pradesh.
ii. Mr Tandon, aged 84, was the Governor of Bihar, prior to his appointment as the governor of Madhya Pradesh.
About Madhya Pradesh:
Capital: Bhopal
National Parks:  Bandhavgarh National Park, Fossil National Park, Kanha National Park, Madhav National Park, Panna National Park, Pench (Priyadarshini) National Park, Sanjay National Park, Satpura National Park, Van Vihar National Park, Dinosaur National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries: Bagdara  WLS, Gandhi Sagar WLS, Karera  WLS, Narsighgarh WLS, Orcha WLS, Pench WLS, Ratapani  WLS, Son Gharial WLS, Veerangna Durgawati WLS etc.

Jagdeep Dhankar sworn in as the governor of West Bengal
On July 30, 2019, Jagdeep Dhankhar, a former Lok Sabha Member of Parliament (MP) from Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan and a noted Supreme Court lawyer, was sworn in as the 28th governor of West Bengal at the Raj Bhavan, Kolkata in the presence of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, state ministers, including urban development minister Firhad Hakim and finance minister Amit Mitra, and other dignitaries. He was administered oath by the Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court TBN Radhakrishnan. He succeeded Keshari Nath Tripathy.Jagdeep DhankarAbout West Bengal:
Capital: Kolkata
National Parks: Buxa National Park, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park, Singalila National Park, Sunderban National Park, Jaldapara National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries: Ballavpur WLS, Bethuadahari WLS, Bibhuti Bhusan WLS, Buxa WLS, Chapramari WLS etc

Ramesh Bais sworn-In as the Governor of Tripura
On July 29, 2019, A seven-time Member of Parliament (MP) from Chhattisgarh’s Raipur and former Union minister, Ramesh Bais, aged 71, was sworn in as the 18th Governor of Tripura in the presence of Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb and senior officials of the administration. He was administered oath by the Chief Justice of Tripura High Court Justice Sanjay Karol at a function in Old Raj Bhawan, Agartala. He succeeds Kaptan Singh Solanki.Ramesh BaisAbout Tripura:
Capital: Agartala
National Parks: Clouded Leopard National Park, Rajbari National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries: Gumti WLS, Rowa WLS, Sepahijala WLS, Trishna WLS

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Israel and the US successfully tested Arrow-3 Anti-Ballistic Missile System
On July 28, 2019, Israel’s Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Benjamin Netanyahu informed that Israel and the United States (US) successfully conducted tests of the advanced anti-ballistic missile system “Arrow-3″. The test was carried out with U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) at Pacific Spaceport Complex-Alaska (PSCA) in Kodiak, Alaska, US.
i. Arrow-3 is jointly manufactured by the Boeing Company and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and is intended to serve as Israel’s highest-altitude missile interception system.
ii. It is designed by IAI. It passed its first full interception test over the Mediterranean sea in 2015 and was deployed in Israel in 2017.
About Israel:
Capital: Jerusalem
Currency: Israeli new shekel
About USA:
Capital: Washington, DC
Currency: US Dollar
President: Donald Trump

Scientists from IIT Hyderabad developed an eco-friendly solar cell using kumkum dye- DSSC
Scientists from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad developed low-cost, environment-friendly solar cells named Dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC) by employing an off-the-shelf dye used to make kumkum or vermilion.
Key Points:
i. DSSC is based on New Fuchsin (NF) dye with aqueous electrolyte and platinum-free counter electrodes. DSSC consists of three components: A monolayer of dye molecule adsorbed on semiconductor material, titanium dioxide (TiO2) deposited on transparent conductive oxides, like indium tin oxide (ITO) and a liquid electrolyte with an excess of electrons.
ii. The research was published in the Solar Energy Journal.
iii. The research was led by Professor Sai Santosh Kumar Raavi from the Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad.

Indigenously built LCU MK IV class ship “LCU L56” commissioned into Indian Navy
Considered as a way of becoming self-reliant through indigenisation under “Make In India” objective, Vice Admiral, Atul Kumar Jain, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command, commissioned the Land Craft Utility (LCU)MK IV class ships LCU L56 at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
i. This sixth of the LCU MK IV class ships, built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE), will be used for deployment and recovery of Main Battle Tanks, armoured vehicles, Troops and equipment from ship to shore and vice versa.
ii. The ship, managed by a team of 4 officers and 56 sailors will later be placed at Andaman and Nicobar Command at Port Blair.
GSRE
Based at Kolkata, West Bengal, the shipyard builds and repairs commercial and naval vessels. It is the first shipyard in the country to have built the 100thwarship.
Abbreviation- Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd
First warship built- INS Ajay in 1961
Chairman and Managing Director-  Rear Admiral Vipin Kumar Saxena, IN(Retd).
Founded- 1884

