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Current Affairs 29 November 2022

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MoT, RTSOI & UNEP Organises ‘CEO Round Table on Sustainable Tourism’Ministry-of-Tourism-organises-‘CEO-round-table-on-Sustainable-TourismOn 25th November 2022, the Ministry of Tourism (MoT), in partnership with the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and Responsible Tourism Society of India (RTSOI) organised a ‘CEO round table on Sustainable Tourism’ at We the Peoples Hall, UN House, 55 Lodhi Estate, New Delhi, Delhi.

The roundtable organised by MoT is in line with the National Strategy for Sustainable Tourism.

  • Objective – To enhance engagement and participation of industry stakeholders in the transition of the Tourism sector towards sustainability.
  • Aim: To enhance awareness of industry stakeholders on national and global priorities for sustainable tourism and share and promote best practices on sustainable tourism.
  • Participants – Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) & senior-mid level representatives from the key industry groups, Ministry of Tourism, United Nations (UN) in India, UNEP, RTSOI and technical agencies and experts working on Sustainable Tourism participated in the round table.

Key highlights:
i.It aims to enhance awareness of industry stakeholders on national and global priorities for sustainable tourism and to share and promote best practices on sustainable tourism.
ii.The round table derived at three initiatives on sustainable Tourism, which were signed by participants, for accelerating sustainable consumption and production (SCP) in tourism policies and practices,

  • Travel for LiFE Pledge
  • Responsible Traveller Campaign
  • Global Tourism Plastics Initiative

On 13th October 2022, Under the Pro Planet People campaign, the Travel for LiFE Pledge was released on platform to encourage people to make conscious use of tourism resources through responsible tourism practices.

iii.These initiatives would address the triple planetary crisis and also accelerate low carbon, climate resilient and green economic transformation of the tourism sector.
iv.Solutions – The sustainable transition of the tourism sector includes adoption of low-emissions technologies, optimization of resource use, reduction in operation costs, and increase in efficiency would improve environmental performance and tackle climate change.
On 4th June 2022, MoT in partnership with UNEP and RTSOI organised the National Summit on Developing Sustainable & Responsible Tourist Destinations and launched the National Strategy for Sustainable Tourism and Responsible Traveller Campaign. 

  • It aims to mainstream sustainability in the tourism sector and ensures resilient, inclusive, carbon neutral and resource efficient tourism while safeguarding natural and cultural resources.


India-Malaysia Joint Military Exercise Harimau Shakti – 2022 Commences at Pulai, Kluang, MalaysiaINDIA---MALAYSIA-JOINT-MILITARY-EXERCISE-HARIMAU-SHAKTI---2022-COMMENCES-AT-PULAI,-KLUANG,-MALAYSIAOn 28th November 2022 ‘Harimau Shakti -2022’, the annual joint military exercise between India and Malaysia, commenced on 28th November 2022, at Pulai, Kluang, Malaysia. the exercise will culminate on 12th December 2022.

  • Harimau Shakti has been held between the Indian and Malaysian Army since 2012.
  • The joint exercise will enhance the level of defence co-operation between the Indian Army and the Malaysian Army, and foster the bilateral relations between India and Malaysia.

Aim: To enhance interoperability in the planning and execution of various operations in jungle terrain.

Key highlights:
i.ParticipantsCombat-experienced troops of the Garhwal Rifles Regiment of Indian Army and the Royal Malay Regiment of the Malaysian Army will participate in the exercise for the year 2000.
ii.Both armies would share experiences gained during operations for enhancing interoperability in planning and execution of various operations in jungle terrain.

  • The scope of this exercise involves a Command Planning Exercise (CPX) at the Battalion level and Company level Field Training Exercise (FTX) on sub-conventional operations in jungle terrain.

About the exercise:
i.A joint command post and joint surveillance centre will be established during this exercise.
ii.The schedule of this joint exercise also includes sharing expertise in the employment of aerial assets, technical demonstrations, casualty management & casualty evacuation apart from planning logistics at the Battalion level.
iii.It also includes joint field training exercises, joint combat discussions and joint demonstrations and a special emphasis on enhancing tactical skills and interoperability between the two forces and to promote Army to Army relations.


