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Current Affairs 19 July 2022

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Rajasthan gets India’s 1st AI-powered Lok Adalat for Fast Disposal of Cases
On July 17, 2022, India’s first AI (Artificial Intelligence)-powered digital Lok Adalat by the Rajasthan State Legal Services Authority (RSLSA) was launched during the 18th All India Meet of State Legal Services Authorities (SLSA) held in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

  • It was launched by the Chairman of National Legal Services Authority (NALSA), Uday Umesh Lalit.
  • It was designed and developed by RSLSA’s technology partner Jupitice Justice Technologies.

The meeting was inaugurated by the Nuthalapati Venkata Ramana, the Chief Justice of India (CJI), in the presence of Union Minister Kiren Rijiju, Ministry of Law & Justice and Rajasthan Chief Minister (CM) Ashok Gehlot.
Reason behind the Formation of Digital Lok Adalat:
Recently, a district court in Bihar gave a verdict in a land dispute case after 108 years, making it one of the oldest pending cases in India. As per NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog report, it would take approximately 324 years to dispose all cases pending in India where 75-97% of legal problems never reach the courts.
Benefits of Digital Lok Adalat:
i.The Digital Lok Adalat will be used to dispose of pending disputes or disputes that are at the pre-litigation stage.
ii.This will also help to perform end-to-end dispute resolution with easy drafting and filing of applications.
iii.It also offers an AI-powered voice-based interactive chatbot and advanced data analytics tools to help gain deeper insights into the functioning of Lok Adalat through custom reports.

About National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) 
It has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society and to organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes.

  • Patron-in-Chief – N. V. Ramana, The Chief Justice of India
  • Headquarters – New Delhi,Delhi

Dwarka Expressway – India’s 1st Elevated Urban Expressway to be Operational by 2023India's First Elevated Urban Expressway To Be Operational In 2023
Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari announced that the Dwarka Expressway India’s first Elevated Urban Expressway will become operational by 2023.

  • The Dwarka Expressway, also known as the Northern Peripheral Road, is a part of Delhi-Jaipur-Ahmedabad-Mumbai arm of Golden Quadrilateral.

The  Expressway will reduce pressure on the Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway (part of the Delhi-Jaipur-Ahmedabad-Mumbai arm of the Golden Quadrilateral) and arterial roads that experience severe traffic congestion, primarily from the commuters of West Delhi.
About the Dwarka Expressway:
i.It will be a 16-lane access-controlled highway with the provision of a minimum three-lane service road on both sides.
ii.The 29 km  Expressway connecting Dwarka in Delhi to Gurugram in Haryana is being developed at a total cost of Rs 9,000 crores.

  • Out of a total length of  29 km,  19 km falls in Haryana and the remaining 10 km is in Delhi.

iii.It starts from Shiv-Murti on NH-8 (Delhi-Gurugram expressway) and ends near Kherki Daula Toll Plaza, through Dwarka Sector 21, Gurugram border and Basai.
iv.It would provide direct access to the upcoming India International Convention Centre (IICC) in sector 25 of Dwarka and will also provide an alternate connectivity to IGI Airport (Indira Gandhi International Airport).
v.The  Expressway will have 4 multi-level interchanges (tunnel at-grade road, elevated flyover and flyover above flyover) at major junctions including construction of the longest (3.6 km) and widest (8 lane) urban road tunnel in India.

  • It will also provide various services including the state-of-the-art Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) like Advanced Traffic Management System, Toll Management System, CCTV Cameras, Surveillance.


Third G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting 2022 Held in Bali, IndonesiaThird G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meetOn July 15-16, 2022, the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBG) attended the 3rd FMCBG Meeting 2022under Indonesia’s G20 Presidency in the Finance Track, which officially began as a hybrid event in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia.
The G20 is made up of 19 countries and the European Union. The 19 countries are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, France, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the UK, and the US.
Host of the 3rd G20 FMCBG Meeting 2022 – Mulyani Indrawati, Finance Minister of Indonesia and Perry Warjiyo, Governor of Bank Indonesia.
Nirmala Sitharaman, Union Finance Minister, attended the third session of the International Financial Architecture in Bali, Indonesia.

