Current Affairs July 15 2019

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

High-Level Steering Committee set up by the Govt proposes to establish a National Digital Health Mission
On July 15, 2019, A high-level committee set up by the Union ministry of health and Family Welfare, Government of India has produced their report called ‘National Digital Health Blueprint’ was released by Health Minister Dr. Harshavardhan in New Delhi.
The committee proposed to form a National Digital Health Mission & both the centre and state Governments will be the owners and stakeholders in the new organization.
Key points:
i. Combined GST-N(Goods and Service Tax Network) and UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) models of the institutional structure has also been proposed by the committee. It has been put in the public domain for suggestions from all stakeholders, including common people.
ii. The central Government also proposes to implement the blueprint as part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of ‘New India’.
iii. The creation of health locker has also been proposed to the health ministry by a committee & suggested the government to provide a unique Personal Health Identity (PHI) number and password to each user for operating the digital health locker. With the availability of the digital health locker, patients won’t need to carry their medical records in any corner of the world.
iv. It also suggested the government to take stringent measures to save the data in the health locker. Currently, there is no strong law that could protect health data of people.

AIIMS along with Ministry of Health will lead the largest pan-India Oral Health Survey 2019
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Centre for Dental Education and Research (CDER) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health will undertake the largest nationwide Oral Health Survey 2019. It will collect data which will act as a baseline for planning preventive and treatment strategies.
Key Points:
i.Objective: To record specific, representative data on the most prevalent dental diseases in India like dental decay, gum diseases, dentofacial deformities, cancerous lesions, dental fluorosis and dental trauma among others.
ii.Committee: An expert committee consists of dentists representing various oral health specialities and health ministry officials. They met at the AIIMS to discuss sampling strategies, planning and timelines of the survey.
iii. Background: The last national-level survey was conducted in 2002.
iv. Functions: Collection of oral health data of the children in early years of life, assessment of prosthetic treatment needs in the geriatric groups considering the increasing life expectancy, the impact of traditional oral hygiene practices and high sugars diet on oral health.
v. Current status: Activities to enhance oral health outcomes of the population through education and awareness generation are underway as a part of the National Oral Health Programme.
About CDER:
Location: New Delhi
Chief: Dr O P Kharbanda

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

The city of Fuzhou (China) will host the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee in 2020
On July 9,2019, In the event of 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee meeting 2019 in Baku, Azerbaijan( June 30 to July 10,2019), the UNESCO(United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) announced that the Chinese city of Fuzhou will host the 44th  session of the World Heritage Committee in 2020.44th session of the World Heritage Committee in 2020Key points:
i. Tian Xuejun, Chinese Vice Minister of Education was elected as chairman of the 44th  session of the committee. The chairman of the 43rd session was Abulfas Garayev.
ii. During the meeting, the committee inscribed a total of 29 new sites on the World Heritage List (one in Africa, 2 in the Arab States, 10 in the Asia Pacific region, 15 in Europe and North America and one in Latin America).
iii. The pink city or Walled City of Jaipur of Rajasthan also featured in the prestigious list, which now features 1,121 sites in 167 countries.
iv. Addition &Removal: The sites of Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, Chile and Birthplace of Jesus: the Church of the Nativity and Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem, Palestine has been removed & The Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California, Mexico added to the List of World Heritage in Danger.
v. Dilmun Burial Mounds (Bahrain), the ancient Ferrous Metallurgy Sites of Burkina Faso and the iconic site of Babylon (Iraq), the centre of the neo-Babylonian Empire and the site of the Hanging Gardens(Iraq), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were also added in the list.
About UNESCO:
♦ Headquarters: Paris, France
♦ Director General: Audrey Azoulay
About China:
♦ Capital
: Beijing
♦ Currency: Renminbi
♦ President: Xi Jinping

