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Current Affairs 25 & 26 October 2020

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We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 25 & 26 October 2020, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2020 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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Top 20 Current Affairs of 25 & 26 October 2020

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

UP Emerge as Top Domestic Tourists Destination in 2019 & Secures 3rd Rank in Attracting Foreign Tourists in 2019: ITS 2020UP emerged as top tourist destination in 2019

As per, Ministry of Tourism annual publication titled  ‘India Tourism Statistics(ITS) at a Glance – 2020’, Uttar Pradesh(UP), tops the Domestic Tourist Visits list 2019, with ~53.6 crore tourists ( i.e., 23.1% of the total domestic tourists travellers visited in 2019). UP was followed by Tamil Nadu(~49.4 crore tourists) & Andhra Pradesh(~23.7 crore tourists).

  • Similarly, in terms of Foreign Tourist Visits list 2019, TamilNadu tops the list, with ~ 68 lakh foreign tourists, i.e, 21.9 % of the total travellers visited in 2019. TamilNadu was followed by Maharashtra(~55 lakh tourists) and  UP(~ 47 lakh tourists).

About Uttar Pradesh:
Bird Sanctuary– Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Sandi Bird Sanctuary, Samaspur Bird Sanctuary, Okhla Bird Sanctuary, Vijay Sagar Bird Sanctuary
Lakes– Moti Jheel, Surha Tal, Gobind Vallabh Pant Sagar, Raja Ka Tal, Keetham Lake
<<Read Full News>>

India Meteorological Department Dedicated 1st “Flash Flood Guidance Services” for South AsiaIndia Meteorological Department Commissions Flash Flood Guidance Services for South Asia

i.On October 23, 2020, India Meteorological Department (IMD) has dedicated first of its kind “Flash Flood Guidance services (FFGS)” for South Asian countries namely India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka to issue impact-based forecasting of floods.  
ii.It was launched by Dr. M. Rajeevan, Secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, who was the chief guest of a virtual event which was attended by distinguished National and International dignitaries.
iii.It will provide the necessary products in real-time to support the development of warnings for flash floods about 6-12 hours in advance at the watershed level with resolution of 4km x 4km for the flash flood prone South Asian countries.
About India Meteorological Department (IMD):
Director General– Dr. Mrutyunjay Mohapatra (He is also a Permanent Representative of India with WMO)
Headquarter– New Delhi
<<Read Full News>>

Prime Minister Narendra Modi Launched ‘Kisan Suryoday Yojana’ for the farmers & Launched 2 other Projects in GujaratPM-Modi-launches-‘Kisan-Suryodaya-Yojana’-in-Gujarat-for-day-time-power-supply-for-irrigation

On 24th October, 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually inaugurated 3 Key Projects in Gujarat.
Gujarat Chief Minister, Vijay Rupani and Deputy Chief Minister, Nitin Patel were present during the virtual launch.
The Projects are:
i.Launching of Kisan Suryodaya Yojana (Electricity Scheme for Farmers)
ii.Inauguration of Paediatric Heart Hospital attached with U.N Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre & Mobile Application for Tele-Cardiology.
iii.Inauguration of Girnar Ropeway, Junagadh
About Gujarat:
UNESCO sites– Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Historic City of Ahmedabad, Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) .
National Parks– Gir National Park, Blackbuck National Park, Vansda National Park, Marine National Park.
<<Read Full News>>

BANKING & FINANCE

Banks to Deploy on-tap TLTRO funds in 6 sectors; NBFCs wrote to RBI to include them as BeneficiariesBanks can deploy on-tap TLTRO funds in agriculture, retail and MSMEs

