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Current Affairs July 23 2019

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Under PMKSNY, more than 7 crore 32 lakh farmer families received first two instalments of Rs 2000 each
Under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PMKSNY), more than 7 crores 32 lakh farmer families across India received the first and second installments of Rs 2000 each amounting to 14 thousand 646 crore rupees.
i. The list was topped by Uttar Pradesh with over two crores twenty lakh farmer families followed by Andhra Pradesh with 72 lakh and Maharastra 50 lakh farmers.
It is an initiative by the Government of India in which small and marginal farmers with landholding up to 2 hectares will get up to Rs 6,000 per year as minimum income support. Rs 6,000 per year will be paid to each eligible farmer in three instalments and will be deposited directly to their bank accounts. It became effective from December 1, 2018. Budget allocation 2019-20- Rs. 75,000 crore.

UDAN scheme added 8 more air routes 
The Civil Aviation ministry added 8 more routes under the regional connectivity scheme UDAN, thus making the total operational routes to 194.
i. The eight roots are as follows:

  • Mysore-Hyderabad, Hyderabad-Mysore, Goa-Mysore, Mysore-Goa , Cochin-Mysore , Mysore-Cochin , Kolkata-Shillong and Shillong-Kolkata.

ii. The flights connecting Kolkata and Shillong will be operated By Indigo whereas the other connectivity will be provided by Alliance air.
Key points
i. Totally 705 Routes have been awarded on the UDAN scheme till now by the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
ii. India ranks as the world’s third-largest domestic aviation market.
UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik) is a “Regional Connectivity Scheme”.
i. The main aim of the scheme is to provide air connectivity to every common man in the country ataffordable rates and also to provide connectivity to least served areas by flights.

  • Launched- 27 April 2017
  • Civil aviation minister- Hardeep Singh Puri
  • Motto- Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik (or)  Let the common man fly.

Government bans Colistin- antibiotic used in poultry industry
The Union Health Ministry has banned colistin, which is an antibiotic used in the poultry industry for producing animals, aqua farming, etc.
i. It was banned as it has high risk of life threat to human beings.Government bans Colistin- antibiotic used in poultry industry Key points
i. The ban has been imposed under section 26 of the drugs and cosmetics act 1940.
i. Colistin is also known as polymyxin E.
ii. It is used to treat ventilator-associated pneumonia.
iii. It also has its side effects like slurred speech, dizziness, spinning sensation, itching mild rashes etc.
iv. Colistin is a crucial last-resort option as it is not frequently used in typical care because of its side effects
v. The World Health Organization(WHO) considers colistin as a ‘highest priority critically important antimicrobials’ for humans.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurates Ujh and Basantarbridges in Jammu and Kashmir
The Ujh and Basantar bridges were inaugurated by the defence minister in Kathua and Samba districts of Jammu and Kashmir.Ujh Bridge inaugurated by Rajnath Singhi. The bridges are considered highly important as they will help in the smooth movement of security forces in and around the border areas.
ii. The Ujh bridge in Kathua is built at a cost of ₹50 crore and the basantar bridge in Samba district is built at a cost of Rs.41.7 crore.
Key points
i. The bridges have been built on the project Sampark near the International border.
ii. The Ujh bridge in Kathua is the longest constructed by the Border Road Organization (BRO).
iii. The length of the Ujh Bridge is 1000 metre whereas the Basantar Bridge is 617.49 meter.
Border Roads Organization
i. The border roads organization develops and maintains Road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighbouring countries.

  • Founded- 7 may 1960
  • Founder- Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Headquarters- New Delhi
  • Director general- Lt-Gen. Harpal Singh