IRDAI approves Amendments, Simplifies Rules to set up Insurance FirmsIrdai-approves-amendments,-simplifies-rules-to-set-up-insurance-firmi.The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) approved the amendments to rules registering insurance companies and investing in them.
ii.This decision has been taken to promote ease of doing business and to simplify the process of setting up an insurance company in India.
iii.It aims to enable policyholders, insurers and merchants to provide ‘insurance for everyone by 2047’.
iv.A Private equity (PE) funds can now directly put in money in insurance companies, and investment by them through special purpose vehicles (SPVs) has been made optional.
About Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI):
Chairperson – Debasish Panda
Headquarters – Hyderabad, Telangana
Establishment – 1999 (Incorporated on 1st April 2000)
>> Read Full News

Indore Plans India’s First Retail Municipal Bond for Solar Plant

The Indore Municipal Corporation (IMC) in Madhya Pradesh (MP) is planning to issue India’s first municipal green bond (local government bond), aimed at retail investors, with the revenues going toward funding a solar power plant.
It plans to sell 10-year bond in December 2022 in order to raise up to Rs. 2.6 billion (USD 31.8 million).
Note: Indore in MP is a city in India with a strong environmental record.
Key Points:
i.The issuer, IMC, has designated A.K. Capital Services Ltd. and SBI Capital Markets Ltd. as lead managers for the offering.
ii.The 60-megawatt (MW) solar power plant will be built near Indore for Rs. 3 billion.

  • It will help the city save up to Rs. 250 million each month on its electricity bill.

iii.The green debt sale comes at a time when the World Bank (WB) estimates that India, Asia’s third-largest economy, will need to invest USD 840 billion in urban infrastructure over the next 15 years to meet demand from a rapidly rising urban population.
iv.The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has also urged local governments that rely significantly on bank loans or government grants to consider issuing municipal bonds to meet their funding needs.
About Madhya Pradesh (MP):
Chief Minister (CM) – Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Governor – Mangubhai Patel
National Parks – Dinosaur Fossil National Park; Van Vihar National Park
Wildlife Sanctuary –  Bagdara Wildlife Sanctuary; Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary

RBI holds onboarding of Online Merchants by Paytm Payments Services

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has asked Paytm Payments Services Ltd’s (PPSL), the wholly-owned subsidiary Paytm, to reapply for the authorization to provide payment aggregator (PA) services to online merchants. This means, PPSL has to resubmit the application within 120 calendar days for the PA services.

  • In this regard, PPSL will not onboard new online merchants till the time approvals remain pending.
  • However, PPSL can continue to do business with existing online merchants.

PPSL will seek necessary approval for past downward investment from One97 Communication Ltd (OCL) into it, to comply with FDI guidelines. OCL is the parent company of Paytm.
OCL had proposed to transfer the PA services business undertaken by it to PPSL in December 2020 to comply with the PA guidelines of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) but the banking regulator had rejected its application.

  • The company had re-submitted the required documents in September 2021.


S&P Cuts India’s Growth Forecast to 7 % for FY23S&P-cuts-India's-growth-forecast-to-7-per-cent-for-FY23S&P Global Ratings (S&P) lowered its projection for India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth for the current fiscal year 2022–2023 (FY23) downward to 7%, in its quarterly economic update for Asia-Pacific.

  • In September 2022, S&P forecasted the Indian economy to grow 7.3% in 2022-23 and 6.5% in next fiscal year (2023-24).
  • S&P has also decreased its growth projection for 2023 from 6.5% to 6%.

Key Points:
i.According to S&P, domestic demand-driven economies like India, Indonesia, and the Philippines will be less affected by the global slowdown.
ii.India’s output will increase by 7% in FY23 (ending in March 2023) and 6% in FY24.
iii.It forecasted that inflation would average 6.8% in FY23 and that the benchmark interest rate set by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) would increase to 6.25% by March 2023.
iv.The RBI has already hiked interest rates by 1.9% points to a 3-year high of 5.9% in order to offset price hikes.
v.While Wholesale or WPI (Wholesale Price Index) inflation was at a 19-month low of 8.39% in October 2022, retail or CPI (Consumer Price Index) inflation dropped to a 3-month low of 6.7%.
vi.S&P predicted that the exchange rate will be Rs 79.50 to a USD by the end of March 2023, down from the current Rs 81.77 to a USD.
Other Agencies That Have Cut India’s Growth Forecast:  
i.The World Bank (WB) has reduced India’s growth forecast by 100 basis points to 6.5%.
ii.The International Monetary Fund (IMF) reduced its growth forecast for India from 7.4% to 6.8%.
iii.The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has decreased its forecast from 7.5% to 7%.
iv.The RBI projects 7% GDP growth in FY23.
v.According to Goldman Sachs Group Inc., GDP may grow by 5.9% in calendar year 2023, up from a projected 6.9% in 2022.
vi.Moody’s Investors Service, a global rating agency, reduced India’s GDP growth projection for 2022 from 7.7% to 7%.

