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Current Affairs 19 November 2021

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Current Affairs 19 November 2021 English

We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 19 November 2021, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2021 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Cabinet Approval on November 17, 2021Cabinet approval on November 17, 2021

On November 17, 2021, the Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved – the 4G mobile services in over 7,000 uncovered villages of 44 Aspirational Districts across 5 states and continuation of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)-I and PMGSY-II up to September 2022 & approved continuation of Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas (RCPLWEA) upto March, 2023.

Key Points:
i.The Cabinet has approved a project to provide 4G based mobile services in the 7,287 uncovered villages of 44 Aspirational Districts across five States of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and Odisha at an estimated cost of implementation about Rs 6,466 crore including operational expenses for 5 years.

  • The project will be funded by Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) and it is projected to be completed within 18 months after signing the Agreement and likely to be completed by November 23.

ii.Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the proposals by the Union Rural Development Ministry for continuation of the PMGSY-I and PMGSY-II up to September 2022 to complete road and bridge works.

  • The cabinet cleared a proposal to lay 32,152 km of roads in remote areas of the country at a cost of Rs 33,822 crore, out of which, the Centre would spend Rs 22,978 crore.
  • A total of Rs 1,12,419 crore, including state share, is expected to be incurred from 2021-22 to 2024-25 for completion of all the ongoing interventions of PMGSY.

ii.The CCEA also approved continuation of the Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas (RCPLWEA) up to March, 2023.

About Ministry of Rural Development
Union Minister – Giriraj Singh (Constituency – Begusarai, Bihar)
Minister of State – Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti (Constituency – Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh), Faggan Singh Kulaste (Constituency – Mandla, Madhya Pradesh)
>>Read Full News

Ministry of FPI Signs MoU with DAHD, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD) under the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying (MoFAH&D) to provide benefits to beneficiaries of various schemes of MoFPI and DAHD.

  • The beneficiaries will get credit support in establishing dairy processing, meat processing, animal feed plants etc.

Signatories:
The agreement was signed in  the presence of Union Minister of MoFPI, Pashupati Kumar Paras,  Union Minister of MoFAH&D, Prahlad Singh Patel and other ministers.
Objective:
To achieve the goal for income generation, sustainable development of the rural poor & their economic empowerment through the extension of various schemes of MoFPI and DAHD.
What is in the MoU?
i.Under this agreement the MoFPI and DAHD will work together and facilitate the beneficiaries to avail the benefits under the Prime Minister (PM) Kisan Sampada Yojana and PM Formalisation of Micro food processing Enterprises Scheme of the MoFPI and dairy development schemes of DAHD.
Note- India is the world’s largest producer and consumer of milk & milk products.
ii.The help will be provided in the form of financial assistance for strengthening of quality controls, value addition,infrastructure development and technology assistance.
iii.It will also encourage beneficiaries to avail benefits with facilitation for various activities which include Food Safety and Quality Assurance, dairy processing and value addition, meat processing & value addition, and animal feed, etc.
About  Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI)
Union Minister– Shri Pashupati Kumar Paras (Hajipur, Bihar)
Minister of State- Shri Prahlad Singh Patel (Damoh, Madhya Pradesh)
Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying (MoFAH&D)
Union Minister– Parshottam Khodabhai Rupala (Gujarat)
Minister of State- Sanjeev Kumar Balyan (Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh), Dr Loganathan Murugan (Tamil Nadu)

India’s 1st LIGO Project to come up in Hingoli, Maharashtra India's First Gravitational Waves Research FacilityOn 17th November 2021, Maharashtra’s Hingoli revenue department allotted 225 hectares of land at Dudhala in Aundha Nagnath town for setting-up India’s 1st Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) project.
Aim – To Study Gravitational waves arriving to earth from cataclysmic events in the distant universe, and carry out experiments on them.
i. LIGO_India project will be built by by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST)
Other Space Observatories in India:

  • Mount Abu InfraRed Observatory (MIRO) – Mount Abu, Rajasthan 
  • Devasthal Optical Telescope – Nainital, Uttarakhand
  • Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) – Khodad, Maharashtra
  • Stargate Observatory – Bhimtal, Uttarakhand