i.On October 9, 2020, during a Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) 2020-2021 meeting Reserve Bank of India (RBI) announced to conduct on-tap targeted long-term repo operations (TLTRO) worth Rs 1 lakh crore with tenors of up to three years at a floating rate linked to the policy repo rate till March 31, 2021. Click Here to Read 
ii.Then on October 21, 2020, the apex bank has informed that banks can deploy money drawn from this TLTRO in six sectors – agriculture, agri-infrastructure, secured retail, MSMEs (Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises), drugs, pharmaceuticals and healthcare.
iii.The above mentioned TLTRO has not covered Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs),  therefore Finance Industry Development Council (FIDC), a representative body of (NBFCs) wrote a letter to the RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das asking for the same.
About Reserve Bank of India (RBI):
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Formation– 1 April 1935
Deputy Governors– 4 (Bibhu Prasad Kanungo, Mahesh Kumar Jain, Michael Debabrata Patra, M. Rajeshwar Rao)
<<Read Full News>>

World Bank Sanctions approx Rs 3 crore for Goa to develop India’s first Sand Dune ParksWorld Bank sanctions Rs 3 crore for Goa to develop India’s first sand dune parks

i.World Bank sanctions ~Rs 3 crore for Goa to develop India’s first sand dune parks as the World Bank (WB) has approved a proposal drafted by the Goa state biodiversity board for the same.
ii.The idea of parks to preserve sand dunes was first mooted by former National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) scientist and ex-member of the Goa State Biodiversity Board (GSBB) Antonio Mascaren who has been now appointed as the principal investigator for the project, with Dr. Pradip Sarmokadam acting as the co-investigator.
iii.As of now Mandrem, Miramar, Agonda Morjim and Galibaga are identified for sand dune parks. More beaches can be added in the list in future. Morjim and Galibaga beaches are known for their turtle-nesting site.
About World Bank:
President – David Robert Malpass
Headquarters – Washington D.C., United States (US)
<<Read Full News>>

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

SBI Card in Association with DMRC Launched ‘Delhi Metro- SBI Card’, a Credit cum Smart Card for Delhi Metro CommutersSBI Card launches contactless multi-purpose card

i.On October 23, 2020 SBI Card and Payment Services ltd.(SBI Cards) in association with  Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) launched ‘Delhi Metro- SBI Card’, a Multipurpose Credit Card for Delhi Metro Commuters. 
ii.The card functions as a credit card and also as a metro smart card.
iii.Mangu Singh, Managing Director(MD) of DMRC and Ashwini Kumar Tewari, MD & CEO(Chief Executive Officer) jointly launched the card in the presence of other senior officials from DMRC and SBI Card.
About SBI Cards & Payment Services Ltd (SBI Cards):
Headquarters– Gurgaon, Haryana
MD & CEO– Ashwini Kumar Tewari
About Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC):
It is a joint venture between Govt of India and Govt of NCT(National Capital Territory) Delhi
MD– Mangu Singh
HeadQuarters– New Delhi, India
<<Read Full News>>

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Rattan Lal Kataria Launches Mobile App for Geo Tagging of Components of Projects under PMKSY-AIBPMOS Jal Shakti launched Mobile application for Geo tagging

Union Minister of State (MoS) for Jal Shakti, Rattan Lal Kataria launched a Mobile Application for Geo Tagging of components of projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana-Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (PMKSY-AIBP).  
The Ministry of Jal Shakti has developed the mobile application with the help of Bhaskaracharya National Institute of Space Applications & Geo-informatics (BISAG-N).
About Ministry of Jal Shakti:
Union Minister– Gajendra Singh Shekhawat (Constituency- Jodhpur, Rajasthan)
Minister of State– Rattan Lal Kataria (Constituency- Ambala, haryana)
<<Read Full News>>

IIT Kharagpur & TCS Developed novel industry 4.0 Technology to set new trends in Advanced Manufacturing Sector of IndiaIIT Kharagpur & TCS Develop Novel Industry 4