Emirates and Gulf Air Launch Codeshare Partnership

Emirates and Gulf Air have signed a  unilateral codeshare partnership, with effect from December 2022,  to offer easy connections and expanded choices for Gulf Air customers connecting to Dubai and onwards to a host of Emirates destinations across Europe, Africa, South America and the Far East.

  • Sir Tim Clark, President of Emirates Airlines and Gulf Air’s Chief Executive Officer(CEO) Captain Waleed Al Alawi signed the agreement in the presence of H.E. Zayed R. Alzayani, Gulf Air’s Chairman of the Board of Directors.
  • The agreement was signed on the 1st day of the Bahrain International Airshow – 9 to 11 November 2022.


2022 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservationfor-Cultural-Heritage-ConservationThe “2022 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation” (Heritage Awards) were awarded to 13 award-winning projects from 6 different countries across the Asia-Pacific region.

  • The 6 nations are Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, Nepal and Thailand.

The awards were announced by UNESCO Bangkok, which serves as the Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education as well as a Cluster Office in the Asia-Pacific region of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Century Old Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya in Mumbai Wins UNESCO Asia-Pacific Award
The “Award of Excellence” in the “2022 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation” has been awarded to the heroic restoration of the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (CSMVS) Museum in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

  • It was established in 1922 as the Prince of Wales Museum of Western India.

The CSMVS Museum is a component of the Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai world heritage property in India.
About the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):
Director-General – Audrey Azoulay
Established – 1945 (came into force in 1946)
>> Read Full News

NAeG 2021-22: eGramSwaraj & AuditOnline of MoPR won GOLD AWARDeGramSwaraj-and-Audit-Online-of-Ministry-of-Panchayati-Raj-18-e-governance-initiativesOn 26th November 2022, the e-Panchayat Mission Mode Project (eGramSwaraj and AuditOnline) of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) won the Gold Award under the category “Excellence in Government Process Re-engineering for Digital Transformation” of the National Awards for e-Governance(NAeG) 2021-2022.

  • The NAeG recognises the excellent and exemplary work done by Team eGovernance and is supported by Team National Informatics Centre(NIC)-MoPR.
  • Alok Prem Nagar, Joint Secretary, MoPR received the award from Dr. Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State(MoS) for MoPR during the 25th National Conference on e-Governance(NCeG) at Jammu & Kashmir(J&K).
  • The gold award includes a certificate and a trophy for the Project and a cash award of Rs.5 Lakh and silver for Rs 3 lakh.

25th NCeG: 
i.25th National Conference on e-Governance (NCeG) on 26th – 27th November, 2022 in Katra, J&K was organised by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG) and Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY).
ii.The conference was held under the theme “Bringing Citizens, Industry and Government closer”.

  • The conference was inaugurated by Dr. Jitendra Singh.

Valedictory Session: 
The Valedictory Session was presided over by Shri Manoj Sinha, Lieutenant Governor, Jammu & Kashmir in the 25th NCeG.
Highlights of the session:
i.The session witnessed the launch of the J&K digital vision document and J&K Cyber security policy to promote a common approach to use the power of innovation and secure IT assets in a rapidly changing technology landscape.
ii.During the event, Jammu and Kashmir Information Technology department and DITECH Haryana signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on e-Governance to strengthen the collaboration on knowledge sharing, IT initiatives and best practices in e-Governance.
iii.The J&K Government also signed MoUs with Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University and National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT) for capacity building of the youth and collaborations in the IT sector.
NAeG 2021-2022:
The NAeG 2021-2022, the categories under the Award Scheme have been revised.
The 5 categories under NAeG 2021-2022 are:

  • Excellence in Government Process Re-engineering for Digital Transformation
  • Excellence in providing Citizen Centric Delivery
  • Excellence in District level initiative in e-Governance
  • Outstanding research on Citizen Centric Services by Academic/Research Institutions
  • Excellence in adopting emerging technologies

Gold Awardees:

  • Jammu and Kashmir’s Srinagar district was awarded gold by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) for Project/Initiative ‘GAASH’ under the category of “Excellence in District Level Initiative in e-Governance” of the National Awards for e-Governance Scheme 2021-2022.
  • Rajasthan’s Sri Ganganagar district was given the prestigious gold award for its ‘Gang Canal regulation and computerization project’.
  • Uttar Pradesh’s geology and mining department received a gold award for its ‘Mine Mitra’ portal for transparency under ‘State and UT level initiatives’

18 e-Governance initiatives at Central, State and District levels, Academic & Research Institutions and Public Sector Undertaking were awarded with NAeG 2021-2022. This includes 9 gold and 9 silver.

International Snow Leopard Trust honoured with 17th BBVA Foundation Biodiversity Conservation AwardsIndian-scientists-receive-international-award-on-behalf-of-snow-leopard-conservation-allianceInternational Snow Leopard Trust has been honoured with the 17th edition of BBVA Foundation Biodiversity Conservation Awards for its role for supporting Global Snow Leopard Ecosystem Protection Program(GSLEP).

  • Charudutt Mishra, executive director of the International Snow Leopard Trust: Clemente Álvarez, editor of the Climate and Environment section of ‘El País’  along with Chyngyz Kochorov of Kyrgyzstan received the awards on behalf of International Snow Leopard Trust.
  • The Snow Leopard Trust is a Seattle-based non-profit that is the technical and financial partner of the GSLEP Program.
  • The secretariat of the GSLEP Program is based in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan and is hosted by the Ministry of Natural Resources, Ecology and Technical Supervision of the Kyrgyz Republic.

i.GSLEP is the first-of-its-kind alliance between 12 governments, conservationists, scientists and other organizations to work for the conservation of snow leopards and their ecosystem.
ii.GSLEP was created in 2013 when officials, politicians and conservationists arrived at a common conservation strategy enshrined in the Bishkek Declaration (2013) to cooperate towards the conservation of snow leopards and their habitat.
iii.The GSLEP has identified 24 protection areas covering 25% of the snow leopard range.
Snow Leopards:
i.The snow leopards range from 2 million sq kilometres and are spread across 12 Asian countries, Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
ii.The Snow leopards face several threats like legal hunting, loss of prey, habitat loss, retribution killings for livestock loss and climate change.     


IRDAI Approves MFSL Acquisition on Residual 5.17% Stake held by MSI in Max LifeMax-Financial-gets-IRDAI-nod-to-acquire-residual-5%-stake-held-by-Mitsui-Sumitomo-in-Max-LifeMax Financial Services Limited (MFSL), received approval from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) to purchase the remaining 5.17% stake held by Mitsui Sumitomo Company Limited (MSI) in Max Life Insurance Company Limited (Max Life).

  • After this acquisition, MFSL shareholding in Max Life will increase to 87%.

Key highlights:
i.BackgroundEarlier, MFSL held a 72.52% stake in Max Life and MSI had 25.48% stake and in December 2020, MFSL swapped 20.57% of the paid-up equity share capital in Max Life held by MSI to MFSL in exchange for 21.87% of issued and paid-up share capital of MFSL, through Share Swap Transaction.
ii.This transaction entails the purchase of 9.91 crore shares of Max Life at Rs. 85 per share by MFSL, as per the Put/Call option approved by the MFSL Board on 3rd March 2020 and also by its shareholders on 27th May 2020.
About Max Financial Services Limited (MFSL):
Max Financial Services Limited (MFS), is the holding company for Max Life, India’s largest non-bank, private life insurance company.
Managing Director (MD) – Mohit Talwar
Headquarters – Noida, Uttar Pradesh

CIL to acquire 7.09% in Ki Mobility Solutions for Rs 487.5 Crore

Castrol India Limited (CIL) is set to acquire a 7.09% stake in  Ki Mobility Solutions(KMS, a digital subsidiary of  TVS Automobile Solutions, with an investment of Rs 487.5 crore in an all-cash deal.