  • She highlighted the need to enhance the effectiveness of the G20 Common Framework while attending the Sustainable Finance for Climate Transition forum.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Bank Indonesia (BI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on July 16, 2022 in Bali, Indonesia, on the sidelines of the G20 FMCBG Meeting 2022 to improve mutual cooperation between the two central banks.
About Republic of Indonesia:
President – Joko Widodo,
Capital – Jakarta
>> Read Full News


JCB Nominates Karnataka Bank as Preferred Financier and Signs MoU Karnataka Bank signs MoU with JCB India

Karnataka Bank has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with JCB India Limited, a manufacturer of earthmoving and construction equipment in India for nominating Karnataka bank as its preferred Financier.
i.As a preferred financier, Karnataka Bank will offer loans to individuals, contractors, companies and partnership firms at competitive interest rates for purchasing a wide range of equipment from JCB India Limited.
ii.The bank will provide loans under its Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) portfolio and also various schemes will be open for the purchase of machinery and equipment.
About Karnataka Bank:
MD & CEO – Mahabaleshwara M.S
Establishment – 1924
Headquarters – Mangaluru, Karnataka

Go Digit Insurance launches ‘Pay As You Drive’ add-on cover for Motor Insurance OD PoliciesDigit Insurance launches ‘pay as you drive’Go Digit General Insurance Limited launched ‘Pay as you Drive’ (PAYD), an add-on feature for motor insurance Own Damage (OD) policies.

  • It became  India’s first insurance company to introduce the add-on for its customers.

The approval was given by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) to introduce such tech-enabled concepts in motor OD policies.
Key points:
i.It is especially designed for people who do not drive their car regularly but pay the same premium as a driver with heavy usage.
ii.Those individuals who drive less than 10,000 kilometres per year on average will receive discounts upto 25%.
iii.Go Digit General Insurance will use odometer reading, telematics data and annual kilometre opted to give the discount.
Go Digit General Insurance Limited:
Chairman- Kamesh Goyal

Federal Bank associates with CBDT  to launch the New Online Tax Payment Service

On 18 July 2022 the Federal Bank in collaboration with the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) launched its new online tax payment service.

  • Federal Bank also registered under Tin 2.0 platform of Income Tax Department.

Note- Technology Investment Notification (TIN) is a repository of  India’s Tax related information. It was  established by Protean eGov Technologies Limited (formerly NSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Limited) on behalf of ITD.
Key points:
i.The service  will provide assistance to taxpayers in making their payments via the e-pay tax facility in the e-filing portal of the income tax.

  • There is no need  for Permanent Account Number (PAN)/Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN) registration  for taxpayers.

ii.Any individual  can now pay their taxes instantly via any of their payment modes such as Debit/Credit Card, UPI, Net banking, cash, NEFT/RTGS etc.
iii.For NRIs (Non-resident Indians) , Domestic Customers of the bank  and any tax-paying citizen in India can generate a tax challan and make the payment through the Bank’s branches.
About  Federal Bank limited:
CEO & MD-Shyam Srinivasan.
Headquarters- Aluva, Kerala
Founded- 1931


ICAR’s 94th Foundation Day & Award Ceremony 2022NAARM gets ICAR Sardar Patel Award

The National Academy of Agriculture Research Management (NAARM), established by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) has been awarded with the Sardar Patel Outstanding ICAR Institute Award 2021 (Large Institute category) for its overall performance.

  • The award was received by NAARM director Srinivasa Rao from the Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar.
  • NAARM was set up in 1976 in Hyderabad for capacity building in agriculture research, education and extended education system.
  • This Year, the ICAR selected 92 Awardees under 15 different Awards including 4 Institutions, 1 All India Coordinated Research Project, 4 Krishi Vigyan Kendras, 67 Scientists and 11 Farmers of whom 8 were Women Scientists and Farmers.

