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Current Affairs 27 & 28 November 2020

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We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 27 & 28 November 2020, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2020 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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Top 25 Current Affairs of 27 & 28 November 2020

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

India and Finland sign MOU for developing cooperation in the field of environmental protection and biodiversity conservationIndia-and-Finland-sign-MOU-for-developing-cooperation

On November 26, 2020, India and Finland signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for cooperation and strengthening of technological, scientific and management capabilities in the field of Environment protection and biodiversity conservation. It was virtually signed by Union Minister Prakash Keshav Javadekar, Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) and Krista Mikkonen, Minister of the Environment and Climate Change, Government of Finland.
About Finland
Capital– Helsinki
Currency– Euro
Prime Minister (PM)– Sanna Mirella Marin
<<Read Full News>>

Thaawarchand Gehlot E-Launches ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’ and E-Inaugurated Garima Greh in Vadodara, GujaratShri-Thaawarchand-Gehlot-E-Launches-National-Portal-for-Transgender-Persons-and-Inaugurates-Garima-Greh

i.On November 25, 2020, Union Minister Thaawarchand Gehlot, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (MoSJE) has e-launched a “National Portal for Transgender Persons” and e-inaugurated a “Garima Greh: A Shelter Home for Transgender Persons” in Vadodara, Gujarat.
ii.The portal has been launched on the lines of Notification of Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020 released on September, 29 2020 to provide pan India online applying facility of a Certificate and Identity card (I-Card) to transgender persons without visiting office or any physical interface.
iii.Garima Greh is launched by MoSJE and will be run in association with Lakshya Trust, a Community based organisation entirely run by the Transgenders to provide shelter to Transgender persons, with basic amenities like shelter, food, medical care and recreational facilities.
About Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019:
It came into effect on January 10, 2020 to ensure welfare of Transgender persons and to make them a part of mainstream of the Society.
<<Read Full News>>

27th edition of India-Singapore Bilateral Maritime Exercise (SIMBEX-20) Held in Andaman Sea27th edition of the India-Singapore Bilateral Maritime Exercise (SIMBEX-20) concluded in Andaman Sea

i.Indian Navy (IN) hosted the 27th edition of India – Singapore Bilateral Maritime Exercise SIMBEX-20 from 23 to 25 November 2020 in Andaman Sea in a “non-contact, at sea only” format amid COVID-19. It is an annual exercise between IN and Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN).
ii.The Indian Navy was represented by INS (Indian Naval Ship) Rana with its integral Chetak helicopter in addition to INS Kamorta, INS Karmuk, Submarine INS Sindhuraj and P8I maritime reconnaissance aircraft.
iii.The RSN was represented by Formidable-class stealth frigates RSS Intrepid and RSS Steadfast along with integral S70B helicopter as well as Endurance-class landing platform dock ship RSS Endeavour.
About Singapore:
Prime Minister (PM) – Lee Hsien Loong
Currency – Singapore Dollar (SGD)
<<Read Full News>>

PM Narendra Modi Chaired 33rd PRAGATI interactionPM-Narendra-Modi-chairs-33rd-PRAGATI-interaction

i.On November 25, 2020, Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi chaired the 33rd PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation) meeting which reviewed the multiple projects, grievances and programmes in the presence of concerned Secretaries of the Union Government and Chief Secretaries of the State Governments.
ii.The projects that reviewed were of the Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH), Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) and Ministry of Power.
iii.These projects worth Rs 1.41 lakh crore, were related to 10 states and union territories (UTs).
About PRAGATI:
Launched in 2015, PRAGATI is a multi-purpose and multi-modal platform aimed at addressing common man’s grievances, and simultaneously monitoring and reviewing important programmes and projects of the Government of India as well as projects flagged by State Governments.
<<Read Full News>>

NITI Aayog releases ‘Mitigation and Management of Covid-19: Practices from India’s States & UTs’NITI-Aayog-releases-‘Mitigation-and-Management-of-Covid-19-Practices-from-India’s-States-&-UTs’

i.On November 25, 2020, the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog released a compendium titled “Mitigation & Management of Covid-19- Practices from India’s States & Union Territories”.
ii.It was released by NITI Aayog Member Dr Vinod K Paul, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Amitabh Kant and Additional Secretary Dr Rakesh Sarwal.
iii.The report contains information about various initiatives implemented by states, districts, and cities in India for containing and managing the Covid-19 outbreak.
iv.The focus of the report is to learn from each other practices for tackling the pandemic.
About National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog:
Chairman–Prime Minister (Narendra Damodardas Modi)
Headquarter– New Delhi.
<<Read Full News>>