CRPF unveils country’s first body protector jointly developed by DRDO for women personnel in combat
On July 19, 2019, India’s largest Central Armed Police Force, CRPF( Central Reserve Police Force) unveiled the country’s first prototype of a body protector for women personnel.CRPF unveils country’s first body protector It has been jointly developed after over two years of research by CRPF and Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), which functions under the DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation).
Key points:
i. The multi-design black coloured “gender-specific protective gear” weighs 6 kg cost around Rs 9000 would protect an individual from the neck to the toe with chest, hand, legs, shin and thigh guards.
ii. 8,000 women personnel in CRPF will be benefited by the protective gear & help them during riot-control duties and regulation of public protests.
CRPF also gets sanction to install sanitary pad dispensers for women in combat
The Union Home Ministry has sanctioned funds to the CRPF to install over 500 sanitary pad dispensers and incinerators for the combined women in the Force to help them in ensuring personal hygiene with ease.
Key points:
i. A total of 288 sanitary pad vending machines 783 steel frame stands for drying clothes and as many incinerators to scientifically dispose off used sanitary napkins will be installed in the CRPF campuses.
ii. The cost of one sanitary pad vending machine is estimated to be about Rs 25,000, a burning machine about Rs 40,000 and a cloth drying stand Rs 3,000 with an outlay of Rs 2,10,69,000.
iii. The CRPF with over 3 lakh personnel, has its women personnel deployed all over the country, including in Naxal violence-affected and the militancy grid in Jammu and Kashmir.
About CRPF:
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi
♦ CRPF Director General: Rajiv Rai Bhatnagar
♦ Minister responsible: Amit Shah, Union Minister of Home Affairs
♦ Founded: 27 July 1939

All toll lanes on National Highways to be ‘FASTag lanes’ from December 1, 2019
To encourage digital payments at toll plazas and decongest national highways, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has decided to declare all lanes at toll fee plaza on National Highways as ‘FASTag lanes’ from 1st December 2019.‘FASTag lanes’Key points:
i. Collection: To monitor over-dimensional or oversized vehicles, one ‘hybrid lane’ will be allowed at every toll plaza to accept FASTag and other modes of payment.
ii. NHF Rule,2008:  Under the National Highways Fee (Determination of Rates and Collection) Rules, 2008, currently there is a provision of making a vehicle owner pay twice the toll fare. This rule will be strictly implemented if non-FASTag users are passing through FASTag lanes and make double the fee cash payments after December 1, 2019.
iii. NHAI’s function:  National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) will identify & resolve Logistics and other implementation problems at fee plazas.
iv. FASTag: It is an electronic toll connection device attached to the windscreen of the vehicle to enable drivers to pass through toll plazas without having to stop for a cash transaction.
It uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology to enable direct toll payments while the vehicle is moving. The toll fee is deducted from the bank account linked to FASTag.
About MoRTH:
♦ Founded: July 1942
♦ Headquarters:  New Delhi
♦ Minister responsible :Nitin Gadkari (Union Minister)

10th Edition of Jagran Film Festival inaugurated in New Delhi 
On July 18, 2019, 10th Edition of Jagran Film Festival (JFF) was inaugurated by Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar at Siri Fort Auditorium in New Delhi.10th Edition of Jagran Film FestivalKey Points:
i. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has plans to bring further additions to the National Museum of Indian Cinema, Mumbai.
ii. JFF is aimed towards creating a culture of cinema appreciation and create a platform that connects great content with audiences across the country.
About JFF:
First conducted: 2010
It is an initiative by the Jagran Prakashan Group.

Maharashtra tops in ATM frauds: RBI
According to the data of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), accessed by the Times of India (TOI), Maharashtra registered the highest number of Automated Teller Machine (ATM) frauds in India for the FY 2018-19. It was followed by Delhi, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka. Amounts of less than Rs 1 lakh were not considered for the data.
The following are the details:

Maharashtra233Rs 4.8 crore
Delhi179Rs 2.9 crore
Tamil Nadu147Rs 3.63 crore
Karnataka65Rs 1.3 crore
Haryana58Rs 1.1 crore

Key Points:
i. There was an increase in ATM fraud cases up from 911 cases in 2017-18 to 980 in 2018-19.
ii. The amount involved was decreased from Rs 65.3 crore in 2017-18 to Rs 21.4 crore in 2018-19.
iii. With regard to ATM/Debit card, Credit card and Internet banking transactions of over Rs 1 lakh, there were 1,367 frauds reported in FY 2016-17; 2,127 frauds in FY 2017-18; and 1,477 frauds in FY 2018-19
iv. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tripura were the only three states which did not report a single incident.
v. The most commonly used trick by crooks to carry out illegal activities was by installing skimmer devices on ATMs and point-of-sale machines. They were used to fraudulently copy data from cards. This data was then put on blank cards and illegal transactions were carried out.
vi. As a cautionary measure, RBI has directed banks to implement anti-skimming solutions by March 31, 2019.
About Reserve Bank Of India:
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founded: 1 April 1935, Kolkata
Governor: Shaktikanta Das