About Sardar Patel Outstanding ICAR Institute Award:
i.It is awarded to recognize outstanding performance by the ICAR institutes, DUs of ICAR, CAU and State Agriculture Universities.
ii.The award consists of Rs. 10,00,000 In cash, a citation and a plaque for SAUs, DUs and for other ICAR institutes.
CMFRI Bags Two ICAR Awards
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has won two ICAR national awards.

  • CMFRI has won the best annual report award (2020) in the category of ICAR large institutes.
  • Anusree M, a PhD scholar at CMFRI has bagged the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for PG Outstanding doctoral thesis in research in agricultural and allied sciences for 2021.

About the award:
i.The Jawaharlal Nehru Award for PG Outstanding doctoral thesis in research in agricultural and allied sciences award is to provide incentives for enhancing the quality of doctoral thesis related to agricultural sciences from any Indian Universities.
ii.The award consists of Rs. 50,000 in cash, a citation and a silver medal (gold polished).
ICAR celebrates its 94th Foundation Day and Awards Ceremony 2022
94th ICAR National Agricultural Science Centre and Awards ceremony 2022 was inaugurated by Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Parshottam Rupala, Union cabinet minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Kailash Chaudhary, Tricholan Mohapatra, Director General (DG) ICAR at ICAR Pusa campus, New Delhi.
Key point:
i.During the ceremony, Union Minister Narendra Singh Tomar released the state-wise success stories of 75,000 farmers whose income has doubled or more than doubled.
ii.This Year, the ICAR selected 92 Awardees under 15 different Awards including 4 Institutions, 1 All India Coordinated Research Project, 4 Krishi Vigyan Kendras, 67 Scientists and 11 Farmers of whom 8 were Women Scientists and Farmers. Click here to know more
About Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR):
Director General – Trilochan Mohapatra
Establishment – 16 July 1929
Headquarters – New Delhi, Delhi


Manipur Governor La. Ganesan Given Additional Charge of WB; President Kovind Accepts Resignation of WB Governor Jagdeep DhankharManipur Governor La. Ganesan given additional charge of West Bengal

Ram Nath Kovind, the President of India, has appointed La. Ganesan, the Governor of Manipur, to perform the duties as the 28th Governor (additional charge) of West Bengal (WB), in addition to his own duties, from the date he takes over the office until formal arrangements are completed.

  • La. Ganesan has been appointed as the Governor of Manipur in 2021.

The Governor of West Bengal, Jagdeep Dhankhar, has tendered his resignation to the President after being nominated as the Vice President candidate by the National Democratic Alliance(NDA).

  • Following the President’s acceptance of his resignation, Manipur Governor La. Ganesan has been given additional charge for West Bengal.

Dhankhar was appointed as the Governor of West Bengal in 2019.
Article 153: Governors of States
Article 153 of the Indian Constitution provides for every State to have a Governor. Further, the 7th Constitution Amendment Act of 1956 has added a provision under Article 153 which provides for the same person to act as the Governor of two states simultaneously.
Election to the Office of the Vice-President of India, 2022 (16th Vice-Presidential Election) 
The Election Commission of India (ECI) has announced that the elections for the 16th Vice President of India will be held on August 6, 2022.

  • Venkaiah Naidu was the NDA’s candidate for the Vice Presidential election in 2017.
  • He became the 15th Vice President of India and the 13th person to hold the constitutional position. His tenure ends on August 10, 2022.

Note: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Mohammad Hamid Ansari held the office 2 times each respectively.