>>Read Full News

BDL inks Export Contract worth USD 21 million with Airbus Defense & Space for CMDSBDL inks Export Contract worth USD 21 millionOn November 17, 2021, Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) signed an export contract under which it will supply Counter Measures Dispensing System (CMDS) to Airbus Defense & Space, Spain. The contract value is estimated at USD 21 million.
 Signatories:
The export contract was inked by NP Diwakar, Director (Technical) BDL and Arnal Didier Dominique, Sr Vice President Airbus Defense and Space, at Bengaluru (Karnataka).
Point to be noted:
BDL is also offering Akash Weapon System (surface-to-air missile), Astra Weapon System (air-to-air missile), Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon & Helina (air-to-surface weapon), Light Weight Torpedo and Heavy Weight Torpedo (underwater weapons), Counter Measures Dispensing System among others to friendly foreign nations.
About Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL):
Chairman & Managing Director (CMD)– Commodore Siddharth Mishra (Retd)
Headquarter– Hyderabad, Telangana

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

UNESCO’s 75th Anniversary 2021UNESCO celebrates 75th anniversaryThe United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation(UNESCO) celebrated its 75th anniversary on 12th November 2021 with a special ceremony organised at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France.
Events:
i.Around 26 heads of state and government and an impressive list of artists, singers and musicians have participated in the special ceremony.
ii.The Eiffel Tower in Paris, France displayed “75 years” along with the UNESCO logo to celebrate the 75th anniversary of UNESCO.
History:
i.The United Nations Charter that came into effect 16th November 1945, created a specialized agency in the fields of education and culture to be named the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO).
ii.In November 1945, a Conference to establish this Organization was held in London and the Constitution of UNESCO was signed by 41 States.
iii.The constitution came into force on 4th November 1946 after the ratification by 20 signatories.
Initiative of UNESCO:
The initiatives of UNESCO are focused on 5 program areas: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information.
UNESCO has several designating projects and places of cultural and scientific significance.
UNESCO’s Global Geoparks:
i.UNESCO Geoparks are territories presenting a unique geological heritage of international value.
ii.The Global Geoparks is a network of 169 countries from 44 countries across the globe.
UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)
i.UCCN created in 2004 aims to promote cooperation with and among cities that have identified creativity as a strategic factor for sustainable urban development.
Recently, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir has been added to the UCCN list of 295 creative cities network across 90 countries.
ii.There are 6 Indian cities on UCCN: Srinagar, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Jaipur & Varanasi.
City of Literature:
i.City of Literature, a part of Creative Cities Network, that aims to promote the social, economic and cultural development of cities in both the developed and the developing world.
ii.City of literature is a network of 39 cities from 28 countries.
About United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation(UNESCO):
Director-General– Audrey Azoulay
Members– 193 Members and 11 Associate Members
Governed by – The General Conference and The Executive Board
Headquarters– Paris, France

Petroleum Minister Hardeep S. Puri Visited UAE To Attend ADIPEC Shri Hardeep S. Puri visited UAE to attend the ADIPECThe Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, and Housing and Urban Affairs, Hardeep Singh Puri, visited UAE (United Arab Emirates) from 15 to 17 November 2021 by leading a business delegation to attend the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference (ADIPEC).

  • The minister visited UAE on the invitation of H. E. Suhail Mohamed Faraj Al Mazrouei, Minister of Energy and Infrastructure of UAE.
  • ADIPEC event is hosted by the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), to provide Indian companies a world-class environment for showcasing their success stories across the industry’s value chain.

Key Points:
i.Hardeep Singh inaugurated India Pavilion, which was set up jointly by Federation of Indian Petroleum Industry (FIPI), Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH), and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

  • The Minister also inaugurated the Oil and Gas Sectoral floor at the India Pavilion of the Dubai Expo.

ii.The Minister participated in a Ministerial Round Table titled – Charting the Climate Action Path from COP 26 (26th Conference of Parties) to COP 27 and He will also participate in a roundtable meeting on “Opportunities in the Oil and Gas sector”, to be hosted by DGH.
iv.He had a meeting with the Minister of Energy and Infrastructure of UAE, Suhail Mohamed Faraj Al Mazrouei, and Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology and MD and Group CEO of ADNOC, Sultan Ahmad Al Jaber, to discuss issues of energy cooperation within the overall framework of India-UAE Strategic Partnership.
About Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas:
Union Minister – Hardeep Singh Puri (Constituency – Uttar Pradesh)
Minister of State – Rameswar Teli (Constituency – Dibrugarh, Assam)