Andhra Pradesh became the first state in India to reserve 75% private jobs for locals
Andhra Pradesh Assembly under the Chief Minister Jagan Mohan Reddy passed the Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries/Factories Act, 2019, which reserves 75% private job to locals across factories, industrial units, joint ventures and private projects taken under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model.
Key Points:
i. Under the new law, private companies will have to train locals if people with suitable skills are not available.
ii. With this, it became the first state in India to reserve jobs for the locals in the private & industrial concerns.
iii. It will help the person who has lost their lands and their occupations for facilitating the establishment of industries and other unemployed youth by ensuring that their livelihoods are guaranteed and sustained.
iv. Only hazardous industries such as petroleum, pharmaceuticals, coal, fertilizers and cement among others which are listed in the first schedule of the Factories Act, 1948 are exempted.
v. Companies have to comply with the provisions within 3 years of commencement of the Act. Along with that, they will have to provide quarterly reports about local appointments to a nodal agency.
About Andhra Pradesh:
Capital: Amaravati
Governor: Biswa Bhushan Harichandan
National Parks: Sri Venkateswara National Park, Rajiv Gandhi National Park, Papikonda National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries: Coringa WLS, Gundla Brahmeswaram WLS, Kambalakonda WLS, Kolleru WLS, Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam WLS, Rollapadu WLS etc

Kerala Tourism organized 5-day annual Nishagandhi Monsoon Ragas Music Fest 2019 in Kanakakkunnu, Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala Tourism organized a 5-day annual Nishagandhi Monsoon Ragas Music Fest 2019 in Kanakakkunnu, Thiruvananthapuram. It was held from July 20-24, 2019. It was inaugurated by the Governor of Kerala, P Sathasivam at Nishagandhi Auditorium in Kanakakkunnu.
i. Eminent classical musicians Parassala B Ponnammal, aged 95, and TV Gopalakrishnan, aged 87, were awarded Nishagandhi Sangeetha Puraskaram, instituted by Kerala Tourism for their outstanding contributions to music. The award carried a cash prize of Rs 1.5 lakh, a citation and a memento.


NAM Ministerial Meeting was held in Caracas, Venezuela
On July 20, 2019, The Ministerial Meeting of the Coordinating Bureau of the Non-Aligned Movement (Co-BNAM) was held in Caracas, Venezuela with the theme “Promotion and Consolidation of Peace through Respect for International Law”. India was represented by Syed Akbaruddin, Indian envoy to the United Nations.
Key Points:
i. Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) condemned the United States (US) sanctions against Venezuela. It called for the construction of a multipolar world.
ii. It was agreed to set up a working group to study how sovereign countries deal with coercive measures by hegemonic countries.
iii. India strongly rejected Pakistan’s references to Kashmir saying the global forum can never be a platform for a “self-serving narrative” that aims to undermine the territorial integrity of one nation by another State.
iv. India raised issues like climate change, digital technologies, and terrorism at the meeting.
v. The presidency of NAM which was held by Venezuela since 2016 will be passed to Azerbaijan in October 2019.
About NAM:
Members: 120 states
Established: 1961 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia


Govt panel headed by SC Garg recommends banning all private cryptocurrencies & jail time of up to 10 years
On July 22, 2019, An Inter-Ministerial committee set up by the Government on virtual currency headed by finance secretary Subhash Chandra Garg submitted its report to the Finance Ministry.
i. It recommended that private cryptocurrencies be banned completely in India except for the one’s issue by the state.
ii. It also drafted law, the ‘Banning of Cryptocurrency & Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2019’ & recommended a fine of up to 250 million rupees ($3.63 million) and imprisonment for up to 10 years for anyone who mines, generates, holds, sells, transfers or issues cryptocurrency………………………………Click here to Read more