Ministry of Environment Approves Rs. 1100 crore for Song Dam drinking water project

Union-Environment-Ministry-approves-construction-of-Rs-1,100-crore-Song-Dam

On 26th November, The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has announced a Fund allocation of Rs. 1100 crore towards the construction of Song Dam drinking water project in Dehradun, Uttarakhand. This project is aimed at providing 24 hours drinking water to the city of Dehradun and will help the revival of River Rispana a tributary of River Song. The dam is about 148 m high and has the capability to generate power up to 6 MW.
About Song River:
i.Song is one of the largest rivers that drain the Doon Valley traversing 190 km (120 mi).
ii.It is a tributary of Sooswa river, which in turn is a tributary of the Ganges, it originates as spring-fed stream in the southern slopes of the Radi Top of Mussoorie ridge of the Himalayan range and runs from Dhanaulti towards Narendranagar.
Important Dams in India:

Dam/Projects River State Speciatily
Hirakud Dam Mahanadi Odisha Longest dam in India
Tehri Dam Bhagirathi Uttarakhand Highest dam in India
Kallanai Dam Kaveri Tamil Nadu First dam of India
Sardar Sarovar Dam Narmada Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan Concrete gravity dam; Provides electricity and water to four states,
Ukai Project Tapi Gujarat Also known as Vallabhasagar Dam
Indira Gandhi Canal Project Sutlaj Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan  Longest canal in India, providing irrigation facility to the Thar desert region of Rajasthan.
Idduki Dam Periyar Kerala Idukki double curvature arch dam is one of the highest arch dam in Asia
Pong Dam Beas Himachal Pradesh Earth-fill embankment dam serving irrigation and Hydroelectric production

About Uttarakhand:
Capital- Gairsain (summer) Dehradun (winter) 
Chief Minister- Trivendra Singh Rawat
Governor- Baby Rani Maurya 
Lipulekh pass, a tri junction point connecting India, Nepal and China is located in Uttarakhand
About Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC)
Cabinet Minister-Prakash Javadekar
Head Quarters- Indira Paryavaran Bhavan, New Delhi
MoEFCC is the controlling authority of the Indian Forest Service (IFS), one of the three All India Services.

MoES to Launch Deep Ocean Mission in 3-4 months for Underwater Exploration in Indian Ocean

India-to-launch-deep-sea-mission-in-3-4-monthsi.The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is all set to launch an ambitious ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ in the next 3-4 months that envisages underwater exploration of minerals, energy and marine diversity and also enhance India’s presence in the Indian Ocean. Its expected outlay is over Rs 4,000 crore.
ii.The information regarding the mission was provided by MoES secretary, Dr. Madhavan Nair Rajeevan.
iii.The stakeholders in this multi-disciplinary work will be Defence Research and Development Organisation, Department of Biotechnology, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
iv.Notably, India has been ear-marked nearly 1.5 lakh square kilometres of area in the central Indian Ocean for exploration.
About Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES):
Union Minister– Harsh Vardhan (Constituency- Chandni Chowk, New Delhi)
<<Read Full News>>

Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar Launched Nafed’s Honey FPO Programs In 5 StatesAgriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar launches Nafed's Honey FPO Programme

i.On 26th November 2020, Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare virtually inaugurated the Honey Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO) Programs of National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Limited (NAFED) under the “Formation & Promotion of 10,000 FPOs” Scheme in 5 states.
ii.The areas covered under the Honey FPO programme are, Sundarbans in West Bengal, East Champaran in Bihar, Mathura in Uttar Pradesh, Morena in Madhya Pradesh and Bharatpur in Rajasthan.
iii.The NAFED,one of the Implementing Agencies(IAs) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, will support the establishment of the Honey FPO programme in the five states.
About National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Limited (NAFED):
Chairman– Dr. Bijender Singh
Managing Director– Sanjeev Kumar Chadha
Headquarters– New Delhi
<<Read Full News>>

Israel Committed its Partnership with India for future with Low Carbon, Pollution LevelsIsrael, India partners in quest for future with low carbon, pollution levels

A digital conference of the India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA) was held on November 27, 2020 where Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has committed his partnership with India for lowering carbon and pollution levels in future.