India Becomes World’s Largest Recipient of Remittances; Received USD 87 bn in 2021:WB ReportIndia, world's largest recipient of remittancesi.In accordance with the latest report by the World Bank (WB) titled ‘World Bank’s Remittance Prices Worldwide Database’, India became the world’s largest recipient of remittances by receiving USD 87bn in 2021. The United States (US) was its biggest source, accounting for over 20% of these funds.
ii.India is followed by China, Mexico, the Philippines, and Egypt.
iii.In India, remittances are projected to grow 3% in 2022 to USD 89.6 billion.
About World Bank:
The World Bank was created at the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, along with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
President– David Robert Malpass (13th President)
Headquarters– Washington DC, United States of America
>>Read Full News

BANKING & FINANCE

NSDL e-Governance Received RBI’s Approval to Operate as AANSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Ltd, IT (Information Technology)-enabled services provider, has received in-principle approval from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to set up an Account Aggregator (AA) business under its wholly-owned subsidiary, NSDL e-Governance AA Ltd.

  • AA is a first-of-its-kind consent framework that empowers an individual with control over their data, and the ability to securely and digitally access and share the same.
  • Over the last two decades, NSDL e-Governance has created strong interventions impacting multiple sectors, such as modernising the direct tax infrastructure, promoting financial inclusion and enabling the Banking, financial services and insurance (BFSI) sector by providing Aadhaar-based identity authentication and e-Sign services.

What is an AA?
i.AA are data access fiduciary. It will be used for the exchange of financial information from Financial Information Providers (FIP) to Financial Information Users (FIUs) in a safe manner with due customer consent.
ii.AA network will not store/read the customers data in turn it will act as a pipeline between FIPs and FIUs. Click here to know more
About NSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Ltd:
Establishment – 1995
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD & CEO – Suresh Sethi

SIDBI and Google Collaborates to Support MSMEsSIDBI, Google tie-up for loan programme targeted at micro enterprisesOn 18th November 2021, Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) collaborated with Google India Pvt Ltd (GIPL) for piloting a social impact lending programme with financial assistance up to Rs 1 crore at subsidised interest rates to MSMEs.

  • The collaboration brings a corpus of $15 million (about Rs.110 crore) to MSMEs as a crisis response related to Covid-19 for reinvigoration.

Key Highlights:
i.Under the partnership, MSMEs having turnover up to Rs.5 crore will get the loan ranging between 25 lakh to 1 crore which is being implemented by SIDBI.
ii.All India Financial Institution (AIFI) is engaged in the promotion, financing and development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
iii.The major focus will be on women entrepreneurs, with suitable interest rate concessions.
Note – Under COVID-19, SIDBI has launched various programs such as SAFE (SIDBI Assistance to Facilitate Emergency Response Against CoronaVirus), SAFE plus scheme, AROG (Assistance to Msmes For Recovery & Organic Growth During Covid19 Pandemic), and SHWAS (SIDBI Assistance to Healthcare Sector in War Against Second Wave of COVID19).
About Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
Chairman & Managing Director – Sivasubramanian Ramann
Established – 1990
Headquarters – Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
About Google 
CEO – Sundar Pichai
Established – 1998
Headquarters – Mountain View, California, United States

HDFC Launches Micro-Credit Facility for Street VendorsHDFC Bank launches micro-credit facility for PM SVANidhi schemeOn 17th November 2021 HDFC Bank launched a micro-credit facility for the street vendors under PM Street vendor’s Atma Nirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi), with common service centers (CSC).

  • PM SVANidhi provides a collateral-free affordable loan of Rs 10,000 along with an interest subsidy of 7 percent.