ENVIRONMENT

22 species of flora and fauna gone extinct in the past few centuries in India
The wildlife survey organizations namely  Botanical Survey of India (BSI) and International Union for Conservation Of Nature report was submitted by the Ministry of environment forest and climate change in Lok sabha stating that four species of fauna and 18 species of flora have gone extinct in India which is home to 11.5% of flora in the world.
i. Among mammals cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), pink headed duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea) and Himalayan quail (Ophrysia supercilious) have gone extinct.
ii. Among the 18 species of plants consisting of 4 non-flowering and 14 flowering plants, the notable ones which have gone extinct are Lastreopsis watti (a fern in Manipur) and three species from genus Ophiorrhiza.
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN),since 1750  more than double the number of plants in India have disappeared from the wild than birds, mammals and amphibians combined
Ministry of environment forest and climate change
♦ Minister responsible-  Prakash Javadekar
♦ Formed- 1985
♦ Headquarters-  New Delhi

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SPORTS

ICC officially launches WTC
On July 29, 2019, International Cricket Council (ICC) officially launched the inaugural World Test Championship (WTC). It will begin from August 1, 2019, where Australia and England will face each other in the Ashes. It will bring relevance and context to bilateral Test cricket over the next 2 years (2021).World Test ChampionshipKey Points:
i. WTC will comprise of the top 9 Test teams of the world- Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka and the West Indies.
ii. 71 Test matches will be played across 27 series over two years. The top two teams will contest in the ICC World Test Championship final from June 14-20, 2021 in the United Kingdom (UK).
iii. Points will be given for grabs during each match. Each team will play three home and three away series.
iv. Each series will count for 120 points, distributed over the number of matches in a series.
v. The matches will be played in the same format as bilateral series.
vi. The number of matches in each series can vary between a minimum of two matches to a maximum of five matches.
viii. The first cycle of the WTC consists of only five-day matches and will include day-night matches.
About ICC:
Motto: Cricket for good
Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Chairman: Shashank Manohar
CEO: Manu Sawhney

Overview of President’s Cup Boxing Tournament 2019
The 23rd President’s Cup Boxing Tournament for the year 2019 was held from July 22-29, 2019 in Labuan Bajo, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. It was organized by the city of Labuan Bajo and the Indonesian Boxing Association. The Indian boxers finished their campaign with 9 medals- 7 gold and 2 silver and bagged ‘Best Team’ award.President's Cup Boxing Tournament 2019 Winners
i. The six-time world champion MC Mary Kom, aged 36, (51kg) defeated Australia’s April Franks by 5-0 and won gold for India.
ii. 2018 World Championships bronze winner Simranjit Kaur (60kg) also won gold by defeating Indonesia’s Asian Games bronze medallist Hasanah Huswatun by 5-0.
iii. In 54kg, Assam’s Jamuna Boro defeated Italy’s Giulia Lamagna by 5-0 and clinched gold.
iv. In 48kg, Monika won gold by defeating Endang of Indonesia.
v. Among the men, 2017 Ulaanbaatar Cup gold medallist Ankush Dahiya (64kg), 2017 Simon Prestige Memorial tournament bronze medallist Neeraj Swami (49kg) and Ananta Pralhad Chopade (52kg) won gold medals for India.
vi. Former World Championships bronze medallist Gaurav Bidhuri lost to Indonesian Mandagie Jill in the 56kg and settled for silver.
vii. 2018 India Open silver medallist Dinesh Dagar lost to Indonesia’s Samada Saputra and settled for silver.
About President’s Cup Boxing Tournament:
The following was the Prize money given to each winner:
Gold medal- $500
Silver medal- $300
Bronze medal- $200
Team Champion- $5000

A 15-year-old Tamil Nadu girl Jerlin Anika wins Gold medal at 2nd World Deaf Youth Badminton Championships 2019
Tamil Nadu teenager J Jerlin Anika(15) has bagged 4 medals(1 gold,2 silver,1 bronze) in the 2nd  World Deaf Youth Badminton Championships 2019 held in Taipei, Taiwan.World Deaf Youth Badminton Championships 2019i. She got the victory over the top seed, Finja Rosendahl of Germany with (21-12, 21-13) points in the girls’ singles final event.
ii. The World Deaf Badminton Championships are organized by International Committee of Sports for the Deaf since 2003. They are held every four years.
iii. She won the two silver medals in the doubles and mixed doubles events in the Under-18 category.
iv. Anika is a 10th standard student in the Ouvaiyar government in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. She was a national champion among the women hearing impaired badminton players.