  • He expressed his confidence that in Israel solar energy would constitute over 25% of energy supply by 2030.

Key Points:
–The ISA was jointly launched by Modi and then French President Francois Hollande at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in November 2015. It seeks to harness the power of the sun to reduce pollution and carbon footprint by rapid deployment of solar energy units.
–In October 2020, India was re-elected as president of the ISA for a term of two years.
About Israel:
Capital– Jerusalem
Currency– Israeli Shekel

Cabinet Approvals on November 25, 2020Cabinet-Approvals-on-November-25,-2020

i.The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi has approved the following approvals on November 25, 2020, which were detailed by Union Minister Prakash Keshav Javadekar during a press conference.
ii.Cabinet approves Scheme of Amalgamation of Lakshmi Vilas Bank with DBS Bank India Limited,headquartered at Mumbai,Maharashtra.
iii.Cabinet approves Capital infusion into NIIF Infrastructure Debt Financing Platform
iv.Cabinet approved FDI of Rs. 2480.92 cr in ATC Telecom Infrastructure Pvt Limited by ATC Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.
About Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI):
It is a statutory body established under the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 for the regulation of the profession of Chartered Accountants in India.
President– Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI)
Headquarter– New Delhi.
<<Read Full News>>

Cabinet Approvals with Foreign Countries on November 25, 2020Cabinet-Approvals-with-Foreign-Countries-on-November-25,-2020

i.The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi has approved the following approvals on November 25, 2020, which were detailed by Union Minister Prakash Keshav Javadekar during a press conference.
ii.Cabinet approves MoU on Cooperation in Physical Culture and Sport among BRICS Countries.
iii.Cabinet approves MoU between ICAI and Vereniging van Registercontrollers(VRC), the Netherlands.
About The Netherlands:
Capital– Amsterdam
Currency– Euro.
About BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa):
BRICS nations represent about 42% of the population, 23% of GDP, 30% of the territory and 18% of the global trade.
Chairman – Russia (2020), India will assume chairmaship in 2021
Russia Presidency Theme– BRICS partnership for Global Stability, Shared Security and Innovative Growth.
<<Read Full News>>

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Piyush Goyal & Dr. Than Myint Co-Chaired the 7th Meeting of the Joint Trade Committee between India and Myanmar Virtually7th-Joint-Trade-Committee-Meeting-held-between-India-&-Myanmar

i.On November 24, 2020, Piyush Goyal, Indian Minister of Commerce and Industry along with Dr. Than Myint, Union Minister for Ministry of Commerce, Myanmar co-chaired the 7th Meeting of the Joint Trade Committee between India and Myanmar Virtually.
ii.Both the country examined multiple sector ranging from trade, investment, banking, connectivity, oil, gas, capacity building and upgradation of border infrastructure during the meeting.
iii.They enhanced their co-operation in Pharma, health and Traditional Medicine sector and also discussed about their readiness to meet the Covid-19 challenge & also discussed in the field of petroleum products and refining.
About Myanmar:
Capital – Naypyidaw
Currency – Kyat
President – Win Myint
<<Read Full News>>

BANKING & FINANCE

YES Bank in Partnership with Worldline Launches SMS Pay Functionality on PoS Terminals for Merchants YES Bank launches remote payment service for merchants

i.On November 26, 2020 YES Bank in partnership with Worldline launched SMS Pay functionality on PoS(Point of Sale) Terminals.
ii.This allows merchants to accept contactless and remote payments from their customers and also enables customers to transact safely.
iii.SMS Pay provides an alternative channel of payment acceptance for the merchants at zero incremental cost.
About YES Bank:
HeadQuarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Managing Director(MD) and Chief Executive Officer(CEO)–  Prashant Kumar
Incepted– 2004
Tagline– Experience our expertise
About Worldline:
HeadQuarters–  Bezons, France
Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer(CEO)– Gilles Grapinet
Managing Director, Worldline South Asia and Middle East– Deepak Chandnani
<<Read Full News>>