As per Article 68 of the Constitution of India, an election to fill the vacancy caused by the expiration of the term of office of the outgoing Vice-President is required to be completed before the expiration of the term.
About West Bengal (WB):
Chief Minister (CM) – Mamata Banerjee
UNESCO Heritage Site – Cultural heritage: The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (Mountain Railways of India); Natural Heritage: Sundarbans National Park
Zoological Park –  Junglemahal Zoological Park (Formerly known as Jhargram Deer Park & Mini Zoo); North Bengal Wild Animal Park    

SEBI Approves Appointment of Ashish Chauhan as new MD & CEO of NSESebi clears appointment of Ashish Chauhan as NSE chief

Ashishkumar Chauhan was appointed as the new Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSE) for a 5-year term. The appointment was approved by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

  • The appointment is subject to fulfilment of terms & conditions, including approval from shareholders of NSE.
  • He will succeed  Vikram Limaye, whose term ended on 16 July 2022.

Key points:
i.Ashish Chauhan will take over the charge as the MD & CEO of  NSE once his 10-year stint at BSE Limited (formerly known as the Bombay Stock Exchange) ends in November 2022.

  • A four-member interim committee will handle the affairs of NSE until he joins.

ii.The committee includes Yatrik Vin, group chief financial officer and head of corporate affairs; Priya Subbaraman, chief regulatory officer; Shiv Kumar Bhasin, chief technology and operations officer; and Somasundaram K.S., chief enterprise risk officer.
Ashish Chauhan:
i.He is a mechanical engineer from IIT(Indian Institute of Technology Bombay)-Bombay and an alumnus of IIM ( Indian Institute of Management) Kolkata. He started working at the Industrial Development Bank of India (now IDBI Bank) in 1991.
ii.He is one of the founding members of NSE, where he worked from 1992 to 2000.
iii.He is a current Chancellor of the University of Allahabad and also serves as a member of Governing council of one of the premier Business schools in India – IIM Raipur.
About National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSE):
NSE was incorporated in 1992. It was recognised as a stock exchange by SEBI in April 1993 and commenced operations in 1994.
Chairperson-Girish Chandra Chaturvedi
Headquarters- Mumbai, Maharashtra


IN Decommissions INS Sindhudhvaj After 35 years of Service at VisakhapatnamINS Sindhudhvaj decommissioned after 35 years of glorious service to nation

Indian Navy Ship(INS) Sindhudhvaj, the submarine has been decommissioned by the Indian Navy (IN) in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh after serving for about 35 years.

  • Vice Adm Biswajit Dasgupta, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command was the Chief Guest for the ceremony.
  • The ceremony was also attended by 15 former commanding officers, Cmde SP Singh (retd), Commissioning CO and 26 commissioning crew veterans.

About INS Sindhudhvaj:
i.INS Sindhudhvaj was commissioned in June 1987 and it is also one of the 10 Kilo class boats that was acquired from Russia between 1986 and 2000.

  • The kilo-class boats are called Sindhgosh class submarines after the addition of lead vessels.
  • INS Sindhudhvaj means flag bearer and its crest depicts the grey colour nurse shark.

ii.Credits – Operationalisation of indigenised sonar USHUS, indigenised satellite communication systems like Rukmai and MSS, inertial navigation system and an indigenised torpedo fire control system.
This was the only submarine to be awarded a Chief of NAval Staff (CNS) rolling trophy for innovation by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
i.The Sindhughosh class submarines are diesel-electric that displace 3000 tonnes and can dive in waters to the depth of 300 metres with a speed of 18 knots and can survive in waters for 45 days with a crew of 53.
ii.Out of 10 Kilo class boats acquired from Russia, INS Sindhurakshak was lost in an accident in Mumbai harbour in August 2013, INS Sindhuvir was transferred to Myanmar in 2020, making it the South East Asian nation’s first underwater platform.
iii.INS Sindhudhvaj (S56) also successfully undertook mating and personnel transfer with Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel.
KeyNote – Currently, in addition to the remaining 7-kilo class boats, IN is operating 4 shishumar-class conventional submarines, which are German-designed.

  • IN has also leased an Amur-class nuclear-powered submarine from Russia for learning about the operation of the nuclear-powered boats.