Features:
i.HDFC Bank facilitates the PM  SVANidhi for its Village-Level Entrepreneurs (VLEs) on the digital Sewa portal where vendors can complete the entire process via online method.
ii.The facility provides a special micro-credit facility to all the small street vendors through CSC VLEs for their holistic development & economic upliftment.
iii.HDFC Bank capitalizes for facilitating small ticket loans of Rs 10,000 for vendors along with VLEs to identify the opportunities for other products & maximize their incentives.
About PM SVANidhi Scheme
i.It was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs ( MoHUA) on June 01, 2020 to provide affordable working capital loans to street vendors to continue their livelihoods that have been affected due to lockdown.
ii.The scheme is a Central Sector Scheme (i.e. fully funded by MoHUA) will (i)facilitate working capital loan up to Rs 10,000; (ii) To incentivize regular repayment; and (iii) To reward digital transactions.
iii.The Scheme is available for beneficiaries belonging to only those States/UTs which have notified Rules and Scheme under Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014.
About HDFC Bank
CEO & MD – Sashidhar Jagdishan
Established – 1994
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Tagline – We Understand Your World

Mswipe ties with OneCard to Offer No-Cost EMIs at POSMswipe partners with OneCard to offer EMI at POSOn November 16, 2021 Mswipe announced the partnership agreement with OneCard, a mobile-first credit card company. It will provide no-cost or low-cost EMIs (Equated Monthly Installments) to its retail customers while purchasing at Mswipe POS (Point of Sale) terminals
About the Partnership:
i.Through this partnership, the users of OneCloud are now able to access no or low interest EMIs while availing mid and high value purchases at retail outlets of Mswipe terminals.
ii.Mswipe is empowering OneCard to increase sales by providing attractive offers to their customers.

  • The ‘Pay Later offering’ is provided by Mswipe. It will reduce the check out process by reducing the time taken to complete the process.

iii.OneCard through its ‘OneCard App’ is providing its card users both offline and online transactions, other services such as paying the bill, locking the card, domestic and international transactions etc.
About Mswipe
Founder & Managing Director– Manish Patel
Founded– 2011
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
About OneCard
CEO- Anurag Sinha
Headquarters- Pune, Maharashtra

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

Mahindra Finance launches Quiklyz, a car leasing and subscription businessMahindra Finance launches QuiklyzOn November 17, 2021, Mahindra and Mahindra Financial Services Ltd (Mahindra Finance), non-banking financial company (NBFC) launched its vehicle leasing and subscription business Quiklyz with which the customer can access a brand-new car without all the hassles of car ownership.

  • It is the first-of-its-kind digital process on vehicle usership aimed at catering to both the retail customers and corporates.
  • It is a digital platform which aims to provide convenience, flexibility and choice to customers across cities.

Key Points:
i.In the initial phase, Quiklyz will launch its services in metro cities like Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Gurugram, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Noida, Pune, and will further expand it to other cities across India, including tier-II cities, covering 30 locations over the next one year.
ii.Under Quiklyz the company will offer multi-brand for vehicle leasing and subscription.
iii.Quiklyz will make partnerships with original equipment manufacturers (OEM) for vehicle leasing and subscription.
iv.The company aims to achieve a book size of Rs10,000 crore in a span of 3-5 years.
v.Quiklyz will take care of registration, insurance, scheduled and unscheduled maintenance, and roadside assistance, among others.
About Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services Limited:
Managing Director– Ramesh Iyer
Headquarter– Mumbai, Maharashtra

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS   

Govt extends tenure of ED Director S K Mishra by 1-yearGovernment extends tenure of ED Director S K Mishra by a yearOn 17th November 2021 The Central Government through the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance extended the tenure of Director of Enforcement Directorate (ED) S K Mishra by 1-year, till 18th November 2022 which was supposed to end on 18th November 2021.

  • The order was passed after the government brought in two ordinances to ensure that the Directors of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) & the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) could have tenures of up to five years (2-years & can be extended by 3 more years).
  • The extension of the term should not exceed 5 years.