Razorpay in Partnership with Visa  Launches 1st of its kind card, ‘RazorpayX Corporate Cards’Razorpay partners with Visa to launch RazorpayX Corporate Cards to help small business owners

i.On November 26, 2020 Razorpay in partnership with Visa launched the 1st of its kind card, ‘RazorpayX Corporate Cards’ for Indian entrepreneurs.
ii.The card provides business owners with access to secure payments and financing and improved cash flows.
iii.The bank-issued cards help to provide relief and stabilize the financial operations of the business owners of startups and SMEs(Small and Medium sized Eneterprises) who are severely affected by COVID-19 pandemic.
About Razorpay:
Chief Executive Officer(CEO) & Co-Founder– Harshil Mathur
HeadQuarters– Bengaluru( Bangalore), Karnataka
About Visa:
Headquarters– California, United States
Chairman and CEO– Alfred F. Kelly, Jr.
<<Read Full News>>

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Malayalam Film ‘Jallikattu’ Selected as India’s official entry for Oscars 2021Malayalam feature 'Jallikattu' is India's official entry for Oscars 2021

A Malayalam film “Jallikattu” directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery, has been selected as India’s official entry for the International Feature Film category at the 93rd Academy Awards or 2021 Oscars. It was unanimously chosen from 27 entries across Hindi, Marathi and other languages by the 14-member jury headed by Rahul Rawail, Chairman, Jury Board, Film Federation of India (FFI).

  • The film about a tribe of men coming together to stop a bull that has run amok in their village is based on a short story by Hareesh.
  • The film name is derived from the popular-yet-controversial bull-taming event from the South.
  • It features actors Antony Varghese, Chemban Vinod Jose, Sabumon Abdusamad and Santhy Balachandran.

Key Points:
–The jury was comprised of directors Abhishek Shah, Atanu Ghosh, writer Shrinivas Bhanage, costume designer Sabarni Das, editor Vijay Khochikar, among others.
–Lijo Pellissery also won the best director trophy at the 50th International Film Festival of India (FFI) in 2019 for “Jallikattu”.
About Academy Awards(Oscars Awards):
Presented by – Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
2020 Academy Awards (Oscar Awards) or 92nd Academy Awards (Oscar Awards) ceremony held in Dolby Theatre Los Angeles, California, U.S.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS

Roch Marc Christian Kaboré Wins 2nd Term as The President of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso president Roch Marc Christian Kabore re-elected

On 26th November 2020, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (63 years old) of People’s Movement for Progress(MPP) party, won the 2nd term as the President of Burkina Faso by winning the 2020 presidential elections. He won the election with around 58% of the vote which is 1.6 million votes of 3 million cast, with turnout at 50%.
He will serve another 5 years as the President of Burkina Faso.
Results of the Election:
i.Eddie Komboigo, head of the Congress for Democracy and Progress, the leading candidate received 15% and the other leading opposition candidate Zephirin Diabre, representing Progress and Change Party received around 12% votes.
ii.Roch Marc Christian Kaboré won the elections defeating 12 opponents and won the first round of the election.
About Roch Marc Christian Kaboré:
i.Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, a former banker, became the president of Burkina Faso in 2015.
ii.He served as the Chairman of the Congress for Democracy and Progress party (CDP) before quitting the party in 2014.
About Burkina Faso:
Capital– Ouagadougou
Currency– West African CFA franc

New Zealand’s Greg Barclay elected as new chairman of International Cricket CouncilNew Zealand's Greg Barclay elected as new chairman of International Cricket Council

The International Cricket Council (ICC) has named New Zealand’s Greg Barclay as its new independent chairman to succeed Shashank Manohar. He defeated Imran Khwaja in the second round of voting.

  • Imran Khwaja was serving as the Interim chairman after Shashank Manohar stepped down from the post in July 2020.
  • Greg Barclay is the second-ever head of ICC from New Zealand after Alan Isaac president from 2012-14.

Greg Barclay, a commercial lawyer by trade has served as a director of NZC (New Zealand Cricket) since 2012. He was a director of 2015 Men’s World Cup, held in Australia and New Zealand.
About International Cricket Council (ICC):
Chief Executive Officer – Manu Sawhney
Head Quarter – Dubai, United Arab Emirates

ACQUISITIONS & MERGERS        

HDFC Ltd to Acquire 19.9% Stake in Renaissance Investment Solutions ARC for Rs 49.8 lakh