LIC offers Rs 1.25 trillion by 2024 to fund highway projects: Nitin Gadkari
On July 21,2019, Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Road Transport and Highways stated that Mumbai headquartered Indian state-owned insurance group, LIC (Life Insurance Corporation) has agreed to offer Rs 1.25 trillion (Rs 1.25 lakh crore)  line of credit by 2024, to fund highway projects for timely execution of the Rs 8.41 trillion ambitious Bharatmala project.LIC offers Rs 1.25 trillion by 2024 to fund highway projects Key points:
i. The borrowings will be in the form of bonds to be issued by the NHAI (National Highways Authority of India) raised for 30 years and the interest rate will be revised every 10 years.
ii. Bharatmala program will be funded through cess, toll revenue, market borrowings, private sector participation, insurance fund, pension funds, masala bonds, and other initiatives and the LIC credit line was one such initiative(bonds).
iii. LIC offered Rs 25,000 crore in a year and Rs 1.25 trillion in five years for highways construction.
iv. The budget allocation for Road Transport and Highways ministry has also increased by about Rs 5,000 crore.
About LIC:
♦ Headquarters: Mumbai
♦ Founded: 1 September 1956
♦ Chairman: M. R. Kumar
♦ Managing Directors: Vipin Anand and TC Suseel Kumar

NPCI & JCB launched RuPay JCB Global Cards
The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and Japan Credit Bureau (JCB) International along with domestic banks, launched RuPay JCB Global Cards. It will be accepted in India at all Point Of Sale (POS) terminals and Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) that accept JCB cards.RuPay JCB Global Cards Key Points:
i. The domestic banks include State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Axis Bank, Union Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Andhra Bank, City Union Bank and Thane Janata Sahakari Bank (TJSB).
ii. As a launch campaign, NPCI and JCB International jointly offered a special cashback program where the card members can get a cashback of 15% for POS transactions outside India and an additional 15% (total 30%) in selected popular destinations for Indian travellers: Thailand, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
About NPCI:
Founded: 2008
Headquarters: Mumbai
MD & CEO: Dilip Asbe
About JCB International:
Founded: 1961
Headquarters:  Minato, Tokyo, Japan


Indian bodybuilder Ravinder Kumar Malik bagged the “Mr. South Asia” award at 12th South Asian Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Championship 2019
On July 21, 2019, India’s proud bodybuilder Ravinder Kumar Malik has bagged the “Mr. South Asia” award. He achieved this feat at the 12th South Asia Bodybuilding and Physic Sports Championships 2019 held in Kathmandu, Nepal.Ravinder Kumar Malik bagged the Mr. South AsiaKey points:
i. He won the award in the 80kg category and was adjudged the best bodybuilder among the 9 senior male winners.
ii. Afghanistan emerged as champions with 535 points, while Nepal came 2nd with 445 points. India remained 3rd with 380 points.
iii. A total of 91 bodybuilders participated in the championship organized by the South Asian Bodybuilding and Physical Sports Federation under the aegis of the Nepal Bodybuilding and Fitness Association.
Here’s the list of countries and their medals

The Maldives302

About Nepal:
♦ Capital: Kathmandu
♦ Currency: Nepalese rupee
♦ President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari
♦ Prime Minister :Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli


Boris Johnson won the contest to be next British Prime Minister
British politician & a Leader of the Conservative Party Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (55), who has promised to lead Britain out of the European Union (28-nation bloc) with or without a deal by the end of October 2019 won the contest to be the British prime minister( PM) succeeding Theresa May, who got stepped down over her failure to get parliament to ratify her Brexit deal.Boris Johnson Key points:
i. After a six-week leadership race, he won the votes of 92,153 members of the Conservative party, almost twice the 46,656 won by his rival, Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt.
ii. The pound has fallen sharply in recent weeks on fears of a no-deal Brexit, and stands near $1.24 and was up against all major peers after the announcement.
iii. Johnson, the face of the 2016 Brexit referendum has just 100 days to negotiate a new divorce deal with the European Union before the UK (United Kingdom).
Boris Johnson
He was born in New York selected as the Member of Parliament for Uxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015 & the member of MP for Henley from 2001 to 2008. He also served as UK foreign minister and London’s Mayor.
Brexit is the word referred by merging the words Britain and exit. It means that Britain is leaving the EU(European Union).

IAS officer Ajay Bhadoo appointed as Joint Secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind
On July 20, 2019, The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) approved the appointment of Ajay Bhadoo as the Joint Secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind for a tenure co-terminus with the President. He is a 1999 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of Gujarat. He will succeed Randhir Kumar Jaiswal.Ajay BhadooKey Points:
i. He is serving as the Vadodara Municipal Commissioner since July 2018.
ii. He was the recipient of the Best Collector Award twice for outstanding performance in 2008 and 2010.
iii. He also worked as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Vice Chairman of Gujarat Maritime Board, CEO of Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board, Dholera Special Investment Regional Development Authority, Managing Director of Gujarat Industrial Corridor Corporation and Dholera International Airport Company.