  • With this investment, CIL aims to expand its presence in service and maintenance for both internal combustion engines (ICE) and electric vehicles (EV) and leverage myTVS’ digital and operational capabilities.
  • The partnership will also offer the potential for Castrol and KMS to collaborate and partner in select markets beyond India.   


ISRO successfully launches PSLV-C54 carrying 9 Satellites; includes EOS-06 & INS-2BISRO-successfully-launches-India-Bhutan-developed-PSLV-C54-rocketi.On November 26, 2022, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)-C54 rocket from First Launch Pad (FLP) Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh (AP).
ii.This is the 56th flight of PSLV, and the 24th Flight of the PSLV-XL version with 6 PSOM-XLs.
iii.It carried 9 satellites viz. India’s Earth Observation Satellite -06 (EOS-06), also known as Oceansat-3, and the 8 nanosatellites viz. ISRO Nano Satellite-2 for Bhutan (INS-2B), Anand Satellite, 4 Astrocast satellites, and 2 Thybolt satellites.
About Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO):
Chairman– S. Somanath
Headquarters– Bengaluru, Karnataka
Establishment– 1969
>> Read Full News

Ikshak, 3rd ship of Survey Vessel (Large) project launched at ChennaiIkshak,-3rd-ship-of-Survey-Vessel-(Large)-project-launched-at-L&T,-ChennaiOn November 26, 2022, ‘Ikshak’ the third of the four Survey Vessels (Large) (SVL) Project was launched at Larsen and Toubro (L&T)’ s Kattupalli facility in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It is being built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE) and Larsen and Toubro (L&T) for the Indian Navy.

  • The meaning of Ikshak is Guide.
  • It was launched by Mrs Madhumati Hampiholi, spouse of VAdm (Vice Admiral) MA Hampiholi, Flag Officer Commanding in Chief, Southern Naval Command.

Key Points:
i.SVL ships will replace the existing Sandhayak Class survey ships with new generation hydrographic equipment to collect oceanographic data.
ii.The SVL ships are 110 m long, and 16 m wide with a deep displacement of 3400 tons and a complement of 231 personnel.

  • The ship’s propulsion system consists of two main engines with twin shafts, each capable of a maximum speed of 18 knots and a cruise speed of 14 knots.

iii.The hull of these ships is made from indigenously developed DMR 249-A steel manufactured by Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL).
iv.The primary role of the ships is to undertake full scale coastal and deep-water hydrographic surveys of Ports and navigational channels. They will also collect oceanographic and geophysical data for defence as well as civil applications.

  • They provide limited defence, and serve as Hospital ships during emergencies.

In October 2018, the contract for building four SVL ships was signed between the Ministry of Defence and GRSE with an outlay of Rs 2435 Cr. The first ship was built at GRSE, Kolkata and construction of balance three ships (upto outfitting stage) has been sub-contracted to L&T Shipbuilding, Kattupalli.

  • SVLs have over 80% indigenous content by cost.
  • The first of class ship Sandhayak was launched on December 5, 2021 at GRSE, Kolkata.

Agnikul Opens its First Launchpad & Mission Control Center at SDSCAgnikul-inaugurates-its-first-launchpad-&-mission-control-center-at-Satish-Dhawan-Space-CentreAgniKul Cosmos Private Limited, a chennai-based space-tech start-up inaugurated India’s first-ever launchpad that is designed and operated by a private player at Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC), Sriharikota.

  • The facility was inaugurated by S Somanath, Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • Participants – Directors of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Sathish Dhawan Space Center and Liquid Propulsions Systems Center and other ISRO Officials participated in the launch event.

Key highlights:
i.This facility has been designed by Agnikul and executed in support of ISRO and Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Center (IN-SPACe).
ii.It has two sections including the Agnikul launchpad (ALP) and the Agnikul mission control center (AMCC).

  • All critical systems connecting these two sections, which are 4 km away from each other will ensure 100 percent operationality during the countdown

iii.The launchpad has been specifically built to enable it to support liquid-stage controlled launches, while allowing ISRO’s range operations team to monitor key flight safety parameters. It also has the ability to share critical information with Isro’s Mission Control Centre.