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

Indian ship sails for Narayanganj in Bangladesh carrying cargo from Bhutan
The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) ship, MV AAI  flagged-off by Mansukh Mandaviya, Minister of State for Shipping (Independent Charge) and Chemical and Fertilisers, from Dhubri river port (Assam )to Narayanganj (Bangladesh), carrying 1000 MT of Bhutanese stone over river Brahmaputra, using Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route.
Key points:
i. Benefit: The environment-friendly mode of transport will cut short travel time by 8 to 10 days, reduce transportation cost by 30%, bringing down logistics costs & making it easier and cheaper to reach goods to North Eastern states from other parts of the country. In order to maintain the depth of water on this route, India will provide Rs 300 crore to Bangladesh for 5 years.
ii.Way forward:  This new development will strengthen the bilateral ties with the neighboring countries and it takes forward Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision to promote cargo transportation through inland waterways.
iii. Highlight: This is the first time that an Indian waterway is being used as a channel for transport of cargo between the two countries.
iv. Steps Taken: The central Government taking various measures include providing an assured depth of water in the channels, navigation aids like GPS(Global Positioning System) and River Information System, terminals at regular intervals, and facilities for mechanized cargo handling to increase the use of Inland Waterways and Coastal Shipping for greater cargo shipment.
v. Background: The stone aggregates were transported through the land by trucks from Phuentsholing in Bhutan, which is 160 kilometres from IWAI’s Dhubri jetty in Assam.70 trucks would be required to transport the 1000 MT of stones by road.
About Assam:
♦ Capital: Dispur
♦ Chief minister: Sarbananda Sonowal
♦ Governor: Jagdish Mukhi
About Bangladesh:
♦ Capital: Dhaka
♦ Currency: Bangladeshi Taka
♦ President: Abdul Hamid
Prime minister: Sheikh Hasina
About Bhutan:
♦ Capital: Thimphu
♦ Currency: Bhutanese ngultrum
♦ Prime Minister: Lotay Tshering

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Shah Rukh Khan to be conferred with an Honorary Doctorate by Melbourne’s La Trobe University
In recognition of the contributions and efforts towards underprivileged children, women’s empowerment through Meer Foundation and for the achievements in the Indian entertainment industry, Shah Rukh Khan, the Bollywood actor, will be felicitated with an Honorary Degree, Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) from Melbourne-based La Trobe University at the 10th edition of Indian Film Festival of Melbourne (IFFM) at Bundoora, Australia.SRKi. It will be held on August 9, 2019, where Mr. Khan will be the chief guest.
ii. It will be Khan’s first Australian University Award.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Senior BJP leader Kalraj Mishra appointed Himachal Governor & Acharya Devvrat moved to Gujarat
On July 15, 2019, Senior BJP leader and former Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME) Kalraj Mishra(78) appointed as the Governor of Himachal Pradesh, replacing Acharya Devvrat.Kalraj Mishra Devvrat (60) has been transferred and appointed as the Governor of Gujarat replacing Om Prakash Kohli who retires on 15 July 2019.
Both appointments will take effect from the dates they assume charge of their respective offices.
Key points:
i. Mishra was resigned as MSME minister from the Narendra Modi-led government(BJP) in 2017 after he crossed the age of 75, the BJP’s unofficial age limit for holding an elected post. In 2014, He was elected as an MP(Member of Parliament) in Lok Sabha elections from Deoria.
ii. Devvrat was appointed as Governor of Himachal Pradesh in 2015. He has been credited for taking concrete steps against a number of social evils, including drug abuse in the state.
iii. O.P.kohli served as a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1994 to 2000. He has been the president of the Delhi University Teacher’s Association (DUTA) and of the ABVP(Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad).
About Himachal Pradesh:
♦ Capital: Shimla
♦ Chief minister: Jai Ram Thakur
♦ National Parks: Great Himalayan National Park ,Pin Valley National Park, Inderkilla National Park , Khirganga National Park , Simbalbara National Park.
About Gujarat:
♦ Capital: Gandhinagar
♦ Chief minister: Vijay Rupani
♦ National Parks: Vansda National Park, Blackbuck National Park, , Gir Forest National Park, Marine National Park.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

India’s ambitious moon mission, Chandrayaan-2 called off due to technical glitch
India’s ambitious moon mission, Chandrayaan-2 has been called off due to a technical snag in just 56 minutes and 24 seconds before its scheduled launch. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) confirmed that the launch had been canceled after a technical snag was detected in one of the launch systems of the GSLVMkIII-M1 (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III).Chandrayaan-2 called offKey points:
i. ISRO aims to touch down on the South Pole of the Moon where no country had gone before and it will announce a new date for the next launch.
ii. GSLVMkIII-M1 is a three-stage vehicle with two solid motor strap-ons (S200), a liquid propellant core stage (L110) and a cryogenic stage (C-25).
iii. Chandrayaan-2 has three modules including an orbiter, a lander (Vikram), and a rover (Pragyan).
iv. Earlier ISRO called off the GSLV D-5 mission due to a leak in the fuel system of the launch vehicle during the filling up of the liquid propellant in 2014.
About ISRO:
♦ Headquarters: Bengaluru
♦ Founder: Vikram Sarabhai
♦ Founded: 15 August 1969
♦ Chairperson: Kailasavadivoo Sivan

First-ever image of quantum entanglement “Bell entanglement” unveiled by the physicists of Glasgow University
A team of physicists from the University of Glasgow has taken a photo of a strong form of quantum entanglement called Bell entanglement. It has captured visual evidence of an elusive phenomenon which a baffled Albert Einstein once called “spooky action at a distance”.
Key Points:
i. The photo points out two photons interacting and sharing physical states for a brief instant – an event that occurs regardless of the actual distance between the particles.
ii. This information was published in the paper titled ‘Imaging Bell-type nonlocal behavior’ in the journal Science Advances.
iii. The lead author of the paper is Dr. Paul-Antoine Moreau from the University of Glasgow’s School of Physics and Astronomy.

ENVIRONMENT

As per the first comprehensive survey of BSI, India is a home to 1256 species of orchid
The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) in its First Comprehensive Census of Orchids of India stated that the country has 1256 species of orchid or taxa. They belong to 155 genera and 388 species which are endemic to India. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) had unveiled the details of all species in the publication named “Orchids of India : A Pictorial Guide.
Key Points:
i. The publication is authored by Paramjit Singh, former director of BSI, A.A. Mao, Director of BSI, scientists S.S. Sprint, S.Okay. Singh, D.Okay. Agarwala and J.S. Jalal.
ii. Arunachal Pradesh with 612 species has the highest number of orchid species, followed by Sikkim with 560 species and Darjeeling, West Bengal with 479.
iii. The entire Orchid Family is listed under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) stating any trade of wild orchid is banned globally.
iv. They are classified into 3 forms:

  • Epiphytic: They are the plants growing on another plants together with rock boulders and sometimes termed lithophyte.
  • Terrestrial: They are the plants growing on land and climbers.
  • Mycoheterotrophic: They are the plants which derive nutrients from mycorrhizal fungi which are hooked up to the roots of a vascular plant.

vi. Out of the 60% orchids discovered in India, 757 species are epiphytic, 447 are terrestrial and 43 are mycoheterotrophic.
About BSI:
Headquarters: Kolkata, West Bengal
Founded: 13 February 1890
Parent Organization: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

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SPORTS

Overview of ICC Men’s World Cup 2019
The ICC Men’s World Cup 2019 was the 12th Cricket World Cup held in England and Wales from 30 May to 14 July 2019. It was administered by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
i. The Finals were held at the Lord’s Cricket Ground between New Zealand and England. England lifted the first World Cup title beating New Zealand on boundary count after both the match and the subsequent Super Over finished as ties.
ii. Kane Stuart Williamson of New Zealand was named as the Player of the Tournament with 578 runs who received the award from Indian legend Sachin Tendulkar.
iii. Ben Stokes of England was awarded the Man of the Match……………………………………Click here to Read more

Overview of 2019 Wimbledon Championships
The 2019 Wimbledon Championships was the 133rd edition, a grass court major Championship was the 3rd Grand Slam tournament of the year after the “Australian open” and “French open”. It consists of men’s (singles and doubles), women’s (singles and doubles), mixed doubles……………………………..Click here to Read more
Winners:

TitleWinnerRunner up
Men’s SinglesNovak Djokovic(Serbia)Roger federer(Switzerland)
Women’s SinglesSimona Halep(Romania)Serena Williams(United States of America)
Men’s DoublesJuan Sebastián Cabal (Colombia)
Robert Farah (Colombia)
Nicolas Mahut (France)
Édouard Roger-Vasselin (France)
Women’s DoublesHsieh Su-wei (Chinese Taipei)
Barbora Strýcová (Czech Republic )
Gabriela Dabrowski (Canada)
Xu Yifan (China)
Mixed DoublesIvan Dodig (Croatia)
Latisha Chan (Chinese Taipei)
Robert Lindstedt (Sweden)
Jeļena Ostapenko (Latvia)

Hima Das bagged her 3rd international gold within two weeks at the Kladno Memorial Athletics Meet 2019 in Czech Republic
Star Indian sprinter Hima Das (24) from Assam clinched her 3rd international gold within two weeks in women’s 200m race with a time of 23.43 seconds and Muhammed Anas Yahiya (Kerala) also won gold in the men’s 400m with the time of 45.21 seconds at the Kladno Memorial Athletics Meet 2019 in Czech Republic.Hima Das Key points:
i. Das won her second 200m gold in women’s 200m race with a time of 23.97 secondsat the Kutno Athletics Meet 2019 in Poland on July 8,2019.
ii. She won the 1st 200m race gold at the Poznan Athletics Grand Prix with the time of 23.65 sec  in Poland on July 2,2019.
iii. Other winners at Kladno Memorial:

  • In men’s javelin final, the Indian trio Vipin Kasana(82.51m), Abhishek Singh(77.32m ) and Davinder Singh (76.58m ) claimed top three spots.
  • In men’s shot put event, Tejinder Pal Singh Toor won the bronze medal with a best throw of 20.36m.
  • In the women’s 400m race, V K Vismaya win the ‘A’ race with the time of 52.54 seconds & Saritaben came third with the time of 53.37 seconds.

Sreeshankar wins gold at Tatyana Kolpakova International Athletics meet 2019 at Bishkek,Kyrgyzstan
On July 13, 2019, Kerala long jumper, M.Sreeshankar (20) has won the long jump gold in Men’s triple jump with 7.97m at the XXII Tatyana Kolpakova international athletics meet 2019 in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan from 13th July to 14th July 2019.SreeshankarKey points:
i. He has the national record with 8.20m in 2018. He also won the Federation Cup with 7.99 metres.
ii. Here’s the look at the other winners and their medals

WinnersMedal won
Sahil SilwalMen’s javelin throw(Gold)
Archana SuseentranWomen’s 100m race(Gold)
Lili DasWomen’s 400m race(Gold)
Harsh KumarMen’s 400m race (Gold)
Jisna MathewWomen’s 400m(Silver)
About Kyrgyzstan:
Capital
: Bishkek
Currency: Kyrgyzstani som
President: Sooronbay Jeenbekov

Lewis Hamilton won record sixth British Grand Prix at the Silverstone Circuit in Silverstone, United Kingdom
On July 14, 2019, Lewis Hamilton of Mercedes won record sixth British Grand Prix at the Silverstone Circuit in Silverstone, United Kingdom. He hailed from the United Kingdom.British Grand Prixi. Mercedes, Valtteri Bottas attained the second position, and Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc attained the third position in the Grand Prix.

OBITUARY

Fernando Corbato, the inventor of computer password passed away at 93
Prominent American computer scientist, credited with inventing the computer password, Fernando J. Corbato passed away at Newburyport in Massachusetts, U.S as a result of complications caused by diabetes. He was 93.Fernando CorbatoKey points:
i. He was a professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and he credited for devising the concept of password-protected user accounts to secure access to files on a large computer system.
ii. In 1990, he received the A. M. Turing Award, widely considered the computing field’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize.
iii. He is also a pioneer in the development of time-sharing operating systems known as MIT Compatible Time-Sharing System.