HDFC(Housing Development Finance Corporation) Ltd will acquire  19.9% stake in Renaissance Investment Solutions ARC (Asset Reconstruction Company) Private Ltd for Rs 49,87,500.
Key Info:
i.In this regard, HDFC Ltd signed agreements with Renaissance Investment Solutions ARC for investments.
ii.Government or regulatory approvals are not required for this investment.
iii.Renaissance Investment has to get the approval from Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to commence the business of asset reconstruction
Note – Renaissance Investment was incorporated as a private-limited company Under the Companies Act, 2013.
About HDFC(Housing Development Finance Corporation) Ltd:
Managing Director(MD)– Renu Sud Karnad
HeadQuarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Incorporated– October 17, 1977

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Indian Railway Launches Digitised Online Human Resource Management SystemIndian Railway launches digitised online Human Resource Management System

i.On the lines of  Minister’s (PM) Narendra Modi vision of digitally empowered society and knowledge economy, Indian Railway has launched a completely digitized online Human Resource Management System (HRMS) on November 27, 2020 to improve the efficiency and productivity of Railway system & also employee satisfaction.
ii.In this regard, Vinod Kumar Yadav, Chairman & CEO, Railway Board has launched following modules of HRMS & User depot useful for railway employees and pensioners via video conferencing.
About Ministry of Railway:
Union Minister– Piyush Vedprakash Goyal
Headquarter– New Delhi
<<Read Full News>>

Russia Successfully Test-Fired Tsirkon hypersonic Cruise Missile in White SeaRussia test-launches Tsirkon hypersonic missile in the Arctic

i.On November 26, 2020 Russia successfully test-fired Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile from frigate Admiral Gorshkov of the Soviet Union from the White Sea.
ii.It successfully hit a sea target at a distance of 450 km(Kilometres) in the Barents Sea, at a speed of over Mach 8.
iii.The striking range of the missile can also exceed 1,000 km-2,000 km.Tsirkon hypersonic Cruise Missile is developed & manufactured by NPO Mashinostroyeniya..
About Russia:
Capital– Moscow
Currency– Russian Ruble
<<Read Full News>>

OBITUARY

Faqir Chand Kohli, ‘Father of Indian IT industry’ & founder of TCS dies at the age of 96first CEO of TCS Faqir Chand Kohli passes away

On November 26, 2020, the founder and 1st CEO of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) Faqir Chand Kohli, who is also known as the ‘Father of Indian Information Technology (IT) industries’ passed away at the age of 96 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.He was born on March 1924 Peshawar, British India.(Presently Peshawar is presently located in Pakistan).
Career:
i.Mr. Kohli joined Tata Electric company in 1951, later Founded TCS alongside J.R.D Tata and become the Director of the company in 1970.
ii.He served as the chairman of National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) 1994-95 & he served as the President of NASSCOM during 1995-96.
iii.He was known for transforming the IT industry of the country, for pioneering the Technology revolution in the country to build a $100 billion IT industry in India. As the CEO of TCS he brought IBM to India as part of Tata-IBM deal in 1991 for hardware manufacturing.
Awards:
i.He received India’s third-highest civilian honor, ‘Padma Bhushan Award’ in 2002 for his contributions to the Indian software industry.
ii.He also received the Dadabhai Naoroji Memorial Award in 2000.
About TCS:
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Chairman– Natarajan Chandrasekaran
MD & CEO- Rajesh Gopinathan
TCS became the first Indian IT company to reach the $100 billion in Market Capital in 2018
J.R.D Tata is the first licensed pilot of India, also the founded India’s first commercial
airlines, Tata airlines in 1932. He is known as the father of Indian Civil Aviation.
About NASSCOM:
NASSCOM is a non-profit organisation founded in 1 March, 1988.
Headquarters– New Delhi
Chairman- U. B. Pravin Rao, the current COO of Infosis
President- Debjani Ghosh

Former Argentina Football Player & FIFA World Cup Winner, Diego Maradona Passed away at 60FIFA World Cup winner, Diego Maradona passes away at 60

On 25th November, Former Argentina Football Player & FIFA World Cup Winner, Diego Armando Maradona passed away at the age of 60 due to heart attack in Buenos Aires, Argentina.He was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Achievements:
i.Under his captaincy, Argentina’s National Football Team won the FIFA World Cup that held in Mexico against West Germany in the year 1986.
ii.He won the Golden Ball Award in the FIFA World Cup 1986 Match.
iii.He was well known for his game against England, during which he scored 2 goals, The first goal was an unpenalized handling foul known as the “Hand of God”, while the second goal followed a 60 m (66 yd) dribble past five England players, voted “Goal of the Century” by FIFA.com voters in 2002.
iv.He was one of the two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the 20th Century award.
Career:
i.Diego Maradona played for the Argentina’s Under-20 National Football Team between the year 1977–1979.
ii.He played for the Argentina’s National Football Team till 1979.
iii.He also played for so many football clubs namely, Argentinos Juniors and Boca Juniors, Barcelona, Napoli etc.
iv.He later on moved into coaching, where during which he coached Messi’s Argentina in the FIFA World Cup 2010.
v,From September 2018 to June 2019, he coached Mexican club Dorados.He was the coach of Argentine Primera División club Gimnasia de La Plata from 2019 until his death in 2020.