  • In December 2022, Agnikul’s first mission on guided and controlled launch will be carried out from this facility.

iv.Agnikul is building a highly customizable, 2-stage launch vehicle, named Agnibaan that is capable of taking up to 100 kg payload to low Earth orbits that will be around 700 km high and enables plug-and-play configuration.
Note – In 2021, India successfully tested the first single-piece 3D printed engine named Agnilet, which was fully designed and manufactured in India.
About AgniKul Cosmos Private Limited:
Founders – Srinath Ravichandran & Moin SPM
Headquarters – Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Establishment – 2017

NASA’s Orion Spacecraft Successfully Enters Orbit Around the Moon

The Orion spacecraft for the Artemis I Moon Mission has been successfully placed into lunar orbit by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the United States (US) agency.

  • Orion will fly approximately 40,000 miles (64,400 km) above the moon.

Orion was placed into a distant retrograde orbit by NASA’s Johnson Space Center (Houston, US) flight controllers by firing the orbital manoeuvring system engine for 1 minute, 28 seconds.
New Record
i.On November 26, 2022, the Orion spacecraft broke the record for the most distance covered by a spacecraft designed to carry humans to space and safely return them to Earth.

  • Orion was 252,133 miles from Earth and 52,707 miles from the Moon.

ii.The previous record was set in 1970 during the Apollo 13 mission, which travelled 248,655 miles (400,171 kilometres (km)) from Earth.
iii.On November 28, 2022, Orion will be more than 270,000 miles (432,000 km) from Earth at its maximum distance from the Moon.

  • Orion will then begin its voyage back to Earth, with a landing in the Pacific Ocean set for December 11, 2022.

iv.Orion was specifically intended for missions that would take humans further into space than ever before.
Artemis I Moon Mission
i.Artemis I, originally Exploration Mission-1, will be the first integrated test of NASA’s deep space exploration systems: The Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, and the ground systems at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida.

  • Artemis I, the first in a series of increasingly complex missions, will be an unmanned flight.

ii.It will lay the groundwork for human deep space travel and demonstrate NASA’s dedication and competence to extend human existence to the Moon and beyond.
Key Points:
i.According to NASA, this will serve as a rehearsal for the upcoming astronaut-led moon flyby in 2024.

  • Astronauts could make their first lunar landing as soon as 2025.

ii.Astronauts last landed the moon 50 years ago, in the Apollo 17 mission in 1972.
iii.On Artemis I, engineers are testing a number of Orion spacecraft features required for crewed deep space missions.
iv.The Artemis II mission is designed to test the systems needed for astronauts to survive and breathe in deep space.

SpaceX Dragon Cargo Ship Docks at ISS to Deliver Solar Arrays & Other ExperimentsUnmanned-SpaceX-Dragon-cargo-successfully-docks-to-ISSOn 27th November 2022 an unmanned SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft successfully docked to the International Space Station (ISS) to deliver more than 7,700 pounds of research, hardware, new solar wings, and fresh supplies.

  • The SpaceX freighter launched atop a Falcon 9 rocket  took off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, USA.
  • The spacecraft contains over 3.5 tonnes (7,700 pounds) of cargo, including food, supplies for scientific experiments and hardware.
  • Dragon’s current mission is called CRS-26, because it is the 26th robotic cargo flight that SpaceX is flying to the ISS for NASA.

About the deliveries of Dragon:
i.The cargo includes two new ISS Roll Out Solar Arrays (iROSAs), that are designed to upgrade the orbiting lab’s existing solar wings to help in modernising the energy production of the space station.
ii.An experiment to grow dwarf tomatoes was sent to the astronauts to supplement their diets.
iii.A Moon microscope, will test a kit for in-flight medical diagnosis that includes a portable hand-held microscope and a small self-contained blood sample staining device was delivered.
iv.Across science, engineering, art, and design, which has been packed inside a Nanoracks Black Box with several other experiments from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab and is sponsored by the ISS National Lab.
v.It also delivered phase 2 of BioNutrients to employ a smaller system with a heated incubator that promotes growth of beneficial organisms.
Note – In the Future, ISS will feature six iROSAs, which will boost the power supply of ISS by 20% to 30%.
About National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA):
Administrator – Bill Nelson
Headquarters – Washington D.C, United States


Tennis: Davis Cup 2022: Canada defeats Australia to win maiden Davis Cup titleCanada-win-maiden-Davis-Cup-title,-oust-Australia-2-0-in-finalCanada defeated Australia (2-0) to win its first ever Davis Cup title after World No 6. Felix Auger-Aliassime and Denis Shapovalov of Canada defeated Australia’s Alex De Minaur and Thanasi Kokkinakis in the Singles match in the finals of Davis Cup 2022.