Indian Institute of Technology(IIT) Kharagpur in partnership with Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) developed a novel Industry 4.0 Technology for remotely controlled factory operations and real time quality correction during industrial production. This will set a new trend in the advanced manufacturing sector of India. The project was funded by the Department of Heavy Industry, Government of India and TCS.
The technology was developed by Prof. Surjya K Pal, professor in-charge at the Centre of Excellence(CoE) in Advanced Manufacturing Technology.
This technology has been reported in the CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology.
4.0 Technology:
i.The developed technology will acquire real time information on the welding process through the multiple sensors and through the cloud based communication with the stir welding machine it enables online control of the welding process.
ii.The technology’s concept can be evolved for a real time control of industrial processes and these works can be performed from a centre with other industrial partners.
Purpose:
i.The cloud infrastructure, remote and real-time operations system play a vital role in maintaining the industrial operations amid the global pandemic where the hygiene and social distancing norms restrict the staffing.
ii.The benefits of the controlled operations impacted the Atma Nirbhar Bharat in delivering the quality output at low cost.
Key Points:
i.The developed 4.0 technology upgraded the industrial process of friction stir welding to a multi-sensory system of Industry 4.0, which enables real time quality check and correction during the production.
ii.This technology will support to achieve the standardized quality goals in the production process and reduce the rejections which will lower the production.
iii.The Embedded Systems & Robotics, Internet of Things(IoT) and ICME platform teams from TCS Research and Innovation are working closely with IIT Kharagpur’s CoE towards Artificial Intelligence(AI)-driven prediction/control of weld strength using a scalable and robust platform. 

OBITUARY

Former & 1st Home Minister of Telangana Nayani Narasimha Reddy Passed AwayFormer Telangana Home Minister Narasimha Reddy dead

On 22nd October 2020, Former & First Home Minister of Telangana Nayani Narasimha Reddy who is popularly known as “Narsanna” passed away at a private hospital in Hyderabad, Telangana. He was born in Neredugomma village near Nalgonda which is currently in Devarakonda, Telangana.
About Nayani Narasimha Reddy:
i.After the formation of Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) in 2001 Nayani Narasimha Reddy joined the separate Telangana movement and played the major role in formation of Telangana 
ii.He represented the TRS party on the various platforms on the demand of the formation of separate Telangana.
Political career:
i.He served as MLA from Musheerabad assembly constituency thrice (twice represents Janata party & once represents TRS party ).
ii.He was one of the 6 ministers of TRS to share power with the Congress government by  Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy.
iii.After the formation of Telangana state, he was made Home Minister under K. Chandrasekhar Rao.

BOOKS & AUTHORS

Suman Dubey’s Debut Novel, “The Fixer: Winning Has A Price. How Much Will You Pay?” to be ReleasedCricket power and crime dominate the plot of an upcoming book The Fixer

Suman Dubey has authored his debut novel, titled “The Fixer: Winning Has A Price. How Much Will You Pay?”. The book is set to be released on October 26, 2020. The book portrays the thrilling tale of Neil Upadhyay, an ex-cricketer-turned-fixer. The book is published by Rupa Publications India.

  • A movie-style trailer was released in presence of Film director Sujoy Ghosh and former cricketer Aakash Chopra.

About the Book
i.The plot of the contemporary fiction book is dominated by Cricket, power and crime.
ii.The book displays the life of Neil Upadhyay, who had sacrificed everything for cricket, like his stake in the family business, the affection of loved ones, marriage and personal life, yet got involved in match-fixing.

IMPORTANT DAYS

75th United Nations Day Observed on October 24, 2020United Nations Day

i.United Nations (UN) Day is held annually on October 24 since 1948 which marks the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945. The year 2020 marks its 75th anniversary.During the high-level event of the 75th anniversary celebrations political declaration was adopted.The declaration was negotiated through an intergovernmental process under the theme “The future we want, the United Nations we need: reaffirming our collective commitment to multilateralism”.
ii.As a part of commemoration Member States held a special event on September 21, 2020 where they reaffirmed their commitment to multilateralism.
iii.The UN Regional Information Centre for Western Europe (UNRIC) launched pan-European campaign “Turn Europe UN Blue” to promote peace, sustainable development and human rights. 
Static Points:
–The name “United Nations” was coined by US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Secretary-General– Antonio Manuel de Oliveira Guterres.
<<Read Full News>>