SpaceX Dragon Resupply Spacecraft left to ISS for Climate Science Research from  US
A SpaceX Dragon resupply spacecraft carrying more than 5,800 pounds of science experiments, crew supplies, and other cargo has left for the International Space Station (ISS) from NASA’s (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United States (US). It was launched through the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

  • It is SpaceX’s 25th commercial resupply services mission for NASA to the ISS.
  • It aims to help carry out climate science research in space.

Following are among the science experiments that Dragon is delivering to the ISS:

  1. Mapping Earth’s Dust,
  2. Speedier Immune System Aging,
  3. Soil in Space,
  4. High School Student Weather Study,
  5. Genes, No Cells, and
  6. Better Concrete
  • EMIT for Mapping Earth’s Dust – Earth Surface Mineral Dust Source Investigation (EMIT), developed by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Southern California, employs NASA imaging spectroscopy technology to measure the mineral composition of dust in Earth’s arid regions.EMIT will advance the understanding of the effects of mineral dust on human populations.
  • Speedier Immune System AgingAging is associated with changes in the immune response known as immunosenescence. Microgravity causes changes in human immune cells that resemble this condition, but happen faster than the actual process of aging on Earth.The investigation uses tissue chips to study how microgravity affects immune function during flight and whether immune cells recover post-flight.
  • Soil in SpaceDynamics of Microbiomes in Space sponsored by NASA’s Division of Biological and Physical Sciences, examines how microgravity affects metabolic interactions in communities of soil microbes.
  • High School Student Weather StudyBeaverCube is an education mission that will teach high school students aerospace science by having them design a CubeSat.
  • Genes, No CellsCell-free technology is a platform for producing protein without specialized equipment of living cells that need to be cultured.It demonstrates cell-free production of protein in microgravity and evaluates two cell-free biosensors that can detect specific target molecules.
  • Better Concrete – Biopolymer Research for In-Situ Capabilities looks at how microgravity affects the process of creating a concrete alternative made with an organic material and on-site materials, such as lunar or Martian dust, known as a biopolymer soil composite.

NASA’s James Webb Telescope Detects Water On Distant Planet Orbiting Sun-Like StarNASA's James Webb Space Telescope detects water vapor on hot

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has recorded the distinct signature of water, along with proof of clouds and haze, in the atmosphere of a hot, puffy gas giant planet orbiting a distant Sun-like star.

  • The observation, which is the most comprehensive of its sort to date, highlights Webb’s unmatched capacity to study distant atmospheres.
  • The detailed observation marks a beginning in the endeavor to characterize distant planets that may support life.

NASA has released more images captured by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) as well as data regarding a distant planet’s atmosphere.

  • The galaxy cluster SMACS 0723, commonly known as Webb’s First Deep Field, was visible in the first image that was released.
  • NASA also released images of the Southern Ring Nebula, Stephen’s Quintet, WASP-96 b (spectrum data), and Carina Nebula.

About James Webb Space Telescope

  • The James Webb Space Telescope is the world’s leading observatory for space science.
  • Webb is a NASA-led international program with partners European Space Agency (ESA) and Canadian Space Agency (CSA).

>> Read Full News


Ariosoma Bengalense: ZSI Scientists Discover new Eel Species in West Bengal

The Scientists of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) have discovered new eel species namely ‘Ariosoma Bengalense’ in West Bengal’s (WB) Purba Medinipur district. The species was collected from Petuaghat fishing harbour in the district.The new species has been termed as Bengal conger.

  • This discovery has been published in Zootaxa, published by Magnolia Press, New Zealand.

Features of Ariosoma Bengalense:
i.The colour of the species is brown, and has larger eyes in comparison to the similar congeners.

  • The species belong to the family congridae and order Anguilliformes. 

ii.The species has total vertebrae 146-149. Both supratemporal pores and myorhabdoi absent in the new species.
iii.The species has a total length 316-304mm.
Key Points:
i.It is named as Ariosoma Bengalense due to its connection to the WB state. The species is distributed in the northern part of Bay of Bengal.
ii.The new species differs from four of the seven species reported from India: Ariosoma majus, A. melanospilos, A. maurostigma and A. indicum with absence of supratemporal pores vs. three in all the species mentioned.
iii.The scientists and research scholars who were involved in this finding included different institutions from West Bengal as well as ZSI, Odisha.
iv.The specimens were documented and photographed in the Museum of Estuarine Biology Regional Centre, ZSI, Gopalpur-on-Sea.