Background:
Mishra, 61, was first appointed the ED director for a period of two years by an order on November 19, 2018. Later, by an order of November 13, 2020, the appointment letter was modified retrospectively by the Central government and his term of two years was replaced by three years.
Amendments:
i.Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) Act is amended which governs the appointment and tenure of the ED Director.
ii.Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, which deals with the appointment and tenure of the CBI Director (Subodh Kumar Jaiswal).
Note – ED enforces the criminal provisions of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) and the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA).
About Enforcement Directorate (ED):
Director-Enforcement – Sanjay Kumar Mishra (IAS)
Parent Agency – Department of Revenue under Ministry of Finance
Established – 1956
Headquarters – New Delhi, Delhi

India re-elected to UNESCO Executive Board for 2021-25 termIndia gets reelected to UNESCO executive board for 2021-25 termOn November 17, 2021, India got re-elected to the Executive Board of the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) with 164 votes for a 4-year term, starting from 2021-25. The General Conference of UNESCO elects members of the Executive Board.

  • India was re-elected to Group IV of Asian and Pacific States, where Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Cook Islands and China also got elected.

About UNESCO Executive Board:
UNESCO Executive Board is one of three constitutional organs of the UN agency. The other two are the General Conference and the Secretariat.

  • India is currently present in the UNESCO’s Executive Board & General Conference

Composition of Executive Board :
i.The executive board consists of 58 member-states, each with a four-year term.
ii. Acting under the authority of the General Conference, the board examines the programme of work for the organisation and corresponding budget estimates submitted to it by the Director-General.
About UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization):
Members – 193 countries
Director-General– Audrey Azoulay
Headquarters– Paris, France
Founded– 16 November 1945

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Scientists discover exoplanets ‘TOI 1789b’ bigger than JupiterISRO scientists discover star-planet bigger than JupiterThe exoplanet search and study group at the Ahmedabad (Gujarat)-based Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) discovered a new exoplanet orbiting too close to an evolved or aging star with a mass of 1.5 times that of the Sun and located 725 light years away. The information for the same was provided by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).The study was led by Abhijit Chakraborty.

  • The star is known as HD 82139 as per the Henry Draper catalogue and TOI (TESS Objects of Interest) 1789 as per the TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite ) catalogue. Hence, the planet is known as TOI 1789b or HD 82139b as per the IAU (International Astronomical Union) nomenclature.
  • This discovery work has been published in the refereed journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, titled ‘Discovery of an inflated hot Jupiter around a slightly evolved star TOI-1789’.
  • About the Planet – Mass – 0.7 Jupiter Mass ; Radius – 1.4 Jupiter Radius; Surface Temp-2000 K; Orbital Period – 3.2 days; Bulk Density – 0.31; Distance from Earth – 725 Light Years.

Key Points:
i.The discovery was made using PRL Advanced Radial-velocity Abu-sky Search (PARAS) optical fiber-fed spectrograph, the first of its kind in India, on the 1.2 metre Telescope of PRL at its Mt. Abu Observatory

  • The mass of the exoplanet TOI 1789b is 70% and size about 1.4 times that of the Jupiter. It was measured using PARAS.
  • This newly discovered star-planet system is a very unique – the planet orbits the host star in just 3.2 days, thus placing it very-very close to the star at a distance of 0.05 AU.

ii.The surface temperature of the planet can reach up to 2000 K (extremely heated) because of the close proximity of the planet to its host star. It also has an inflated radius, making it one of the lowest density planets known (density of 0.31 gram per cc).
iii.Such close-in exoplanets around stars (with distance less than 0.1 AU (astronomical unit)) with masses between 0.25 to a few Jupiter masses are called “Hot-Jupiters”.
iv.This is the second exoplanet discovered by PRL scientists using PARAS at 1.2 m Mt. Abu telescope.

  • The first exoplanet K2-236b, a sub-Saturn size at 600 light-years away, was discovered in 2018.