59th Raising Day of Indo-Tibetan Border Police 2020: October 24Raising day of Indo

The Raising Day of Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is annually observed on October 24. This year(2020) marks the 59th year of its existence. ITBP Force(ITBPF) was raised on October 24, 1962 under the Central Reserve Police Force Act, 1949.
About Indo-Tibetan Border Police
i.ITBP is the primary border patrol organization of India with its border with Tibet (China)
It is one of the Central Armed Police Forces of India.
ii.ITBPF Act, 1992 was enacted by the parliament in 1992 and rules were framed in 1994.
ITBPF
i.Currently, ITBP is deployed on border guarding duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3488 km of Indo-China Border and manning Border Outposts in the Western, Middle and Eastern sectors of the Indo-China Border.
ii.The ITBPF is a  specialized mountain force.
2020 Events:
i.G. Kishan Reddy, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs in the Raising Day function organized in Greater Noida presented 6 Presidential Police Medals to ITBP personnel and 23 Police Medals for Meritorious Services.
ii.An ITBP Annual Special Souvenir was released by him that highlights the achievements of the Force during the year.
iii.He also released a book ‘Devbhoomi Uttarakhand’ that incorporates brief information in regard to  spiritual and religious places, tourist places, institutions, etc of  Uttarakhand.
About Indo-Tibetan Border Police(ITBP):
It is functioning under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India
Director General– Surjeet Singh Deswal

International Day of Diplomats observed on 24th October, 2020International-Diplomats

The International Day of Diplomats is observed annually on 24th October, 2020. It is observed to highlight contributions made by diplomats in shaping the world and in making the planet a better place.
i.The International Day of Diplomats was First proposed by Indian Poet-Diplomat Abhay K
ii.It was first observed in Brasilia on October 24, 2017.
Ministry of External Affairs:
Union Minister – S. Jaishankar
Minister of State (MoS) – V. Muraleedharan
Foreign Secretary – Harsh Vardhan Shringla 
<<Read Full News>>

World Polio Day 2020 – October 24World Polio Day

i.World Polio Day is annually observed across the globe on 24th October to create awareness about the polio infection and the vaccines that prevent the polio infection and highlight the global efforts to eradicate polio. The day also honours the contribution of the frontline fighters who are working towards creating a polio free world.
ii.The theme of 2020 World Polio Day is “A win against polio is a win for global health”.
iii.The Rotary International established the World Polio day on 24th October to commemorate the birth anniversary of Jonas Salk, the American virologist and medical researcher who led the first team to develop the vaccine against the poliomyelitis (commonly known as polio).
About Rotary International:
President– Holger Knaack
General Secretary & CEO– John Hewko 
Headquarters– Illinois, United States of America
<<Read Full News>>

World Development Information Day Observed on October 24 2020World Development Information Day

The World Development Information Day is held annually on October 24 to focus on improving the dissemination of information and mobilizing public opinion, especially among young people. This day draws the attention of the world to development problems and the need to strengthen international cooperation to solve them.

  • The date marks the adoption of the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations (UN) Development Decade in 1970 an also coincide with United Nations Day i.e. October 24.
  • The UN General Assembly (UNGA) established this day in 1972.

STATE NEWS

J&K Becomes First UT to Operationalise PFMS at District LevelJ&K has become first UT in country to operationalise PFMS at district level

On October 23, 2020, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) became the first Union Territory in the country to operationalise Public Financial Management System (PFMS) at the district level with the e-inauguration of eight district offices by Additional Controller General of Accounts Subodh Kumar Mathur. 
i.The offices will result in improved programme administration and management. 
ii.It will help in direct payment to beneficiaries and greater transparency and accountability in use of public funds.
About Jammu & Kashmir (J&K):
Capital – Jammu (Winter), Srinagar (Summer)
Lieutenant Governor – Manoj Sinha
<<Read Full News>>

AC GAZE

Researchers from  Netherlands Cancer Institute Discovered a New Pair of Salivary Glands, ‘tubarial glands’

On October 22, 2020 Researchers from the Netherlands Cancer Institute have discovered a new pair of salivary glands that is hidden between the nasal cavity and throat. The team proposed the name ‘tubarial glands’ for the new discovery.

