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Current Affairs 1 July 2021

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We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 1 July 2021, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2021 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

States, UTs to Implement ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ by July 31, 2021: Supreme Court OrderImplement ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ by July 31On June 29, 2021, The Supreme Court(SC) directed States and Union Territories (UT) to extend the implementation of the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ scheme (ONORC) by July 31, 2021, to ensure food security, cash transfers and other welfare measures for migrant workers under COVID-19.

  • The bench of justices Ashok Bhushan and M R Shah mentioned the difficulties faced by 38 crore migrant workers around India, who form one-fourth of the country’s population during the second wave of COVID-19 due to lack of ration cards.
  • It also directed that the process of registration of the unorganised labourers / migrant workers be completed at the earliest, but not later than December 31, 2021.

Highlights of the SC orders:
i.Hence the SC insisted on the need for the ONORC scheme as it will enable the migrant workers to get ration at the place of their work i.e. in other states where they won’t be having a registered ration card.
ii.The SC ordered the State governments to frame schemes to distribute dry ration to migrant workers by July 31, 2021, and ordered the Centre to supply whatever additional quantity of food grains a State is demanding.
iii.The SC ordered the Labour Ministry to complete the work of the National Database for Unorganised Workers (NDUW) portal to register and identify migrant workers and unorganised labourers to ensure their rights, welfare and food security.
iv.The court has also directed the States/UTs to register establishments and license contractors under the Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979.
About ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ (ONORC) scheme:
i.It was started in June 2019 to enable migrant workers and their family members to buy subsidised ration from any fair price shop anywhere in the country under the National Food Security Act(NFSA), 2013.
ii.As of March 2021, 17 states have implemented the scheme, the 4 States/UT (Assam, Chhattisgarh, Delhi & West Bengal) were not yet covered under the scheme.
iii.ONORC is based on technology that involves details of beneficiaries’ ration card, Aadhaar number, and electronic Points of Sale (ePoS).

Glacial Lake Atlas of Ganga River Basin Released; NHP –Bhuvan portal of NRSC also LaunchedGlacial Lake Atlas of Ganga River Basin Releasedi.On June 29, 2021, the Glacial Lake Atlas of Ganga River Basin was virtually released by Pankaj Kumar, Secretary, Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (DoWR, RD & GR), Ministry of Jal Shakti.
ii.This atlas mapped 4,707 glacial lakes in the Ganga River basin with a total lake water spread area of 20,685 ha will provide information on their type, hydrological, topographical, and associated glaciers.
iii.During the event, Dr. Kailasavadivoo Sivan, Secretary, Department of Space and Chairman ISRO launched the NHP– Bhuvan portal of NRSC which can be accessed at https://bhuvan.nrsc.gov.in/nhp/.
About Ministry of Jal Shakti:
Union Minister– Gajendra Singh Shekhawat (Constituency- Jodhpur, Rajasthan)
Minister of State (MoS)– Rattan Lal Kataria (Constituency- Ambala, Haryana)
>>Read Full News

VK Paul released NITI Aayog’s Study on ‘Not-for-Profit’ Hospital ModelNITI Aayog releases study on 'Not-for-Profit' hospitalAs India’s policies and programmes are aimed at achieving Universal Health Coverage by 2030, NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog released the Study on Not-For-Profit Hospital Model in India-Web providing insight into their operation model. As of June 2018, these hospitals account for only 1.1% of treated ailments.

  • The report was released by Dr. Vinod Kumar Paul, Member (Health), NITI Aayog.
  • A Not-for-Profit Hospital Sector provides affordable and accessible healthcare.

Aim of Study:
i.To understand the operating model of the prominent Not-For-Profit Hospital institutions in India, including their premise of service, human resource availability, cost containment levers, and the challenges they face.
ii.To help policymakers in planning how they can assist this sector to grow, and to reach the unreached sections of society.
Key Points:
i.Not-for-profit hospitals account for only 2.7% of in-patients in the country while profit hospitals account for 55.3% of in-patients.
ii.The cumulative cost of care at not-for-profit hospitals is lesser than for-profit hospitals by about one-fourth in the in-patient department.
iii.The cumulative cost of OPD (Outpatient Department) care in not-for-profit hospitals is about one-third lesser than in private for-profit hospitals.
iii.As per NSS (National Sample Survey) 75th round data, the not-for-profit hospitals provide medicines to patients at about 26% lesser than the for-profit hospitals, and the doctor’s fees are approximately 18% lower in not-for-profit hospitals.
Proposals:
i.The study proposed a short-term and long-term policy interventions for these hospitals, such as 100% exemption for donations under section 80G, development of directory of these hospitals, ranking them through a performance index, and promoting top hospitals for practising philanthropy, etc.
ii.It is also proposed to provide working capital loans with lower interest rates to these hospitals.
 Click here for Full Study
 About NITI Aayog:
Establishment– 2015
Chairperson– Prime Minister of India (Currently- Narendra Damodardas Modi)
Chief Executive Officer (CEO)– Amitabh Kant
Headquarters– New Delhi