Vivek Kohli elected as Commonwealth TT Federation chairman, while M P Singh as secretary-general
India’s Vivek Kohli and M P Singh have been elected as chairman and secretary-general respectively of the Commonwealth Table Tennis Federation (CTTF).
Key points:
i. Vivek Kohli defeated incumbent Alan Ransome (England) by securing 16 votes more than him in the elections held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
ii. While MP Singh (secretary-general at Table Tennis Federation of India (TTFI) was unanimously elected as secretary-general of CTTF.
iii. TTFI chief Dushyant Chautala is already held the CTTF president’s post.
iv. This is the first time all the three positions in CTTF are being held by Indians.


Ministry of home affairs approves Bhabha Kavach to be India’s 1st Lightest, Indigenous Bullet Proof Jacket
Bhabha Kavach called as “India’s lightest bulletproof jacket” was launched at the International Police Expo 2019 in New Delhi.Bhabha Kavach to be India’s 1st Lightesti. The bulletproof jacket is developed by the Ordnance Factories Board (OFB) and metal alloys manufacturer Mishra Dhatu Nigam (MIDHANI) which is headquartered at Hyderabad.
ii. Each Bharat Kavach has four hard armour plates, to protect the wearer from the front, back and either side. The nanotechnology from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has been used in the making of Bullet Proof Jacket.
Key points
i. The bullet proof jacket blocks bullets from an AK-47 assault rifle and from 5.46mm INSAS rifle
ii. It weighs 9.2kg, which is 300 gm less than the weight of bulletproof jacket prescribed by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
iii. It has a warranty for a period of 5years.
iv. OFB announced that the trial of the Bhabha Kavach met the US National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Level III standards, which guarantees protection against 7.62mm NATO- standard bullets.
Zee entertainment’s Punit Goenka was named as the new chairman of BARC India in January.

  • Headquarters- Mumbai
  • Director- Ajit Kumar Mohanty
  • Founded- 3 Jan 1954

Union minister launches Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) facility at CCMB in Hyderabad
The Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan in Hyderabad launched NGS facility at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), which will be used for genomics study.i. The Next-Gen Sequencing facility can sequence up to 30 human genomes(or 384 samples) per day which will help researchers to individually tag genomes of up to 80000 cells.
ii. This process of tagging genomes could be done in 8 minutes.
Key points:
i. The running cost of NGS facility sequencer is Rs.30 lakh (Rs.1 lakh to sequence per genome)
ii. This NGS facility will help to study completely different DNA contained in a cancerous tissue within a shorter span of time
iii. This facility would be of help to patients suffering from rare genetic disorders.
Foundation stones laid by Health ministry
i. Health minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan laid the foundation stone for a new Skilling, Training and Lecture hall complex at CCMB.
ii. He also laid foundation stone for the ‘scale up facility for agrochemicals’ proposed to be constructed as part of Agro mission project under CSIR.

Scientists Build Ramanujan Machine in honor of the Indian maths genius.
Researchers from Technion – Israel Institute of Technology have created an algorithm rather than a machine called Ramanujan Machine to honor the prominent and path-breaking mathematician of the 20th century, Srinivasa Ramanujan.
Key points:
i. The Machine attempts to automatically generate conjectures in the form of mathematical formulas that we can analyze, and hopefully, prove to be true mathematically.
Conjectures are a major step in the process of making new discoveries in any branch of science, particularly mathematics.
iii. Typically, people provide the input and the algorithm finds the solution. The Ramanujan Machine reverses the process. So if a constant such as π is fed into the machine, it will generate a series whose value would lead towards π (pi).
Ramanujan was born in 1887 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu  & known for his unique and novel way of presenting equations and identities. He independently compiled almost 3,900 identities and equations.