GM R Praggnanandhaa wins Open A at 15th International Chess Open Festival ‘Paracin 2022’  in Serbia

Grandmaster R Praggnanandhaa wins Paracin Open Chess title in Serbia

Young Indian Grandmaster (GM) R Praggnanandhaa won the Open A section of the 15th International Chess Festival ‘’Paracin 2022’’ which was organized from 8-16 July in Paracin in Serbia.

  • He defeated Alexandr Predke, a Russian player in the competition.

The festival featured two classical open events: A (for players rated 2100+) and B (for players rated U2100),
i.In the ninth and final round Praggnanandhaa played out a draw with Alisher Suleymenov (from Kazakhstan) while Predke defeated V Pranav (from India).
ii.Suleymenov finished third with seven points after a tie with Al Muthaiah (from India).
iii.Artem Knjazev (from Russia) scored  8.5/9 points to be the sole winner of the Open B tournament.
Note: In May 2022, Praggnanandhaa defeated world champion, Magnus Carlsen (from Norway), in the Meltwater Champions Tour.
Final Rankings-15th International Chess Open Paracin 2022 (A tournament):

  1. R Praggnanandhaa , India
  2. Alexandr Predke, Russia
  3. Alisher Suleymenov, Kazakhstan
  4. IM Muthaiah, India
  5. V Pranav, India

India’s PV Sindhu clinches Singapore Open title 2022 Super 500 TitleSingapore Open Indian shuttler PV Sindhu clinches Women's Single title

i.Indian Badminton Player Pusarla Venkata (PV) Sindhu (27) grabbed Singapore Open 2022 Super 500 trophy in Women’s Singles final after defeating China’s Wang Zhi yi.
ii.This was her first Singapore Open title, and third title of the 2022.
iii.This Super 500 event was organized by the Singapore Badminton Association at Singapore Indoor Stadium, Singapore, from July 12-17, 2022 with a Prize Money of USD370,000.

  • Anthony Sinisuka Ginting (Indonesia) won Men’s Singles title by defeating Kodai Naraoka (Japan).

iv.PV Sindhu will now participate in the 2022 Commonwealth Games, starting July 28, 2022 in Birmingham, United Kingdom (UK).
About Singapore:
Capital– Singapore
Currency– Singapore Dollar
President– Halimah Yacob
>> Read Full News


New Books: “The Dharma of Justice in the Sanskrit Epics” by Ruth Vanita & “Architect of the New BJP” by journalist Ajay Singh
A new book The Dharma of Justice in the Sanskrit Epics

The New Book titled “Dharma of Justice in the Sanskrit Epics: Debates on Gender, Varna and Species” authored by Ruth Vanita has been released.
The book was published by Oxford University Press.

  • The book describes the reading of India’s ancient texts that can reveal the greater continuity in our moral and ethical preoccupations that many suspects.

i.The book highlights debates in the epics among men and women from all sections of society. These debates criticize discrimination based on gender, varna, poverty, age, and disability through the dharmas of singleness, friendship, marriage, parenting, and ruling.
ii.The book explores the dharmas of singleness, friendship, marriage, parenting, and ruling.

About Ruth Vanita:
Ruth Vanita is a professor at the University of Montana(Montana, United States). She was founding co-editor of Manushi, 1978-90, India’s first nationwide feminist magazine.
Other books: Memory of Light; Love’s Rite: Same-Sex Marriages in Modern India (2005); Gender, Sex and the City: Urdu Rekhti Poetry in India 1780-1870 (2012); and Dancing with the Nation: Courtesans in Bombay Cinema (2017).

Architect of the New BJP: New Book that Hails PM’s Organisational Skills
The book, ‘Architect of the New BJP: How Narendra Modi Transformed The Party’ written by senior journalist Ajay Singh has been released.