SERB-DST, Intel India launch ‘FIRE’, 1st of its Initiative to Advance Deep Tech Research in Indiafirst-of-its-kind initiative to advance deep tech-based research in IndiaScience and Engineering Research Board (SERB), a statutory body under Department of Science & Technology (DST) in partnership with Intel India has launched the 1st of its kind research initiative called ‘Fund for Industrial Research Engagement (FIRE)’ to advance deep tech-based research in India.

  • It will help the Indian research community to pursue industry-relevant research opportunities in areas of deep technologies (like Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Language (ML), cloud, edge, and security) which are novel, transformative and have a ground-breaking impact on a national & global scale.
  • ‘FIRE’ is a joint government and industry initiative with a co-funding mechanism.
  • Under the program, research projects which have breakthrough potential at a national or global level will be selected in every cycle (once or twice a year).Best researchers in academia will be supported with funding, mentoring, and industry connections.

About Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)
Secretary – Professor Sandeep Verma
Headquarters – New Delhi
About Intel
CEO – Pat Gelsinger
Headquarters – California, USA
>>Read Full News

PMFME Scheme Launched under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan Completes 1 Year”Pradhan Mantri formalisation of micro food processing enterprises scheme completes one yearThe Pradhan Mantri Formalisation of Micro Food processing Enterprises (PMFME) scheme, which was launched under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan  completed one year of its launch on 29th June, 2021.
i.PMFME is a centrally sponsored scheme, which aims to enhance the competitiveness of existing individual micro-enterprises in the unorganized segment of the food processing industry, promote formalization of the sector, and support Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Producers Cooperatives along their entire value chain.
ii.It was launched with an outlay of INR 10,000 crore over a period of 5 years from 2020-21 to 2024-25.
iii.Under the scheme, 2,00,000 micro food processing units will be directly assisted with credit linked subsidy.
Major milestones achieved under PMFME Scheme

  • Under the ODOP component, the Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) approved ODOP for 707 districts of 35 States and UTs.
  • Seed Capital of INR 25.25 crore has been disbursed to State Rural Livelihood Mission (SRLM) under the scheme.
  • MoFPI signed an agreement with the Union Bank of India as the Nodal Bank of scheme.

About  Ministry of Food Processing & Industries (MoFPI)
Union Minister – Narendra Singh Tomar (Morena, Madhya Pradesh)
Minister of State – Rameswar Teli (Dibrugarh, Assam)
>>Read Full News

INS Kiltan Conducted Military Exercise with South Korean ship in East China Sea

On June 28, 2021, Indian Navy’s indigenous ASW (Anti-submarine warfare) Corvette INS (Indian Naval Ship) Kiltan conducted a Navy Partnership Exercise in East China Sea with Republic of Korea Navy Ship (ROKS) Gyeongnam, a Daegu-class frigate.

  • This military exercise is aimed at enhancing interoperability and exchange of best practices in the maritime domain.
  • It was also conducted due to China’s growing assertiveness in the region.

PM Modi Inaugurated Zen Garden, Kaizen Academy at AMA, Ahmedabad

Narendra Modi, Prime Minister(PM) of India, virtually inaugurated a Zen Garden and Kaizen Academy at Ahmedabad Management Association (AMA) in Ahmedabad, Gujarat to display the bond between India and Japan. The Zen Garden and the Kaizen Academy is a symbol of spontaneity and modernity of relation between Indian and Japan.