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Overview of Indonesia Open 2019
The 38th edition of the Indonesia Open for the year 2019 was held from July 16-21, 2019 at Istora Gelora Bung Karno in Jakarta, Indonesia. It was a Badminton World Federation (BWF) World Tour’s 1000 event. The prize money of the tournament was $1,250,000.PV SindhuList of Winners & Runners

Men’s SinglesChou Tien Chen (Taiwan)Anders Antonsen (Denmark)
Women’s SinglesAkane Yamaguchi (Japan)PV Sindhu (India)
Men’s DoublesMarcus Fernaldi Gideon & Kevin Sanjaya Sukamuljo (Indonesia)Mohammad Ahsan & Hendra Setiawan  (Indonesia)
Women’s DoublesYuki Fukushima & Sayaka Hirota (Japan)Misaki Matsutomo & Ayaka Takahashi  (Japan)
Mixed DoublesZheng Siwei & Huang Yaqiong (China)Wang Yilyu & Huang Dongping (China)

Other facts:
i. Kidambi Srikanth, world number 9, was beaten in straight games – 17-21, 19-21 in a 39-minute 2nd-round match by Hong Kong’s Ng Ka Long Angus.
ii. Chou Tien Chen became the first Taiwanese to win the title at the Indonesia Open 2019.
About Indonesia Open 2019
Official name: BLIBLI Indonesia Open 2019
Organizers: Badminton Association of Indonesia or PBSI
First held: 1982

Overview of Commonwealth Table Tennis Championships 2019
The 21st Edition of the Commonwealth Table Tennis Championships for the year 2019 was held from July 17-22, 2019 at the JawaharLal Nehru Indoor Stadium, Cuttack, Odisha. It was conducted by the Odisha State Table Tennis Association under the directions of Table Tennis Federation of India and Commonwealth Table Tennis Federation Ltd.Commonwealth Table Tennis Championships 2019List of Winners & Runners

Men’s SinglesHarmeet Desai (India)G Sathiyan (India)
Women’s SinglesAyhika Mukherjee (India)Madurika Patkar (India)
Men’s DoublesAnthony Amalraj & Manav Thakkar (India)G Sathiyan and Sharath Kamal (India)
Women’s DoublesPooja Sahasrabudhe & Krtittwika Sinha Roy (India)Sreeja Akula & Mousumi Paul (India)
Mixed DoublesSathiyan Gnanasekaran & Archana Kamath (India)Peng Yu En Koen & Goi Rui Xuan (Singapore)

Medal Tally


About Commonwealth Table Tennis Championships:
The Commonwealth Table Tennis Championships was born at a meeting of Commonwealth delegates in Munich at the 1969 World Championships. Prior to inclusion in the Commonwealth Games proper in 2002, 15 Commonwealth Championships have taken place since 1971.

Nigeria set to host 2020 FIFA women U-20 World cup
Federation of International Football Federation has awarded FIFA under 20 Women World Cup 2020 (10th edition) hosting right to Nigeria after 10 years.2020 FIFA women U-20 World cup Key points:
i. India and South Korea submitted their bids for the 2020 U20 Women’s World Cup but India named as the 2020 U17 Women’s World Cup host.
ii. The last FIFA event held in Nigeria was the 2009 FIFA U-17 World Cup, which was won by Switzerland.
About FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup:
It is an international association football tournament, organized by FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association), for national teams of women under the age of 20. The tournament is held in even-numbered years. It was first conducted in 2002 in Canada.
France hosted the 2018 FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup (9th edition), where Japan emerged as a champion.
About Nigeria
♦ Capital: Abuja
♦ Currency: Nigerian naira
♦ President: Muhammadu Buhari

Shiva Thapa wins first gold for India in Kazakhstan President’s Cup 2019
On July 20, 2019, India boxer Shiva Thapa, a four-time Asian medallist, became India’s first gold medallist at the Kazakhstan President’s Cup Boxing Tournament 2019 by defeating Kazakhstan’s Zakir Safiullin in the finals held in Astana, Kazakhstan in the 63kg category. Key Points:
i. In Women’s 60kg category, Indian boxer Parveen settled with silver by losing against Kazakhstan’s Rimma Volosenko.
ii. Sweety Boora (81kg) and Duryodhan Singh Negi (69kg) settled with bronze medals.
About Kazakhstan:
Capital: Nur-Sultan (Previously Astana)
Currency: Kazakhstani tenge

Adam Peaty becomes a 1st man to swim under 57 sec in the 100m breaststroke
British competitive swimmer, Adam George Peaty(24) has broken his own world record in the men’s 100-meter breaststroke at the FINA (International Swimming Federation) World Aquatics Championships 2019 held in Gwangju, South Korea.Adam PeatyKey points:
i. The 2016 Olympic champion won World Championships semi-final with 56.88sec becomes a 1st man to swim under 57 sec shattered the previous record of 57.10 sec he set at 2018 European Championships.
ii. In the final, he finished in 57.14sec beat compatriot James Wilby(UK), with China’s Yan Zibei in third.
. He now a five-time world, 12-time European and three-time Commonwealth champion.