Former SC judge AK Sikri appointed as Ombudsman officer of Indian Federation of Sports Gaming
On July 29,2019, India’s first and only Sports Gaming self-regulatory industry body, Indian Federation of Sports Gaming (IFSG) has appointed former Supreme Court(SC) judge, Justice A. K. Sikri, as its ombudsman and Ethics Officer.AK Sikri Key points:
i. He will have the responsibility of investigating queries & complaints raised by the users of the online fantasy sports gaming platforms and provide strategic council, resolve disputes brought forward regarding binding rules or financial discrepancies as well as steer hearings and make announcements for smooth operation and ease of functioning.
ii. With Sikri as Ombudsman of IFSG, it will be able to frame strong industry benchmarks with great governance protecting its 8crore users and 32 operators interests and create standardized best practices.
iii. IFSG has already emerged as India’s 1st Gaming Unicorn (Dream11) and it has the great potential to reach over 10 crore users by 2020.
About IFSG:
♦ President
: John Loffhagen
♦ CEO: Anwar Shirpurwala

Patrice Evra, Former Manchester United and France defender announced retirement
French former professional footballer and a captain for both Manchester United and the France national team Patrice Evra (38) has announced his retirement from football.Patrice Evra Key points:
i. He hails from Dakar, Senegal played 81 times for France & over 700 appearances for eight different clubs, including Monaco and Juventus.
ii. He played 379 games for Manchester United between 2006 and 2014 before moving to Juventus.
iii. He won 5 Premier League titles, 2 Serie A titles and 1 Champions League.
iv. In February 2018, he was signed by West Ham and made his last appearance of his playing career for the Hammers in May 2018.

OBITUARY

The voice of Disney’s Minnie Mouse, Russi Taylor, passed away in Glendale, California, US
On July 26, 2019, Veteran actor Russi Taylor, who voiced Disney’s Minnie Mouse for more than 30 years, passed away in Glendale, California, US. She was 75. Born on May 4, 1944, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, she became the voice of Minnie Mouse in 1986.Russi TaylorKey Points:
i. She voiced for Martin Prince in The Simpsons, the cartoon character Strawberry Shortcake, Donald Duck’s nephews- Huey, Dewey and Louie, in the original “Ducktales” animated series and filled roles in “TaleSpin” and “Kim Possible.”
ii. She also played a part in different films and voiced for different TV shows & TV animated series.
iii. She was named a Disney Legend in 2008.
iv. She was nominated for Annie Awards in 2005 & 2007 and Emmy Awards in the year 2006, 2007 & 2018.

IMPORTANT DAYS

July 30 observed as World day against trafficking in persons
In order to raise awareness of the situation of victims of human trafficking and promotion and protection of their rights, the UN General Assembly designated July 30 as the World Day Against Trafficking In Persons. The theme for 2019 is “Human Trafficking: call your government to action”
i. People trafficked in own country has doubled to 58% according to the United Nations office on drugs and crime (UNODC) Global report 2018.
Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is a crime that exploits women children and men for several purposes including forced labour and sex. A total of 225000 victims of trafficking have been detected worldwide since 2003 according to UNODC.
The US department of state for the third consecutive year has ranked Bangladesh in tire 2 watchlist as it does not fully meet the minimum standards outlined in the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000.
Global action taken
Global action plan to combat trafficking in person was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2010. UN Voluntary Trust Fund for victims of trafficking to provide assistance and protection to the victims, was established by the plan.
The world adopted 2030 sustainable development agenda in September 2015 to set goals and targets on trafficking in persons.
UNODC
Headquarters- Vienna, Austria
Founded-  14 July 1997
Head –  Yuri Fedotov

STATE NEWS

J&K District Administration Udhampur launched helpline “Jeene Do”
Under the Centrally sponsored Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme,  Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) District Administration Udhampur launched a helpline, “Jeene Do” with an objective to improve sex ratio and deal with defaulters of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act 1994.
i. Mobile Number 9469793363 is dedicated to the public to register complaints.