  • The Davis Cup 2022 by Rakuten was held from 13 to 18 September and from 22 to 27 November 2022 in Malaga, Spain.
  • The Davis Cup 2022, the 110th Edition of the tournament, witnessed the participation of 28 countries.

Members of Canada team:

  • Felix Auger-Aliassime
  • Denis Shapovalov
  • Vasek Pospisil
  • Alexis Galarneau
  • Gabriel Diallo

Note: Canada made its debut in the Davis Cup title game in 2019,
About Davis Cup: 
i.The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men’s tennis. It is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).
ii.The event is annually contested between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format.
iii.The first-ever Davis Cup took place in 1900 as a competition between the United States of America and Great Britain.
iv.The current format of the event was introduced in 2019 with 18 nations competing.
v.The tournament was initially known as the International Lawn Tennis Challenges and later renamed Davis Cup after Dwight Davis’s trophy.


74th NCC Raising Day – November 27, 2022Raising-Day-of-National-Cadet-CorpsNational Cadet Corps (NCC), the world’s largest uniformed youth organisation raised in 1948, annually celebrates its raising day on the 4th Sunday of November.  The observance of NCC Raising day includes marches by NCC Cadets, blood donation camps and other social development programmes.
The 27th November 2022, marks the observance of NCC’s 74th Raising Day.

  • The 73rd NCC Raising Day was observed on 28th November 2021.
  • The 75th NCC Raising Day will be observed on 26th November 2023.

i.The Cadet Corps Committee was formed on 29th September 1946 with Pt HN Kunzru as chairman.

  • NCC was raised on 15th July 1948 in New Delhi.
  • NCC Day is observed annually on the 4th Sunday in November to commemorate the day in 1947 when the first units were raised in Delhi.

About National Cadet Corps (NCC):
Director General– Lieutenant General Gurbirpal Singh
Motto– “Unity and Discipline”
Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi
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Bihar CM Nitish Kumar Launches Ganga Water Supply Scheme at RajgirBihar-Chief-Minister-Nitish-Kumar-launches-Har-Ghar-Gangajal-project-in-RajgirOn 27th November 2022, Bihar Chief Minister (CM) Nitish Kumar launched the ‘Gangajal aapurti yojna (Har Ghar Ganga Jal project)’ with an outlay of Rs. 4,174 crore at International Convention Centre, Rajgir, Bihar.

  • He also inaugurated the water purification plant and water pump house at Motnaje in Nawada District, Bihar.

About the project:
i.Har Ghar Gangajal, a part of the Bihar government’s Jal, Jeevan, Hariyali scheme, is a unique and ambitious initiative to provide Ganga water on tap in the parched areas of Bihar.
ii.The water resource department will be the nodal agency for the Har Ghar Gangajal project.
Deputy CM Tejashwi Prasad Yadav, Finance Minister Vijay Kumar Choudhary, WRD Minister Jha, Rural Development Minister, Shrawan Kumar, Nalanda MP Kaushalendra Kumar, All Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs) and Members of Legislative Council (MLCs) from Nalanda District, Chief Secretary Amir Subhani, Water resources department secretary Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, Nalanda DM Shashank Shubhankar and SP Ashok Kumar Mishra were present on the occasion.
Key highlights:
i.The first phase of the scheme will ensure uninterrupted drinking water supply to Rajgir, Bodh Gaya and Gaya towns.

  • The second phase of the scheme will be implemented at Nawada.

ii.At first, the scheme helps in harvesting the excess water of the Ganga during the monsoon season, and is transported in a special pipeline to about 151 km to 3 enormous reservoirs of Rajgir, Tetar and Gaya.
iii.The transported water shall be stored in reservoirs in Rajgir and Gaya before channelizing to three treatment and purification plants, from where it will be supplied to the public.

  • The water will be lifted from Hathidah in Patna and around 135 litres of Ganga water per person per day will be transported to each household in Rajgir.


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