BOOKS & AUTHORS

PM Modi releases book on the life of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism

On 25th November, 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a book on the life and ideals of Sri Guru Nanak Dev the founder of Sikhism, India’s fourth largest religion. The book was written by Chandigarh based writer Kirpal Singh and released in the presence of Minister of Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi.
About Sikhism:
i.Started in the Mid-15th century by Guru Nanak Dev, is the 5th largest organized religion in the world and the 4th largest religion in India
ii.Sikhism is originated in the Punjab region of Joint Indian subcontinent, which includes modern day Punjab state of India and Punjab Province of Pakistan.
iii.The religion is based on its monopolistic belief over God and Absolute Truth.
iv.Holy Scripts of Sikhism:

  • The Adi Granth, its first rendition, was compiled by the fifth Guru Arjan Singh
  • The Guru Granth Sahib, is the final rendition is the Holly books of Sikhism.

About Guru Nanak Dev:

S.No Guru Name Important Points
1. Guru Nanak Dev Born at Talwandi (now known as Nankana Sahib in Pakistan) on October 20, 1469.

First Sikh Guru, known as Baba Nanak (father Nanak)

Recent Related News:
To mark the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, India in partnership with Pakistan has launched the Kartarpur Corridor. The 4.7 km corridor is a visa-free border crossing and secure corridor, connecting the Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan with India.

IMPORTANT DAYS

National Milk Day 2020 – November 26National Milk Day

i.National Milk Day is annually celebrated across India on 26th November to celebrate the importance of milk in the life of humans. The day honours the birth anniversary of Padma awardee Dr Verghese Kurien, who is known as the Milkman of India and Father of India’s White Revolution.
ii.The National Milk Day 2020 marks the 99th Birth Anniversary of Dr Verghese Kurien.
iii.As a part of the National Milk Day, NDDB awarded certificates and awards to 86 milk producers, 19 dairy cooperatives and 8 milk producer companies across 22 states for their efforts towards increasing the digital bill payments.
About National Dairy Development Board (NDDB):
Chairman– Dilip Rath
Headquarters– Anand, Gujarat
<<Read Full News>>

71st Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas observed on November 26, 2020: An Overview71st-constitution-day-observed-on-26th-November-2020

i.The Constitution day or Samvidhan Divas is observed annually on November 26 since 2015 to mark the adoption of the Indian Constitution by the Constituent Assembly on this day in 1949. The Constitution then came into force on January 26, 1950. The year 2020 marked the 71st Constitution Day.  
ii.Notably, Government of India (GoI) decided yearlong celebration for this day where the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MoSJ&E) was administered as the nodal ministry for the same. As a part of this, the ministry had organized many programs throughout the year, one of which was producing a documentary on the Constitution titled “Illustrations and Calligraphy in the Constitution of India”. It was e-released by Union Minister Dr Thawar Chand Gehlot, MoSJ&E on November 26, 2020 in New Delhi.

  • Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 80th AIPOC 2020 at Kevadia, Gujarat on the theme “Harmonious Coordination between Legislature, Executive and Judiciary- Key to a Vibrant Democracy”.
  • Film Division Screened Four Documentary Films on Constitution of India.
  • iOS version of the Nyaya Bandhu App and its onboarding on UMANG platform to be launched on Constitution Day

About Nyaya Bandhu:
The Nyaya Bandhu App is focused on providing free legal aid and Access to Justice to a common man as enunciated under Article 39A of the Constitution of India. It was developed by the Department of Justice in partnership with common service centres (CSCs) e- Governance Services in 2017.
About Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA):
Union Minister– Arjun Munda
Minister of State (MoS)– Renuka Singh Saruta
<<Read Full News>>