  • The leaders of the Hyogo Prefecture, Governor Toshizo Ido and Hyogo International Association has played a major role in establishing the Zen Garden and Kaizen Academy at AMA.
  • Kaizen is currently used in various departments, institutions and schemes of the Central Government.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Indo-UK FTA can help in Achieving Atma Nirbhar Bharat: UKIBC ReportINDO-UK FTA can Help Achieve Aatmanirbhar Bharat UKIBC ReportAccording to the report ‘Road to a UK-India Free Trade Agreement: Enhancing the Partnership and achieving Self-Reliance’ released by UK India Business Council (UKIBC) – An Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between India & United Kingdom (UK) will help in achieving India’s vision of Atma Nirbhar Bharat.
i.Both countries have agreed for an Enhanced Trade Partnership. They have agreed to start FTA negotiations by the end of 2021 with the goal of doubling trade by 2030.
ii.The report includes 5 recommendations to make the Atma Nirbhar campaign a success, which includes sharp focus on innovation and on digital and data sectors, India should remain open to free and fair trade.
About UK India Business Council (UKIBC)
Chair – Richard Heald
Head Office –  London, UK

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan becomes World’s Most Expensive City, Mumbai Ranked 78th: Mercer Survey 2021Ashgabat world’s most expensive city for foreign workersAccording to Mercer’s 2021 Cost of Living City RankingsAshgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan has become the world’s most expensive city for foreign workers (Expatriates) followed by Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR) & Beirut, Lebanon. Mumbai, Maharashtra was ranked at 78, making it India’s most expensive city for expatriates (a fall of 18 places compared to 60th rank in 2020 Mercer Survey).

  • The rankings are based on Mercer’s 27th annual Cost of Living Survey.
  • Around 209 cities across 5 continents have been ranked in the survey. New York City, which was ranked 14th on the list, was used as the base city for the survey.
City Global Rank
Mumbai, Maharashtra 78
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 1
Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR) 2
Beirut, Lebanon 3


>>Read Full News

India ranked 20th in Global Startup Ecosystem Index 2021, US TopsIndia jumps 3 spots up in global start-up ranking newStartupBlink released the Global Startup Ecosystem Index 2021, which  ranks countries & cities depending on the Startup Environment. In the country-wise ranking, India with a score of 8.833 was ranked 20th out of 100 countries. The United States (US) topped the index followed by the United Kingdom (UK) & Israel.
i.In the City-wise ranking – San Francisco Bay, USA topped the ranking followed by New York, USA & Beijing, China.   A total of 1000 cities were ranked in the index.

  • Bengaluru, Karnataka was the highest ranked Indian City at 10 (up from 14 in 2020). Overall 43 Indian cities featured in the list, out of which 9 were new.

ii.India was ranked 23rd in the Global Startup Ecosystem Index 2020.
iii.The Global Startup Ecosystem Index by Startup Blink has been updated annually since 2017, it is based on 3 parameters – Quantity, Quality & Business Environment.
Country-wise Rankings 2021

Rank Country Index Score
20 India 8.8
1 USA 124.4
2 UK 28.7
3 Israel 27.7

City-wise Rankings 2021

Rank City Index Score
1 San Francisco Bay, USA 328.9
2 New York, USA 110.7
3 Beijing, China 66
10 Bengaluru, India 25.3

About StartupBlink
Founder & CEO – Eli David
Headquarters – Tel Aviv, Israel
>>Read Full News

Bengaluru ranked 6th among Top 10 Established Technology Submarkets in APAC, Beijing topped: Colliers ReportBengaluru among top five office centres in APAC for tech firmsIn accordance with the report by Colliers titled ‘Growth engines of innovation: How Asia Pacific’s technology hubs are reshaping regional real estate’, Outer Ring road of Bengaluru (Karnataka) has been ranked 6th in the top 10 established technology submarkets in APAC (Asia Pacific) for companies to set up operations.

  • The HITEC (Hyderabad Information Technology and Engineering Consultancy) City of Hyderabad (Telangana) ranked grabbed the 10th
  • The list has been topped by Beijing (China).

What do these cities offer?
i.Balance of infrastructure and talent for occupiers
ii.Future growth
iii.Investment opportunities for owners
Key Points:
i.Bengaluru’s Whitefield and North Bengaluru are ranked at 3rd and 4th respectively in top 10 upcoming technology submarkets in APAC.