The new glands were found out when using a new type of scan namely, Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen(PSMA) Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/Computed Tomography(CT) scan. The paper was published by the team in ‘Radiotherapy and Oncology’.

Parle Agro Appointed Priyanka Chopra Jonas & Jr. NTR as Brand Ambassadors

Parle Agro has appointed Priyanka Chopra Jonas as the national brand ambassador and Junior Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (Jr. NTR) as the brand Ambassador for Southern India. Priyanka and Jr. NTR will be campaigning for “B-Fizz”, the new product of the Parle Agro’s Fruit plus fizz portfolio. Priyanka will feature in the television commercials (TVC) for National Media and Jr. NTR will feature in the southern market.

METLDEX to be first tradeable real-time base metals indices in country: MCX

MCX (Multi-Commodity Exchange of India) launched India’s first real-time Base Metals Index i.e MCX iCOMDEX Base Metal METLDEX in the commodity derivatives segment. Until now, Domestic Metal Prices were hinged to the London Metal Exchange (LME). METLDEX is based on Five base metals – Zinc, Copper, Nickel, Lead, and Aluminium.

World Junior Badminton Championships 2020 cancelled

The World Junior Badminton Champions 2020 scheduled to be held in New Zealand from January 11-24, 2021 has been cancelled due to Pandemic. Badminton World Federation has stated that they have accepted a proposal to stage the 2024 edition in New Zealand as a replacement for the edition lost.

ESI scheme extended to Arunachal Pradesh

The Ministry of Labour and Employment announced the extension of Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) scheme for the first time to Arunachal Pradesh with effect from 1st November 2020. Under the issued notification all the factories in the district of Papum Pare with 10 or more employees are eligible for coverage under ESI Act 1948. Employees with wages up to Rs. 21000 per month (Rs.25000 for persons with disabilities) are eligible for the scheme.

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S.no Current Affairs 25 & 26 October 2020
1 UP Emerge as Top Domestic Tourists Destination in 2019 & Secures 3rd Rank in Attracting Foreign Tourists in 2019: ITS 2020
2 India Meteorological Department Dedicated 1st “Flash Flood Guidance Services” for South Asia
3 Prime Minister Narendra Modi Inaugurates Three Projects in Gujarat
4 Banks to Deploy on-tap TLTRO funds in 6 sectors; NBFCs wrote to RBI to include them as Beneficiaries
5 World Bank Sanctions approx Rs 3 crore for Goa to develop India’s first Sand Dune Parks
6 SBI Card in Association with DMRC Launched ‘Delhi Metro- SBI Card’, a Credit cum Smart Card for Delhi Metro Commuters
7 Rattan Lal Kataria Launches Mobile App for Geo Tagging of Components of Projects under PMKSY-AIBP
8 IIT Kharagpur & TCS Developed novel industry 4.0 Technology to set new trends in Advanced Manufacturing Sector of India
9 Former Home Minister of Telangana Nayani Narasimha Reddy Passed Away
10 Suman Dubey’s Debut Novel, “The Fixer” to be Released
11 75th United Nations Day Observed on October 24, 2020
12 59th Raising Day of Indo-Tibetan Border Police 2020: October 24
13 International Day of Diplomats observed on 24th October, 2020
14 World Polio Day 2020 – October 24
15 World Development Information Day Observed on October 24 2020
16 J&K Becomes First UT to Operationalise PFMS at District Level
17 Researchers from  Netherlands Cancer Institute Discovered a New Pair of Salivary Glands, ‘tubarial glands’
18 Parle Agro Appointed Priyanka Chopra Jonas & Jr. NTR as Brand Ambassadors
19 METLDEX to be first tradeable real-time base metals indices in country: MCX
20 World Junior Badminton Championships 2020 cancelled
21 ESI scheme extended to Arunachal Pradesh