Giriraj Singh inaugurates ‘Bhumi Samvaad’, launches ‘ULPIN’ & NGDRS PortalUnion Minister Shri Giriraj Singh launched National Generic Document Registration SystemIn November 2021, Giriraj Singh, Union Minister for Rural Development and Panchayati Raj inaugurated ’Bhumi Samvaad’ – a National Workshop on Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (DILRMP) at India Habitat Centre in New Delhi.
During the occasion, he also launched the Unique Land Parcel Identification Numbers (ULPIN) across India, and launched the National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS) portal and Dashboard.
Note – India targets for complete digitization of all land records by March 2023
About Ministry of Rural Development:
Union Minister – Giriraj Singh (Begusarai, Bihar)
Minister of State – Faggansingh Kulaste (Mandla, Madhya Pradesh) ; Niranjan Jyoti (Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh)
>>Read Full News

BOOKS & AUTHORS

Union Minister Smriti Irani’ Debut Novel ‘Lal Salaam: A Novel’ Set to Release in November 2021

Smriti Zubin Irani(Smriti Irani), Union Minister of Women and Child Development(WCD) is set to release her first novel titled “Lal Salaam: A Novel” in November 2021. The novel is inspired by the killings of 76 Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF) personnel during the Maoist attack in Dantewada, Chhattisgarh in April 2010.

  • This book is a tribute to the people who have given their lifetime service to the nation.
  • The book will be published by Westland Publications.

About the book:
i.Lal Salaam: A Novel features a story of a young officer Vikram Pratap Singh and the challenges faced by the law enforcers while the system is steeped in backroom politics and corruption.
ii.The book humanises the daily conflicts and ethical dilemmas which are intrinsic to modern life.
About Smriti Zubin Irani:
i.Smriti Zubin Irani is a television actor and producer turned politician. She is the youngest cabinet minister in the 2019 council of ministers.
ii.She was first elected to the Rajya Sabha representing Gujarat in 2011 later she was reelected in 2017 from Gujarat and 2019 from Amethi.
iii.Previously she has served as the Union Minister of Human Resource Development (now ministry of education) from 2014 to 2016, Minister for Information & Broadcasting from 2017 to 2018 and Minister for Textiles from 2016 to 2021.
iv.She was the 1st woman to hold office as Union Minister for Human Resource Development and as Union Minister of Textiles.
v.The World Economic forum (WEF) has named her as Young Global Leader from India for 2015.

IMPORTANT DAYS

National Naturopathy Day 2021 – 18th November 2021 Naturopathy day 2021The National Naturopathy Day is annually observed across India on November 18th to create awareness about naturopathy and to promote drugless systems of medicine to prevent diseases by altering diet and lifestyle.

  • The day is annually observed by the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy(AYUSH).
  • 18th November 2021 marks the observance of the 4th National Naturopathy Day.

National Conference on Naturopathy:
As a part of the observance of National Naturopathy Day 2021, the Ministry of AYUSH, Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy and the National Institute of Naturopathy has organised the National Conference on Naturopathy 17th to 18th November 2021.

  • The conference was held under the theme – “Poshan Aahar & Rog Mukt Bharath”. 

>>Read Full News

World Philosophy Day 2021 – 18th November 2021World Philosophy Day 2021The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)‘s World Philosophy Day is celebrated annually across the world on the 3rd Thursday of November to promote the international culture of a healthy, philosophical debate that respects people’s dignity and diversity.

  • The 2021 World Philosophy Day falls on 18th November 2021.
  • Theme for 2021 – “Different interactions of human beings with their social, cultural, geographical and political environment”

Objective – To boost people’s commitment to philosophy, raise awareness about the importance of philosophical analysis, research, and studies on major contemporary issues
Note – World Philosophy Day 2020 was celebrated on 19th November 2020.
World Philosophy Day 2022 will be celebrated on 17th November 2022.
About UNESCO:
Headquarters – Paris, France
Director General – Audrey Azoulay
>>Read Full News

World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Day 2021 – November 17 World COPD Day 2021World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) Day is annually observed across the globe on the 3rd Wednesday of November to raise awareness about COPD, one the most widespread illnesses across the world.

  • The day also aims to share knowledge, and discuss ways to reduce the burden of COPD worldwide.

The 2021 World COPD day which falls on 17th November 2021 is the 20th edition of World COPD day. 

  • The 2020 World COPD day was observed on 18th November 2021.
  • The 2022 World COPD day will be observed on 16th November 2022

The theme of 2021 World COPD Day is “Healthy Lungs: Never More Important”.
>>Read Full News

STATE NEWS

Justice M Duraiswamy Appointed as Acting Chief Justice of Madras HCJustice M Duraiswamy appointed as acting chief justiceOn 17 November, 2021, the senior most judge of Madras (Tamil Nadu) High Court (HC), Justice M Duraiswamy was appointed as the Acting Chief Justice of the Madras HC.