  • They were followed by Hyderabad’s peripheral Business District at 5th place, and Delhi NCR’s (National Capital Region) Noida expressway and Golf Course Extension Road (Gurugram) at 7th and 8th
  • This list has been topped by Shanghai’s Yangpu, China.

ii.Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Shenzhen, Delhi NCR (and Manila (Philippines), are the top markets by property factors i.e. availability of quality space at competitive rentals.
iii.Other cities developing strengths in specific areas of technology are Seoul (South Korea) and Hong Kong in fintech.
iv.It should be noted that, globally, the technology sector makes 65% of the world’s top 20 public companies by market capitalisation.
Colliers is a leading diversified professional services and investment management company. With operations in 67 countries.

World Health, IP, Trade Bodies Launch Platform To Tackle COVID-19 PandemicWorld health, IP, trade bodies launch platform to tackle COVID-19 pandemicThe World Health Organization(WHO), World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO) and World Trade Organization(WTO) have launched a joint platform to tackle COVID-19 Pandemic.
Key Points:
i.This platform has been jointly announced by the following heads of organizations ,

  • Tedros Ghebreyesus – WHO
  • Daren Tang  – WIPO
  • Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala – WTO

ii.This platform will help countries plug the gaps in accessing Covid-19 vaccines, treatments and technologies.
iii.Full range of expertise on access, intellectual property and trade matters will be available on this platform.
About WHO:
Establishment – 7 April 1948
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Members – 194
About WTO:
Establishment – 1 January 1995
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Members – 164
About WIPO:
Established – 1967
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
Members– 193

BANKING & FINANCE

Axis Bank made Agreement with AWS for Digital TransformationAWS signs multi-year digital agreement with Axis BankAxis Bank Ltd, India’s 3rd largest private sector bank, made a multi-year agreement with Amazon Web Services (AWS), the cloud computing arm of Amazon to build a portfolio of new digital financial services with technology changes, and new payment modes for better banking experiences to customers.

  • Axis Bank has selected AWS as a cloud provider to meet the digital banking service demand of its over 200 million customers.

Purpose of the Agreement:
i.Easy account opening: Under the agreement, the bank intends to provide online accounts that could be opened in less than 6 minutes to make instant digital payments. Through which the bank hopes to increase customer satisfaction by 35 percent and lower costs by 24 percent.
ii.The bank plans to convert 70 percent of its on-premises data centre infrastructure to the cloud in the next 2 years, to further reduce cost, improve agility, and improve customer experience.
About Axis Bank:
Establishment –1993 (Commenced operation –1994)
MD & CEO – Amitabh Chaudhry
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Tagline – Badhtika Naam Zindagi
>>Read Full News

Ujjivan SFB Partners with LoanTapUjjivan SFB partners with LoanTapUjjivan Small Finance Bank (SFB) partnered with LoanTap Financial Technologies Pvt. Ltd., a digital lender, to provide personal loans to salaried professionals.

  • This partnership of Ujjivan SFB is a part of its API (Application programming interface) banking initiative, through which it has over150 APIs for offering fast and secure tie-ups for digital lending, digital liabilities, and payments to fintech.
  • Objective: To extend the bank’s services to its customers via LoanTap’s fast and convenient platform.
  • Personal Loan: Ujjivan SFB offers personal loans on the LoanTap platform ranging from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 10 lakh with a maximum tenure of 48 months.
  • LoanTap is a mobile and web-based platform to provide instant personal loans digitally with minimal documentation.

About LoanTap Financial Technologies Pvt. Ltd.:
Headquarters – Pune, Maharashtra
CEO and Co-Founder – Satyam Kumar
About Ujjivan Small Finance Bank (SFB):
Establishment – 2017 (set up by Ujjivan Financial Services Limited)
Headquarters – Bengaluru, Karnataka
MD & CEO– Nitin Chugh
Tagline – Build a better life

Industrial Credit Growth in FY21 Remained Negative: RBI Credit growth to industry remained in negative zone during 2020-21On June 29, 2021, the publication of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), ‘Quarterly Basic Statistical Returns (BSR)-1: Outstanding Credit of Scheduled Commercial Banks (SCBs), March 2021’, reported a ‘negative credit (loan) growth in industrial sector’ in FY21 due to COVID-19.
Key points of the report:
i.It reported continuous growth in personal loans which recorded 13.5 percent growth (Y-o-Y) in March 2021.
ii.The credit to the private corporate sector declined for the 6th successive quarter and its share in total credit stood at 28.3 percent.
iii.Weighted Average Lending Rate (WALR) on outstanding credit was declined by 21 basis points in Q4 FY21 and it has moderated by 91 basis points in FY21.
Key Roles of Reserve Bank of India (RBI):
i.Monetary policy Framing – It frames the Monetary policy of the country to meet the challenges and maintain the price stability of the economy.
ii.Control Inflation -RBI has targeted to keep the mid-term inflation of 4%(+/- 2%)
iii.Decides interest rate – A six-member monetary policy committee headed by the RBI governor, decides the benchmark repo rate.
iv.Regulates Forex – Foreign Exchange (Forex) Management Act (‘FEMA’) envisages the RBI a key role in managing Forex reserves.
>>Read Full News