Shane Lowry of Ireland wins British Open 2019
Shane Lowry of Ireland won his maiden golf title at the British Open 2019 by beating England’s Tommy Fleetwood by six strokes. It was the 148th Open Championship held from July 18–21, 2019 at Royal Portrush Golf Club in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. The prize money of the tournament was $10,750,000.
i. Shane Lowry, aged 32, became the second player from the Republic of Ireland to win the Claret Jug after Padraig Harrington. He received $1,935,000.

John Isner of America wins Hall of Fame Tennis Championships 2019
John Isner of America won the Hall of Fame Tennis Championships 2019 in the finals after defeating Alexander Bublik of Kazakhstan with a 7-6(2), 6-3 scores. The tournament was the 44th edition which was held at the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island, United States, from July 15 – 21, 2019.John IsnerKey Points:
i. John Isner became the first player to win four titles. He won 250 ATP Rankings points and $100,600 as a winner of the event.
ii. Doubles was won by Spain’s Marcel Granollers and Ukrain’s Sergiy Stakhovsky by defeating El Salvador’s Marcelo Arévalo and Mexico’s Miguel Ángel Reyes-Varela in the final by 6–7, 6–4, [13–11].
About Hall of Fame Open:
Founded: 1976
44th edition was a part of the 250 series of the 2019 Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Tour.


LJP MP Ramchandra Paswan passed away in New Delhi
On July 21, 2019, Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) Member of Parliament from Bihar’s Samastipur Ramchandra Paswan, aged 57, passed away at the Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi after a brief illness. He was the younger brother of Union minister and LJP chief Ram Vilas Paswan.
i. He was first elected in 1999 and was a four-time MP.
ii. He was born on January 1, 1962 in Khagaria, Bihar.


National broadcasting day observed on 23rd July- a remembrance of its first broadcast
The first-ever radio broadcast in the country went on air from the Bombay Station under the then private company, the Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC) on 23rd July 1927.National broadcasting dayi. The Indian Broadcasting Service became All India Radio on 8th June 1936.
Radio broadcasting
i. Radio broadcasting began in the year 1923 under radio club of Bombay initiative.
All India radio
All India Radio is officially known as Akasha Vani since 1956.
It is a division of Prasar Bharati and was established in the year 1930.

  • Headquarters- New Delhi
  • Motto- Bahujanahitaya Bahujanasukhaya.

Prasar Bharati
Prasar Bharati is India’s largest public broadcasting agency.
i. It is a statutory autonomous body set up by an Act of parliament and compromises the Doordarshan Television Network and All India Radio, which were earlier media units of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
♦ CEO– Shashi Shekar Vempati
♦ Headquarters- New Delhi
♦ Founded- 23 November 1997
♦ Subsidiary- Doordarshan

The U.S. celebrates the 50-year anniversary of ‘Apollo 11’ human moon landing mission on July 16, 2019
On July 16, 2019, The U.S.(United States) celebrated Apollo 11 human moon landing mission. Thousands of model rockets have been launched in Huntsville, Alabama to mark the 50th anniversary.US space agency NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration ) celebrated the moment astronauts landed on the moon for the first time 50 years ago, replaying online the original moon landing broadcast from July 20, 1969.50-year anniversary of ‘Apollo 11’Key points:
i. NASA’s  Apollo 11 was launched at Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex-39A on July 16, 1969.
ii. It carried three astronauts Commander Neil Armstrong, Lunar Module Pilot, Edwin Buzz Aldri, and Command Module Pilot, Michael Collins. Out of three, the two astronauts, Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon on July 20, 1969, while Michael Collins stayed in the orbit 60 miles above them in the command module.
iii. Neil Armstrong became the first person to step onto the surface of the moon followed by Aldrin, who joined him 19 minutes later.
iv. They collected 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg) of lunar material to bring back to Earth.
About NASA:
♦ Headquarters:
Washington, D.C., U.S
♦ Founder:
Dwight D. Eisenhower
♦ Founded: 29 July 1958
About U.S:
♦ Capital
: Washington, D.C.
♦ Currency
: United States Dollar
♦ President: Donald Trump

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