STATE NEWS

Rajasthan Signed LoU with UN World Food Programme to Achieve Food & Nutritional Security GoalsLetter of Understanding signed between Rajasthan UN World Food Programme

i.On 24th November 2020, The United Nations (UN)’s World Food Programme(WFP) signed a Letter of Understanding (LoU) with the Government of Rajasthan for the proposed participation to achieve food and nutritional security goals.
ii.The WFP signed the LoU with the Department of Women and Child Development, School Education, Rural Development and Tribal Regional Development departments to achieve the targets of food and nutritional security by taking required support from these departments.
About World Food Programme(WFP):
Executive Director– David Beasley
Headquarters– Rome, Italy
The United Nations(UN)’s World Food Programme(UNWFP) won the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize.
<<Read Full News>>

AC GAZE

Elon Musk Becomes World’s 2nd richest person:Bloomberg Billionaires Index

On November 25, 2020 The Bloomberg Billionaires Index ranked Elon Musk, co-founder & CEO of Tesla as the world’s 2nd richest person with a total net worth of USD 140 Billion after surpassing Bill Gates(USD 129 Billion), co-founder of Microsoft. Elon Musk is also the CEO of Space Exploration Technologies Corp.(SpaceX). Jeff Bezos,Founder, CEO, and president of the multi-national technology company Amazon, is ranked in 1st position with a net worth of USD 187 Billion. Mukesh Ambani, chairman of Reliance Industries Ltd(RIL) ranked in 10th position with a net worth of USD 74.4 Billion. The Bloomberg Billionaires Index is a daily ranking of the world’s richest people

Israel PM, Benjamin Netanyahu & Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize 2021

Israeli Prime Minister (PM) Benjamin Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan have been nominated for Nobel Peace Prize 2021 for their contribution in establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries. Signing of Peace Agreement between UAE, Israel and Bahrain was also reason behind their nomination.

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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)

S.no Current Affairs 27 & 28 November 2020
1 India and Finland sign MOU for developing cooperation in the field of environmental protection and biodiversity conservation
2 Thaawarchand Gehlot E-Launches ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’ and E-Inaugurated Garima Greh in Vadodara, Gujarat
3 27th edition of India-Singapore Bilateral Maritime Exercise (SIMBEX-20) Held in Andaman Sea
4 PM Narendra Modi Chaired 33rd PRAGATI interaction
5 NITI Aayog releases ‘Mitigation and Management of Covid-19: Practices from India’s States & UTs’
6 Ministry of Environment Approves Rs. 1100 crore for Song Dam drinking water project
7 MoES to Launch Deep Sea Mission in 3-4 months for Underwater Exploration in Indian Ocean
8 Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar Launched Nafed’s Honey FPO Programs In 5 States
9 Israel Committed its Partnership with India for future with Low Carbon, Pollution Levels
10 Cabinet Approvals on November 25, 2020
11 Cabinet Approvals with Foreign Countries on November 25, 2020
12 Piyush Goyal & Dr. Than Myint Co-Chaired the 7th Meeting of the Joint Trade Committee between India and Myanmar Virtually
13 YES Bank in Partnership with Worldline Launches SMS Pay Functionality on PoS Terminals for Merchants to accept Remote Payments
14 Razorpay in Partnership with Visa  Launches 1st of its kind card, ‘RazorpayX Corporate Cards’
15 Malayalam Film ‘Jallikattu’ Selected as India’s official entry for Oscars 2021
16 Roch Marc Christian Kaboré Wins 2nd Term as The President of Burkina Faso
17 New Zealand’s Greg Barclay elected as new chairman of International Cricket Council
18 HDFC Ltd to Acquire 19.9% Stake in Renaissance Investment Solutions ARC for Rs 49.8 lakh
19 Indian Railway Launches Digitised Online Human Resource Management System
20 Russia Successfully for the 2nd time Test-Fired Tsirkon hypersonic Cruise Missile
21 Faqir Chand Kohli, founder of TCS dies at the age of 96
22 Former Argentina Football Player & FIFA World Cup Winner, Diego Maradona Passed away at 60
23 PM Modi releases book on the life of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism
24 National Milk Day 2020 – November 26
25 71st Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas observed on November 26, 2020: An Overview
26 Rajastan Signed LoU with UN World Food Programme to Achieve Food & Nutritional Security Goals
27 Elon Musk Becomes World’s 2nd richest person:Bloomberg Billionaires Index
28 Israel PM, Benjamin Netanyahu & Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize 2021