SEBI Board Approved List of Amendments, InitiativesSEBI approves concept of ‘Accredited Investors’On June 29, 2021, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) approved the amendments and frameworks that are made relating to independent directors(IDs), mutual fund (MF) regulations, and others at its board meeting.
Key Points:
i.SEBI amended the SEBI (Mutual Funds (MF)) Regulations, 1996, and allowed to invest a minimum amount as ‘skin in the game’ in the MF schemes by Asset Management Companies (AMCs) based on the risk associated with the scheme, instead of the current requirement of the investment of 1 percent of the amount raised in New Fund Offer (NFO) or an amount of Rs 50 lakh, whichever is less.
ii.SEBI has approved the proposal to introduce a framework for the ‘Accredited Investors’(AI) in the Indian securities market.

  • They are defined as a class of investors who are well informed or well advised about investment products.

About Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI):
Establishment – 1992
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Chairman – Ajay Tyagi
>>Read Full News

Innoviti & PhonePe Partner to Provide Dual-Display UPI at Shoppers StopInnoviti & PhonePe partner to pioneer Dual-DisplayInnoviti Payment Solutions, India’s largest provider of payment solutions to Enterprise merchants, and PhonePe, India’s largest digital payments platform have partnered to provide Dual-Display-UPI(Unified Payment Interface) facility at Shoppers Stop’s outlets.
Key Points:
i.Through this feature customers can pay safely and fastly through UPI  while shopping at Shoppers Stop’s outlets all over  India.
ii.Dual-Display-UP creates a Dynamic QR, that carries the payment amount, merchant credentials and a secure transaction token.
iii.It reduces the transaction time of a typical UPI transaction from about ~20 seconds to 10 seconds.
iv.Also it is a contactless feature with neither the cashier nor customer having to touch the display.
v.It aims to increase UPI transactions share at Shoppers Stop from the current 4%, further modernizing the checkout while saving time and effort for cashiers and customers.
About Innoviti Payment Solutions:
Chief Executive officer(CEO):Rajeev Agrawal
Headquarters:Bengaluru, Karnataka
About PhonePe:
Headquarters– Bengaluru, Karnataka
Founder & Chief Executive Officer(CEO)– Sameer Nigam
Head of Insurance –Gunjan Ghai

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

RIL Signed Strategic Partnership with ADNOC to Build Mega Chemical Projects in UAEReliance inks pact with ADNOC to build mega chemical projectReliance Industries Ltd (RIL) signed a strategic partnership with the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) to establish a mega chemical project in Al Ruwais city, United Arab Emirates(UAE).
This project, a joint venture of ADNOC and ADQ (formerly known as Abu Dhabi Development Holding(ADDH) Co), will be constructed at the TA’ZIZ Industrial Chemical Zone in Ruwais Abu Dhabi, UAE. This is the first investment by Reliance in UAE.

  • This agreement enhances the ADNOC’s downstream and industry growth plans in line with ADNOC’s 2030 strategy.
  • Contracts have been awarded for the first stages of development of the TA’ZIZ site.

Features of the partnership:
i.Under this partnership, RIL and ADNOC will construct an integrated plant with a capacity to produce 940000 tonnes of chlor-alkali, 1.1 million tonnes of ethylene dichloride and 360000 tonnes of polyvinyl chloride(PVC). 
ii.The partnership utilises the increasing demand for critical industrial raw materials and utilises the strengths of ADNOC and RIL.
iii.This project will manufacture ethylene dichloride(EDC), a key product for the production of PVC in India.
About Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC):
Group CEO– H. E. Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber
Headquarters– Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates(UAE).

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS          

Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant Gets 1 Year Extension, till June 2022Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant gets another extensionThe Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the extension in tenure of Amitabh Kant as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Niti Aayog for a period of one year up to 30.06. 2022.