  • Justice Sanjib Banerjee, who was the Chief Justice of the Madras HC since January 2021, was appointed  as the Chief Justice of Meghalaya HC.
  • The appointment was notified by the Ministry of Law and Justice.
  • Now, Justice Munishwar Nath Bhandari, transferred from the Allahabad HC to the Madras HC, will become the senior-most judge of the Madras HC.

Appointment of HC Judges:
i.Article 217 of the Constitution- It states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI), the Governor of the State.
ii.In the case of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court is consulted.
iii.Consultation Process- High Court judges are recommended by a Collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges.
 Acting Chief Justice:
President can appoint an acting chief justice of India (CJI) when-

  • The office of CJI becomes vacant
  • CJI is temporarily absent
  • CJI is unable to perform the duties of his office

About Tamil Nadu(Madras)
Airport-Tuticorin Airport or Thoothukudi Airport, Salem Airport
Wildlife sanctuary– Cauvery North Wildlife Sanctuary, Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary

West Bengal’s Food & Supplies Department Launched India’s first of its kind Whatsapp ChatbotWest Bengal Govt launches Whatsapp chatbotThe Food and Supplies Department, Government of West Bengal, has launched India’s first of its kind Whatsapp chat bot dedicated to facilitate the citizens of West Bengal to apply for a ration card, lodge grievances and get access to other critical resources.

  • The free chatbot is available in English and Bengali.

Aim:
To support more than 10 crore beneficiaries of ration cards in West Bengal.
About the Food & Supplies Chatbot:
i.This will also help the farmers with verified information related to paddy procurement.
ii.The chatbot is developed with full service capabilities and eliminates the need for people to visit the ration office to get their queries addressed or submit requests.
iii.The bot is built with resources like ration card application form, tracking application, linking to aadhar, guidance on scheduling sale of paddy and others.
iv.To access the whatsapp bot the citizens have to send ‘Hi’ to 919903055505.
About West Bengal:
Chief Minister– Mamata Banerjee
National Park– Singalila National Park; Neora Valley National Park; Buxa National Park
Tiger Reserve– Buxa Tiger Reserve; Sundarban Tiger Reserve

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Click Here View – AC Excluded News 2021

Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)

S.no Current Affairs 19 November 2021
1 Cabinet Approval on November 17, 2021
2 Ministry of FPI Signs MoU with DAHD, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying
3 India’s 1st LIGO Project to come up in Hingoli, Maharashtra
4 BDL inks Export Contract worth USD 21 million with Airbus Defense & Space for CMDS
5 UNESCO’s 75th Anniversary 2021
6 Petroleum Minister Hardeep S. Puri Visited UAE from 15 to 17 November 2021 to attend ADIPEC
7 India received $87 bn in remittances in 2021: WB Report
8 NSDL e-Governance Received RBI’s Approval to Operate as AA
9 SIDBI and Google Collaborates to Support MSMEs
10 HDFC Launches Micro-Credit Facility for Street Vendors
11 Mswipe ties with OneCard to Offer No-Cost EMIs at POS
12 Mahindra Finance launches Quiklyz, a car leasing and subscription business
13 Govt extends tenure of ED Director S K Mishra by 1-year
14 India re-elected to UNESCO Executive Board for 2021-25 term
15 Scientists discover exoplanets ‘TOI 1789b’ bigger than Jupiter
16 Giriraj Singh inaugurates ‘Bhumi Samvaad’, launches ‘ULPIN’ & NGDRS Portal
17 Union Minister Smriti Irani’ Debut Novel ‘Lal Salaam: A Novel’ Set to Release in November 2021
18 National Naturopathy Day 2021 – 18th November 2021
19 World Philosophy Day 2021 – 18th November 2021
20 World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Day 2021 – November 17
21 Justice M Duraiswamy Appointed as Acting Chief Justice of Madras HC
22 West Bengal’s Food & Supplies Department Launched India’s first of its kind Whatsapp Chatbot