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Indian Constitution Part – II

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This section is the continuation of the Indian Constitution Part I.In this section we are focusing on the articles of the Indian Constitution from Part VI to Part X.

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Indian Constitution

 PART VI : THE STATES(152 – 237)
                                                Chapter I : General
152 Definition.
                                              Chapter II : The Executive
The Governor
153 Governors of States.
154 Executive power of State
155 Appointment of Governor.
156 Term of office of Governor.
157 Qualifications for appointment as Governor.
158 Conditions of Governor’s office
159 Oath or affirmation by the Governor.
160 Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies
161 Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
162 Extent of executive power of State
Council of Ministers
163 Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor.
164 Other provisions as to Ministers The Advocate-General for the State
165 Advocate-General for the State.

Conduct of Government Business

166 Conduct of business of the Government of a State
167 Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor, etc.
                               Chapter III : The State Legislature
168 Constitution of Legislatures in States
169 Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States.
170 Composition of the Legislative Assemblies.
171 Composition of the Legislative Councils.
172 Duration of State Legislatures.
173 Qualification for membership of the State Legislature
174 Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution.
175 Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses.


Special address by the Governor.

Rights of Ministers and Advocate-General as respects the Houses

Officers of the State Legislature
178 The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.
179 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
180 Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker.
181.The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
182 The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council.
183 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Chairman and Deputy Chairman.
184 Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman.
185 The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.
186 Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman and Deputy Chairman.
187 Secretariat of State Legislature.
Conduct of Business
188 Oath or affirmation by members.
189 Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum.
Disqualifications of Members
190Vacation of seats
191 Disqualifications for membership.
192 Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.
193.Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 188 or when not qualified or when disqualified
Powers, privileges and Immunities of State Legislatures and their Members
194 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Legislatures and of the members and committees thereof.
195. Salaries and allowances of members
Legislative Procedure
196.Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills
197 Restriction on powers of Legislative Council as to Bills other than Money Bills.
198 Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.
199. Definition of “Money Bills”
200 Assent to Bills.
201 Bills reserved for consideration.
Procedure in Financial Matters
202 Annual financial statement.
203 Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates.
204 Appropriation Bills.
205 Supplementary, additional or excess grants.
206 Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.
207 Special provisions as to financial Bills.
Procedure Generally
208 Rules of procedure.
209 Regulation by law of procedure in the Legislature of the State in relation to financial business.
210. Language to be used in the Legislature
211 Restriction on discussion in the Legislature.
212. Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the Legislature
                  Chapter IV : Legislative Power Of The  Governor
213 Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature
                              Chapter V : The High Courts In The States
214 High Courts for States.
215 High Courts to be courts of record.
216 Constitution of High Courts.
217 Appointment and conditions of the office of a Judge of a High Court.
218 Application of certain provisions relating to Supreme Court to High Courts.
219 Oath or affirmation by Judges of High Courts.
220 Restriction on practice after being a permanent Judge.
221 Salaries, etc., of Judges.
222 Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another.
223 Appointment of acting Chief Justice.
224 Appointment of additional and acting Judges.
224A Appointment of retired Judges at sittings of High Courts.
225 Jurisdiction of existing High Courts.
226 Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.
226A Repealed
227 Power of superintendence over all courts by the High Court.
228 Transfer of certain cases to High Court.
228A Repealed
229 Officers and servants and the expenses of High Courts.
230 Extension of jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories.
231 Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States.
                                           Chapter VI : Subordinate Courts
233.Appointment of district judges
233A Validation of appointments of, and judgments, etc., delivered by, certain district judges.
234 Recruitment of persons other than district judges to the judicial service.
235 Control over subordinate courts.
236 Interpretation.
237 Application of the provisions of this Chapter to certain class or classes of magistrates.


238 Repealed


239 Administration of Union territories
239A Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union territories
239A Special provisions with respect to Delhi.
239AA Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery.
239AB Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.
240Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories.
241High Courts for Union territories.
242 Repealed


Article Importance
243 Definitions.
243A Gram Sabha.
243B Constitution of Panchayats.
243C Composition of Panchayats.
243D Reservation of seats.
243E Duration of Panchayats, etc
243F Disqualifications for membership.
243G Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats.
243H Powers to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Panchayats.
243-I Constitution of Finance Commission to review financial position.
243J Audit of accounts of Panchayat
243K Elections to the Panchayats.
243LApplication to Union territories.
243M Part not to apply to certain areas.
243N Continuance of existing laws and Panchayats.
243-O Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.


243P Definitions.
243Q Constitution of Municipalities.
243R Composition of Municipalities.
243S Constitution and composition of Wards Committees, etc.
243T Reservation of seats.
243U.Duration of Municipalities, etc
243V Disqualifications for membership.
243W Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc.
243X..Power to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities
243 Finance Commission.
243Z Audit of accounts of Municipalities.
243ZA Elections to the Municipalities.
243ZB Application to Union territories.
243ZCPart not to apply to certain areas.
243ZE Committee for Metropolitan planning.
243ZF Continuance of existing laws and Municipalities
243ZG Bar to interference by Courts in electoral matters.


244 Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas.
244A Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local Legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefor.