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Current Affairs 18 October 2022

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Railway Minister Inaugurates India’s First Aluminium Freight Rake in OdishaRailway Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw inaugurates India’s First Aluminum Freight Rake at Bhubaneswar Railway StationOn 16th October 2022 Union Minister for Railways Ashwini Vaishnaw flagged off 61- wagon aluminium rakes, 61 BOBRNALHSM1, India’s first indigenously built Aluminium Freight Rake at Bhubaneswar Railway Station, Odisha that will carry coal for Hindalco’s Aditya Smelter in Lapanga, Odisha with Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh as its destination.

  • This has been developed with the aim to modernise freight transportation and also to reduce the carbon footprint.

Key highlights:
i.The Aluminium Freight Rake is fully designed and developed indigenously in collaboration with Research Design and Standards Organisation (RDSO), Hindalco Industries Limited  and Besco Wagon and also 100 percent recyclable.

  • They were built at Hindalco’s state-of-the-art rolling facility in Hirakud, Odisha with fully Lockbolted construction mechanism with no welding.

ii.These rakes are 3.25 tons lower than normal steel rakes, which has 180 tonnes of extra carrying capacity, resulting in 5-10 percent more payload, with relatively negligible wear and tear to rolling stock and rails.
iii.A single aluminium rake can reduce 14,500 tonnes of Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions during its lifetime, with less energy consumption and a greater carrying capacity.
iv.The aluminium is preferred for metro trains worldwide for their durability, passenger safety and lower maintenance cost due to higher corrosion and abrasion resistance.
Note – The freight sector in India is expected to grow at more than 7 percent Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) to 15-billion tonnes by 2050.

PM Narendra Modi dedicates 75 Digital Banking Units to nationPM Modi dedicates 75 Digital Banking Units to nationi.On October 16, 2022, the Prime Minister (PM) of India Narendra Modi dedicated 75 Digital Banking Units (DBUs) across 75 districts to the nation via video conferencing to ensure the benefits of digital banking reach every corner of India.
ii.These DBUs were also during the FY23 budget by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman to commemorate 75 years of India’s Independence.
iii.These are set up by Commercial banks (other than regional rural banks, payment banks and local area banks) with past digital banking experience are permitted to open DBUs in tier 1 to tier 6 centres.
iv.Setting up of DBUs is a joint initiative of the Central Government, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Indian Banks Association (IBA) and the participating Commercial banks (other than regional rural banks, payment banks and local area banks) with past digital banking experience are permitted to open DBUs in tier 1 to tier 6 centres.
About Indian Banks Association (IBA):
Chief Executive Officer (CEO)– Sunil Mehta
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
>> Read Full News

NSO Report: AP Emerges Top Performer in Agriculture & Allied GVOAndhra Pradesh top performer in agri and allied GVOAccording to a report released by the National Statistical Office (NSO) under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoS&PI), Andhra Pradesh (AP) emerged as the top performer in agriculture & allied Gross Value Output (GVO).

  • The report focuses on the value of output from agriculture, forestry and fishing sectors.

With a total GVO of Rs.2,03,638.5 crore in the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sectors over the nine years to 2019–20, Andhra Pradesh has witnessed 92.4% growth.
i.Andhra Pradesh (AP) experienced the highest growth in agricultural and allied GVO, while its growth in crops (agriculture and commercial) was 48.1% at Rs.80,710.41 crore in 2019-20, compared to Rs. 54,555.89 crore in 2011-12.

  • In terms of fishing & aquaculture, AP recorded a significant rise of over 300% from Rs. 14,208.37 crore in 2011–12 to Rs. 58,689.24 crore in 2019–20.
  • Top 5 states – Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, and Tamilnadu are the top five states with higher GVO.

About Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI):
Ministers of State (Independent Charge) – Rao Inderjit Singh (Gurugram Constituency – Haryana)
>> Read Full News

MYAS, FSSAI & NFSU signs MoU for setting up testing facility for Dietary SupplementsSports ministry, FSSAI and NFSU sign MoU for setting up testing facility for dietary supplementsOn 15th October 2022, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS), the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) and the National Forensic Sciences University (NFSU) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up the testing facility for dietary supplements at the NFSU, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

  • It is one of the 1st steps by the Government to achieve the goal of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’.

The MoU was signed by Vimal Anand, Director of the Department of Sports, MYAS; Sweety Behra, Director of FSSAI; and C.D. Jadeja, Executive Registrar of NFSU.

  • Sujata Chaturvedi, Secretary of the Department of Sports, MYAS; Ritu Sain, Director General of NADA; other officers of the Ministry, FSSAI and NFSU were present during the signing.

Key Highlights:
i. The MoU is to benefit the athletes and athlete-support personnel by educating and spreading awareness about inadvertent doping due to prohibited substances present in nutritional supplements.
ii. The facility being established at NFSU will help the stakeholders, not only in the country but also in the entire region.
iii. This is considered an important step forward in implementing the recently enacted National Anti-Doping Act, 2022,  by the Government of India (GOI).

  • The Act’s important feature is the adoption of the best practices for nutritional supplements to save sportspersons from inadvertent doping.

i. Dietary Supplements are the substances used to add nutrients to the diet which include vitamins, minerals, herbs or other dietary ingredients.
ii. Nutritional supplements can contain unlabeled substances that are on the List of Prohibited Substances as published annually by the World Anti‐Doping Agency (WADA).

  • The presence of undeclared compounds in the composition of Dietary Supplements is a serious concern.

iii. Currently, there is no testing facility is available in India for ensuring the absence of Prohibited substances in dietary supplements.
iv. To ensure the quality of Dietary Supplements for sportspersons, a major step has been taken to create a testing facility at the National Forensic Science University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, in collaboration with the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
About Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports:
Union Minister – Anurag Singh Thakur (Constituency- Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh)
Minister of State(MoS)- Nisith Pramanik

Garuda Aerospace & Lockheed Martin CDL Signs MoU to Collaborate on DronesGaruda Aerospace, Lockheed Martin CDL ink drone dealGaruda Aerospace Private Limited and Lockheed Martin Canada CDL Systems have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to integrate Garuda Aerospace’s Made-In-India drones with Lockheed Martin Canada CDL Systems’ advanced uncrewed aerial systems (UAS) software solutions for defence and commercial purposes.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched 100 Garuda drones in 100 locations across India and Mahendra Singh Dhoni became its brand ambassador.

Key highlights:
i.Under the partnership, both the companies will work towards building strong data processing capability and co-develop algorithms for drone-based applications for sectors including defence, agriculture, mining, large-scale mapping and industrial inspection.
ii.The Uncrewed Systems are aerial, terrestrial, or marine vehicles and its related parts, similar to sensors and communications software programs that can execute data-collection missions without any human presence.

  • Drones fall under the aerial class of unscrewed systems and so UAS software program options are required for its functions.

i.These drones will be able to provide better and high-speed connectivity in villages with access to electricity for a limited number of hours a day.

  • The banks and institutions like schools and colleges will now be able to make use of high-speed internet for transactions and education or training purposes.
  • The drones will continue to serve the agricultural sector and also help in surveillance.

ii.The vision of the partnership to launch 25,000 such drones in 2022, 1 lakh drones in 2023 and 1 drone to each village by 2024-25.
i.Garuda is also working with HiiLSE Drones, a Malaysian drone company, to set up a drone factory in Malaysia.
ii.In August 2022, Garuda announced a partnership with Harare Institute of Technology and Nyangani Virtual University to offer drones-as-a-service (DraaS) to the agriculture sector in Zimbabwe.
About Garuda Aerospace Private Limited:
Founder & Chief Executive Officer (CEO) – Agnishwar Jayaprakash
Headquarters – Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Establishment – 2015


Global Hunger Index 2022: India slips six places, ranked 107 of 121 countriesGlobal Hunger Index 2022

i.The 15th Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022 was released in which India slipped 6 places to rank at 107th out of 121 countries with a score of 29.1. The level of hunger in India is rated as ‘serious’.
ii.In 2021, India ranked 101 out of 116 countries. In 2020, it was placed at 94th position.
iii.GHI is a peer-reviewed annual report since 2000 measuring and tracking hunger at the global, regional, and country levels.. It is jointly published by European NGOs (Non Governmental Organizations) Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe.
iv.South Asia is the region with the world’s highest hunger level, has the highest child stunting rate and highest child wasting rate in the world.
v.In Asia, Afghanistan with a rank of 109 is the only country behind India.
Static: India’s Initiatives to Eradicate Hunger/Malnutrition:
PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PM-GKAY), Eat Right India Movement, POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) Abhiyan, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Food Fortification, National Food Security Act, 2013, Mission Indradhanush, Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme
>> Read Full News

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2022: Number of Poor People in India Fell by About 415 Million Between 2005-06 & 2019-21   Number of poor people in India fell by about 415 million between 2005-06 and 2019-21, a ‘historic change’ UNAccording to the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2022, which is titled “Unpacking Deprivation Packages to Reduce Multidimensional Poverty”, 415 million people in India have been able to liberate from poverty over a 15-year period between 2005–2006 and 2019–21, which is a “historic change.”

  • The report is based on India’s 2020 population data.

The report was released by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) at the University of Oxford.
The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is a significant global resource that assesses acute multidimensional poverty in over 100 developing countries.
i.Despite the fact that child poverty decreased more quickly in absolute terms, there were still 97 million poor children in India in 2019–21 (or 21.8% of all children aged 0–17).
ii.Nearly 415 million people in India escaped poverty in the 15 years preceding the COVID-19 pandemic, with 275 million achieving it between 2005/2006 and 2015/2016, and 140 million achieving it between 2015/2016 and 2019/2021.
iii.According to data from the 2019–2021 Demographic and Health Survey, an estimated 16.4% of Indians live in poverty, with an average level of 42 %.
About United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
Administrator– Achim Steiner
Headquarters– New York, New York, United States
>> Read Full News

UNDRR & WMO Report: Half the Countries in the World have no Early Warning Systems

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) have launched a report titled “Global Status of Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems – Target G” on the occasion of  International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction(13th October 2022). The report warns that around half of the countries in the world do not have Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems(MHEWS).

  • Less than half(50%) of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and only one-third(33%) of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are equipped with MHEWS.

Note: WMO is spearheading an initiative of the United Nations on Early Warnings for All in the next 5 years.
About the Report: 
i.The joint report of UNDRR-WMO assesses the global status of MHEWS against Target G of the Sendai Framework: Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi‑hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.
ii.The report is based on the data which shows that countries with limited early warning coverage have high mortality rates, 8 times higher than countries with substantial to comprehensive coverage, during disasters.
iii.The analysis was made with data from the Sendai Framework Monitor (SFM), an online tool on which the member countries report their progress on the targets outlined in The Sendai Framework (2015-2030).
Key Points:
i.The report highlights that LDCs, SIDS, and countries in Africa need the most investments to increase early warning coverage and adequately protect them against disasters.
ii.A limitation on the survey highlighted that numerous countries may have a working MHEWS, but they might have not officially reported it to SFM.
Under the UNDRR checklist, 4 items are listed to ensure that an early warning system is up to the mark. They are,

  • Risk knowledge;
  • Technical monitoring and warning service;
  • Communication and dissemination of warnings;
  • Community response capability

Common Alerting Protocol & Internet Access:
i.The Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) is a process for disseminating alerts on impending disasters.
ii.According to the survey, Almost half of the countries(48%) have reported that they have followed the CAP as part of their dissemination schemes. This involves emergency messaging on the internet, broadcast and cellular services.
iii.A study stated that a third of the world’s population does have a stable internet connection and in Africa, around 18% of the population does not have a mobile broadband network.
iv.17% of the people living in least developed and landlocked developing countries lacks access to mobile internet.
About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR):
UNDRR(formerly United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Secretariat (UNISDR)) is the UN focal point for disaster risk reduction.
Head of UNDRR– Mami Mizutori
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland


Foreign investment in India may reach $475 b in next five years: CII-EY ReportForeign investment in India may reach $475 b in next five yearsAccording to a report by the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and EY (Ernst and Young) titled ‘Vision—Developed India: Opportunities and Expectations of MNCs’, India has the potential to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows of USD 475 billion in the next 5 years.

  • This is due to the focus on reforms and economic growth.

Key Points:
i.In FY2021-22, India received FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflow of USD 84.8 billion despite the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical developments on investment sentiment.
ii.71% of MNCs (Multinational Companies) working in India considers the country an important destination for their global expansion.
iii.A majority of MNCs feel that the Indian economy will perform better in 3-5 years. 96% of respondents are positive about overall India’s potential.
iv.Over 60% of MNCs in the report stated improvement in the business environment in the last three years.
v.It should be noted that India emerged as the fifth largest economy in the world. It is projected to grow and become the fourth largest economy by overtaking Germany in 2025 and third largest, after the US and China, in 2027 by overtaking Japan.        


Paytm Payments Bank appoints Deependra Singh Rathore as Interim CEO 

Paytm Payments Bank Limited (PPBL), an Indian payments bank, has appointed Deependra Singh Rathore as the interim Chief Executive Officer (CEO), in addition to his role as Chief Product & Technology Officer (CPTO).

  • The bank will announce the name of the new full-time CEO after receiving regulatory approvals.
  • Satish Gupta, who was the bank’s CEO, is set to retire in October 2022.

Key Points:
i. Paytm Payments Bank strengthens its leadership with seasoned executives from the banking and financial services industry.
ii. The bank additionally appointed Sunil Chander Sharma, a former IRS officer as the new chief operating officer (COO) to oversee the customer support, retail operations, legal and Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA) and Human Resources and Administration for the company.
iii. The bank is focused on the best technology-driven banking to drive financial inclusion.
Note: On 16th October 2022, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 75 digital banking units across the states. It means the more banking units the country has, the more transactions will take place.
About Paytm Payments Bank Limited:
Chairman- Vijay Shekhar Sharma
Headquarters- Noida, Uttar Pradesh
Commenced Operations- 2017                 


Toyota Introduces India’s First Flex Fuel-Strong Hybrid Electric VehicleToyota launches India's first flex fuel-strong hybrid electric vehicle

Union Minister Nitin Gadkari, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH), unveiled Japanese car maker Toyota’s first-of-its-kind pilot project Flex Fuel-Strong Hybrid Electric Vehicle (FFV-SHEV) in India, which can run on 100 % ethanol.

  • The Toyota Corolla Altis FFV-SHEV, which was imported from Toyota Brazil for the pilot project, was unveiled during the launch.

Key Points:
i.The Corolla Altis FFV-SHEV was launched as a pilot vehicle in India to evaluate the Bharat Stage VI (BS -VI)  compliant FFV-SHEV technology.
ii.An FFV-SHEV has a flex-fuel engine and an electric powertrain.

  • Due to its ability to operate in its EV mode for a significant period while the engine is off, this system extends the benefits of higher ethanol use and greater fuel efficiency.

About Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH):
Union Minister – Nitin Jairam Gadkari (Nagpur, Maharashtra)
>> Read Full News

China Launches First Solar Observatory to Solve Mystery of Sun’s Eruptions

China launched its first Advanced Space-based Solar Observatory (ASO-S), nicknamed Kuafu-1 to unravel the mysteries of the Sun. It was launched on a Long March 2D rocket from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre, Mongolia.

  • The rocket has entered into the orbit for a 4-year mission.
  • The ASO-S mission was started in 2012 with a financial outlay of USD 140 million.

Key highlights:
i.Kuafu-1 was launched to study the Sun’s magnetic field, solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and is expected to send 500GB of data daily to ground stations in China’s Sanya, Kashgar, and Beijing.
ii.The satellite has been placed to synchronous orbit 720 kilometres (about 450 miles) above Earth’s surface, where it will permanently face the Sun except for a few minutes from May to August.
iii.This is capable of probing the Sun 24 hours daily and its longest daily time-out is no more than 18 minutes each day from May to August.

  • During periods of solar eruption, the Kuafu-1 can send pictures to ground stations every second.

The Kuafu-1 is a 888kg (1957.7 pound) satellite that is equipped with a Full-disk MagnetoGraph (FMG), for measuring vector magnetic field; Lyman-alpha Solar Telescope (LST) for measuring the light near Sun’s corona in the ultraviolet (UV) and visible light wavelengths that are known as the Lyman-alpha bandwidth and Hard X-ray Imager (HXI), will detect high-energy radiation during solar flares.
Note – ASO-S (or Kuafu-1) joins NASA’s Parker Solar Probe, the 1st spacecraft to touch the Sun and the European Space Agency’s Solar Orbiter that are already in orbit.


Cricket: India Wins Women’s Asia Cup 2022 defeating Sri Lanka; India won their 7th Asia CupIndia romp to seventh Women's Asia Cup titleIndian Women’s cricket team captained by Harmanpreet Kaur has won the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) Women’s Twenty20 (T20) Asia Cup 2022 by 8 wickets defeating the Sri Lanka women’s team captained by Chamari Athapaththu in the final match held in Sylhet International Cricket Stadium in Sylhet, Bangladesh.

  • Bangladesh hosted 8th edition of the Women’s Asia Cup tournament 2022 which was held from 1st to 15th October 2022.
  • This marks India’s 7th Asian Cup title. India has won 7 of 8 Asian Cups so far. In 2018 India lost the Asia Cup to Bangladesh.

ACC Women’s Asia Cup is a women’s One Day International(ODI) and T20 International cricket tournament.
Initially, held as a 50-over tournament between 2004 and 2008, the Asia Cup moved to the T20 format in 2012.
The participants of the ACC Women’s Asia Cup 2022 were India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and United Arab Emirates(UAE).
This is the debut tournament of UAE.
Key Points:
Sri Lanka won the toss and chose to bat first and scored 65/9 in 20 overs. India chased the target and scored 71/2 in 8.3 overs.Smriti Mandhana and Harmanpreet Kaur remained unbeaten at 51 and 11 respectively.

  • India’s Deepti Sharma was adjudged the “Player of the Tournament”, as she picked up 13 wickets and Renuka Singh of India was adjudged as the Player of the Match(Final) for her bowling performance in the Women’s Asia Cup final.

Awards and Prize money:

  • Winners of the Tournament- India – USD 20000 (Rs 16,48,000)
  • Runner-up of the tournament – Sri Lanka – USD 12500 (Rs 10,30,000)
  • Player of the Match(Final)- Renuka Singh – USD 1000 (Rs 82,000)
  • Player of the tournament- Deepti Sharma – USD 2000(Rs 1,64,000)

i.Jemimah Rodrigues of India finished the tournament as the leading run scorer with 217 runs followed by Harshitha Madavi of Sri Lanka. She also scores the most Fifties (2) during the event.
ii.Safali Verma of India has scored the most number of sixes during the tournament.
iii.Harshitha Madavi of Sri Lanka has become the highest scorer of the tournament.
iv.Deepti Sharma of India and Inoka Ranaweera of Sri Lanka finished the tournament at 13 wickets each and Deepti took the top position due to a stronger bowling average.
About Asian Cricket Council (ACC):
The ACC was formed in New Delhi, Delhi(India) on the 19th of September 1983,
President– Jay Shah
Headquarters– Dubai, United Arab Emirates(UAE)

Qatar Hosts 2023 AFC Asian Cup; India & Saudi Arabia Shorlisted for 2027 AFC Asian Cup

The 2023 Asian Cup, the quadrennial international men’s football championship of Asia organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) will be hosted by Qatar for the 3rd time.

  • Qatar is the first country to host the AFC Asian Cup for third time, previously the country had hosted the events in 1988 and 2011.

Key highlights:
i.Qatar has won the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, the 17th edition of the tournament, which was hosted by the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
ii.India and Saudi Arabia have presented the bid to host the 2027 Asian Cup and Qatar has withdrawn its bid for 2027, after the announcement of 2023 Asian Cup.
iii.The AFC Asian Cup is held every 4 years and 2023 AFC Asian Cup is the 18th edition of the series that starts from 20th November 2023.
About Asian Football Confederation (AFC):
President – Shaikh Salman bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa
Headquarters – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia



International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2022- October 17International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 17 Oct 2022The United Nations (UN)’s International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is annually observed across the globe on October 17  to highlight the issues of poverty, hunger, and violence.

  • The day is to raise awareness about the global issue of poverty and how it is a violation of human rights and human dignity.
  • 2022 marks the 35th anniversary of the World Day to Overcome Extreme Poverty and the 30th anniversary of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.

i. The theme of International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2022 is “Dignity For All in Practice”.
ii. The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty was 1st observed on 17th October 1987. More than a hundred thousand people gathered at the Trocadéro in Paris, France, where the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed in 1948.

  • It was declared that poverty is a violation of a person’s human rights and affirmed the need to come together and ensure that these rights are respected.

iii. The UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution A/RES/47/196 on 22nd December 1992 and declared October 17 of every year as International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.
About the United Nations (UN): 
Secretary-General- António Guterres
Member states- 193
Headquarters- New York, United States of America (USA)
Establishment- 1945
>> Read Full News

World Food Day 2022 – 16th OctoberWorld Food Day 2022United Nations(UN)’s World Food Day is annually observed across the globe on 16th October to focus on the millions of people across the globe who cannot afford a healthy diet and to highlight the need for regular access to nutritious food.
The observance of World Food Day is annually led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(FAO). 
The theme of World Food Day is “Leave no one Behind”.
World Food Day was established during the 20th session of the Conference of FAO (1970) held in Rome, Italy.
The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/35/70 on 5th December 1980 and proclaimed the 16th October of every year as World Food Day.

  • The first ever World Food day was observed on 16th October 1981.

About Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(FAO):
Director-General– QU Dongyu
Headquarters– Rome, Italy
>> Read Full News

World Trauma Day 2022 – October 17World Trauma Day - October 17 2022World Trauma Day is annually observed across the globe on October 17 to raise awareness about trauma and educate people on ways to address traumatic incidents and deaths.
i. World Trauma Day was created in New Delhi, Delhi (India), in 2011. In India, more than 400 people die every day due to road accidents.
ii. World Trauma Day is observed on Bone and Joint Action Week which is annually observed from October 12 to October 20.
iii. During Bone and Joint Action Week 5 special days are observed, they are

  • October 12 – World Arthritis Day
  • October 16 – World Spine Day
  • October 17 – World Trauma Day
  • October 19 – World Pediatric Bone and Joint (PB&J) Day
  • October 20 – World Osteoporosis Day

i. Trauma means “any injury caused to the body”. It is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape, or natural disaster.

  • The leading trauma across the world is Road Traffic Accidents (RTA).

ii. According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), in India, about 1,37,000 people died in road accidents in 2013.
iii. Traumatic injuries have caused more deaths to people below the age of 45 than malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis
iv. Over 9% of deaths around the world are caused by traumatic injuries and World Trauma Day observations seek to lower these rates.
Road Traffic Accidents in India: 
i. According to a report released by the NCRB, the number of traffic-related accidents in 2021 has risen by 14.6% to 4,22,659.
ii. Road accident has been rose by 13.6 %  to 4,03,116 compared to the previous year. These road accidents took 1,55,622 lives while 3,71,884 people were left injured. The fatality rate is the highest in the last five years.


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S.noCurrent Affairs 18 October 2022
1Railway Minister Inaugurates India’s First Aluminium Freight Rake in Odisha
2PM Narendra Modi dedicates 75 Digital Banking Units to nation
3NSO Report: AP Emerges Top Performer in Agriculture & Allied GVO
4MYAS, FSSAI & NFSU signs MoU for setting up testing facility for Dietary Supplements
5Garuda Aerospace & Lockheed Martin CDL Signs MoU to Collaborate on Drones
6Global Hunger Index 2022: India slips six places, ranked 107 of 121 countries
7Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2022: Number of Poor People in India Fell by About 415 Million Between 2005-06 & 2019-21
8UNDRR & WMO Report: Half the Countries in the World have no Early Warning Systems
9Foreign investment in India may reach $475 b in next five years: CII-EY Report
10Paytm Payments Bank appoints Deependra Singh Rathore as Interim CEO
11Toyota Introduces India’s First Flex Fuel-Strong Hybrid Electric Vehicle
12China Launches First Solar Observatory to Solve Mystery of Sun’s Eruptions
13Cricket: India Wins Women’s Asia Cup 2022 defeating Sri Lanka; India won their 7th Asia Cup
14Qatar Hosts 2023 AFC Asian Cup; India & Saudi Arabia Shorlisted for 2027 AFC Asian Cup
15International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2022- October 17
16World Food Day 2022 – 16th October
17World Trauma Day 2022 – October 17