Odisha Secretariat Renamed As ‘Lok Seva Bhawan’: Odisha CM
Odisha Chief Minister(CM) Naveen Patnaik stated that the state Government’s Secretariat or ‘Sachivalaya’ in Bhubaneswar has been renamed as Lok Seva Bhawan. He also stated that his government has enunciated 5T mantra (Technology, Teamwork, Transparency and Time leading to Transformation) to take the delivery of services and governance to the next level.Odisha Secretariat Renamed As ‘Lok Seva Bhawani. The state government is committed to maintaining transparency in administration and for that, the office of the Lokayukta has started functioning since March 20, 2019.
ii. The state government will give utmost importance to the Protection of women, children and weaker sections of the society. Financial assistance will be  provided to the poor and needy from the Chief Minister’s Relief Fund.
iii. Odisha Secretariat was inaugurated on November 12, 1959, by the then Home Minister Govind Ballabh Pant.
About Odisha:
♦ Capital: Bhubaneswar
♦ Governor: Ganeshi Lal
♦ National Parks: Bhitarkanika National Park ,Simlipal National Park 1
♦ Wildlife Sancturies: Badrama WLS,Baisipalli WLS ,Balukhand Konark WLS ,Bhitarkanika WLS, Chandaka Dampara WLS ,Chilika (Nalaban) WLS.

Karnataka assembly speaker K R Ramesh Kumar stepped down from his post
KR Ramesh Kumar, who was a speaker for the second time in Karnataka assembly announced his resignation after the House adopted confidence motion moved by Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa. He faced criticism over the recent fall of H.D Kumaraswamy’s govt.
Karnataka
♦ Capital- Bengaluru
♦ Chief minister- B.S. Yedayurappa
♦ Governor- Vajubhai Vala
♦ National parks- Bannerghatta national park, Bandipur national park, Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarhole) National park, Kudremukh national park
♦ Important rivers- Kaveri,krishna , Tungabhadra, sharavathi, Mandovi, chakra

TN celebrates ‘Hospital Day’ on July 30, 2019
On July 30, 2019, Government hospitals in Tamil Nadu (TN) celebrated its first ‘Hospital Day’ on the commemoration of the birth anniversary Muthulakshmi Reddy. She was one of India’s prominent successful woman doctors in the early 20th century and TN’s first woman legislator.
Key Points:
i. Born on July 30, 1886, in Pudukottai, TN, she was the founder of Adyar Cancer Institute in Chennai (1954). She died in 1968.
ii. The day is also observed to publicize services offered by the hospitals along with the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), donors social institutions and corporates offering corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds for the development of the hospitals.
iii. Google also dedicated its doodle to Muthulakshmi Reddy on her 133rd birth anniversary.
About Tamil Nadu:
Capital: Chennai
Chief Minister: Edappadi K. Palaniswami
Governor: Banwarilal Purohit
National Parks: Guindy National Park, Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park, Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park, Mudumalai National Park, Mukurthi National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries: Cauvery North WLS, Chitrangudi Bird WLS, Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) WLS, Kanyakumari WLS, Pulicat Lake WLS, Sakkarakottai WLS etc.

Powerful farmer leader & Senior BJP MP Vithalbhai Radadiya passes away
Former Member of Parliament (MP) from Porbandar in Gujarat Vithalbhai Radadiya passed away after a brief illness in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. He was 61.
i. He born on 8 November 1958, Rajkot, Gujarat considered as a famous farmers’ leader of Saurashtra, the 6 time MLA (Member of the Legislative Assembly) also served as a Minister in the Gujarat government.
ii. In 2009, he was elected to the Lok Sabha from Porbandar on a Congress ticket, before joining the BJP in 2013.
iii. Vithalbhai also served as a director of IFFCO (Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited) and was the chairman of the Rajkot District Co-operative Bank.

Veteran poet and lyricist M. K. Seetharam Kulal passed away
A renowned playwright, writer and former president of the Karnataka Tulu Sahitya Academy, M. K. Seetharam Kulal passed away after a brief illness in Bejai, Karnataka. He was 77.
i. Born in 1940, he was known for his work in the field of Tulu-Kannada dramas and also in the Tulu film world.
ii. He worked in an insurance firm & composed lyrics ‘Pakkilu Muji Onji Gududu’ and ‘Mokeda Singari’ for the popular Tulu film ‘Pagetha Puge’ in 1972.
iii. He received the “Ranga Kala Bhooshana” award for his contributions to Tulu literature.
iv. He joined Karnataka Tulu Sahitya Academy in 2005 & it presented the Tulu Academy Award for his work in Tulu theatre in 2015.
v. He has written Tulu language books ‘Mannda Magal Abbakka’ (Queen Abbakka: Daughter of the Soil) & ‘Darmogu Darmada Saval’ were published in 2007.

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