  • Ajay Singh is currently serving as the press secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind.
  • The book was published by Penguin Random House India (PRHI).
  • The foreword of the book is written by American academician Walter Andersen, co-author of  ‘The RSS: A View to the Inside’, published in 2018 and ‘The Brotherhood in Saffron: The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Hindu Revivalism’, published in 1987.

About the book:
i.The book describes how Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi and his organisational skills paved the way for his rise in the party and transformed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) into an election-winning machine.

  • It also explains the PM’s idea on Hindutva plus economic development which was often called ‘Moditva’.

ii.The book reveals lesser-known contributions of Narendra Modi, including his relief work as RSS pracharak during Gujarat’s Machchhu dam crisis in 1979 and his instrumental role behind the BJP’s win of the crucial Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) polls in 1987, when he joined the BJP.


Nelson Mandela International Day 2022 – July 18Nelson Mandela International Day 2022 - July 18

The United Nations (UN’s) Nelson Mandela International Day is annually celebrated on 18th July around the world to recognise Nelson Mandela’s immense contribution towards justice, peace and his long years of struggle for justice against apartheid.
The day also marks the birth anniversary of Rolihlahla Nelson Mandela who played a significant role in creating a non-racial, non-sexist and democratic South Africa.

  • The day is also known as Mandela Day.
  • The 2022 Mandela Day marks the 104th birth anniversary of Nelson Mandela

The theme for Nelson Mandela International Day 2022 is “Do what you can, with what you have, where you are”.
>> Read Full News

Day of International Criminal Justice 2022 – July 17World Day for International Justice 2022 - July 17

The Day of Criminal Justice is annually observed across the globe by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on 17th July to recognise the efforts of organisations working towards bringing justice to international criminal acts like crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes and crimes of aggression.

In 1998, around 120 countries signed the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) that came into force on 1st July 2002.

  • In 2010, the commemoration of World Day for International Justice was decided at the review conference held at Kampala, Uganda.

About International Criminal Court (ICC):
President – Judge Piotr Hofmanski
Headquarters – Hague, Netherlands
>> Read Full News


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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)

S.noCurrent Affairs 19 July 2022
1Rajasthan gets India’s 1st AI-powered Lok Adalat for Fast Disposal of Cases
2Dwarka Expressway – India’s 1st Elevated Urban Expressway to be Operational by 2023
3Third G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting 2022 Held in Bali, Indonesia
4JCB Nominates Karnataka Bank as Preferred Financier and Signs MoU
5Go Digit Insurance launches ‘Pay As You Drive’ add-on cover for Motor Insurance OD Policies
6Federal Bank associates with CBDT to launch the New Online Tax Payment Service
7ICAR’s 94th Day Foundation & Award Ceremony 2022: NAARM Gets Sardar Patel Award; CMFRI Bags 2 Awards
8Manipur Governor La. Ganesan Given Additional Charge of WB; President Kovind Accepts Resignation of WB Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar
9SEBI Approves Appointment of Ashish Chauhan as new MD & CEO of NSE
10IN Decommissions INS Sindhudhvaj After 35 years of Service at Visakhapatnam
11SpaceX Dragon Resupply Spacecraft left to ISS for Climate Science Research from Florida, US
12NASA’s James Webb Telescope Detects Water On Distant Planet Orbiting Sun-Like Star
13Ariosoma Bengalense: ZSI Scientists Discover new Eel Species in West Bengal
14GM R Praggnanandhaa wins Open A at 15th International Chess Open Festival ‘Paracin 2022’ in Serbia
15India’s PV Sindhu clinches Singapore Open title 2022 Super 500 Title
16New Books: “The Dharma of Justice in the Sanskrit Epics” by Ruth Vanita & “Architect of the New BJP” by journalist Ajay Singh
17Nelson Mandela International Day 2022 – July 18
18Day of International Criminal Justice 2022 – July 17