  • Initially he was appointed as the CEO of Niti Aayog on February 17, 2016 for a period of 2 year and was later extended several times.

About Amitabh Kant:
i.Amitabh Kant is a 1980 batch IAS officer of Kerala cadre.
ii.Previously,he worked as the Secretary of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
iii.He was also responsible for introducing new technology (fiberglass crafts and outboard motor) in the fisheries sector and launching beach level auctions which substantially enhanced returns to traditional fishermen.
About Niti Aayog:
Chairperson – Prime Minister (Narendra Modi)
CEO – Amitabh Kant
Headquarters – New Delhi

ACQUISITIONS & MERGERS 

Standard Life Sold Rs 6783 Cr Worth Shares of HDFC lifeStandard Life sellsThe Standard life Mauritius holdings 2006 Limited, a subsidiary of the Standard Life Aberdeen PLC, the promoter of the HDFC life insurance company has sold its Rs 6783 crore worth shares of HDFC Life.

  • Standard Life sold its 3.46% stake in HDFC life worth Rs 6,783.59 crore through open market transactions.
  • At present Standard life owns an 8.88% stake in HDFC life insurance company.

Additional Info:
i.The shares are offered to the inventions at a price range of Rs 658 to Rs 678 per share, a discount of 5.5% to 2.26% to the closing price of Rs 696 per share.
ii.The share sale is managed by the Investment banks JP Morgan and Bank of America.
HDFC Takes Over 8.4% stake in Ansal Housing:
i.Housing Development Finance Corporation (HDFC) has acquired an 8.4% stake in Ansal Housing after invoking shares pledged with the corporation for recovery of loans.
ii.As of March-end 2021, HDFC held 2.02% of Ansal Housing.       

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Office of Principal Scientific Adviser Launches ‘Atmanirbhar Krishi App’Atmanirbhar Krishi APP Launched by the Office of Principal Scientific AdviserThe Office of Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India launched the Atmanirbhar Krishi app under the KisanMitr initiative. The app aims to equip farmers with actionable agricultural insights and provide early weather alerts.
i.The app collects Data related to soil type, soil health, moisture, weather, and water table and generates personalized insights related to crop selection, fertilizer requirements, and water needs for each farmer.
ii.It has been designed and built by the Tech Mahindra Makers Lab team, the Research & Development arm of Tech Mahindra.
iii.The data for the app is being provided by various Government departments,

Type of data Source
Weather & Weather-based Information Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)
Land surface information, Vegetation index & Crop  Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
Soil Type and Soil Health Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmer Welfare (DACFW),  The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
Surface Water & Ground Water National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC),  Includes Central Ground Water Board (CGWA)

About Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA)
It is the chief advisor to the Government on matters related to scientific policy.
Principal Scientific Adviser to GoI – Professor K VijayRaghavan
Headquarters – New Delhi
>>Read Full News

Microsoft Officially Launched ‘Windows 11’

Microsoft officially launched its new Windows operating system ‘Windows 11’ on June 24, 2021. It is being called the “next generation” of Windows.

  • The release comes nearly six years after the current latest Windows Operating System ‘Windows 10’ was launched in July 2015.

Key Points:
i.Windows 11 is special because it focuses on a new user interface, a new Windows Store, and improvements to performance, including centre-aligned Taskbar and Start button.
ii.One of the unique features of Windows 11 is that it will support Android apps via Amazon’s app store.It will work better in touch mode as well.
iii.Windows 11 operating system (OS) will be available as a free upgrade for Windows 10 users in late 2021.
iv.PCs having Intel’s sixth and seventh-generation processors will not be eligible to use Windows 11.

BOOKS & AUTHORS

India Presented 10 Translated Books of Modern Indian Literature to SCOIndia presents 10 translated books of modern Indian literature to SCOIndian Ambassador to China Vikram Misri presented 10 Translated Books of Modern Indian Literature to Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO) Secretary General Vladimir Norov at the SCO secretariat in Beijing,China.
Key Points:
i.It includes English, Russian and Chinese translations of 10 classic works of modern literature written by prominent Indian authors in different languages.
ii.The translated books included,