Veteran Malayalam cinematographer M J Radhakrishnan passed away in Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram), Kerala
On July 12, 2019,  Malayalam cinematographer M J Radhakrishnan passed away at the age of 60 in Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram), Kerala due to cardiac arrest. He hailed from Punalur, Kerala.M J Radhakrishnan passed awayKeyPoints:
i. His films have been screened at several prominent film festivals around the world including Cannes, Toronto, Chicago, Rhode Island, and Rotterdam. One of his works, Marana Simhasanam (English: Throne of Death; French: Le Trone de la mort), won Camra d’Or (Golden Camera Award) in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival.
ii. Beginning his film career he worked as an assistant to ace filmmaker and cinematographer Shaji N.Karun.
Awards Received :
i. He won Kerala State Award for Best Cinematography seven time for the movie Deshadanam in 1996, Karunam in 1999, Adayalangal, Ottakkayyan in 2007, Bioscope in 2008, Veettilekkulla Vazhi in 2010, Akasathinte Niram in 2011, Kaadu Pookkunna Neram in 2016.
ii. He won seven international awards which are,

  • 2008: South Asian International Film Festival-Best Cinematographer – Bioscope
  • 2011: Zanzibar International Film Festival-SIGNIS Award for Cinematography – Veettilekkulla Vazhi
  • 2013: Oaxaca FilmFest-Global Feature Section- Outstanding achievement in Cinematography/Mención honorífica major fotografía – Papilio Buddha
  • 2015: Kazan International Film Festival, Russia -Best Cinematographer – Perariyathavar
  • 2016: Indian International film festival Queensland, Australia -Best Cinematographer – Valiya Chirakulla Pakshikal
  • 2017: Indian International film festival Queensland, Australia -Best Cinematographer – Sound of Silence (2017 film).

IMPORTANT DAYS

World Youth Skills Day 2019 observed on July 15
World Youth Skills Day (WYSD) was observed on July 15, 2019. It is celebrated to create awareness on the importance of investing in youth skills development. The theme for the year is “Learning to learn for life and work”.World-Youth-Skills-Day-2019-1024x488Key Points:
i. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had declared July 15 as WYSD in November 2014.  As a part of the celebration, an exhibit entitled “Inspiring youth and improving perception for skills” held between 9-18 July 2019 at the Vienna Café Corridor in the UN Headquarters, New York. It was organized by WorldSkills and UNESCO, in partnership with the Permanent Missions of Sri Lanka and Portugal.
ii. On this occasion, a video campaign was launched where skilled people need to share in a 1-minute video depicting what motivated them to learn a skill, what they learned about themselves in the process, and how they continue to master their skills every day.
WYSD in India
i. On the occasion of WYSD, National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) partnered with Canada-based BetterU to provide opportunities for India’s youth to gain access to learning at affordable prices.
ii. Aim is to integrate NSDC’s current solutions and technologies and collaborate with its partners to strengthen current systems.
iii. The fourth anniversary of the Skill India Mission was also observed with the main function held in New Delhi.
About UNGA:
Headquarters: New York, US
President: María Fernanda Espinosa (73rd session), Prof. Tijjani Muhammad Bande (designated for the 74th session, September 2019)
About Skill India Mission:
♦ It is also knowns as the National Skill Development Mission.
♦ It was launched on July 15, in 2015.

STATE NEWS

Chandrakant Kavlekar sworn in as the new Deputy CM of Goa
On July 13, 2019, After 10 Congress Members of Legislative Assembly (MLA) joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), in a cabinet reshuffle, the Chief Minister of Goa Pramod Sawant of BJP inducted 4 new ministers in the Goa Cabinet. Governor Mridula Sinha administered the oath of office and secrecy to the new ministers at a ceremony held at Raj Bhavan, Goa.Chandrakant Kavlekari. He appointed Chandrakant Kavlekar as the new Deputy Chief Minister of Goa. He was the leader of the opposition party.
ii. Michael Lobo, who resigned as the deputy speaker of Goa Assembly, Jennifer Monserratte, and Philip Neri Rodrigues were also sworn in as the Ministers.

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