  • Arogyaniketan (Bengali) written by Tarashankar Bandyopadyay
  • Ordained by Fate (Urdu) by Rajender Singh Bedi,
  • Illu (Telugu) by Rachakonda Vishwanatha Sastry
  • The Last Exit (Hindi) by Nirmal Varma
  • Longing for Sunshine (Assamese) by Sayed Abdul Malik
  • Mystery of the Missing Cap and other short stories (Odia) by Manoj Das
  • The Last Flicker (Punjabi) by Gurdial Singh
  • Of Men and Moments (Tamil) by Jayakanthan
  • Parva: A Tale of War, Peace, Love, Death, God and Man (Kannada) by S L Bhyrappa
  • The Promised Hand (Gujrati) by Jhaverchand Meghnani.

iii.These books are translated by the Sahitya Akademi which had commissioned the translation project and completed it by the end of 2021.
iv.This presentation was a follow-up to the announcement by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the SCO Council of Heads of State Summit in Bishkek in 2019 that 10 great works of Indian literature will be translated into Russian and Chinese, which are the official languages of the SCO.
About SCO:
Founded: 15 June 2001
Secretary General: Vladimir Norov
Headquarters: Beijing, China
Official language: Chinese and Russian

IMPORTANT DAYS

International Asteroid Day 2021 – June 30 International Asteroid DayUnited Nations (UN)’s International Asteroid Day or Asteroid Day is a global awareness campaign annually celebrated across the globe on 30th June to create awareness and engage and educate the general public about the asteroid’s opportunities and risks.
Aim:

  • To create awareness about the hazards of asteroid impacts.
  • To educate the public on the crisis communication actions which should be taken at the global level in case of Near-Earth Object(NEO) threat.

Background:
i.The Asteroid day was jointly founded by astrophysicist and famed musician Dr Brian May of the rock group Queen, Apollo 9 astronaut Rusty Schweickart, filmmaker Grig Richters, and B612 Foundation President Danica Remy.
ii.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/71/90 on 6th December 2016 and declared the 30th June as the International Asteroid Day.
iii.The First International Asteroid Day was observed on 30th June 2017.
Why June 30?
Asteroid Day is annually observed on 30th June to mark the anniversary of the Siberia Tunguska event, the impact of the Tunguska asteroid in Siberia, Russian Federation on 30th June 1908. The Tunguska event is the Earth’s largest asteroid impact in History.
>>Read Full News

International Day of Parliamentarism 2021 – June 30 International Day of ParliamentarismThe United Nations (UN)’s International Day of Parliamentarism is annually observed across the globe on 30th June to recognise the importance of parliaments in national plans and strategies. The day also highlights the importance of parliaments in ensuring transparency and accountability at national and global levels.

  • The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and its Member Parliaments mark the International Day of Parliamentarism 2021 by organising various events focusing on youth empowerment. This follows the launch of the IPU campaign “I Say Yes to Youth in Parliament!”.

Background:
i.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/72/278 on 22nd May 2018 and proclaimed the 30th June of every year as the International Day of Parliamentarism.
ii.The first International Day of Parliamentarism was observed on 30th June 2018.
Why June 30?
June 30th marks the establishment of The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) on 30th June 1889.
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STATE NEWS

New International Cricket Stadium in Jharkhand by SAIL-BSL

The Jharkhand State Cricket Association (JSCA) has inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with SAIL Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL), for the construction of an International Cricket Stadium in Bokaro city,Jharkhand.

  • Bokaro will become the third city in Jharkhand to have an International Cricket Stadium after Jamshedpur and Ranchi.
  • Bokaro Steel Plant will transfer 20.17 acres of its land to JSCA for 33 years, for the construction of Stadium.
  • The proposed stadium will also be the first stadium to be constructed in SAIL township.

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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)

S.no Current Affairs 1 July 2021
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2 Glacial Lake Atlas of Ganga River Basin Released; NHP –Bhuvan portal of NRSC also Launched
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14 Ujjivan SFB Partners with LoanTap’
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16 SEBI Board Approved List of Amendments, Initiatives
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18 RIL Signed Strategic Partnership with ADNOC to Build Mega Chemical Projects in UAE
19 Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant Gets 1 Year Extension, till June 2022
20 Standard Life Sold Rs 6783 Cr Worth Shares of HDFC life
21 Office of Principal Scientific Adviser Launches ‘Atmanirbhar Krishi App’
22 Microsoft Officially Launched ‘Windows 11’
23 India Presented 10 Translated Books of Modern Indian Literature to SCO
24 International Asteroid Day 2021 – June 30
25 International Day of Parliamentarism 2021 – June 30
26 New International Cricket Stadium in Jharkhand by SAIL-BSL